Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Bloomfield-Pike Letterbook, 1812-1813

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, August 1997

Summary Information
Title: Bloomfield-Pike letterbook
Creator: Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823 and Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813
Inclusive dates: 1812-1813
Extent: 175 pages
Abstract:
The Bloomfield-Pike letterbook contains copies of outgoing correspondence from two important American generals in the northern theater during the War of 1812.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1983. M-2106.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

No copyright restrictions.

Preferred Citation:

Bloomfield-Pike letterbook, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

Entitled "Letters & Instructions" on the leather cover, the letterbook contains four sections. The first and third sections (pp.1-36 and 124-156) include orders issued by Zebulon Pike; the second section (pp. 37-123) includes orders issued under Bloomfield's command, and finally, at the end of the volume (pp.160-175) there are manuscript copies of popular songs of uncertain date and origin.


Biography

In the earliest days of the War of 1812, New Jersey Governor, Joseph Bloomfield, resigned his office to accept a commission as Brigadier General in command of the 3rd Military District. Though nearly 60 at the time, Bloomfield organized and trained new troops near New York City, then marched a column of 8,000 to the scene of action at Plattsburg, N.Y. Later in the war, he was instrumental in the defense of Philadelphia.

For Zebulon Pike the war was an opportunity to repair his somewhat tarnished reputation. As a hero for his role in leading an exploring expedition into the West in 1805-1807, Pike had been accused of complicity in Aaron Burr's treasonous scheme for a Southwest empire. Formally exonerated, he was promoted to Brigadier General early in 1813 and assigned to the northern theater. Charged with leading American forces in the assault on York (now Toronto) in April, 1813, Pike organized an effective campaign that resulted in a major victory. During the assault of April 27th, however, he was killed in an explosion of the enemy's powder magazine.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Bloomfield-Pike letterbook contains copies of outgoing correspondence from two important American generals in the northern theater during the War of 1812. It documents two months of Joseph Bloomfield's command at Plattsburg, September-November, 1812, and the last two months of Zebulon Montgomery Pike's life, while commanding American forces at Saranac and Sackett's Harbor, N.Y. This letterbook contains no letters written after the departure of American forces from Sackett's Harbor during the assault on York, Ontario.

Given its two-part nature, the letterbook presents a minor problem regarding its origin and provenance. It appears first to have been used by a member of Bloomfield's staff. Memoranda were entered at the front of the letterbook in a section reserved for them, and copies of outgoing letters were recorded further back in chronological order. When the book came into Pike's use, a member of his staff entered copies of letters in two different places: sometimes in the first available blank pages (pp. 1-36) and sometimes at the end of where the Bloomfield letters had left off (p. 123). Both sections are in chronological order, but the dates of letters overlap. How, precisely, the book went from recording orders issued by Bloomfield to orders issued by Pike has not been determined, but it may have been the property of a officer under Bloomfield's command who was transferred under Pike near the end of the year, 1812.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • United States. Army--History--War of 1812.
    • United States. Army--Officers.
    • United States--History--War of 1812.
    • United States--History--War of 1812--Songs and music.
    Genre Terms:
    • orders (military records)
    • songs
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Volume   1  
    Authorship by Zebulon Pike,  1813 [series]:    [Note: Orders are listed by date with recipient and location of writing ]
    Page   1  
     1813 February 28, Albon Mann, Cantonment Saranac
    Page   1  
     1813 February 28, Callender Irvine (d. 1841), Cantonment Saranac
    Page   2  
     1813 February 28, Henry Dearborn (1751-1829), Cantonment Saranac
    Page   3  
     1813 March 1, Colonel Pierce, Cantonment Saranac
    Page   4  
     1813 March 1, [General], Cantonment Saranac
    Page   4  
     1813 March 2, Henry Dearborn, Cantonment Saranac
    Page   7  
     1813 March 2, John Chandler (1762-1841), Cantonment Saranac
    Page   8  
     1813 March 3, John Chandler, Cantonment Saranac
    Page   8  
     1813 March 3, Rufus King (1755-1827), Cantonment Saranac
    Page   10  
     1813 March 3, [Requisition], Cantonment Saranac
    Page   11  
     1813 March 6, [?], Chautauqau Four Corners
    Page   12  
     1813 March 6, Ephraim L. Whitlock, Chautauqua
    Page   13  
     1813 March 7, Colonel Pierce, Chautauqua
    Page   14  
     1813 March 7, Alexander Campbell Wilder Fanning (1788-1846), Chautauqua
    Page   14  
     1813 March 7, [?]
    Page   15  
     1813 March 7, Colonel Pierce
    Page   15  
     1813 March 8, Ephraim L. Whitlock, 10 miles from Hopkinton
    Page   16  
     1813 March 8, John Chandler, 10 miles from Hopkinton
    Page   17  
     1813 March 8, Melancthon Taylor Woolsey (1780-1838), 10 miles from Hopkinton
    Page   17  
     1813 March 8, Zebulon Pike (d. 1834), 10 miles from Hopkinton
    Page   18  
     1813 March 8, Henry Dearborn, Hopkinton
    Page   18  
     1813 March 13, Melancthon Taylor Woolsey, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   20  
     1813 March 13, 1st Battalion, U.S. No. Army, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   20  
     1813 March 13, John Chandler, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   21  
     1813 March 15, Henry Dearborn, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   22  
     1813 March 18, John Chandler, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   23  
     1813 March 18, Henry Dearborn, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   23  
     1813 March 18, Daniel D. Tompkins (1774-1825), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   24  
     1813 March 22, Jacob Jennings Brown (1775-1828), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   25  
     1813 March 22, Colonel Tombs, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   26  
     1813 March 23, John Armstrong (1758-1843), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   27  
     1813 March 25, Mr. Ritchards, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   27  
     1813 March 25, [Orders to March on St. Lawrence County], Sacketts Harbor
    Page   29  
     1813 March 26, Henry Dearborn, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   32  
     1813 March 27, William Swan (d. 1872), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   32  
     1813 March 27, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   36  
     1813 March 28, William R. Barnet, Sacketts Harbor
     
    Authorship by Joseph Bloomfield,  1812 [series]:    [Note: Orders are listed by date with recipient and location of writing ]
    Page   37  
     1812 September 14, William Eustis (1753-1825), Plattsburg
    Page   40  
     1812 September 14, William Eustis, Plattsburg
    Page   42  
     1812 September 17, Henry Dearborn [Incomplete?], Plattsburg
    Page   52  
     1812 September 17, Captain Winans, Plattsburg
    Page   54  
     1812 September 17, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   55  
     1812 September 20, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   58  
     1812 September 17, [?], Plattsburg
    Page   60  
     1812 September 20, Isaac Clark (d. 1822), Plattsburg
    Page   60  
     1812 September 20, Simon Larned, Plattsburg
    Page   61  
     1812 September 20, General Ormes, Plattsburg
    Page   62  
     1812 September 21, Plattsburg
    Page   63  
     1812 September 20, Samuel H. Holley (d. 1858), Plattsburg
    Page   64  
     1812 September 22, [Orders re conveyance of Indians], Plattsburg
    Page   65  
     1812 September 22, Henry Dearborn (1751-1829), Plattsburg
    Page   66  
     1812 September 22, Daniel D. Tompkins (1774-1825), Plattsburg
    Page   68  
     1812 September 22, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   68  
     1812 September 23, Simon Larned, Plattsburg
    Page   69  
     1812 September 23, [Orders], Plattsburg
    Page   70  
     1812 September 23, Pliny Moore, et al., Plattsburg
    Page   70  
     1812 September 24, Valentine R. Goodrich (d. 1814), Plattsburg
    Page   72  
     1812 September 24, Major Sheridan, Plattsburg
    Page   73  
     1812 September 24, [Orders], Plattsburg
    Page   74  
     1812 September, Daniel D. Tompkins, Plattsburg
    Page   76  
     1812 September 24, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   78  
     1812 September 24, Abner Walter, Plattsburg
    Page   80  
     1812 September, Captain Smith, Plattsburg
    Page   80  
     1812 September, Sylvanus Thayer (1785-1872), Plattsburg
    Page   81  
     1812 September 25, [Orders re Paul Racoon], Plattsburg
    Page   81  
     Undated, [Orders re Lieutenant Moore], Plattsburg
    Page   82  
     1812 September 26, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   82  
     1812 September 28, Colonel Green, Plattsburg
    Page   83  
     1812 September 29, Colonel Vosburgh, Plattsburg
    Page   83  
     1812 September 30, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   86  
     1812 September 30, Lieutenant H-----t, Plattsburg
    Page   87  
     1812 October 4, Valentine R. Goodrich, Plattsburg
    Page   87a  
     1812 October 5, William D. Ross, Plattsburg
    Page   87b  
     1812 October 5, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   88  
     1812 October 8, [Orders], Burlington
    Page   90  
     1812 October 10, "General," Plattsburg
    Page   92  
     1812 October 13, Asst. Q. M. at French Mills, Plattsburg
    Page   93  
     1812 October 15, Simon Larned, Plattsburg
    Page   95  
     1812 October 16, Alexander C. W. Fanning (1788-1846), Plattsburg
    Page   96  
     1812 October 15, Captain Baker, Plattsburg
    Page   97  
     1812 October 17, Thomas Humphrey Cushing (d. 1822), Plattsburg
    Page   99  
     1812 October 17, James Madison (1751-1836), Plattsburg
    Page   100  
     1812 October 20, General Ormes, Plattsburg
    Page   100  
     1812 October 20, [Note re flag of truce], Plattsburg
    Page   101  
     1812 October 20, Robert McDowell, Plattsburg
    Page   102  
     1812 October 21, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   103  
     1812 October 23, "General," Plattsburg
    Page   104  
     1812 October 24, Jonas Galusha (1753-1834), Plattsburg
    Page   105  
     1812 October 24, Isaac Clark (d. 1822), Plattsburg
    Page   105  
     1812 October 24, Melancthon Smith (d. 1818), Plattsburg
    Page   107  
     1812 October 24, General Ormes, Plattsburg
    Page   108  
     1812 October 27, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   109  
     1812 October 27, Henry Dearborn, Plattsburg
    Page   110  
     1812 October 27, White Youngs (d. 1822), Plattsburg
    Page   111  
     1812 November, [?], Plattsburg
    Page   112  
     1812 October 20, Major Smith, Plattsburg
    Page   113  
     1812 November 1, General Orders, Plattsburg
    Page   114  
     1812 November 2, Henry Dearborn, to Provost, Champlain
    Page   115  
     1812 November 2, Colonel Green, Plattsburg
    Page   116  
     1812 November 3, "Sir," Plattsburg
    Page   117  
     1812 November 3, Henry Leavenworth (d. 1834), Plattsburg
    Page   118  
     1812 November 4, Henry Dearborn (1751-1829), Plattsburg
    Page   119  
     1812 November 5, "Sir," Plattsburg
    Page   120  
     1812 November 8, William Billings, Plattsburg
    Page   120  
     1812 November 8, General Pettit, Plattsburg
    Page   121  
     1812 November 10, Guildord Dudley Yount (d. 1818), Plattsburg
    Page   122  
     1812 November 10, Solomon Tolman, chief of the Caughnawaga Indians, Plattsburg
    Page   123  
     1812 November 11, Colonel Martingdale, Plattsburg
     
    Authorship by Zebulon Pike,  1813 [series]:    [Note: Orders are listed by date with recipient and location of writing ]
    Page   124  
     1813 February 28, John Chandler (1762-1841), Cantonment Saranac
    Page   125  
     1813 March 17, Major Forsyth, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   125  
     1813 March 18, William Swan (d. 1872), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   126  
     1813 March 18, Henry Dearborn, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   127  
     1813 March 18, Charles Steward, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   127  
     1813 March 18, Richard Goodell, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   128  
     1813 March 29, Colonel Vincent, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   129  
     1813 March 29, John Lambert Hoppock (d. 1813), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   129  
     1813 March 29, Samuel Brown, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   129  
     1813 March 29, D. Austin, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   130  
     1813 March 30, Robert Hector MacPherson (d. 1817), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   130  
     1813 March 30, "General," Sacketts Harbor
    Page   135  
     1813 March 30, George Bomford (d. 1848), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   136  
     1813 March 31, Daniel D. Tompkins (1774-1825), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   136  
     1813 April 1, James Burn (d. 1831), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   137  
     1813 April 1, William Swan, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   137  
     1813 April 2, "General," Sacketts Harbor
    Page   139  
     1813 April 5, Charles Carson, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   139  
     1813 April 5, Jeremiah D. Hayden (d. 1826), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   139  
     1813 April 8, John Chandler, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   140  
     1813 April 5, John Armstrong (1758-1843), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   140  
     1813 April 8, John Chandler, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   141  
     1813 April 8, John Armstrong, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   142  
     1813 April 8, Henry Dearborn, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   143  
     1813 April 8, Joseph Bloomfield (1753-1823), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   144  
     1813 April 9, Henry Dearborn, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   144  
     1813 April 12, Jacob Jennings Brown (1775-1828), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   145  
     1813 April 12, Jaison Fairbanks, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   145  
     1813 April 13, John T. David, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   146  
     1813 April 13, Joseph Bloomfield, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   146  
     1813 April 13, Henry Dearborn, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   146  
     1813 April 13, "Sir," Sacketts Harbor
    Page   147  
     1813 April 13, D. Austin Sacketts Harbor
    Page   148  
     1813 April 13, Mr. Richards, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   149  
     1813 April 14, John Chandler, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   149  
     1813 April 14, Amos Benedict, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   150  
     1813 April 14, N. Williams, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   151  
     1813 April 14, John Armstrong, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   152  
     1813 April 16, John Chrystie (d. 1813), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   152  
     1813 April 18, John Chandler (1762-1841), Sacketts Harbor
    Page   154  
     1813 April 19, "Sir," Sacketts Harbor
    Page   154  
     1813 April 20, "General," Sacketts Harbor
    Page   155  
     1813 April 22, Eli Collins, Sacketts Harbor
    Page   156  
     1813 April 22, Major Whitlock, Sacketts Harbor
     
    Popular Songs [series]:
    Page   160  
     undated, "The Campbells are comin'" Voice, separate staff. Piano-forte accompaniment (3 pp.)
    Page   163  
     undated, "The Campbells are comin'" Piano-forte, 2 staves; with dance instructions
    Page   165  
     undated, "The Spanish Seguadille" Piano-forte, 2 staves.
    Page   167  
     undated, "Waltz" Piano-forte, 2 staves.
    Page   169  
     undated, Untitled. Piano-forte, 2 staves.
    Page   171  
     undated, "Have you the heart dearest sweetest bonnie lassie" Voice, separate staff, piano-forte accompaniment, 2 staves.
    Page   175  
     undated, Untitled. Piano-forte, 2 staves