William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
Charlie and John Moore Papers, 1839-1856
James S. Schoff Civil War CollectionFinding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, October 1991
Charlie and John Moore papers
Charlie and John Moore, who appear to have been cousins, both received captains' commissions in the 99th U.S. Colored Infantry. Their letters describe training at Camp Lyon in Connecticut, a journey to Ship Island, and stationing in New Orleans.
Language: The material is in English.
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open to research.
Copyright status is unknown.
Charlie and John Moore papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
Rank : Pvt.; Capt.
Regiment : 12th Connecticut Infantry Regiment (1862-1865)
United States. Army--Infantry Regiment (Colored), 99th (1864-1866)
Service : 1862 January-?
Rank : Unknown
Regiment : United States. Army--Infantry Regiment (Colored), 99th (1864-1866)
Service : Unknown
Charlie and John Moore appear to have been cousins who lived in or near Hartford, Connecticut, and had parallel careers in the Civil War military. In 1864, both men received captains' commissions in the 5th Engineers, Corps d'Afrique (later designated the 99th U.S. Colored Infantry), which was raised in southern Louisiana.
The 99th Colored Infantry participated in Nathaniel Banks' Red River Expedition, where they performed a critical role in constructing bridges and fortifications, after which they were stationed near Morganza and New Orleans. Late in the year, the 99th Infantry, still performing engineering duties, was transferred to Key West, Florida, where they participated in several engagements, including the Battle of Natural Bridge in April, 1865.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The John and Charlie Moore papers (15 items) contain the letters of two cousins serving as captains in the 5th Engineers, Corps d'Afrique, writing to John's father in Hartford, Connecticut. The collection falls into two distinct parts, the first of which includes nine letters written by John Moore, covering his training at Camp Lyon in Connecticut, to his transport and arrival at Ship Island. John Moore's letters are generally well-written, suggesting that he was well educated, however his descriptions of Camp Lyon are routine, focusing mainly on food and requests for stockings, books (James Fenimore Cooper's The Spy and The Wept of Wish-Ton-Wish), and other daily needs. Two letters stand out: one describing the unpleasant journey to Ship Island aboard the Steamer Fulton (1862 May 3-5), and another desribing the wildlife that he and his fellow soldiers encountered around Ship Island while gathering logs for construction (1862 March 29).
Moore had trepidations about becoming ill in the South, and on June 16, 1862, he wrote that he had become lame and was being considered for a medical discharge. The presence of an additional letter from Moore, dated April 17, 1864, suggests that he did not receive a discharge. By that time, Moore had been commissioned as Captain in the 5th Engineers, Corps d'Afrique (later designated as the 99th U.S.C.T.), and was involved in Banks' Red River Campaign.
Charlie Moore is less articulate than John, and the letters he wrote while an officer in the 99th U.S. Infantry (Colored) were written while stationed in relatively calm New Orleans. Most of Charlie's five letters discuss bad news he received of Banks' campaign, and rumors of good news of Grant's success in the east. Moore's company appears to have spent much its time overseeing "contrabands" who were working plantations.
- United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 99th (1864-1866)
- Louisiana--Description and travel.
- Pleasant Hill (La.), Battle of, 1864.
- Ship Island (Miss.)--Description and travel.
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans.
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, African American.
- Soldiers--Books and reading.
- Moore, Charlie.
- Moore, John.
| Container / Location
|Box 40 Schoff Civil War Soldiers' Letters
Charlie and John Moore papers, 1839-1864 [series]:
Additional Descriptive Data
African American soldiers.Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894.Camp life--Connecticut.Food.
Gambling.Louisiana--Description and travel.Mosquitoes--Louisiana.New Orleans (La.)--Description and travel.O'Leary, Timothy, d. 1862.Oysters.Pleasant Hill (La.), Battle of, 1864.Red River Campaign, 1864.Sabine Cross Roads, Battle of, 1864.Ship Island (Miss.)--Description and travel.
-  March 15
- 1862 June 16
- 1862 February 20
- 1862 March 8
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans.United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, African American.Wildlife--Louisiana.
- 1862 February 27
- [1862 March 3-5]
- 1862 March 8