Southwest Territory and Mississippi Territory collection [series]
1795 July 17. W[illia]m Blount DS to David Henley; Knoxville, [Tennessee].
Warrant for payment of mounted infantry to protect the frontiers. Governor Blount orders David Henley, "Agent for the Department of War," to pay William Rickard, Pay Master, to cover the payroll from 15 October 1794 through 6 November 1794. Concerning Colonel Robert Hays's regiment of Mero District Mounted Infantry, under command of Sergeant William Neely. Written and signed by Charles McClung. Signed by Blount and William Rickard, who attests to having received $350.75.
1795 July 29. W[illia]m Blount DS to David Henley; Knoxville, [Tennessee].
Warrant for payment of troops in the Southwest Territory for "defensive protection of the frontiers." Blount orders Henley to pay William Rickard $94 to cover October 1794 payroll for the troops from Sumner County Militia, commanded by Lieutenant Zachariah Green. Written and signed by Charles McClung. Signed by Blount and Rickard, attesting to having received $91.
1797 June 1. Ho[well?] Tatum ALS to Thomas Pasteur; Nashville, [Tennessee].
Introducing the bearer of the letter, Mr. Childress, who comes to Pasteur at St. Vincennes in search of stolen horses. Describes the two horse thieves, their "sham sale," and the horses. One horse belongs to Captain Lytle's nephew and the other to General Nash's son. Warns Pasteur that one of the thieves' accomplices has likely settled near St. Vincennes.
1797 June 10. W[inthrop] Sargent ALS to Samuel Hodgdon; Cincinnati, [Ohio].
Has received information about a "vacancy in this government," possibly to be filled by Mr. Sedgwick, and that Mr. Ross had previously declined the position. Quotes from a letter from Ross suggesting the governor's health is declining and that Sargent will be in a position to make the "final decision" about his successor. Hopes to gain a better sense of the situation, noting "how embarassing has been my situation for very many years in this Country." Marked "very private."
1797 September 28. Noble Calhoun DS to John Wilkins; Chickasaw Bluffs, [Tennessee].
Receipt for payment of $133.25 from John Wilkins, Quarter Master General, for 133 and a quarter gallons of whiskey.
1798 January. H[enry] Vanderburgh ALS to W[inthrop] Sargent; s.l.
Has been unable to "effect a settlement with Captain Mills for the want of the Patents to our lands." Hopeful that Sargent will become governor of his district.
1798 June 29. Th[oma]s Butler Partially printed DS to David Beard; Knoxville, [Tennessee].
Certification that David Beard has served in the 3rd U.S. Regiment, Captain Richard Spark's company, for three years. Discharged after serving his full term. Includes a description of Beard to "prevent any ill use that May be made of this discharge, by its falling into the hands of any other person." Signed by Butler and P. Grayson, Adjutant 4 U.S. Regiment. Includes a note signed by D. Henley, dated July 1798 stating that the discharge was retained until Beard accounted for a horse.
[ca. 1798 September 19]. AD to [Winthrop Sargent?].
Extract of news from Baltimore and Providence. Relates military details of Napoleon's capture of Malta and Nelson's naval operations. Mentions English debt and European military and political affairs, especially those of England, France, and Italy. Notes developments in Ireland and Spain. Mentions [Elbridge] Gerry's engagement with the French Marquis de Talleyrand and other difficulties with France.
1798 October 8. Cato West ALS to W[inthrop] Sargent; Coles Creek, [Mississippi Territory?].
Notifying Sargent that Captain Green turned down his appointment as commander of a cavalry company, as he believes the commander "is not acquainted with some of the Characters to which he has given appointments."
1798 October 10. Cato West ALS to Winthrop Sargent; [Mississippi Territory?].
Regarding Joseph Sharp's forged deeds of conveyance, state certificates, and treasury bills. If the certificates were not forged, they were likely obtained "fraudulently." Believes Sharp May be connected to a boat robbery, where the crew was killed and their documents stolen. Working with a sheriff. Describes the forged deeds and pursuing other suspected forgers.
1798 October 11. Cato West ALS to W[inthrop] Sargent; Springfield, [Mississippi Territory?].
Responding to a proclamation by Sargent about settlers on public land. Inquires about making exceptions for "such poor families as have made improvements, & have no other place to live on." Worried that a "number of poor honest people," if displaced, will "go into the spanish Governm't, & will thereby, probably become our enemies." Agrees with Sargent's opposition to speculators.
1798 October 13. [Nicolas Maria] Vidal ALS to [Winthrop] Sargent; Natchez, [Mississippi Territory].
Notifying Sargent that when Judge Tilton arrives he May rent Mr. Candel's home for six months.
1798 October 19. Cato West ALS to W[inthrop] Sargent; Coles Creek, [Mississippi Territory?].
Recommends Henry Green and William Thomas for appointments to fill vacancies in the militia. Notes that they are not "great military Characters," but believes one man's status as a "leading member" of the Baptist Church will prove helpful. Remarks on Governor Jackson of Georgia's letter about "inhabitants of this country....depend[ing] on the governm't of Georgia for titles to their land." Notes the Georgian legislature trying to acquire payments for ceding land in this territory.
1798 November 29. Cato West ALS to Winthrop Sargent; Springfield, [Mississippi Territory?].
Recommending men for vacant appointments. Comments on proposed sites for a prison and public subscriptions to fund it. Discourages Sargent from constructing public buildings at "Union Town."
1798 December 20. John Steele ALS to [Winthrop] Sargent; Concord House, [Natchez, Mississippi Territory].
Submitting a plan to copy papers for Sargent and other services relating to "files and records of the office." Can only work a few hours a day as he recovers from an illness and would like to work from his own quarters.
1799 May 26. Christopher Lee DS to ; Natchez, [Mississippi Territory].
Receipt for transportation expenses incurred by Lee as he hauled baggage from Natchez to a military camp. T. H. Cushing orders the Quarter Master to pay Lee $8.25. Lee acknowledges receipt of payment from John Wilkins, Jr.
1799 June 10. Tho[ma]s Calvit ALS to [Winthrop] Sargent; Coles Creek, [Mississippi Territory?].
Previously refused his appointment as commander of a cavalry company, but upon confusion at muster day was asked to reconsider. Accepted in order to enable the people to comply with Sargent's "directions for Establishing and maintaining a well regulated Militia within this Territory."
1799 June 11. Jos[eph] Harrison ALS to [Winthrop Sargent]; [Mississippi Territory?].
Concerning Thomas Calvit's command of a company. Hopes to reinstate him, as they experienced great confusion during the last muster. Advises Sargent on who else to appoint under Calvit.
1799 August 9. Ja[mes] Wilkinson ALS to Isaac Craig; New York.
Arranging military matters with General Hamilton, "under whose patronage our cloth will soon become respectable." Asks Craig to forward an enclosed letter [not included] to Captain P[asteur?].
1800 April 11. William Vousdan ALS to Winthrop Sargent; St. Catherine's Township, [Mississippi Territory].
Requesting advice regarding the near-fatal beating of a Native American by Reubin Jones. Notes that the party of Native Americans was reported to have been drunk and trespassed into a white family's home where the victim reportedly try to kill the owner with an ax. Vousdan tried to arrest Jones, but he has fled. Fearful of Native American retaliation, especially as a large party is nearby and has been illegally supplied with liquor. Requesting an interpreter to help interrogate the Native Americans to discover more about the incident. (Original in Native American History)
1800. C[at]o W[es]t Cy to Green; s.l.
Letter in rhyme to Green, a Natchez printer, demanding the name and residence of an author who submitted a libelous piece in Green's paper. Written in Winthrop Sargent's hand.
1801 February 14. Zeb[ulo]n Pike DS to John Wilkins, Jr.; [Mississippi Territory].
Order to pay William Bergo, agent for Valentine Layssard, for feeding and conveying American deserters. Will[ia]m Bergo signs the verso, attesting to having received the payment.
1802 March. U.S. Department of War AD to ; s.l.
List of staff and garrisons of the U.S. Army, in conformity with the Act of Congress, "An Act for fixing the Military peace Establishment of the United States." Lists names of the general staff and corps of engineers. Notes the names, rank, number, and date of commission for the 1st regiment of artillery and the 1st and 2nd regiments of infantry. Lists names of surgeons and surgeons' mates. Includes a table listing the corps, colonels, lieutenant colonels, majors, captains, 1st and 2nd lieutenants, and garrison surgeons and mates at various ports.
1803 December 3. W[illia]m Meredith ALS to Winthrop Sargent; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania].
Letter of introduction for N. Amory, who is heading to New Orleans to set up his business, Amory & Callender. Is travelling by land to promote his establishment and create curiosity.
1804 May 22. Christopher Backus ALS to Winthrop Sargent; New Orleans, [Louisiana].
(3 pages [total])
. Enclosing a letter of introduction from Richard Platt for Backus. Backus was unable to continue his journey due to lack of funds. "I am an adventurer here in persute of business, and shall not hissitate to accept of anything that May be resonably expected." Notes his education and experience in business and as a druggist. Platt's letter, dated 1806 December 16, stresses Backus's poor fortune in business and his hopes as an adventurer. Backus is in need of patronage.
1806 March 24. Ch[arle]s Wilkins ALS to W[inthrop] Sargent; Lexington.
Letter of introduction for John Barney from Baltimore who is visiting "the western Country."
1806 August 27. W[illiam] G[rainger?] Blount DS to William King; Knoxville, Tennessee.
Bill of sale for three slaves. Includes note stating the bill of sale was proven in open court in October 1806 by testimony of William Park and Robert Buchannan. Entered into the Register's Office December 8, 1806. (Original in African American History Collection)
1806 December 19. Ja[mes] Wilkinson ALS to [Thomas Humphery] Cushing; New Orleans, [Louisiana].
His barge is fully manned and prepared to descend to Placquemenes. Lieutenant Meade can be ready to accompany them in a few hours and go to Baltimore, Maryland. Preparing to review militia.
1807 April 25. John Steele ALS to Winthrop Sargent; Natchez, [Mississippi Territory].
Enclosing an "Enumeration of the inhabitants of this Territory" and a "Map of the Province of Louisiana" [not included]. Will write to Colonel Gamble and Colonel Carrington concerning a carpenter and blacksmith.
1807 August 12. [Nicolas Maria] Vidal ALS to Winthrop Sargent; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania].
Will try to delay his trip so he can meet with Sargent when he comes to town next month, or possibly while he stops at Fort Pitt. Travelling to New Orleans for business. Notes on purchasing slaves. "...I had not in my power to go to the South for any Negro, and only I will buy some if by chance I get them on my way."
1808 July 18. Ja[mes] Wilkinson Pr. DS to Gilbert C[hristian?] Russell; Washington, [D.C.].
Wilkinson has taken over recruitment for the army. Provides orders for enlisting men, including regulations on their attestation, acquiring doctors' certificates, and confirmation. Describes how to make weekly returns. Addressed to Captain Gilbert C. Russell, 7th Regt. U.S. Infantry, Nashville, Tennessee.
1809 June 2. Geo[rge] Peter ALS to [James] Wilkinson; New Orleans, [Louisiana].
Irritated over Major Pike's ordering the Adjutant of Light Artillery to act as Adjutant to the command which is about to embark. Insists on McPherson "acting & performing the duties to his own Regt." Urges that this injury to McPherson be corrected.
1809 October 23. AD to John Browson; s.l.
Cover of letter to John Browson, "Contractors Agent, Natchez." "Requisitions for provisions at Washington."
1810 February 15-16. Tho[ma]s Sumter; Jos[eph] Anderson; Geo[rge] Poindexter ALS to Captain Carson; Senate Chambers, Washington, [D.C.].
References for Thomas Fitzpatrick of South Carolina. Anderson met Fitzpatrick in Tennessee and Poindexter knew him from the Mississippi Territory.
1812 January 4. W[illiam] Eustis ALS to Winthrop Sargent; Washington, [D.C.].
Attempting to procure medicine for Sargent. Describes his efforts to get authentic du Husson medicinal water, his rejection of inferior replicas, and requesting a surgeon to purchase some in France. Brief mention of renewing a land warrant upon losing original documents.
1813 January 13. [J. H.?] Laurence ALS to Winthrop Sargent; New York, [New York].
Regarding Laurence's Aunt's will and his distant claims to the estate. If he obtains control of slaves associated with the Natchez property, Laurence will "render their situation comfortable and happy, not only in compliance with what appeared to be the will of their late mistress, but in conformity with the best principles of humanity."
1814 September 28. John Pratt ALS to Winthrop Sargent; Boston, [Massachusetts].
Letter of introduction for John B. Borland, "a merchant on Long Wharf," who recently learned of his brother's death in Natchez. Borland is seeking advice, and Pratt recommends Sargent "as the only Gentleman in whom (to my knowledge) dependance can be placed."
1815 February 15. John Pratt ALS to Winthrop Sargent; Boston, [Massachusetts].
Informing Sargent that his children are well. Comments on the "joyfull news of peace" and the expectation that the president will ratify it. Sending congratulations to Sargent "& my other Louis[an]a friends, on the signal victory obtaind over the invaders of N[ew] Orleans," and chides the administration for failing to prevent it. Intends to resume business with Louisiana and the West. Comments on his cotton factories.
1816 August 18. Andrew Jackson LS to W[illia]m H[arris] Crawford; Nashville, [Tennessee].
Regarding supplies for the treaty to be held with the Chickasaw Nation. Appointing John Hutchings as an agent to acquire the supplies to avoid "the evil that May arise from assembling the Indians without being prepared to administer to their wants." Has not heard from Major Franklin or General Merryweather but trusts they will arrive as scheduled. Ordered Major William Butler to "run the line & mark the direction of the road to Mobile & Orleans" in advance of the upcoming "conversation with Chickasaw & other Indians."
1818 January 12. Andrew Jackson LS to J[ohn] C[aldwell] Calhoun; Head Quarters, Nashville, [Tennessee].
Writes regarding military matters in the First Seminole War. Notes Seminole strengths and their reliance on "drafted militia from Georgia." Calling "for one thousand volunteer mounted Gun men" from western Tennessee. Advised the Governor of Georgia to retain his men to improve their overall odds against the Native Americans. Defends the use of mounted gun men. Needs correct topographical information of Seminole territory.
1818 January 20. Andrew Jackson LS to J[ohn] C[aldwell] Calhoun; Head Quarters, Nashville, [Tennessee].
Notes regarding military matters in the First Seminole War. Has been assured by the "officers who had so gallantly headed the Tennessee Mounted Volunteers during the Creek Campaigns" that they could raise two regiments. Details concerning supplying them and moving them to the southern frontier. Mentions other military figures, including Colonel Arbuckle, Major Muhlenberg, and General Gaines, and Jackson's hope to "inflict speedy & merited chastisement on the deluded Seminoles."
1818 January 27. Andrew Jackson LS to John C[aldwell] Calhoun; Huntsville, Alabama Territory.
Travelling to the Georgian frontier during the First Seminole War. Notes Tennessee volunteers "flocking to the standard of their country, with that patriotic zeal which has uniformly characterised the citisens of that state." Suffering from a lack of arms for the Tennessee Mounted Volunteers. Comments on the loss or destruction of guns distributed in the previous war, noting the possibility that they made their way into Native American possession. Advocates the use of arsenals and the creation of a "National Depot, with an Armory, Foundery, & every facility for fabricating of Weapons of War" in the Southwest. Includes manuscript notes in a different hand noting the need to thank Tennessee volunteers and discussing matters with the Senate Land Committee.
1818 March 26. Andrew Jackson LS to John C[aldwell] Calhoun; Head Quarters, Fort St. Marks, [Florida].
Comments on the success of James Gadsen's expedition and sending sick soldiers aboard a captured schooner. Mentions newspaper, letters, and memorials discussing the war. Notes the disappearance of the "Old Woman … who had promised to use her influence in having McQueen Captured and delivered up." Believes a Native American party is still present along the St. Marks River and intends to discover if they will surrender. Will be leaving soon, believing his presence unnecessary. "The Indian Forces have been divided, and scattered, cut off from all communication with those unprincipled Agents of Foreign Nations, who have deluded them to their ruin they have not the power, if the will remains, of again annoying our frontier."
1818 October 1. David Folsom ALS to [Thomas Loraine] McKenn[e]y; Choctaw Nation Pigeon Roost, [Tennessee?].
Has presented McKenney's letter to Colonel John McKee and explained its contents to "my Red people and to a Chief Talking Warrior." Notes general pleasure with the contents of the letter and his intention to present it to the Choctaw Nation at an upcoming council. Acknowledges the message that the United States government intends friendship and wishes to see "the Red p[e]ople improving." Hopes for schools to be established and to visit McKenney and other government officials in the East. Would like to bring ten Choctaw boys to the Foreign Mission School. Believes it disadvantageous for the Choctaw to trade away their land. (Original in Native American History Collection)
Plans for establishing French Regiments of infantry, cavalry & artillery. Lists numbers of military officials and the composition of different battalions. Lists total numbers of battalions, regiments, dragoons, hessians, legions, Kings horse, body guards, provincial and marine troops, coast guards, and sailors. Includes a brief list describing different clothing for French, German, Swiss, Irish, and Italian infantry, as well as for other types of military groups.