Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Appleton-Aiken Family Papers, 1812-1900

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, October 1995; Meg Hixon, November 2011

Summary Information
Title: Appleton-Aiken family papers
Creator: Appleton family and Aiken family
Inclusive dates: 1812-1900
Extent: 1.5 linear feet
Abstract:
The Appleton-Aiken papers contain letters and miscellaneous documents relating to the family of John Aiken and his wife Mary Appleton of Lowell, Mass. The collection contains correspondence about textile mills at Lowell, collegiate education, and the development of the towns of Lowell and Andover, Mass., and Brunswick, Me.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1985; 2001. M-2216; M-4166

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown.

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Preferred Citation:

Appleton-Aiken family papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

An important theologian and President of Bowdoin College, Rev. Jesse Appleton often came into close contact with the nation's educational, financial, and political elites. The most remarkable feature of his life, however, may have been the knack that his family displayed for marrying well. His eldest daughter, Jane, became the wife of Franklin Pierce, and another daughter, Frances, married the theologian and Bowdoin professor, Alpheus Spring Packard. Three of Appleton's sisters-in-law were similarly well connected: Ellis Means married an important minister, Rev. Teppan; Mary Means became the wife of Senator Jeremiah Mason, a supporter of Daniel Webster; and Nancy Means married the exceedingly wealthy merchant and philanthropist, Amos Lawrence.

In 1832, Rev. Appleton's youngest daugher, Mary (d. 1883), followed in the family tradition by marrying John Aiken, an attorney from Lowell, Mass., an agent for the Tremont Mills, and a significant figure in the textile industry. The couple had five children -- Jane, John F., Sarah, Alfred, and Mary -- adding to the two children, William and Charles Augustus, that John had through a previous marriage to Harriet Adams. This marriage brought about the merger of two of the most powerful families in the region, further extending an already far flung network of family, educational, and political relationships. The family worked through this kinship network to further their interests. All of the Aiken children received good educations, with Charles and William attending Dartmouth, rather than Bowdoin.

Following the death of John Aiken, Mary moved from Lowell to live with her daughter Jennie, who had married Professor Francis H. Snow of the University of Kansas.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Appleton-Aiken papers contain over 500 letters and miscellaneous documents relating to the family of John Aiken and his wife Mary Appleton of Lowell, Mass. The collection contains correspondence documenting family life among the upper classes in Massachusetts in the early industrial age, and contains useful information on the textile mills at Lowell, collegiate education, and the development of the towns of Lowell and Andover, Mass., and Brunswick, Me.

The correspondence centers on the interests of a large and powerful family. Mary and John Aiken's children were all well-educated and wrote erudite letters. Many of the Appletons and Aikens were professionally involved in education, and several series of letters include valuable information on college life and curricula at mid-century. Charles and William Aiken attended Dartmouth in the 1840s and 1850s, and their letters are filled with an undergraduate's opinions on coursework, professors, and education. There are also several examples of secondary school writing assignments from John and Mary Aiken's children and grandchildren.

In a different vein, the letters of Alpheus Spring Packard written while he was professor of natural history at Bowdoin College, offer a unique perspective on the development of that institution, and particularly of its science curriculum. There are many other letters relating to Bowdoin College, since the entire Appleton family seems to have retained a strong interest in the college for years after the death of Jesse Appleton, its former President. For example, Mary Aiken's mother, Elizabeth, writes particularly interesting letters about the progress of the college after the death of her husband, in 1819. Also worthy of note are several letters written by Jennie Snow, whose husband was on faculty at the University of Kansas during the 1870s.

The Aikens were heavily involved in capitalizing textile mills throughout northern New England. A few items provide particularly information on the mills at Lowell, including an October, 1836, letter in which Mary describes a walk-out and strike at the mill, and a letter from her brother, Robert Appleton, describing a shipment of cotton arriving at the mill in 1835 from London. Robert also inspected Governor Bagdry's new cotton factory at Gilmanton, N.H. In 1871, Mary and John's daughter Mary describes a book, Lillie Phelps' The Silent Partner, designed to improve the condition of the mill "operatives." Two other items are of some interest for the study of mill life, one a letter from J. Whitney regarding the acts of sabotage against the mill performed by Edward Webb, an employee (1834 May 1) and the other a letter in which a woman suggests women learn sewing, a skill badly deteriorating under industrialization.

The collection includes a letterbook with 25 excellent letters written by John Aiken to his family from Europe. He wrote these letters during one of his business trips to examine textile operations; along with general travel descriptions, he reported information about cloth production and marketing. Additionally, the collection contains a diary kept by John Aiken during this trip. In the volume, which covers the dates September 1, 1847-December 20, 1847, Aiken briefly recorded his current location or recent travel, the weather, and any sightseeing or social activities that occupied his day. Aiken noted visits to tourist attractions, including the Tower of London and the Tuileries Garden, and also used the volume to track several financial accounts accrued throughout the period. Detailed notes at the back of the volume also reflect his keen interest in the textile industry and the mills he visited while abroad.

On a more general level, the Appleton-Aiken Papers are an excellent resource for studying family dynamics among the upper class. The letters are filled with discussions of family members, relations between husband and wife or parent and child, and include some interesting commentary on local religious life, revivals, church meetings, and family piety.

Two photographs have been transferred to the Graphics Division for storage. Photocopies of these are included in Box 6 in the folder containing Miscellaneous items.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Bowdoin College.
    • Brunswick (Me.)--Description.
    • Christianity.
    • Dartmouth College.
    • Domestics.
    • Lowell (Mass.)
    • Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869.
    • Pierce, Jane Means Appleton, 1806-1863.
    • Slavery.
    • Textile industry--Massachusetts--Lowell.
    • Textile workers--Massachusetts--Lowell.
    Genre Terms:
    • Photographs.
    Contributors:
    • Aiken, Charles Augustus, 1827-1892.
    • Aiken, John, 1797-1867.
    • Aiken, Mary M. (Mary Means), d. 1883.
    • Aiken, William.
    • Appleton, Elizabeth Means, d. 1844.
    • Packard, Alpheus S. (Alpheus Spring), 1798-1884.
    • Snow, Jennie.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Appleton-Aiken family papers,  1812 July 8-1900 March 15 [series]:
    Box   1  
     1812-1834
    Box   2  
     1835-1843
    Box   3  
     1844-1854
    Box   4  
     1855-1872
    Box   5  
     1873-1900 undated
    Box   6  
     undated
    Box   6  
    John Aiken diary,  1847 [series]:
    Additional Descriptive Data

    Appleton-Aiken Family Genealogy

    • 1. Colonel Robert Means of Amherst, N.H.
      • 2. Mary Means, married Jeremiah Mason (1768-1848).
      • 2. Nancy Means, married 1st, Mr. Ellis, and 2nd, 1821, Amos Lawrence (1786-1852)
      • 2. Catharine Means
      • 2. Davis Means, (d. 1834)
      • 2. Ellis Means, married Rev. Teppan
      • 2. Elizabeth Means (d. 1844), married 1800 Rev. Jesse Appleton (1772-1819), son of Francis and Elizabeth (Hubbard) Appleton of New Ipswich, N.H., and President of Bowdoin College.
        • 3. Jane Means Appleton (1806-1863) married 1834 Franklin Pierce(1804-1869), 14th President of the United States.
          • 4. Two sons, died in infancy
          • 4. Benjamin Pierce (1842-1853) killed in train accident
        • 3. Eliza Appleton
        • 3. Robert Appleton (d. 1851)
        • 3. William Appleton (d. 1830)
        • 3. Frances Elizabeth Appleton (d. 1839), married 1827 Alpheus Spring Packard (1798-1884). He married 2nd Caroline W. (Bartelles) McLellan by whom he had one child.
          • 4. Alpheus Spring Packard, Jr. (1839-1905), married 1867 married 1867 Elizabeth Derby Walcott
          • 4. Frances A. Packard
          • 4. Three other children
        • 3. Mary Appleton (d. 1883), married 1832 John Aiken (1797-1867)
          • 4. Jane (Jenny) Appleton Aiken, married 1868, Francis Huntington Snow (1840-1908)
          • 4. John F. Aiken
          • 4. Sarah Aiken
          • 4. Alfred Aiken
          • 4. Mary Aiken, married 1857, George Ripley
          • Children of John Aiken by his first wife Harriet Adams, daughter of Ebenezer Adams (1765-1841) who died before 1832:
          • 4. William Aiken
          • 4. Charles Augustus Aiken (1827-1892), married Sarah Elizabeth Noyes, daughter of Daniel and Eleanor Noyes of Andover, Mass.
    Alternate Locations

    Two photographs have been transferred to the Graphics Division.

    Partial Subject Index
    African-Americans
    • 1836 March 29
    • 1848 June 20
    • [1862]
    • 1875 March 16
    African-Americans--Colonization
    • [1862]
    Aiken, Mary Means, d. 1883--Death
    • 1883 July 8, 20
    Alabama--Description and travel
    • 1855 January 27
    • 1856 April 21
    Alcoholism
    • 1873 September 14
    American Bible Society
    • 1833 February 14
    American Colonization Society
    • n.d. (Aiken, Charles A.)
    Amherst (Mass.)--Description
    • 1854 June 30
    Andover (Mass.)
    • 1850 October 7
    • 1854 October 31; November 7
    Andover Theological Seminary--Students
    • 1847 November 12
    Angina pectoris
    • 1841 April 3
    Appleton, Elizabeth, d. 1844--Death
    • 1844 November 15, 23
    Appleton, Jesse, 1772-1819
    • 1819 November 1, 30; December 3
    • 1835 July 7; September 12
    • 1836 February 9
    • 1848 November 8
    Appleton, Jesse, 1772-1819--Death
    • 1819 November 30; December 3
    Appleton, William, d. 1830--Death
    • 1830 October 30, 31
    Badger, William, 1799-1852
    • 1835 January 30
    Banks and banking
    • 1841 May 17
    Baseball
    • 1878 June 25
    Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887
    • 1858 January 21
    • 1873 September 14
    Blancmange
    • 1836 March 1
    Bowdoin College
    • 1822 March 11, March
    • 1824 July 11
    • 1825 October 7
    • 1833 July 5, 24
    • 1836 February 27, March 1, 14
    • 1839 January 19, May 1
    • 1841 January 6
    • 1842 April 16; August 30; November 13
    • 1845 October 30
    Bowdoin College--Students
    • 1842 April 16, 22
    Boys--Conduct of life
    • 1843 October 19, 29
    Brunswick (Me.)--Description
    • 1826 March 18
    • 1832 December 10
    • 1834 August
    • 1836 September 2
    • 1840 November 26
    • 1846 July 2
    Brunswick (Me.)--Economic conditions
    • 1837 August 10
    Buckingham, Joseph T., 1779-1861
    • 1833 January 22
    Buckingham, William Alfred, 1804-1875
    • 1874 January 4; November 26
    • 1875 November 21
    Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889
    • 1861 May 29
    Camping
    • 1868
    Cancer
    • 1864 April 11
    Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842
    • 1814 April 27
    • 1815 July 3
    Cheese--Prices
    • 1834 August 15
    Chicago (Ill.)--Politics and government
    • 1869 February 19
    Chichester (N.H.)--Description
    • 1878 November 22
    Child care
    • 1863 August
    • 1866 August 31
    • n.d. (Snow, Jennie A.)
    Childbirth
    • 1834 July 14
    • 1839 June 28
    • 1840 May 14
    Children
    • 1832 July 11
    Children--Death
    • n.d. (Martin, Penelope)
    Children--Education
    • 1841 April 3
    Children--Recreation
    • 1835 September 3
    Children--Religious life
    • 1832 July 11
    • 1865 February
    Chimneys--Prices
    • 1834 July 20
    Chinese
    • 1845 June 27
    Chloroform
    • 1848 December 29
    Christianity
    • 1821 March 24
    • 1828 April 17
    • 1820 September 10
    • 1835 March
    • 1852 March 29
    • 1854 June 24
    Christmas
    • 1855 January 27
    Church membership
    • 1847 November 29
    Churches--Maine
    • 1820 August 8
    Cilley, Jonathon, 1802-1837
    • 1838 March 6
    Clay, Henry, 1777-1852
    • 1838 March 6
    Clothing and dress
    • 1854 March 16
    Coit, Susanna, ca.1803-1858
    • n.d. (M., J.O.)
    College students
    • 1854 May 29
    College students--Conduct of life
    • 1845 April 21
    Colorado--Gold discoveries
    • 1859 February 17
    Communion
    • 1854 December 11
    Conduct of life
    • 1821 March 24
    • 1849 April 2
    Congregational Churches--New Hampshire
    • 1828 September 20
    • 1857 November 10
    • 1878 September 12
    Conversion
    • 1844 November 15
    Cook, Flavius Josephus, 1838-1901
    • 1877 January 14
    Cookery, American
    • 1836 March 1
    • 1849 March 12
    Cox, Samuel Hanson, 1793-1880
    • 1873 September 14
    Dartmouth College
    • 1832 September 27, December 5
    • 1843 February 18
    • 1845 July 13
    • 1855 January 21
    Dartmouth College--Students
    • 1842 August 25; October 24, 25
    • 1845 February 17; March 24
    • 1856 August 6
    • 1858 April 4
    Dearborn, Henry A. S., 1751-1829
    • 1814 February 26
    Democratic Party--New England
    • 1832 October 26
    • 1844 November 15
    Dentistry
    • 1847 November 23
    • 1848 December 29
    • 1854 April 3
    DeWolf, James, 1764-1837
    • 1826 March 18
    Divorce
    • 1860 February 19
    Domestics
    • 1834 September 11
    • 1835 September 12
    • 1837 December
    • 1845 October 30
    • 1875 March 16
    Dueling
    • 1838 March 6
    Emancipation Proclamation
    • 1862 October 8
    • 1864 September 9
    Entertaining--Connecticut
    • 1858 February 11
    Entomology
    • 1876 August 25
    Episcopal Church--Maine
    • 1845 October 30
    Episcopal Church--New Hampshire
    • 1822 September 25
    Episcopal Church--Vermont
    • n.d. (Lord, Harriet A.)
    Europe--Description and travel
    • Letterbook: 1847 September 18-1848 March 18
    Everett, Edward, 1794-1865
    • 1814 April 27
    • 1845 November 21
    Extortion
    • 1819 October 9
    Faith
    • 1842 April 16
    Father and child
    • 1879 October 17
    Federalist Party--New England
    • 1812 August 31
    Fire fighters--Maine
    • 1834 August
    Fires--Maine--Brunswick
    • 1822 March 11, March
    • 1824 July 11
    • 1825 October 7
    • 1836 March 1, 14
    Fires--Massachusetts--Boston
    • 1872 November 11
    Florida--Description and travel
    • 1857 November 7
    Foot, Solomon, 1802-1866
    • 1861 May 29
    Foreign Missionary Society
    • 1836 September 2
    Fourth of July celebrations
    • 1824 July 11
    Fremont Mills
    • 1834 April 4
    French-Canadians
    • 1841 January 6
    Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
    • 1854 May 29
    Future life
    • 1847 November 29
    Germans
    • 1857 December 10
    Gilmanton (N.H.)
    • 1835 January 30
    God
    • 1848 December 29
    Graham, Sylvester, 1794-1851
    • 1834 September 11
    Grasshoppers
    • 1875 May 30
    Great Britain--Description and travel
    • 1898 October 21, before November 6, November
    Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841
    • 1841 May 17
    Hartford (Conn.)--Social life and customs
    • 1858 February 11
    Homeopathy
    • n.d. (Lord, Harriet A.)
    Hull, William, 1753-1825
    • 1814 February 26
    Husband and wife
    • 1865 February
    • 1879 October 17
    • 1898 November 25
    • n.d. (Lord, Harriet A.)
    Hydrotherapy
    • 1846 May 13
    • 1877 July 1
    Hymns
    • 1817 September 2
    Immigrants
    • 1847 November 12
    • 1857 November 10
    Industrialization
    • 1870 April 5
    Infants--Conduct of life
    • 1833 May 14
    Irish--Massachusetts--Lowell
    • 1834 March 2
    Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845
    • 1836 June 13
    Jewish slaves
    • n.d. (Aiken, Charles A.)
    Kansas--Description and travel
    • 1875 May 30
    Lawyers--New York (City)
    • 1864 February 8
    Lebanon--Description and travel
    • 1856 August 1
    Libel
    • 1830 February 24
    Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865
    • 1861 February 16
    Lind, Jenny, 1820-1887
    • 1850 October 5
    London (Eng.)--Description
    • 1898 October 21, before November 6
    Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882
    • 1835 January 30
    • 1872 July 14
    Lord, Nathan, 1792-1870
    • 1832 September 27, December 5
    Lowell (Mass.)
    • 1833 December 22
    • 1834 March 2, May 1
    • 1835 November 4
    • 1836 October 4
    • 1850 January 2
    Lowell (Mass.)--Religious life
    • 1835 November
    Lowell Moral Lyceum
    • 1835 November 4
    Lyceums--Massachusetts--Lowell
    • 1835 November 4
    Lyon, Mary, 1797-1849
    • n.d. (anon.)
    Maine Historical Society
    • 1862 December 29
    Maine--History--19th century
    • 1816 September 19
    Maine--Politics and government--1815-1861
    • 1833 July 5
    Maine--Religious life
    • 1839 June 28
    Maple sugar
    • 1849 April 2
    Marriage
    • 1826 February 20
    • 1832 November 16
    • 1854 October 23
    Mason, Jeremiah, 1768-1848
    • 1816 December 17
    • 1819 February 15
    Means, Robert, d. 1842--Death
    • 1842 September 27
    Medicine
    • 1847 March 8
    Mental illness
    • 1847 November 23
    Mexico--Description and travel
    • 1847 January 11
    Military bands
    • 1821 August
    Miller, William, 1782-1849
    • 1842 August 30; November 13
    Millerite movement
    • 1842 August 30; November 13
    Milwaukee (Wis.)--Description
    • 1855 December 15
    • 1857 March 27
    • 1858 March 15
    Milwaukee (Wis.)--Social life and customs
    • 1855 December 15
    Miscarriage
    • 1836 March 1
    Missionaries
    • 1833 February 7, May 14
    • 1836 September 2
    Montpelier (Vt.)--Description
    • 1848 June 20
    Montpelier (Vt.)--Religious life
    • 1858 February 7; March 28
    Mothers and sons
    • 1845 April 21
    Mount Vernon (Va. : Estate)
    • 1836 June 13
    • 1878 April 16
    Murder--Massachusetts
    • 1830 February 24
    Naples (Italy)--Description and travel
    • 1854 April 30
    New Hampshire--Politics and government--1815-1861
    • 1836 March 29
    Nullification
    • 1832 December 10
    • 1833 January 22
    Packard, Frances Elizabeth Appleton, d. 1839--Death
    • 1839 June 6, 28; December 2
    Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860
    • 1854 April 3; March 29
    Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860
    • 1824 May 31
    Philanthropy
    • 1812 December 28
    Phillips Academy (Andover, Mass.)
    • 1873
    Phrenology
    • 1841 May 17
    Pierce, Benjamin, 1842-1853
    • 1847 November 14
    • 1853 February 5
    Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869
    • 1832 December 10
    • 1838 December 16
    • 1842 March 27
    • 1845 October 2
    • 1846 June
    • 1847 January 11; March 8; July 28; Nov. 14
    • [1853-57?]
    • 1854 November 7
    • 1857 November 7
    • 1900 March 15
    • n.d. (Aiken, Mary M.)
    • n.d. (Aiken, Mary M.)
    • n.d. (Means, Abby)
    Pierce, Jane Means Appleton, 1806-1863
    • 1823 April 16
    • 1836 March 1
    • 1845 October 2
    • 1847 November 14
    • [1853-57?]
    • 1854 April 2
    • 1878 April 16
    • n.d. (Adams, M.J.)
    Plantations--Alabama
    • 1854 June 19
    • 1855 January 27
    Poetry
    • 1833 January 19
    • n.d. (anon.)
    • n.d. (Finch, F. M.)
    • n.d. (Snow, Jennie A.)
    • n.d. (Storer, Robert B.)
    Political corruption
    • 1836 March 29
    Politicians
    • 1837 February 7
    Potsdam (N.Y.)--Religious life
    • 1850 October 5
    Preaching
    • 1854 January 22
    Presidents--United States--Election--1864
    • 1864 September 9, 23
    Prophecy
    • 1842 November 13
    Public schools
    • 1832 December
    • 1847 January 11
    Racism
    • 1875 March 16
    Religion
    • 1842 October 25
    Republican Party
    • 1870 April 3
    Resurrection
    • 1864 February 8
    Revivals--Kansas
    • n.d. (Jennie)
    Revivals--New Hampshire
    • 1816 October 11, 14
    • 1835 May 3
    • 1843 February 18
    Riots--Maine--Brunswick
    • 1842 April 16
    Riots--Massachusetts--Boston
    • 1854 May 29
    Sabotage
    • 1834 May 1
    Scott, Walter, 1771-1832. Ivanhoe
    • 1820 May 1
    Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866
    • 1861 May 29
    Sermons
    • 1847 November 14
    • 1874 March 26
    Sewall, Jotham, 1798-1850
    • 1846 June
    Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872
    • 1860 March 3
    Sewing
    • 1870 April 5
    Slavery
    • 1836 February 27
    • 1860 March 3
    • 1861 February 16
    • [1862]
    • 1865 February
    Slavery--Anti-slavery movements
    • 1836 February 27
    • 1842 November 13
    • 1854 May 29
    Slavery--Insurrections, etc.
    • 1836 March 29
    Slaves--Alabama
    • 1855 January 27
    Slaves--South Carolina
    • n.d. (Aiken, Charles A.)
    Snoring
    • 1854 October 31
    Spouses of clergy
    • [ca.1863]
    • 1865 February
    • n.d. (Lord, Harriet A.)
    Stealing--New Hampshire
    • 1845 July 13
    Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1822-1896. Uncle Tom's Cabin
    • 1854 June 30
    Strikes and lockouts--Massachusetts--Lowell
    • 1836 October 4
    Tariff
    • 1833 January 22
    Taylor, Samuel, 1807-1871--Death
    • 1871
    Teachers--Alabama
    • 1854 June 19
    • 1855 January 27
    • 1856 April 21
    Temperance
    • 1878 September 12
    • 1879 April 27; October 28
    Temperance--Kansas
    • 1874 March 6, 15
    Temperance--Vermont
    • 1853 December 14
    • 1854 March 16
    • 1865 February
    • 1874 March 26
    Temple, Daniel, 1820-1851
    • 1846 June
    Textile industry--Maine
    • 1840 November 26
    Textile industry--Massachusetts--Lowell
    • 1833 December 22
    • 1834 April 4, May 1
    • 1835 September 12
    • 1836 October 4
    • 1837 December
    • 1842 October 24
    Textile industry--New Hampshire
    • 1857 November 10
    Textile workers--Massachusetts--Lowell
    • 1834 May 1; September 11
    • 1835 September 12
    • 1836 October 4
    • 1837 December
    • 1870 April 5
    • 1871 March 26
    Textile workers--New Hampshire
    • 1857 November 10
    Thanksgiving day
    • 1832 December
    • 1844 November 15
    Timber--Maine
    • 1835 May 6
    Tobacco habit
    • 1842 October 24
    Tracy, Ebenezer Carter, 1796-1862
    • 1862 July 25
    Trent Affair, 1861
    • 1861 December 16
    Trout fishing
    • 1854 May 22
    Tyler, Daniel, 1799-1882
    • 1861 May 29
    Tyler, John, 1790-1862
    • 1841 May 17
    Unitarian Church--Maine
    • 1845 October 30
    United States Military Academy
    • 1821 August
    United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
    • 1861 February 16; April 28; May 29
    • [1862]
    • 1864 September 9
    • n.d. (Miscellaneous speech)
    United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Prisoners and prisons
    • 1864 December 27
    United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Pensions
    • 1834 January 27
    United States--History--War of 1812
    • 1812 July 14, August 31
    • 1814 February 26
    United States--History--War with Mexico, 1845-1848
    • 1847 January 11; March 8; November 14
    United States--Politics and government--1815-1861
    • n.d. (Means, Abby)
    United States--Politics and government--War of 1812
    • 1812 August 31
    University of Kansas
    • 1874 March 15
    Vacations--Maine
    • n.d. (Lord, Harriet A.)
    Vermont--Social life and customs
    • 1833 February 14
    Ward, Elizabeth Phelps Ward, 1844-1911. Silent Partners
    • 1871 March 26
    Washington (D.C.)--Social life and customs
    • 1838 December 16
    Webster, Daniel
    • 1816 December 17
    • 1819 October 9
    • 1841 January 6
    Weddings
    • 1822 September 25
    • 1832 May 3
    • 1877 November 15
    Wentworth, John, 1815-1888
    • 1860 February 19
    Whig Party--Vermont
    • 1840 September 19
    White House (Washington, D.C.)
    • 1836 June 13
    • 1878 December 2
    Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875
    • 1875 November 28
    Women--Conduct of life
    • 1821 August
    Women--Education
    • 1870 April 5
    Women--Massachusetts--Lowell
    • 1836 October 4
    Women--New Hampshire
    • passim
    Women--Religious life
    • 1833 February 7, May 14
    • 1834 December
    Women--Suffrage
    • 1879 April 27
    Yarmouth (Me.)--Religious life
    • 1854 June 26