This collection contains 38 letters and 2 newspaper clippings pertaining to J. Townsend Daniel, who served with the 36th New York Infantry Regiment, 10th Maryland Infantry Regiment, and 1st Maryland Cavalry Regiment in Washington, D.C., and Virginia during the Civil War. In letters to his parents and brothers in East Ardsley and Leeds, England, Daniel commented on military life, Union Army officers, and war news, and described his experiences at the First Battle of Bull Run (July 22, 1861); the Battle of Fair Oaks, where he was shot in the leg (August 1, 1862); and the Battle of New Market (September 14, 1864). Postwar letters to and by J. Townsend Daniel relate to his appointment in the 7th United States Cavalry Regiment and his visits to New York City and Boston (March 1, 1865) and the Great Lakes region (July 15, 1866). The collection contains multiple contemporary handwritten copies of some of Daniel's letters.
Other correspondence includes letters by religious official J. R. Davenport (August 4, 1862), and Maryland governor Augustus Bradford, both of whom Daniel had met while recovering from his leg wound in Annapolis; Bradford thanked the Daniel family for their support (October 15, 1864) and reported his ignorance about J. Townsend Daniel's postwar whereabouts (May 11, 1867). Newspaper articles are enclosed in 2 letters (May 11, 1867 and January 18, 1868); the collection also contains 2 loose clippings: an undated article about a military officer's visit to "Trinity Church" and a copy of the Washington, D.C., Evening Star (July 15, 1861).