Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Charles and Silas Crowell Papers, 1861-1883

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, August 2011

Summary Information
Title: Charles and Silas Crowell papers
Creator: Crowell, Silas, and Simpson, Silas M. B.
Inclusive dates: 1861-1883
Bulk dates: 1864-1865
Extent: 21 items
Abstract:
The Charles and Silas Crowell papers consist primarily of Civil War-era letters addressed to and composed by Silas Crowell during his service with the 93rd Ohio Infantry Regiment. The collection also contains post-war correspondence from members of the Crowell family.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1991. M-2677.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Charles and Silas Crowell papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.


Biography

Silas Crowell was born in Ohio in September 1844. During the Civil War, he enlisted in the 93rd Ohio Infantry Regiment. He spent time in Libby Prison and lost a leg after being wounded at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in 1864. He corresponded with his brother, Charles Crowell, and uncle, Silas M. B. Simpson, throughout his service. After the war, he returned to Ohio, where he married Almina Burr on November 1, 1882. They moved to Pasadena, California, in the early 1900s, where Silas was a janitor. Silas Crowell died in November 1928. Charles Crowell worked as a fireman in the Eastern Engine House in Dayton, Ohio, during the Civil War, and was promoted to engineer in January 1865.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Charles and Silas Crowell papers consist primarily of Civil War-era letters addressed to and composed by Silas Crowell during his service with the 93rd Ohio Infantry Regiment. The collection also contains post-war correspondence from members of the Crowell family.

The majority of the material dates from the final two years of the war, when Silas Crowell served in Tennessee. In his letters to his uncle, Silas M. B. Simpson, he recounted his experiences, which included his convalescence from a severe leg wound. In additional letters from November and December 1864, Crowell discussed a pair of custom-made crutches and a skirmish near the Smoky Mountains. During the war, Charles Crowell described his life and work at the Eastern Engine House in Dayton, Ohio. He also shared news of his daughters Clare and Katie and, in one letter, commented on Abraham Lincoln's re-election (November 10, 1864).

Postwar material relates to the Crowell and Simpson families. Ira A. Stout wrote Silas M. B. Simpson about farming in McLean County, Illinois, and took note of the large numbers of people leaving for Kansas and the West (July 26, 1866). Also included are letters between two sisters, such as a letter to "Carrie" about life in Los Angeles, California. An undated patriotic poem is entitled "Uncle Sam."

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Amputees.
    • Dayton (Ohio)
    • Los Angeles (Calif.)
    • Ohio--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 93rd (1862-1865)
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical care.
    Contributors:
    • Crowell, Charles.
    • Crowell, Silas, 1844-1928.
    • Simpson, Eliza.
    • Simpson, Silas M. B.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    • Poems.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Box   77, James S. Schoff Civil War Collection  
    Charles and Silas Crowell papers [series]:
    Folder   31  
      October 16, 1861-November 21, 1864
    Folder   32  
      December 4, 1864-January 5, 1865
    Folder   33  
      January 10, 1865-September 8, 1883
    Folder   34  
      Undated
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Bibliography

    "Silas Crowell of Civil War Fame Is Dead..." Pasadena Star News. November 14, 1928.