Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Jean Bon Saint-André Journal, [1794]

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, October 1993, and Meg Hixon, October 2012

Summary Information
Title: Jean Bon Saint-André journal
Creator: Saint-André, Jean-Bon, 1749-1813
Inclusive dates: [1794]
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
This volume (67 pages) is an English translation of Jean Bon Saint-André's journal of his experiences with the French Navy during the Battle of the First of June in 1794.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1991. M-2674.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

Jean Bon Saint-André journal, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

André Jeanbon was born in France in 1749. He trained as a Catholic priest and Protestant minister, and adopted the name Jean Bon Saint-André. In the early years of the French Revolution, he served in the National Convention, and he became a member of the Committee of Public Safety in 1793. His accomplishments included the reorganization of the French Navy. In 1794 he accompanied the fleet of Villaret Joyeuse during the Battle of the First of June, a naval battle between the French and the British over a transport ship bringing supplies from the United States to France. Saint-André was imprisoned during the Reign of Terror. After his release in 1795, he served as French consul to Algiers and then Smyrna, and he was imprisoned by the Ottoman Empire from 1798-1801. Napoleon Bonaparte later appointed Saint-André a prefect in what is now Germany, and Saint-André died in Mainz in 1813.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This volume (67 pages) is an English translation of Jean Bon Saint-André's journal of his experiences with the French Navy before, during, and after the Battle of the First of June, Floréal 27-Prairial 18, 1794 (roughly mid-May to early June in the Georgian calendar). The volume is titled "Long Live the Mountain: A concise Journal of the Cruize of the fleet of the [French] Republic commanded by Rear Admiral Villaret kept daily by Jean Bon St. André the Representative of the People on board the Montagne ." The book once belonged to Louisa Catherine Altamont.

The first page has a chart of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd French squadrons, with the names of frigates, ships of the line, and their commanders. Prior to the battle, Saint-André provided detailed information about the French fleet's movements from Brest to the Atlantic Ocean, where they encountered the British Royal Navy. He recorded copies of the reports that he sent to the Committee of Public Safety, in which he documented the fleet's progress, and discussed damage sustained by French ships during the engagement.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Anglo-French War, 1793-1802.
    • First of June, Battle of the, 1794.
    • France. Marine.
    • Villaret de Joyeuse, Louis-Thomas, d. 1812.
    Genre Terms:
    • Diaries.
    • Translations (documents)
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Volume   1  
    Jean Bon Saint-André journal,  [1794] [series]:
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The Richard and William Howe collection holds additional material related to Louisa Catherine Altamont.

    Bibliography

    Ballard, Richard. "Saint-André, Jean Bon (1749-1813)." A New Dictionary of the French Revolution. New York: I.B. Tauris & Co., 2011.

    Roberts, William J. "Jean Bon Saint-André (1749-1813)." France: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present. New York: Facts on File, 2004.