John Rodgers papers  1796-1908 (bulk 1801-1836)
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Container / Location Title
Norton Strange Townshend Papers [series]
Diaries and Notebooks, c.  1825-1880 [subseries]

Scope note: The diaries and notebooks series is comprised 24 items, spanning 1825 to the 1880s. Townshend’s two school notebooks document his education at Bitteswell School in England, and are interesting in light of his strong emphasis on practical education later in life. They are also the only manuscript items in the collection representing Townshend’s childhood. The bulk of the subseries consists of Townshend’s diaries, which for the most part contain fairly short, terse entries describing his work, weather, and travel. The exception is his 1848-1853 "Memoranda Book," which is made up of long and fascinating entries on such topics as skepticism of Spiritualists, the funeral of Henry Clay, meeting and befriending the poet Grace Greeenwood, and other subjects. The diaries Townshend kept during the Civil War sometimes mention Thomas and Miriam Easterly, whom Townshend visited while stationed in St. Louis. Townshend also kept notebooks based on topics, and these are placed at the end of the series, and concern lessons that Townshend taught as a Sunday School teacher and thoughts on agricultural and veterinary topics.

Box   10  
School notebook,  1825
School notebook,  1828
Box   11  
"Memoranda Book",  1848-1853
Diary,  1849
Diary,  1857
Diary,  1858
Diary,  1859
Diary,  1860
Diary,  1861
Diary,  1862
Diary,  1863
Diary,  1864
Diary,  1865
Diary,  1866
Diary,  1867
Box   12  
Diary,  1868
Diary,  1869
Diary,  1870
Diary,  1871
Diary,  1875
Antislavery and temperance notebook,  1840
Sketches of Bible class lessons,  1867-1868
Composition book, [n.d.], c.  1870s-1880s
Agricultural and veterinary notes,  1879
Manuscript Writings and Lectures [subseries]

Scope note: Townshend’s writings are divided into manuscripts and printed materials. The manuscripts, some of which are fragmentary, are arranged by topic, as many of them lack titles. Townshend had a tendency to write using bullet points, and to rework topics a number of times; the manuscripts, which span roughly1840 to 1890 reflect this. Townshend’s early writings, from the 1840s and 1850s focus especially on the topics of antislavery and temperance, and some appear to be outlines of lectures given throughout northern Ohio. After the Civil War, his focus shifts to agricultural and veterinary matters, as well as to religion and religious education, which he views with the eye of a devout, but skeptical, reformer. He also writes on a number of sociological topics, such as the role of women in society and strategies for improving the life of the farmer.

Box   12  
Abolition (7 folders)
Box   13  
African Americans
Agricultural Societies
General (3 folders)
Ohio State Board of Agriculture (3 folders)
Agriculture (31 folders)
Box   14  
Agriculture, cont’d (6 folders)
Archaeology (2 folders)
Autobiographical (6 folders)
Chase, Salmon P. (3 folders)
Cremieux, Adolphe
Griffing, Charles S.S.
Kirtland, Jared P.
Westwater, James
Botany (6 folders)
Civil War
Education (3 folders)
Box   15  
Education, cont’d (5 folders)
Farmers and Farm Life
General (10 folders)
Farm as an Education (3 folders)
Farmer’s Library
Lights and Shades of Farm Life
Farmers’ Needs
History (2 folders)
Liberty Party (2 folders)
Medicine (6 folders)
Box   16  
Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College/Ohio State University (9 folders)
Ohio Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth (3 folders)
Oration/Public Speaking (2 folders)
Philosophy (4 folders)
Politics (5 folders)
Religion (14 folders)
Box   17  
Republican Party (2 folders)
Science (5 folders)
Temperance (3 folders)
Veterinary Science (14 folders)
Miscellaneous (8 folders)
Published Writings,  1847-1888 [subseries]

Scope note: Townshend’s published writings are arranged alphabetically by title or first line and include several printed speeches he gave as a Congressman; a number of articles on agriculture and veterinary science, written for newspapers in the 1880s and several articles for the journal Farm and Fireside. Also of note is his 1847 article, "Committee on Swine," which criticizes racism through an extended livestock metaphor, and "Ohio Constitutional Convention, Remarks of Mr. Townshend," which also addresses and criticizes racial inequality.

Box   17  
"A Talk about Fungi" ( 1877)
"Address of the Lorain County Liberty Convention" ( 1841)
"Agricultural Meeting" [n.d.]
"Agricultural Meeting at Lansing" ( 1881)
"Agriculture, as an Art and as a Science" ( 1872)
Box   18  
"Agriculture of Lorain County" ( 1867)
"An Experiment in Pig Feeding" ( 1887)
"Beef and Pork Production" ( 1883)
"Canadian Reciprocity" ( 1853)
"Columbus Horticultural Society Address" ( 1886)
"Committee on Swine" ( 1847)
"Dairying" ( 1883)
"Diseases of Sheep" ( 1873)
"Drainage for Health and for Profit" ( 1883)
"First Lessons in Veterinary Surgery" ( 1883)
"Grain Growing" ( 1883)
"Hog Cholera" ( 1883)
"Influence of Through Draining on Climate" ( 1886)
"Mr. President and Gentlemen of the State Board…" [n.d.]
"Ohio Constitutional Convention. Remarks of Mr. Townshend" ( 1851)
"Ohio State University" ( 1887)
"Reading for the People--Book Clubs" [n.d.] (4 folders of duplicates)
"Reply to Communication of Mast, Crowell & Kirkpatrick, Publishers of the Farm and Fireside" (7 folders of duplicates)
Box   19  
"Salmon P. Chase"  1887 (4 folders of duplicates)
"Science and Agriculture" ( 1872)
"The ABC of Veterinary Science" ( 1883)
"The Coming Fence" ( 1883)
"The Farm as an Educator" [n.d.]
"The Farmer’s Food and Drink" ( 1883)
"The Farmer’s Home" ( 1883)
"The Farmer’s Library" ( 1883)
"The Farmer’s Mission" ( 1854)
"The Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College versus the Ohio State Grange" ( 1877)
"The Present Position of the Democratic Party" ( 1852)
The Secrets of Progressive Agriculture,  1888, a Farm and Fireside compilation which includes the following essays by Townshend: "Progress of Agriculture in Ohio," "Ohio Soils and Climate," "Farm Products of Ohio," "Farming as an Occupation," "Farm Labor," "Experiments--What They Have Proved," "The Farmer’s Helps and Hindrances," "Education on the Farm," "Stock Feeding," "Veterinary Science--Its History and Value," "Disease," "Principles of Treatment," "Horses and Their Diseases," "Cattle and Their Diseases," "Some Diseases of Sheep," "Some Diseases of Swine," "Stock Breeding," "Poultry and Their Diseases", "Legislation in Regard to Contagious Diseases"
"The Social Life of Farmers" ( 1883)
"The Time for Cutting Wheat" [n.d.]
"The Union of the Democracy--The Resolutions of ‘98" ( 1852)
"To Prevent Misunderstanding or Misrepresentation…" ( 1848)
"Wheat" ( 1879)
"When to Cut Wheat" ( 1878)
"Who Are Successful Farmers?" ( 1875)
"Wool and Mutton" ( 1883)
Biographical Information and Articles,  1850s-1994 [subseries]

Scope note: This subseries consists of clippings and articles, both contemporary and posthumous, containing biographical information on Norton Strange Townshend. Materials are arranged chronologically and shed light on the basic facts of Townshend’s life, as well as on his involvement in education, the suffrage movement in Ohio, and other reform pursuits. Of particular interest to researchers are the sketches written by family members (including Margaret Bailey Townshend, Harriet N. Townshend, and H. Percy Boynton), which reveal Townshend more intimately through recollections and impressions. Also of note are five folders of newspaper obituaries located at the end of the subseries.

Box   19  
"The Convention and Its Men" ( 1850)
Box   20  
Clippings, c.  1850s-1870s
Clippings, c.  1870s-1880s (2 folders)
Clippings, c.  1880s (2 folders)
Clippings, c.  1890s (2 folders)
"Sketch of Professor N.S. Townshend" (3 folders of duplicates)
"Life of Dr. N.S. Townshend" ( 1894)
"Norton S. Townshend" by Margaret Bailey Townshend, Townshend’s wife ( 1898)
"A Brief History" ( 1899)
"Judge Stevens’ Address" ( 1906)
"Norton Strange Townshend" by Harriet Norton Townshend, Townshend’s daughter ( 1907)
"Commencement at Ohio State University" ( 1909)
"Little Stories of the Woman Suffrage Movement in Ohio" ( 1918)
"The First Faculty" by Thomas Mendenhall ( 1920)
"A Famous Immigrant" by Sylvia Boynton ( 1931)
"In Recording the English Boyhood…" by H. Percy Boynton, Townshend’s grandson ( 1940)
"To Fulfill a Wish Often Expressed" by H. Percy Boynton ( 1940)
"A Doctor of the Old School" by George C. Jameson ( 1942)
"History of Oberlin College (excerpt)" by Robert Samuel Fletcher( 1943)
"An Early American Crusader" by John F. Cunningham ( 1944)
"Norton Strange Townshend--Physician, Legislator, ‘Father of American Agricultural Education’" by Linden F. Edwards ( 1948)
"Notes on the Medical Background and Experiences of Dr. Norton Strange Townshend" by H. Percy Boynton ( 1948)
"Ohio Agricultural Hall of Fame" ( 1968)
"OSU’s ‘Little House’" ( 1969)
Box   21  
"Centennial Edition" ( 1970)
"Townshend Haunts Campus" ( 1975)
"U-Hall Rededication" ( 1975)
"A Union Army Medical Inspector: Norton Townshend" by Robert McCormick ( 1994)
"Norton S. Townshend: A Reformer for All Seasons" by Frederick J. Blue and Robert McCormick ( 1994)
"Ohio A&M: Norton Townshend’s Last Crusade" ( 1994)
"Garments from Dr. Norton Strange Townshend’s Early Life" ( 2005)
Obituaries (5 folders)
Topical Files, c.  1840-1900 [subseries]

Scope note: The topical files are comprised of materials collected on a variety of subjects by Norton Strange Townshend. Topics are arranged alphabetically. Especially voluminous are his files on the Civil War, which include inspection forms of prisons filled out by Townshend, circular letters to medical inspectors and surgeons, instructions and orders, and official correspondence. Also of interest are the "Fliers for Lectures," which document some of the venues and topics of Townshend’s many public speeches, and his files on "Abolition," "Liberty Party," and "Republican Party," which contain printed matter relating to these topics, revealing to some extent the day-to-day functioning of local antislavery organizations. Townshend’s file on the "Ohio State Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth" contains information on the institution’s founding, an application for admission, ephemera, and a set of meeting minutes for a policy meeting in which Townshend participated. Files on Ohio Agricultural & Mechanical College/Ohio State University and Ohio State Agricultural Experiment Station document the early history, policies, and actions of these institutions.

Box   21  
Abolition,  1840s-1850s
Advertisements, includes advertisement for Thomas Easterly’s studio,  1850s-1890s (2 folders)
Agriculture, c.  1860s-1880s (4 folders)
Centennial Board of Finance,  1876
Chase, Salmon P. (includes Chase’s 1847 lecture, "Emancipation in the British West Indies")
Civil War,  1863-1866
Circular letters (13 folders)
Box   22  
Official correspondence (7 folders)
Orders and instructions (6 folders)
Reports (3 folders)
Miscellaneous (includes partially printed card, permitting Norton Townshend to remain in St. Louis, Missouri, February 1864) (2 folders)
Columbus Horticultural Society
General, c.  1820-1868
Course Admission Tickets,  1839-1840 (2 folders)
Freedmen’s Aid Commissions, c.  1865-1870
Kirtland, Jared and Kirtland Society,  1845,  1877 (2 folders)
Lecture Fliers
 1886-1888, [n.d.]
Medicine,  1863-1865
Oberlin College,  1850
Ohio Agricultural College,  1854-1855 (2 folders)
Box   23  
Ohio Agricultural College, cont’d (1 folder)
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station,  1880-1882
Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College/Ohio State University,  1877-1883 (3 folders)
Ohio State Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth,  1857-c. 1860s (2 folders)
Poetry, [n.d.]
General, c.  1840-1851 (2 folders)
Bills,  1862
State Archaeological Association of Ohio,  1875-1885 (3 folders)
Student Writings, c.  1880s (4 folders)
Temperance, [n.d.]
Townshend Hall,  1890s (5 folders)
Miscellany, c.  1850s-1880s
Clippings, 1840s-1890s [subseries]

Scope note: This subseries is comprised of newspaper clippings saved by Townshend, both in scrapbooks and loose. The bound clippings are from an earlier period and focus especially on politics, while the loose clippings are mostly concerned with agricultural topics. Some are the lectures of Townshend’s friends and colleagues printed in newspapers.

Box   24  
Newspaper scrapbook,  1844
Newspaper scrapbook,  1840s-1880s
Loose clippings (6 folders)
Box   25  
Loose clippings, cont’d (7 folders)
Legal papers and calling cards,  1840-1884 [subseries]
Box   25  
Calling and business cards (3 folders)
Certificates, (3 folders)    [Note: American Bible Society certificates and diplomas located in Oversize.]
Land Indentures
 1863-1871    [Note: 1857 land indenture located in Oversize]
Petitions,  1849-1869
Will,  1884
Miscellaneous    [Note: includes Townshend's 1840 passport]
Financial papers [subseries]
Box   25  
Account book,  1840s
Box   26  
Ledger,  1850s
Financial records