Josiah Edmond King papers  1862-1865
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Biography

King, Josiah Edmond

Rank : Private; Corporal (1863 January 1); 2nd Lieutenant (1864 May 12); Adjutant (1864 August 5)

Regiment : 28th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. Co. N (1861-1865) 147th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. Co. C and H (1862-1865)

Service : 1861 August 30-1865 July 15

Little is known about Josiah Edmond King other than that his uncle, Charles L. Keck, was a resident of White Haven, Luzerne County, Pa., and that he was a soldier in the 28th and 147th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiments. While it is impossible to state with certainty, King appears to have been much closer to his uncle Charles and Aunt Ellen, than he was to his own parents, and there are indications that Charles and Ellen may actually have raised him along with his siblings Julia and Reuben. Clearly, Charles exerted some control over Edmond's finances, even while he was in the army, and once in requesting funds Edmond remarked, "I have no other place to look to." The Keck household also included King's cousins Wilson, George, C. Edmond ("the little one"), and, beginning in July, 1863, another "little one" named John. Another of King's brothers, never named, enlisted in the army in 1862, and was seriously wounded, perhaps at Gettysburg. He sat out the duration of the war at his parents' home, where he was still the victim of a "lingering disease" in May, 1865.

In June, 1861, King enlisted in the 28th Pennsylvania Infantry, a regiment raised and equipped by John W. Geary that went on to compile one of most illustrious war records in the state. Under Geary's command, the regiment fought in the hard, early campaigns in western Virginia and Maryland, seeing action at Pritchard's Mill, Berlin, Point of Rocks, and Bolivar Heights, among other places. Called eastward to join in at the second Battle of Bull Run, the regiment were engaged at Antietam where they sustained a astonishing 261 casualties -- the second highest rate among federal forces.

In October, 1862, five companies of the 28th, including King's Company N, were assigned to detached duty in Harrisburg to become the core of a new regiment, the 147th Pennsylvania Infantry. Life in King's new regiment was no less strenuous -- or dangerous -- than it had been in the 28th. They suffered heavily at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, where they fought at Round Top in the 1st of July and at Culp's Hill on the 2nd and 3rd.

While the transfer of Joseph Hooker to the Army of the Cumberland, King transfered southward, steadily earning promotions and, on May 12, 1864, a Lieutenant's commission. The 147th Infantry again found themselves in the thick of battle, fighting at Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge, as well as in a number of engagements during the Atlanta Campaign and March to the Sea. King's regiment was mustered out of the service at Washington on July 15, 1865.

At the time of the war, Edmond King was unmarried. There are one or two references to "Mollie," who was possibly his girlfriend or fiancée.