Thomas Bradford family papers  1802-1869 (bulk 1802-1852)
full text File Size: 10 K bytes | Add this to my bookbag

Contents List

   Container / Location    Title
 
John Tailyour (1743-1815) [series]:
 
Correspondence [subseries]:
 
Letters

Scope note: John Tailyour received 3,757 letters. Most of them concern his business transactions in Jamaica and Scotland. His primary business partners were John and Alex Anderson, Peter Ballantine, David Dick, James Fairlie, George and John McCall, Thomas Renny, and Robert and Simon Taylor. Many of these contacts, including the Andersons, George McCall, and Robert Taylor, stayed in Britain. The Andersons took a particular interest in the slave trade. As a merchant in the American trade, George McCall often sought Tailyour's advice on the markets there, and discussed his own struggles with business after the war. He also served as one of Tailyour's early advisors, as Tailyour began his mercantile career under McCall's tutelage. However, by the 1790s, McCall was asking for Tailyour's advice, as he sought out business positions in Jamaica through John Tailyour's contacts. Eventually McCall's son John became one of Tailyour's clerks in Jamaica.

The correspondence from John McCall, and from David Dick, Tailyour's other clerk, provides some of the most complete information on Tailyour's business and family in Jamaica, after he returned to Scotland. McCall, in particular, often visited Tailyour's Jamaican wife and children, in order to send him reports. Beginning about 1800, the content of McCall's and Dick's letters centered more around their dissolving business partnership. Both men appealed to Tailyour and his cousin Simon for support and arbitration, but the issue of dissolution was settled without them.

Peter Ballantine and James Fairlie were John Tailyour's business partners in Jamaica, and both are an additional source of information on Tailyour's colonial interests after he returned to Britain. Unfortunately, their correspondence begins the year that Tailyour left for Britain (1792), so they offer little information about the founding of their firm, Taylor, Ballantine and Fairlie. However, both Ballantine and Fairlie kept Tailyour advised on the slave, sugar, and dry goods markets, while Tailyour still owned his interest in the Jamaican firm during the 1790s. They, and others, also wrote about events that occurred in the West Indies during the 1780s and 1790s, particularly as they affected the firm's business. They regularly mentioned their concern over the Revolution in St. Domingue in the 1790s, as well as the uprising of the Maroons in 1795, as both events threatened the social stability of Jamaica and its business climate. Ballantine and Fairlie discussed personal information throughout their correspondence, and, once Tailyour sold his interest in the firm, their remarks about family and personal matters became more frequent.

As evidence of the strong ties between personal networks and business, Tailyour's brother Robert and his cousin Simon intermixed both personal and business information in their letters to Tailyour. Between 1788 and 1807, both were continually concerned about the possibility of the abolition of the slave trade. Simon also relayed his business orders to Tailyour, who still carried out work for his cousin during his stay in Jamaica. Robert, with his contacts in the East Indies, provided information on the markets there. His letters contain some of the most detailed information on the issue of Tailyour's mixed race children, including descriptions of the two boys. It was Robert who found schools for the children, as well as professions. A number of letters from the two boys, James and John, are included in the collection. James's correspondence is almost entirely centered on his entrance into the East-India Company army, as well as his initial struggles on the subcontinent after his arrival. John, who worked as a clerk, wrote about his future prospects outside the counting house, and his inability to live on his budget.

Tailyour's mother, Jean, wrote several letters, expressing her concerns about her son's colonial family, and about his future plans for returning to Britain. Tailyour's extended family wrote some of the letters, including the Carnegies (his mother's family), and the Foulertons -- Tailyour's sister Catherine married a Foulerton. Tailyour's connections through the Carnegies and Foulertons, helped him to win a spot in the East India Company army for his son. In return, he helped connect several Carnegies in Jamaica, and gave financial support and advice to the Foulertons.

Box   1  
Adam, William,  29 March 1808-1 March 1811 (6 items)
 
Adam & Mathie,  2 November 1796 (1 item)
 
Adams, George W.,  19 January 1804 (1 item)
 
Allan, Robert,  29 March 1800 (1 item)
 
Anderson, Alex,  2 November 1793-7 October 1796 (3 items)
 
Anderson, James,  19 July 1798 (1 items)
 
Anderson, John & Alex,  28 April 1794-17 May 1798 (62 items)
 
Anderson, John,  4 May 1795-20 August 1795 (3 items)
 
Anderson, John,  2 July 1795 (1 item)
 
Arbuthnott, Ld,  6 February 1798-25 December 1810 (7 items)
 
Arcedekne, Chaloner,  6 February 1796 (1 item)
 
Badenach, James,  14 November 1802 (1 item)
 
Baillie, John,  5 May 1802-12 May 1802 (2 items)
 
Ballantine, John,  6 July 1793-21 July 1798 (12 items)
 
Ballantine, Peter,  16 September 1792-3 May 1810 (170 items)
 
Barbour, Robert,  6 February 1796-20 February 1796 (2 items)
 
Barnett, John,  9 December 1803 (1 item)
 
James Bell & Co.,  5 March 1810-10 March 1810 (2 items)
 
Bingley, Thomas,  2 July 1795-7 November 1797 (4 items)
 
Bingley, Pitt & Bingley,  26 April 1794-1 January 1796 (29 items)
 
Bingley, Pitt & Maslen,  18 February 1795-14 December 1796 (13 items)
 
Bisset, Andrew,  16 September 1802 (1 item)
 
Blair, David,  30 July 1793 (1 item)
 
Blair, Peter,  1 May 1792 (1 item)
 
Blane, Thomas,  2 August 1793-2 August 1794 (2 items)
 
Bowman, John,  14 April 1793-14 November 1809 (11 items)
 
Brand, John,  11 October 1794-26 October 1815 (29 items)
 
Brodie,  21 November 1806-15 January 1810 (2 items)
 
Brown, David,  5 March 1792 (1 item)
 
Brown, John,  16 February 1809-31 October 1810 (4 items)
 
Brown, Thomas,  13 February 1795 (1 item)
 
Brunton, Thomas,  30 December 1799-20 January 1800 (3 items)
 
Burn, James,  30 November 1799-25 October 1800 (5 items)
 
Burn, R,  13 August 1800 (1 item)
 
Burn, Robert,  22 December 1799-26 December 1800 (5 items)
 
Burnett, Al,  17 April 1797-22 November 1800 (5 items)
 
Burnett, John,  6 January 1800-16 December 1806 (59 items)
 
Burnett, Robert,  16 May 1806-23 November 1809 (16 items)
 
Burnett, Colonel William,  7 May 1793-8 July 1811 (26 items)
 
Camden, Calvert & King,  14 May 1795 (1 item)
 
Campbell, John,  12 August 1791-26 July 1792 (2 items)
 
Carnegie, Miss A,  12 March 1811 (1 item)
 
Carnegie, Lady A.M.,  4 February 1795-3 October 1811 (9 items)
 
Carnegie, Sir David,  9 June 1794-3 March 1805 (24 items)
 
Carnegie, George,  17 May 1790-15 December 1810 (14 items)
 
Carnegie, James,  12 June 1800-14 December 1806 (12 items)
 
Carnegie, Colonel John,   3 May 1805-October 1811 (7 items)
 
Carnegie, Susan,  10 October 1809-17 December 1809 (3 items)
 
Carnegie, Thomas,  25 March 1800 (1 item)
 
Chandler, Thomas,  16 April 1811 (1 item)
 
Christian, Peter,  10 January 1805-8 March 1805 (3 items)
Box   2  
Christie, Alexander,  12 January 1793-26 October 1793 (5 items)
 
Clarke, Robert,  15 November 1815 (1 item)
 
Clarke, Thomas,  17 February 1794-24 June 1794 (4 items)
 
Collons, William,  20 January 1794-24 March 1794 (3 items)
 
Colquhoun, Lud,  12 February 1805-19 October 1806 (7 items)
 
Colvill, William,  17 October 1805 (1 item)
 
Corrie, Edgar,  31 July 1793-21 August 1806 (16 items)
 
Cratenlong, Robert,  20 December 1798 (1 item)
 
Crombre, Alexander,  1 May 1804-27 July 1811 (13 items)
 
Dauney, Al,  16 February 1806-12 August 1807 (2 items)
 
Dick, David,  14 August 1792-14 May 1811 (92 items)
 
Dick, Hugh,  1 April 1796 (1 item)
 
Dick, James,  10 January 1795-10 September 1797 (8 items)
 
Dickson & Co.,  7 January 1800-29 September 1811 (9 items)
 
Dickson, R,  7 May 1800-13 August 1800 (3 items)
 
Dodds, John,  10 August 1805 (1 item)
 
Donnell, Joseph,  7 March 1794-3 August 1806 (10 items)
 
Duff, R.H.,  22 November 1806 (1 item)
 
Duncan, Andrew,  23 September 1810-6 August 1815 (3 items)
 
Dunlop, George,  25 September 1807-25 May 1808 (2 items)
 
Duthie, James,  27 June 1801 (1 item)
 
Earle, Thomas William,  2 November 1793-3 November 1794 (8 items)
 
Elemer, Charles,  30 January 1798 (1 item)
 
Fairlie, James,  16 September 1792-11 March 1811 (59 items)
 
Fairlie, Mungo,  26 July 1796-7 March 1809 (12 items)
 
Farquhar, James,  26 December 1803-12 August 1811 (7 items)
 
Farquar, William,  19 June 1793 (1 item)
 
Fearns, James,  8 May 1795 (1 item)
 
Fearns, Murdock,  5 December 1793-10 June 1795 (3 items)
 
Ferguson, James,  13 January 1811 (1 item)
 
Fisher, Ralph,  6 January 1794-20 February 1794 (3 items)
 
Fleming, John,  28 April 1806-13 September 1810 (3 items)
 
Fleming, William,  18 May 1804-28 October 1806 (3 items)
 
Fletcher, Thomas,  8 July 1811 (1 item)
 
Forbes, William,  8 June 1793-1 December 1810 (6 items)
 
Forrester, Robert,  8 June 1801 (1 item)
 
Foulerton, Catherine,  21 September 1795-25 September 1811 (46 items)
 
Foulerton, George,  10 April 1804-29 May 1811 (13 items)
 
Foulerton, John,  14 July 1793-20 July 1812 (77 items)
 
Fullerton, John Carnegie,  18 July 1803-23 November 1805 (4 items)
 
Foulerton, Mary Carnegie,  13 January 1806-22 June 1806 (11 items)
 
Foulerton, Mary,  14 March 1810 (1 item)
Box   3  
Gadie, Theo,  13 September 1804 (1 item)
 
Gallraith, A,  11 August 1793-18 May 1794 (3 items)
 
Garden, Francis,  10 July 1800-October 04 1802 (5 items)
 
Gardiner, Alex  5 September 1808 (3 items)
 
Gerard, Gilbert,  3 October 1799-4 September 1811 (3 items)
 
Gilchrist, Arch,  7 October 1801-5 September 1805 (2 items)
 
Gillespie, David,  5 November 1806-25 September 1811 (3 items)
 
Gillis, R & Co,  20 April 1800-10 May 1800 (3 items)
 
Glennie, John,  30 April 1800 (1 item)
 
Gordon, Bademark,  18 September 1809 (1 item)
 
Graham, Arch,  6 June 1796-20 April 1797 (4 items)
 
Graham, William C.,  20 June 1798 (1 item)
 
Grant, George,  15 May 1793 (1 item)
 
Gray Wear and Gray,  3 February 1806-13 December 1806 (2 items)
 
Thomas Gray lawsuit,  26 June 1809-18 June 1810 (4 items)
 
Greenhill, Charles,  3 November 1800-21 November 1800 (2 items)
 
Greig, John,  21 October 1802-22 March 1811 (5 items)
 
Grunhill, Charles,  1 October 1794-18 November 1797 (8 items)
 
Hamilton, Hugh,  14 September 1795 (1 item)
 
Harris, Thomas,  10 April 1794 (1 item)
 
Harrison, Joseph,  4 February 1794-26 September 1795 (5 items)
 
Hayhurst, Poole & Felectcher,  11 April 1793 (1 item)
 
Henry, Alex,  18 September 1806 (1 item)
 
Hibbert & Hibbert,  7 January 1795-8 January 1796 (6 items)
 
Hill, Dr. George,  24 June 1797-13 October 1806 (23 items)
 
Hindy, Thomas,  1 June 1793-30 September 1793 (4 items)
 
Hobson, Lyon,  10 June 1797 (1 item)
 
Hodgson, Edward,  3 February 1810 (1 item)
 
Hodgson, John,  3 March 1794 (1 item)
 
Holcombe, Thomas,  1 September 1794-20 December 1794 (3 items)
 
Horn, Fredrick,  2 August 1805 (1 item)
 
Hughan, Taylor,  7 June 1806-5 November 1810 (5 items)
 
Hugham, Taylor/Ch. Clarke,  27 September 1806-16 April 1810 (3 items)
 
Innes, Allan,  27 January 1802 (1 item)
 
Innes, John,  19 May 1804-24 May 1804 (2 items)
 
Jackson, Geo,  20 February 1798-24 April 1798 (2 items)
 
Jameson, John,  20 June 1793-16 November 1793 (3 items)
 
Jameson, William,  25 June 1800 (1 item)
 
Jolly Lawsuit,  16 May 1784-24 October 1815 (29 items)
 
Jones, James,  29 October 1792-2 October 1794 (15 items)
 
Jones, Thomas,   August 1796-23 December 1797 (3 items)
 
Keith, Charles,  8 June 1804-28 September 1804 (2 items)
 
Keith, George Skene,  24 May 1810 (1 item)
 
Keith, John,  23 June 1806 (1 item)
 
Kelso, William,  4 June 1810 (1 item)
 
Key, Pat,  30 January 1796-29 April 1805 (5 items)
 
Kidd, Alexander,  10 December 1805-21 April 1807 (11 items)
 
King, Philip,  6 June 1792-15 March 1793 (2 items)
 
Kirkpatrick, Shaw,  20 August 1793 (1 item)
 
Lamb, William,  23 July 1795-13 December 1806 (8 items)
 
Learmouth, J & Co.,  2 July 1808-21 October 1811 (2 items)
 
Leckie, Alex,  20 October 1793-7 January 1794 (3 items)
 
Leckie, George,  30 December 1793 (1 item)
 
Leslie, James,  9 July 1806-14 October 1811 (13 items)
 
Leyland, Thomas,  16 January 1794-11 March 1794 (5 items)
 
Livingston, William,  20 March 1806 (1 item)
 
Livright, David,  20 August 1794 (1 item)
 
Low, A,  15 August 1795-21 April 1798 (3 items)
 
Low, John,  3 April 1798-17 March 1812 (60 items)
 
Luther, Francis,  24 December 1810 (1 item)
 
Lyell, Ch,  12 December 1797-26 December 1797 (3 items)
 
Lyon, Paul,  30 October 1815 (1 item)
 
MacKinzie, John,  10 July 1794-10 August 1809 (5 items)
 
MacKenzie, Ken,  29 October 1808-27 January 1813 (35 items)
 
MacLarty, Colin,  7 December 1800-25 December 1808 (4 items)
 
Macleod, Alex,  7 July 1804-4 December 1804 (2 items)
 
Mann, Humfrey,  28 September 1793 (1 item)
 
Martin, Robert,  19 September 1796 (1 item)
 
Marshall, Frank & Sons,  11 May 1811-24 May 1811 (3 items)
 
Maule, William,  18 August 1806-30 October 1806 (2 items)
 
McCall, Arch,  16 January 1803-5 November 1811 (47 items)
 
McCall, Christina,  13 January 1809-15 February 1813 (15 items)
 
McCall, Dick,  6 March 1802-1 September 1803 (4 items)
 
McCall, George,  23 March 1792-27 October 1798 (132 items)
Box   4  
McCall, George,  11 January 1799-17 January 1810 (129 items)
 
McCall, George Jr.,  30 October 1798-1 May 1813 (59 items)
 
McCall, James,  15 January 1800-5 September 1811 (30 items)
 
McCall, John,  13 August 1792-15 October 1811 (177 items)
 
McCall, Mary,  19 June 1809-15 October 1811 (4 items)
 
McCall, Robert,  25 March 1809 (1 item)
 
McCall, Samuel,  29 September 1793-19 September 1806 (34 items)
 
McCall, Samuel, June,  11 September 1793-3 November 1811 (103 items)
 
McNair, Robert,  17 April 1804 (1 item)
 
Mengies, John,  22 September 1800-20 October 1809 (7 items)
Box   5  
Middlewood, JW,  26 February 1795 (1 item)
 
Miles, Philip John,  19 February 1793-21 February 1794 (6 items)
 
Miles, William,  3 October 1792-23 June 1800 (45 items)
 
Mill, James,  1 February 1800-19 February 1800 (2 items)
 
Mill, John,  19 October 1811 (1 item)
 
Mill, Louis,  17 November 1794 (1 item)
 
Milm, Robert,  30 December 1800 (1 item)
 
Milne, John,  18 March 1810 (1 item)
 
Monro, Charles,  8 December 1804-28 March 1808 (4 items)
 
Lord Newton,  13 April 1811 (1 item)
 
Noble, James,  9 October 1793-21 May 1795 (8 items)
 
Oglivy, Wm,  16 December 1793 (1 item)
 
Orr, John,  14 October 1792-13 July 1809 (5 items)
 
Orr, Patrick,  4 April 1798-10 September 1798 (3 items)
 
Oswald, Alexander,  24 August 1795 (1 item)
 
Oswald, George,  19 September 1795-28 June 1808 (17 items)
 
Paten, James,  20 January 1796-20 February 1796 (2 items)
 
Paterson, Dundas,  8 March 1803 (1 item)
 
Paterson, John,  4 January 1793 (1 item)
 
Paterson, William,  25 October 1797 (1 item)
 
Peter, John,  28 November 1809-2 January 1810 (3 items)
 
Peters, Alexander,  5 August 1808 (1 item)
 
Prthenoe & Claxton,  10 April 1793 (1 item)
 
Rainford, James,  16 May 1793-16 May 1794 (2 items)
 
Ramsay, Sir Alex,  23 January 1798-23 September 1810 (5 items)
 
Rankin, John,  29 March 1809-15 December 1810 (2 items)
 
Ratlif, Joseph,  24 March 1794 (1 item)
 
Rawlinson, William,  22 August 1793 (1 item)
 
Reid, David,  13 December 1793 (1 item)
 
Renny, Hercules,  22 December 1805-1 March 1808 (3 items)
 
Renny, James,  5 October 1792-18 September 1797 (14 items)
 
Renny, Patrick,  4 March 1796 (1 item)
 
Renny, Thomas,  25 February 1793-1 February 1809 (321 items)
 
Renwick, Ann,  13 July 1807 (1 items)
 
Renwick, John,  20 May 1803-22 August 1811 (32 items)
 
Ritchie, Charles,  11 December 1799-11 February 1803 (7 items)
 
Ritchie, H,  7 May 1811 (1 item)
 
Robertson, George,  27 June 1806 (1 item)
 
Rogers, James,  4 February 1793 (1 item)
 
Room, James,  21 March 1793-5 September 1796 (9 items)
 
Ross, H. Irvine,  30 December 1808 (1 item)
 
Russell, Francis,  28 May 1797-2 February 1806 (4 items)
 
Sargent, Chambers,  9 May 1793-20 September 1794 (4 items)
 
Scott, David,  26 July 1795 (1 item)
 
Scott, George,  3 November 1802-22 March 1811 (7 items)
 
Scott, John,  28 May 1793-9 July 1811 (22 items)
 
Scott, John Wm,  17 March 1795 (1 item)
 
Selkrig, Charles,  25 June 1802-28 September 1802 (3 items)
 
Shaw, John George,  11 April 1793-1 June 1793 (4 items)
 
Sime, William,  23 November 1804-29 November 1804 (2 items)
 
Simpson, Henry,  23 November 1810-25 October 1811 (3 items)
 
Sinclair, William,  9 May 1794-20 May 1794 (2 items)
 
Skelton, Thomas,  19 February 1794 (1 item)
 
Skene, George,  7 February 1796-28 November 1805 (3 items)
Box   6  
Smart, Will,  31 January 1807 (1 item)
 
Smith, Alex,  23 October 1803 (1 item)
 
Smith, George,  12 January 1794-12 January 1795 (3 items)
 
Smith, James,  2 May 1800 (1 item)
 
Smith, William,  16 January 1806-22 December 1806 (2 items)
 
Souter, James,  20 November 1795 (1 item)
 
Souther, Francis,  7 July 1807 (1 item)
 
Spiers, Peter,  22 February 1801-4 March 1802 (4 items)
 
Spottiswood, John,  21 December 1799-25 February 1800 (3 items)
 
Stevenson, Robert,  6 February 1811-17 November 1811 (8 items)
 
Steward, John,  10 May 1793-31 March 1803 (7 items)
 
Stewart, Rob,  24 July 1800-29 November 1800 (2 items)
 
Stirling, James,  6 February 1793-5 April 1793 (3 items)
 
Strachan, Alex,  28 January 1800-15 April 1807 (2 items)
 
Strachan, James,  12 November 1798 (1 item)
 
Strachan, Thomas Renny,  14 September 1798-22 October 1811 (46 items)
 
Stuart, John,  27 January 1805-10 January 1810 (4 items)
 
Sutherland, John & William,  4 November 1795-8 August 1803 (12 items)
 
Tailyour, Alexander Renny,  10 October 1806-2 December 1811 (24 items)
 
Tailyour, Hercules,  20 February 1783-22 October 1811 (135 items)
 
Tailyour, Jean,  19 March 1793-13 February 1794 (30 items)
 
Tailyour, Robert,  16 February 1743 (1 item)    [Note: Partnership agreement with John Parminter]
 
Tarleton & Rigg,  28 December 1793-5 June 1794 (7 items)
 
Taylor, Ballantine & Fairlie,  16 September 1792-20 May 1798 (105 items)
 
Taylor, Hughan & Renny,  28 November 1798-23 May 1805 (20 items)
 
Taylor, Hughan & Co.,  27 February 1806-10 July 1811 (8 items)
 
Taylor, James,  16 December 1801-21 October 1810 (16 items)
 
Taylor, John,  22 July 1809-24 September 1811 (15 items)    [Note: Son of John Tailyour]
 
Taylor, Mary,  16 December 1792-4 October 1811 (5 items)
 
Taylor, Robert,  20 October 1784-27 May 1804 (235 items)
Box   7  
Taylor, Robert,  12 June 1804-17 March 1813 (180 items)
 
Taylor, Robert,  28 November 1806 (1 item)    [Note: Son of John Tailyour]
 
Taylor, Robert,  3 January 1808-11 July 1811 (3 items)    [Note: Son of Robert Taylor]
 
Taylor, Simon,  20 May 1791-23 May 1811 (110 items)
 
Taylor, Simon,  27 April 1802-13 April 1804 (8 items)    [Note: Miscellaneous correspondence]
 
Taylor, Simon R.B.,  22 November 1798-March 1800 (8 items)
 
Wade, Mrs. D.W.,  12 December 1792-22 November 1795 (3 items)
 
Walker, Alex,  5 October 1796-19 September 1801 (2 items)
 
Walker, George,  16 July 1807-21 November 1811 (42 items)
 
Walker, James,  5 April 1810-17 April 1810 (2 items)
 
Walker, Thompson & Co.,  24 February 1808-8 April 1808 (3 items)
 
Walker, Will,  10 September 1803-15 May 1804 (2 items)
 
Wallace, John,  24 May 1794 (1 item)
 
Wallis, Henry,  30 April 1798 (1 item)
 
Warwick, Anthony,  2 September 1793-19 March 1794 (2 items)
 
Webster, James,  17 November 1796 (1 item)
 
White, Thomas Jr.,  20 November 1798-12 June 1799 (2 items)
 
Williamson, William,  24 July 1795 (1 item)
 
Wilson, James,  15 December 1804 (1 item)
 
Wood, James,  30 November 1809-30 June 1810 (4 items)
 
Yuille, Thomas,  27 June 1800-7 July 1800 (2 items)
 
Misc. Correspondence,  26 August 1786-12 December 1800 (4 items)    [Note: Authors unknown]
 
Letterbooks

Scope note: The four letterbooks that have survived contain 1,116 retained copies of Tailyour's letters. His early letter books (1781-1785) detail his initial struggles in America, when he first tried his hand at general trade, and later attempted to provide supplies for British prisoners-of-war after the American Revolution. Both attempts failed, and by 1782, he started thinking about moving to Jamaica to work with his cousin Simon Taylor. During this time, Tailyour kept in touch with his British contacts, including George McCall, the Andersons, and his brother Hercules, whom he hoped to recruit for the American trade.

John Tailyour started his career in Kingston, Jamaica, as a trader in dry goods and sundry stores, but soon added the purchase and sale of slaves to his business. Many of his letters after 1783 focus on the condition of the slave trade and the threat from abolitionists in England. Tailyour styled himself as an expert slave trader, able to sell entire ships of slaves quickly. Much of his correspondence about the trade focuses on the kinds of issues that affected its viability, including the health of the slaves, the health of the markets, the age and sex of the slaves, and the locations of sale.

Tailyour wrote many letters about the abolitionist threat as well, and the damage he anticipated from abolition. Contrary to some accounts, Tailyour's reports on the slave trade indicate that it was robust at the end of the eighteenth century. Though he foresaw a potentially large loss of business if the trade were outlawed, Tailyour did not reflect much on the social effects of this, but he did note in 1788 that "from all the best information I ever had, it clearly appears Slaves live better by far in the West Indies than in Africa, & from my own observations I can say they in general live better than the Poor of Scotland, Ireland & probably England."

Toward the end of his life, Tailyour wrote more directly about issues concerning his health, his estate in Scotland, and the business news from his correspondents.

Box   7  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1781-1785
 
 1781 (11 items)
 
 1782 (35 items)
 
 1783 (47 items)
 
 1784 (22 items)
 
 1785 (28 items)
Volume   1  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1788-1789
 
 1788 (139 items)
 
 1789 (207 items)
Volume   2  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1790-1792
 
 1790 (184 items)
 
 1791 (206 items)
 
 1792 (194 items)
Box   7  
Tailyour, John Letterbook,  1804-1810
 
 1804 (1 item)
 
 1805 (8 items)
 
 1806 (5 items)
 
 1807 (3 items)
 
 1808 (5 items)
 
 1809 (15 items)
 
 1810 (6 items)
 
Business papers [subseries]:

Scope note: John Tailyour's business papers comprise 32 letters and his five account books. The business papers relate to his estates in Scotland, particularly Kirktonhill. Several letters between Tailyour and his good friends Thomas Renny and Peter Ballantine contain accounts and vouchers. Tailyour wrote two letters to John Baveridge. Also included are several bonds procured in Scotland and additional contracts. For accounts regarding his estate, consult series II and III.

Tailyour's account books are divided between his pre- and post-1792 finances. Those prior to 1792 focus on his Kingston estate and his accounts regarding trade and personal expenses. Those after 1792 relate to his Scottish estates, particularly Kirktonhill and Craigo. His account journal for Kirktonhill includes personal, estate, and expense accounts, as well as several bills, receipts, and accounting balances.

 
Documents
 
John Tailyour & T. Renny Accounts,  20 June 1793-1 May 1799 (3 items)
 
John Tailyour & T. Renny Vouchers,  1806-27 December 1806 (17 items)
 
John Tailyour & P. Ballantine Accounts,   July 1797 (1 item)
 
John Baveridge Accounts,  1797-1801 (2 items)
 
Scotland Bonds,  14 June 1798-13 December 1806
 
Contracts,  1811 2 November 1808-2 December 1811 (3 items)
 
Account Books
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1789
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1790
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1798-1805 (2 volumes)
Box   8  
John Tailyour Account Journal, Kirktonhill,  1805-1813
 
John Tailyour Account Journal,  1806-1816
 
Tailyour Estate (Post-1815) [series]:
 
Correspondence [subseries]:

Scope note: The correspondence for the Tailyour estate after 1815 almost entirely concerns estate accounts, primarily regarding division and management issues immediately after Tailyour’s death in 1815. Mid-nineteenth century accounts also focus on the Tailyour family estate. Finally, a small collection of letters from Simon Taylor to his parents in the 1860s concern his travels abroad.

 
John Tailyour Estate Correspondence,  16 March 1816-20 November 1819 (137 items)
 
Jackson, John,  29 May 1820 (1 item)
 
Business Papers [subseries]:

Scope note: The collection's business papers after 1815 contain 1716 individual items, which divide into six large sections: Tailyour family estate accounts from 1823-36; the expense accounts from 1838-43; accounts of the family's farm from 1824-27; accounts paid between 1833-39; the salmon fishing records from 1836-47; and the vouchers and factory accounts for the family's crop between 1816-1818. Additional items include a number of receipts from Robert Taylor and some accounting letters to Brand and Burnett. Most of these accounts are for the Kirktonhill and Craigo estates, and lands rented out. The salmon fishing accounts are quite extensive, detailing the family's finances in the profitable salmon industry of northeast Scotland. Ten account books concern the post-1815 estate. These provide estate and expense accounts for the Tailyour assets. The Accounts and Legal Forms book from 1820-1821 includes a number of legal opinions and expositions on accounts and cases during this period. The rent book of 1833-36 reports personal and estate finances for the land on the family's Marykirk and Garrock estates, which were located just outside the primary Kirktonhill estate. Robert Taylor's account journal centers on his mercantile accounts in Edinburgh, and also includes a waste book. Finally, Simon Taylor's account book contains his Edinburgh merchant records.

 
Documents
 
Accounts, Robert Taylor & John Brand,  10 June 1815-2 March 1826 (31 items)
 
Accounts, Robert Taylor, Robert Burness & John Grieg,  November 1823-15 July 1847 (18 items)
 
Accounts, Robert Taylor & Brand Burnett,  25 February 1840-6 July 1858 (12 items)
 
Accounts, Robert Taylor & James Birnie,  12 October 1841 (1 item)
 
Accounts, Robert Taylor & W & J Cook,  1 October 1842-11 November1844 (6 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  27 June 1823-23 June 1824 (11 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  11 February 1824-19 July 1824 (21 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  30 July 1825-17 December 1825 (13 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  20 July 1825-17 June 1826 (13 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  7 March 1827-23 June 1827 (10 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,   March 1827-21 June 1828 (25 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,   May 1830-19 June 1830 (11 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  12 October 1832-22 June 1833 (22 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,   November 1833-21 June 1834 (24 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  8 July 1834-25 March 1835 (20 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  8 June 1835-20 June 1835 (4 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  20 June 1835-16 February 1836 (59 items)
 
Accounts, Estate Accounts,  12 February 1836-18 June 1836 (11 items)
 
Accounts, Expense Accounts,  1 January 1838-7 June 1838 (70 items)
 
Accounts, Expense Accounts,  22 March 1838-29 June 1838 (166 items)
 
Accounts, Expense Accounts,  29 January 1841-27 January 1842 (92 items)
Box   9  
Accounts, Expense Accounts,  31 January 1842-14 December 1843 (112 items)
 
Accounts, Farm Accounts,  7 April 1824-24 November 1824 (32 items)
 
Accounts, Farm Accounts,  26 November 1824-27 May 1825 (40 items)
 
Accounts, Farm Accounts,  30 May 1825-2 December 1825 (48 items)
 
Accounts, Farm Accounts,  6 December 1825-27 May 1826 (24 items)
 
Accounts, Farm Accounts,  19 November 1826-2 June 1827 (34 items)
 
Accounts, Farm Accounts,  14 June 1827-18 December 1827 (41 items)
 
Accounts Paid,  13 June 1833-10 June 1835 (55 items)
 
Accounts Paid,  24 July 1835-9 December 1836 (53 items)
 
Accounts Paid,  17 July 1838-18 June 1839 (9 items)
 
Accounts Paid,  2 June 1838-3 January 1840 (53 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  2 December 1835-10 December 1836 (28 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  14 December 1836-7 March 1838 (20 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1837 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,   January 1838-6 October 1838 (34 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1838 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  8 October 1838-28 November 1839 (20 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,   February 1839 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  4 January 1840-28 December 1840 (7 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  8 January 1841-8 October 1841 (18 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1841 (1 memo book)    [Note: Kept by William Scott at Marykirk.]
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  9 December 1841-30 December 1842 (26 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1842 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  27 December 1842-3 November 1843 (15 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1843 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  12 December 1843-16 January 1845 (17 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1844 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  17 December 1844-9 January 1846 (14 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1845 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1846 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  16 January 1846-2 December 1846 (13 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  7 December 1846-23 December 1847 (19 items)
 
Accounts, Salmon Fishing,  1847 (1 memo book)
 
Accounts, Brand & Burnett,  1834-1836 (14 items)
 
Receipts, Robert Taylor,  18 May 1816-7 September 1822 (101 items)
 
Vouchers & Factory Accounts,  12 April 1808-18 July 1817 (90 items)    [Note: 1816 crop.]
 
Vouchers & Factory Accounts,  1809-14 November 1819 (107 items)    [Note: 1817 crop.]
 
Vouchers & Factory Accounts,  1818-1819 (23 items)    [Note: 1818 crop.]
 
Account Books
Box   10  
Accounts and Legal Forms,  1820-1821
 
Account Journal: Rent Book,  1833-1836
 
Simon Taylor Account Journal,  1812
 
Robert Taylor, Account Journal,  1812
Volume   3  
Robert Taylor, Account Journal,  1821
 
Robert Taylor, Account Journal with misc. papers,  1834-1849
Volume   3  
George Taylor, Account Journal & Cash Book,  1815,  1821
 
George Taylor, Account Journal & Waste Book,  1820
 
George Taylor, Account Journal,  1821
 
George Taylor, Account Journal, Invoices & Sales,  1821
 
Hunting Papers [subseries]:

Scope note: The hunting papers catalogue the various adventures and important details of the Tailyour family hunting expeditions. The journals include descriptions of the locations of the hunts, detailed stories of the hunts themselves, and ratings of performance after each event. The lists of hunting dogs provide not only the name, but also the pedigree and some description of the dogs used by the Tailyour family for their regular foxhunts.

Box   10  
Hunting Journal,  1818,  1827
 
Hunting Journal,  1820-1826
 
Hunting Journal,  1828-1834
 
Taylor, R., List of Hunting Dogs,  1824-1827
 
Taylor, R. List of Hunting Dogs, Kirktonhill & Cumberland,  1826-1830
 
Taylor, R., List of Hunting Dogs,  1826-1830
 
Tailyour Family (post-1815) [series]:
 
Correspondence [subseries]:

Scope note: The correspondence of the Tailyour family after 1815 is diverse. Many are letters from friends to unnamed recipients. Others are family telegraphs, which contain brief information, including traveling details, etc. The war letters are written to and from a long line of Tailyour men, who served in the military.

Box   10  
Copp, R.,  1 February 1885 and  undated (2 items)
 
Fenn, J F,  17 December 1868 (1 item)
 
Lear, Edward,  24 April 1880 (1 item)
 
Poynar, L.,  4 January 1864 (1 item)
 
Ramsay, Robert,  19 March-17 June 1864 (2 items)
 
Smith, William,  5 January 1868 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family telegraphs & newspaper clippings,  undated (5 items)
 
Tailyour, Hercules,  29 March 1911 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, K. H,  4 January 1921 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, William & S. Scott Robinson,  3-27 August 1970 ( 1 item)
 
Taylor, George,  13 August 1868 (1 item)
 
Taylor, Simon,  22 May 1861-11 February 1864 (23 items)
 
War Letters,  23 October 1819-7 October 1920 (26 items)
 
Watson, Robert,  undated (1 item)
 
Wood, Marian,  14 May-17 July 1959 (2 items)
 
Military [subseries]:

Scope note: The Tailyour family had a long tradition of military service, beginning in the nineteenth century. The collection contains military commissions and promotional records of George Robert, George H. F., and Kenneth R. H. Tailyour; a number of World War I prisoner-of-war records from Germany, including the envelopes issued by the German government to the soldiers; and World War I ration books. Also included are Mrs. H. Tailyour's journals from 1914 to 1917, with notes on the letters she received, daily news reports (often in several quick sentences), stamps she collected (and their value), war news, and assorted newspaper clippings. Finally, two nineteenth-century military books pertain to naval signals and insignia patterns.

 
Military Commissions,  11 July 1864-29 January 1925 (6 items)
 
Military and war paraphernalia,  undated (22 items)
 
Prisoner-of-war records, WWI (15 items)
 
Ration Books, WWI (13 items)
 
Tailyour, Mrs. H. WWI Journal,  August-September 1914 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, Mrs. H. WWI Journal,   October-December 1914 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, Mrs. H. WWI Journal,  1914-1915 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, Mrs. H. WWI Journal,  1915 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, Mrs. H. WWI Journal,  1915-1916 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, Mrs. H. WWI Journal,  1917 (1 item)
 
Naval Code Signals, Simon Taylor,  1832 (1 item)
 
Scrapbook with military insignia,  late 1800s (1 item)
 
Genealogy and Probate [subseries]:

Scope note: The genealogical records include birth and baptismal records, marriage and death records, and legal documents. A large family pedigree shows a very detailed and complete sketch of the Tailyour family. The genealogical notes and descriptions vary from simple sketches to notes on family history. Most of the probate records concern John Tailyour and his estates. The majority of these focus on the years immediately following his death, although there are some receipts of interest earned on the estate for several decades after his death. The will of Mary Watson, a member of one of the Tailyour family branches, is also included.

 
Genealogy
Box   11  
Birth and Baptismal Records,  6 February 1851-15 October 1904 (7 items)
 
Marriage Records,  11 May 1841-25 March 1971 (5 items)
 
Death Records,  19 November 1921-17 May 1960 (3 items)
 
Legal Records,  18 September 1924 (1 item)
 
Genealogical Descriptions,  undated (9 items)
 
Genealogical Descriptions,  11 August 1870-14 October 1964 (9 items)
 
Genealogical Notes,  undated (13 items)
 
Genealogical Tables,  undated (16 items)
 
Family Pedigree,  undated (1 item)    [Note: In separate tube.]
 
Probate
Box   11  
Taylor, John, Balmanna Estate,   November 1804-26 October 1815 (20 items)
 
Taylor, John, Estate Interest Receipts,  30 April 1806-30 April 1816 (1 item)
 
Taylor, John,  2 September 1816-1 March 1819 (7 items)
 
Taylor, Robert, Estate Interest Receipts,  30 April 1817-14 December 1843 (29 items)
 
Watson, Mary, Will, 8 March 1888 (1 item)
 
Printed Materials [subseries]:

Scope note: The printed sources in the collection are somewhat random in scope. They include a book by Hardy Bertram McCall, Memoirs of My Ancestors, about the McCall family. It is largely a biographical and genealogical sketch of the family in the nineteenth century. Two items concern the Tailyour estates: one is a description of the estates, and the other is an early-20th-century notice for the sale of Kirktonhill that includes photographs and descriptions of the estate. A number of newspaper clippings relate to the family.

 
McCall, Hardy Bertram, Memoirs of My Ancestors,  1884 (1 item)
 
Marykirk & Kirktonhill, Descriptions,  22 November 1901-11 May 1923 (2 items)
 
Newspaper Clippings (14 items)
 
Miscellaneous (12 items)
 
Illustrations, Artwork, and Poetry [subseries]:

Scope note: Several hand-drawn illustrations from the nineteenth century include two sketches of sailing vessels; one is a royal insignia, and another is a hunting cabin in Scotland. Fourteen engravings of fashion portraits (primarily French fashion styles) are hand colored. Two silhouettes are dated 1830. The poetry consists of loose pages of poetry and George Taylor's book of poems. One book contains a detailed, hand-colored blueprint for a tower. Two sketch-books were created by Kenneth R. H. Tailyour in his younger years. The drawings include still-life and natural scenes, as well as hand-drawn comics and humorous sketches.

 
Fashion Engravings,  circa 1815-1820 (14 items)
 
Sailing Vessel Illustrations,  circa 1820 (2 items)
 
Taylor, George, Hunting Cabin Illustration,  circa 1850 (1 item)
 
Royal Sketches,  undated (1 item)
 
Silhouettes by Edouart,  1830 (2 items)
 
Poetry,  undated (7 items)
 
Taylor, George, Book with poetry,  undated (1 item)
 
Architectural Plans for a tower,  undated (1 item)
 
Tailyour, KRH, Sketch Book,  25 December 1917 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, KRH, Sketch Book,   January 1920 (1 item)
 
Photographs [subseries]:

Scope note: The photographs in this collection center mainly on the Tailyour family. Though a number of still-life pictures of street-scenes and animals are represented, most photographs are portraits of individuals. A number have been marked with identifications, but most remain unmarked, and in some cases the identity cannot be determined. Kenneth R. H. Tailyour and his immediate family are the subjects of most of the photographs. Kenneth Tailyour was the father of William Tailyour, who donated this collection to the Clements Library. The family photos are of Kenneth Tailyour's siblings, Joan, Ian Stewart, William Gordon, and Norman Hastings; his parents, George Robert and Ada Tailyour; and his grandfather, George H. F. Tailyour.

 
Buildings and Street Scenes (8 items)
 
Dogs (2 items)
 
Horses-Hunting & Sport (7 items)
 
Horses-Portraits (18 items)
 
Negatives (7 items)
 
Portraits
 
Cartwright, Pam & Tailyour, Toby (1 item)
 
McEwen, Robert (1 item)
 
Scrupster, Mary Margaret (1 item)
 
Tailyour, Ada Hutchenson (2 items)
 
Tailyour, George H. F. (36 items)
 
Tailyour, Kenneth R. H. (18 items)
 
Tailyour, Robert (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (K. R. H. and Ian Stewart) (6 items)
 
Taylor, George (2 items)
 
Taylor, Mary (1 item)
 
Taylor, Robert (1 item)
 
Unknown (56 items)
 
Unknown (Military) (21 items)
 
Tailyour, George Robert,  circa 1909 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (George Robert, KRH, and Ian Stewart),  circa 1909 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (George Robert, George H. F., Ada, KRH, and Ian Stewart),  circa 1909 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (George Robert, George H. F. and K. R. H.),  circa 1910 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (Ada, K. R. H. and George Robert),  circa 1910 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (K. R. H., Ian Stewart and Joan),  circa 1912 (2 items)
 
Tailyour, Ian Stewart,  circa 1913 (1 item)
 
Tailyour, Norman Hastings,  circa 1915 (3 items)
 
Tailyour Family (KRH, Ian Stewart, Joan, William Gordon and Norman Hastings),  circa 1915 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (Ada, K. R. H. and Norman Hastings),  circa 1916 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (Ada, K. R. H., Ian Stewart and William Gordon),  circa 1916 (4 items)
 
Tailyour Family (Ada, K. R. H., and Norman Hastings),  circa 1916 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (George H. F., Ada, Ian Stewart, William Gordon and Norman Hastings),  circa 1918 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (George H. F., K. R. H., Ian Stewart, William Gordon and Norman Hastings),  circa 1918 (1 item)
 
Tailyour Family (K. R. H. & Danise),  circa 1940 (2 items)
 
Tailyour Family (K. R. H., Danise, Hazel and Ian Stewart),  circa 1965 (2 items)
 
Miscellaneous Photographs (5 items)
 
Miscellaneous (3 items)
 
Ephemera [subseries]:

Scope note: The ephemera include postage stamps, menus, recipes, and especially postcards. Some postcards depict royal events and daily life. Most of the postcards, however, relate to the family foxhunts in the mid-nineteenth century. Each postcard is an announcement of a foxhunt.

Box   12  
Food, Menus, Recipes (6 items)
 
Postage Stamps (4 items)
 
Postcards-Assorted (30 items)
 
Postcards-Foxhunts,  8 November 1852-16 March 1869 (98 items)
 
Realia [subseries]:

Scope note: The realia in the Tailyour Papers include Robert Taylor's quill pen, a mini dictionary, and a mathematical and counting table.

Box   13  
Two plastic sticks
 
Port wine tag
 
Carrying sack
 
Rivet,  circa 1939
 
"Do Not Disturb" sign
 
Counting Aid
 
Mathematics table
 
Mini Dictionary,  circa 1850
 
Rock with attached paper
 
Race Club Medallion,  1932
 
Two 25 cmes from France,  1924,  1926
 
Collar with bell
 
Mini wooden shoe
 
"Madeira" stamp
 
"W" and "P" stamp
 
Small powder horn
 
Large powder horn
 
Lead ball
Box   14  
Taylor, Robert, Quill pen (from Account Ledger, 1826)
 
Audiovisual Materials [subseries]:

Scope note: The audio-visual material includes two items. One is a compact disc recording of an interview of Clements Library Director, John Dann, by Todd Mundt for "The Todd Mundt Show" on National Public Radio. In the interview, Dann describes the acquisition of the Tailyour Papers. The other is a collection of photographs showing the Tailyour Papers as they were when they arrived at the Clements Library, and some photographs of the papers in the process of being sorted. Included within this set are a number of photographs of the reception held for the acquisition of the collection, which features John Dann, William Tailyour, the donor of the collection, Clements library curators and staff, as well as University of Michigan faculty.

Box   12  
Audio CD of John Dann on the Todd Mundt Show
 
Photos of collection when it arrived, and reception for William Tailyour
 
Miscellaneous [subseries]:

Scope note: Miscellanea include a catalogue of books from the early nineteenth century; Robert Taylor's commonplace book; an address book (probably early twentieth century); and James Tailyour's Style and Form Book (1771), including stories, poems, and writing samples; and Ada Tailyour's communion book, which contains written notations.

 
Catalogue of Robert Taylor's Books,  1817 (1 item)
 
Robert Taylor's Commonplace Book,  1842-1843 (1 item)
 
Miscellaneous Address Book (1 item)
 
Miscellaneous Communion Book, Ada Hutchenson Tailyour,  20 May 1896 (1 item)
 
Miscellaneous (14 items)
Box   13  
James Tailyour's Style & Form Book,  1771
 
Penny Black Stamps    [Note: Located in Accounts, Expense Accounts, 1841-1842 and Accounts, Expense Accounts, 1842-1843.]