Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Charlie and John Moore Papers, 1839-1856

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, October 1991

Summary Information
Title: Charlie and John Moore papers
Creator: Moore family
Inclusive dates: 1839-1864
Extent: 15 items
Abstract:
Charlie and John Moore, who appear to have been cousins, both received captains' commissions in the 99th U.S. Colored Infantry. Their letters describe training at Camp Lyon in Connecticut, a journey to Ship Island, and stationing in New Orleans.

Language: The material is in English.
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1991. M-2662a6.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Charlie and John Moore papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

Moore, John

Rank : Pvt.; Capt.

Regiment : 12th Connecticut Infantry Regiment (1862-1865) United States. Army--Infantry Regiment (Colored), 99th (1864-1866)

Service : 1862 January-?

Moore, Charlie

Rank : Unknown

Regiment : United States. Army--Infantry Regiment (Colored), 99th (1864-1866)

Service : Unknown

Charlie and John Moore appear to have been cousins who lived in or near Hartford, Connecticut, and had parallel careers in the Civil War military. In 1864, both men received captains' commissions in the 5th Engineers, Corps d'Afrique (later designated the 99th U.S. Colored Infantry), which was raised in southern Louisiana.

The 99th Colored Infantry participated in Nathaniel Banks' Red River Expedition, where they performed a critical role in constructing bridges and fortifications, after which they were stationed near Morganza and New Orleans. Late in the year, the 99th Infantry, still performing engineering duties, was transferred to Key West, Florida, where they participated in several engagements, including the Battle of Natural Bridge in April, 1865.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The John and Charlie Moore papers (15 items) contain the letters of two cousins serving as captains in the 5th Engineers, Corps d'Afrique, writing to John's father in Hartford, Connecticut. The collection falls into two distinct parts, the first of which includes nine letters written by John Moore, covering his training at Camp Lyon in Connecticut, to his transport and arrival at Ship Island. John Moore's letters are generally well-written, suggesting that he was well educated, however his descriptions of Camp Lyon are routine, focusing mainly on food and requests for stockings, books (James Fenimore Cooper's The Spy and The Wept of Wish-Ton-Wish), and other daily needs. Two letters stand out: one describing the unpleasant journey to Ship Island aboard the Steamer Fulton (1862 May 3-5), and another desribing the wildlife that he and his fellow soldiers encountered around Ship Island while gathering logs for construction (1862 March 29).

Moore had trepidations about becoming ill in the South, and on June 16, 1862, he wrote that he had become lame and was being considered for a medical discharge. The presence of an additional letter from Moore, dated April 17, 1864, suggests that he did not receive a discharge. By that time, Moore had been commissioned as Captain in the 5th Engineers, Corps d'Afrique (later designated as the 99th U.S.C.T.), and was involved in Banks' Red River Campaign.

Charlie Moore is less articulate than John, and the letters he wrote while an officer in the 99th U.S. Infantry (Colored) were written while stationed in relatively calm New Orleans. Most of Charlie's five letters discuss bad news he received of Banks' campaign, and rumors of good news of Grant's success in the east. Moore's company appears to have spent much its time overseeing "contrabands" who were working plantations.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 99th (1864-1866)
    • Louisiana--Description and travel.
    • Pleasant Hill (La.), Battle of, 1864.
    • Ship Island (Miss.)--Description and travel.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, African American.
    • Soldiers--Books and reading.
    Contributors:
    • Moore, Charlie.
    • Moore, John.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Box   40 Schoff Civil War Soldiers' Letters  
    Charlie and John Moore papers,  1839-1864 [series]:
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Partial Subject Index
    African American soldiers.
    • 1864 April 17
    Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894.
    • 1864 April 15
    Camp life--Connecticut.
    • 1862 January 31
    Food.
    • [1862] March 15
    • 1862 June 16
    Gambling.
    • 1864 April 17
    Louisiana--Description and travel.
    • 1862 March 29
    Mosquitoes--Louisiana.
    • 1862 March 29
    New Orleans (La.)--Description and travel.
    • 1862 June 16
    O'Leary, Timothy, d. 1862.
    • 1862 June 16
    Oysters.
    • 1862 March 29
    Pleasant Hill (La.), Battle of, 1864.
    • 1864 April 15
    Red River Campaign, 1864.
    • 1864 May 23
    Sabine Cross Roads, Battle of, 1864.
    • 1864 April 15
    Ship Island (Miss.)--Description and travel.
    • 1862 February 20
    • 1862 March 8
    Steamship travel.
    • 1862 February 27
    • [1862 March 3-5]
    • 1862 March 8
    United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans.
    • 1864 May 20
    United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, African American.
    • 1864 April 17
    Wildlife--Louisiana.
    • 1862 March 29