Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Soldiers' Relief Society of Haverhill and Bradford (Mass.) Papers, 1860-1866

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Shannon Wait, June 2010

Summary Information
Title: Soldiers' Relief Society of Haverhill and Bradford (Mass.) papers
Creator: Soldiers' Relief Society of Haverhill and Bradford
Inclusive dates: 1860-1866
Extent: 0.5 linear feet
Abstract:
The collection contains correspondence, financial records, speeches, reports, and meeting notes generated by Soldiers' Relief Society of Haverhill and Bradford for their charitable efforts, 1860-1866.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1992. M-2891.1.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Soldiers' Relief Society of Haverhill and Bradford (Mass.) Papers, James S. Schoff Civil War Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The papers are arranged into three series:

  • Series I: Correspondence
  • Series II: Receipts and financial records
  • Series III: Speeches, reports, and meeting notes

History

A group of eastern Massachusetts women organized the Soldiers' Relief Society of Haverhill and Bradford on April 22, 1861, at the North Congregational Church in Haverhill, Massachusetts. The group was non-denominational, and had representatives from thirteen different churches on its Board of Directresses. Its first officers were Sophia Hill, President; May E. Noyes, Vice President; and Elizabeth C. Fletcher, Secretary and Treasurer.

Initially, members of the Society focused their efforts on providing uniforms and blankets for the over 1300 soldiers who had enlisted from the area, mainly in the 7th, 35th, and 50th Massachusetts Infantries. Starting in 1862, they expanded their purview, contributing food, bedding, and some medical supplies, and adding a knitting circle. They also raised funds by holding festivals and selling cakes and apples. Active until the end of the war, they contributed thousands of sheets, blankets, socks, bandages, and several tons of foodstuffs to the Union war effort.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Soldiers' Relief Society of Haverhill and Bradford papers contain 601 items: 58 letters, 517 financial records, and 26 speeches and reports relating to the Society's activities, expenditures, and personnel, 1860-1865.

The Correspondence series contains letters spanning June 1860-June 1865. The earliest correspondence mainly relates to the establishment of the Society and the appointment of its leadership, including several letters from women who declined roles as officers. Other letters reflect personnel changes, such as resignations and the addition of new positions in the organization. Letters also document the types of materials requested from and sent by the Relief Society, as well as the reactions of recipients. Enlisted men wrote approximately one quarter of the correspondence, thanking the organization and describing their pleasure at receiving food, blankets, clothes, and other items. Occasionally, they offered suggestions on the sorts of items that were particularly useful. For example, in a letter of [August] 10, 1861, Captain Luther Day, of the 50th Massachusetts Infantry, wrote that "no gifts to soldiers are more acceptable than nice socks" and suggested that dry feet were essential to the soldiers' happiness. As the war went on, requests for medical supplies, particularly bandages and "lint," became more frequent, and several letters describe the conditions of hospitals and the difficulty of procuring sufficient supplies. One letter, dated September 2, 1864, gives such an account of Campbell Hospital in Washington, D.C. Other relief organizations, such as branches of the U.S. Sanitary Commission and the U.S. Christian Commission, wrote a few of the later letters in order to coordinate efforts and shed light on areas of particular need.

Financial records make up approximately 90% of the collection and span April 1861-October 1866. The records are mainly receipts; they document the purchase of materials used in the production of clothing, bedding, and other supplies for soldiers, as well as the rental of venues for fundraisers and knitting circles. Also present are a number of lists documenting the Society's output and activities, as well as records of charitable donations to the Society. The financial documents illuminate many details of fundraising and the profitability of the Relief Society's many endeavors. Like the correspondence, later financial documents show a shift toward donations of medicine and medical supplies. A receipt of January 12, 1864, lists the medical items purchased by the Relief Society at Emerson & Howe Apothecaries. After the end of the war, financial records show that the organization continued to donate supplies to the sick and wounded who still resided in hospitals.

The Speeches, Reports, and Meeting Notes series contains records of several meetings in 1864-1865 as well as speeches delivered by several officers. The meeting records document debates over the direction of the Society and how to spend its money. One undated 1865 speech, given by Sophia Hill, alludes to "sectarian" tensions among the members. An 1863 printed "Biennial Report" provides background on the formation and composition of the organization and includes its "Articles of Association."

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Bradford (Haverhill, Mass.)
    • Haverhill (Mass.)
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Health aspects.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Women.
    • Women in charitable work.
    Contributors:
    • Boynton, David.
    • Day, Luther.
    • Fletcher, Elizabeth.
    Genre Terms:
    • Correspondence.
    • Financial documents.
    • Speeches.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Boxes   81-82, Schoff Civil War Collection  
    Correspondence [series]
     
     June 10, 1860-June 29, 1865 (9 folders)
     
     Undated (1 folder)
    Boxes   81-82, Schoff Civil War Collection  
    Receipts and Financial Records [series]
     
     April 25, 1861-October 31, 1866 (22 folders)
     
     Undated (4 folders)
    Boxes   81-82, Schoff Civil War Collection  
    Speeches, reports, and meeting notes [series]
     
     1861-1866 (4 folders)
    Additional Descriptive Data

    Brayton, M. Clark., and E. F. Terry. Our acre and its harvest: historical sketch of the Soldiers' Aid Society of Northern Ohio. Cleveland: Fairbanks, Benedict & Co., printers, 1869.

    Related Materials

    The Clements library holds a significant selection of materials pertaining to Civil War soldiers' relief efforts, including items in the following:

    • Bird family papers
    • Fales collection
    • Stephen and Carrie White Metcalf papers
    Bibliography

    An appeal for sick soldiers: Report of the Ladies' aid society of Philadelphia. 1861. Philadelphia: C. Sherman & son, 1861.