William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
James Randolph Simpson Papers, 1862-1864
James S. Schoff Civil War CollectionFinding aid created by
Meg Hixon, August 2011
James Randolph Simpson papers
Simpson, James Randolph, b. 1841
The James Randolph Simpson papers contain incoming letters to Simpson from several of his friends who served in the Civil War. The soldiers discussed in detail various aspects of camp life, their movements with the army, and skirmishes.
Language: The material is in English
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.
James Randolph Simpson papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
The collection is arranged chronologically.
James Randolph Simpson was born in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, on December 13, 1841. He enlisted in company C of the 125th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment on August 7, 1862, and suffered a severe wound at the Battle of Antietam just one month later. After his honorable discharge in April 1863, Simpson returned to Huntingdon and became a teacher and, later, a successful lawyer. Among Simpson's public posts were prothonotary of Huntingdon County (1866-1870) and president of the Huntingdon County Bar Association.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The James Randolph Simpson papers contain 12 incoming letters to Simpson from several of his friends who served in the Civil War. The soldiers discussed in detail various aspects of camp life, their movements with the army, and skirmishes.
Throughout the war, Simpson's friends were stationed primarily in Virginia. Early letters, written just as the war began, reveal the boredom often felt by soldiers in camp. Isaiah D. Maize noted that he enjoyed receiving letters because "everything is so very dull in camp now," and complained at length about the Virginia weather (January 10, 1862). Another soldier, William H. Dieffenbach, voiced a similar complaint about the terrain: "I have often heard people talk of the sacred soil of Virginia but I guess we are not there yet, for I can hardly think that any man 'or any other man' would have the audacity to call this soil sacred" (January 23, 1862). Despite their boredom, Simpson's correspondents remained optimistic about their prospects for success against the Confederacy; Maize believed "The backbone of Rebellion is broken[.] 18,000 prisoners in 10 days is a big thing very nearly two Divisions of their army" (February 18, 1862). As the war progressed, the soldiers more frequently mentioned troop movements and potential engagements with the enemy. Jack Willoughby of the 5th Pennsylvania Reserves, for example, related his experiences during a skirmish with General Lee's army (October 18, 1863).
One undated item includes a large, green-shaded letterhead displaying a knight atop a rock labeled "Pennsylvania," brandishing a sword. In the sky above him is a large United States flag, a constellation spelling the word "UNION," and the Pennsylvania coat of arms.
- United States. Army. Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery Regiment, 2nd (1862-1866)
- United States. Army. Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 125th (1862-1863)
- United States. Army. Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 34th (1861-1864)
- United States. Army. Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 83rd (1861-1865)
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
- Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
- Cunningham, J. D.
- Dieffenbach, William H.
- Flood, Theodore S.
- Maize, Isaiah D.
- Willoughby, Arthur.
- Willoughby, John A. (Jack)
| Container / Location
|Box 79, James S. Schoff Civil War collection
James Randolph Simpson papers [series]:
January 10, 1862-August 24, 1863
October 2, 1863-February 28, 1864, and undated
Additional Descriptive Data
- J. D. Cunningham
- Private William H. Dieffenbach, 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
- 2nd Lieutenant Theodore S. Flood, 125th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
- Isaiah D. Maize, [William Farrar?] Smith's Division
- Private A[rthur] Willoughby, 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery Regiment
- 1st Lieutenant John A. Willoughby ("Jack"), 5th Pennsylvania Reserve Regiment
The Henry Pippitt papers contain the correspondence of a soldier in the 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery Regiment.
History of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1862-1863, by the Regimental Committee. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1906.
Jordan, John W. (John Woolf). A History of the Juniata Valley and Its People. Volume 2. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1913.