Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
David Hartley Papers, 1783-1785

Finding aid created by
Emma Lawton and Shannon Wait, May 2011

Summary Information
Title: David Hartley papers
Creator: Hartley, David, 1732-1813
Inclusive dates: 1783-1785
Extent: 5 volumes
Abstract:
The David Hartley papers primarily contain contemporary copies of Hartley's incoming and outgoing correspondence concerning the negotiation of the Treaty of Paris and various aspects of the United States-Great Britain trade relationship.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1933. M-196.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

David Hartley papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The David Hartley papers are arranged in rough chronological order in five volumes. See the "Detailed Box and Folder Listing" for a full index of writers, recipients, and dates.


Biography

David Hartley was born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England in 1731, the only son of philosopher David Hartley (1705-1757) and Alice Rowley (1705-1731), who died in childbirth. A 1750 graduate from Corpus Christi College, Oxford, he studied medicine in Leyden, Netherlands, in 1757, and entered Lincoln's Inn for the study of law in 1759. Around this time, he met and became the intimate friend of Benjamin Franklin in London. In the 1760s, he began writing influential pamphlets. In his essays, which were primarily political in nature, Harley criticized the Grenville and Bute administrations, addressed law and finance topics, and reflected on scientific matters. He also became interested in fireproofing and built a famous fireproof house with iron and copper plates between the floors, which he tested publicly in 1776.

From 1774 to 1780 and from 1782-1784, Hartley represented Kingston upon Hull in Parliament. During this time, he expressed strong opposition to the war with America; his most famous pamphlet, "Letters on the American War," accused Great Britain of tyranny over the colonies and proposed reconciliation between the two sides. Hartley was also a vigorous opponent of the African slave trade. Although a liberal on American policy, he was a long-time friend of Lord North and strongly disliked Shelburne; he supported the Coalition by voting against Shelburne's peace preliminaries. Hartley was sent to Paris in April 1783, in order to assist in the negotiations that ended the war with the United States, to make a trade agreement. After 1784, Hartley retired from politics and dedicated himself increasingly to the study of mechanics and chemistry. He never married. He died in Bath, Somerset, England, on December 19, 1813.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The David Hartley papers contain approximately 200 letters and documents bound into 5 volumes and spanning April 10, 1783-January 25, 1785. The materials are primarily contemporary copies of Hartley's incoming and outgoing correspondence related to various aspects of the negotiations of the Treaty of Paris, including international commerce, territory disputes, and the rights of American Loyalists. Nearly half of the correspondence is to or from Charles James Fox, who served as British secretary of state for foreign affairs from April to December 1783. Other frequent correspondents include Fox's successor, Lord Carmarthen, as well as Benjamin Franklin.

The collection opens with instructions from King George III for Hartley to go to Paris tp begin negotiations with the American plenipotentiaries and to conclude "a definitive Treaty of Peace" (Volume 1: pp. 1-2). Many of the earliest letters, primarily between Hartley and Fox, concern issues with wording and provide suggestions of potential revisions to several articles of the treaty. In one letter, Hartley proposed possible changes to Article I about the acknowledgement of the sovereignty of the United States and the relinquishment of British claims (Volume 1: p. 24). Fox responded with hope "that the 1st article was meant in a less extensive sense than the words of it seem to convey" (Volume 1: p. 55). Other letters focus particularly on Article V (Volume 1: p. 9) and mention proposals relating to Articles II through VII (Volume 2: pp. 54-56).

Additional letters in the collection refer more generally to the issues at stake in the negotiations. Of particular interest are the many discussions of international commerce and the policies regulating trade between North America, Europe, and the West Indies.

These include:

  • Fox's commentary on the importance of British exports to America: "the admission of our Manufactures into America is an object of great importance & equally productive of advantage to both Countries while on the other hand the Introduction of American Manufactures into Great Britain can be of no Service to either, & may be productive of innumerable frauds…" (Volume 1: pp. 3-6)
  • Fox's discussion of policies concerning American ships in British ports (Volume 1: pp. 45-47)
  • Hartley's comments on the strong American desire for trade with the British and the viability of the alliance between the Americans and French (Volume 1: 80-84)
  • Discussion of trade between North America and the West Indies by Hartley (Volume 2: p. 9)

The American perspective on commerce is also represented in the collection, in letters to Hartley by Benjamin Franklin, American plenipotentiary and Hartley's longtime friend. In a brief reflection entitled "Thoughts concerning the Sugar Colonies," Franklin stressed the burdensome expense of defending sugar-producing areas in the western hemisphere and recommended that "the Nations now possessing Sugar Colonies…give up their Claim to them, let them govern themselves and put them under the Protection of all the Powers of Europe as neutral Countries open to the Commerce of all" (Volume 2: pp. 63-64). In two other writings, Franklin argued against privateering, claiming that it damaged the countries that authorized it, and urging the British to ban the practice voluntarily (Volume 2: pp. 57-58; Volume 2: 61-62). Also included is an unattributed "Proposed Temporary Convention of Commerce" for September 1783 (Volume 4: pp. 32-33).

Letters in the collection also address questions of territory and of the status and entitlements of American Loyalists. In a particularly revealing letter to Fox, Hartley claimed of the Americans, "Canada has always been in their thoughts. I can shew you letters from Dr Franklin to me upon this subject before the French Treaty…." Hartley went on to state that the Americans "would give any thing" to acquire Canada and "make their own situation complete" (Volume 1: pp. 95-96). Several additional letters pertain to the grievances of those who suffered losses during the war on both sides of the conflict. These include a copy of a letter by Thomas Walker of Philadelphia, expressing indignation at the difficulty of reclaiming slaves taken by the British (Volume 2: pp. 75-76), as well as a letter from Franklin to Richard Oswald, advising against his requests for reparations to the American Loyalists. Franklin noted that British insistence upon redress would "recall to View" scenes that "must inflame instead of conciliating and tend to perpetuate an Enmity" (Volume 3: pp. 44-45).

Other letters and documents in the collection provide details concerning the progress of the treaty negotiations and the ratification process. These include an exchange of the ratifications of provisional articles (Volume 3: pp. 67-68), Hartley and Fox's agreement that no negotiation of any points between the British and Americans "should be conducted under the eye of a French Minister" (Volume 3: 69-72), and several letters concerning the place of the treaty signing. One of these Hartley wrote to Franklin, informing him that the signing would take place at the Hotel d'York and expressing hope that it would not be an "inconvenience" for him (Volume 3: p. 82). An additional item is a notification that the signed treaty had arrived in Paris from across the Atlantic, after delays caused by the severe winter in North America (Volume 4: p. 78).

Hartley wrote many of the later letters in the collection to Fox's successor, Francis Osborne, 5th Duke of Leeds, who was styled "Lord Carmarthen" until 1789. Copies of some of Carmarthen's outgoing letters to Hartley are also present. A significant part of the correspondence relates to Hartley's return to England, requested by Carmarthen in August 1784 (Volume 5: p. 15), to which Hartley initially objected (Volume 5: p. 16-18). Of particular interest is a lengthy report by Hartley urging the British government to form a trade alliance with the United States and cautioning them against driving the Americans into a commercial pact with France. In this document, he also noted America's vast potential for wealth and the magnitude of the western territories (Volume 5: pp. 31-61). Along with the report, he enclosed a copy of a map by Thomas Jefferson showing Jefferson's preliminary thinking about the division of the newly acquired western lands.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Diplomatic and consular service, British.
    • Great Britain. Treaties, etc. United States, 1783 Sept. 3.
    • Great Britain--Commerce--United States.
    • Great Britain--Foreign relations--United States.
    • United States--Commerce--Great Britain.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.
    • United States--Foreign relations--Great Britain.
    Contributors:
    • Adams, John, 1735-1826.
    • Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806.
    • Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
    • Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823.
    • Jay, John, 1745-1829.
    Genre Terms:
    • Documents.
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    David Hartley papers,  1783 [series]:
    Volume   1 Pages   1-2
     1783 April 18. G[eorge] R [III]. Instructions given at St James Court to David Hartley.
    Volume   1 Pages   3-6
     1783 April 10. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   1 Page   7
     1783 April 10. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   1 Page   8
     [1783 April]. C[harles] J. Fox "Copy;" [St James's]. Merchant proposal regarding property in areas of Quebec ceded to the United States. Enclosed in  1783 April 10 letter.
    Volume   1 Page   9
     1783 April 10. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   1 Page   10
     1783 April 10. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   1 Pages   11-14
     1783 April 27. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   15-16
     [1783 April]. "Supplemental Treaty between Great Britain and the United States of North America," [Paris].
    Volume   1 Pages   17-23
     [1783 April]. "General Memorandum relating to a proposed supplemental Treaty between Great Britain and the American States, for the removal of troops, and for opening the Ports without delay," [Paris].
    Volume   1 Page   24
     1783 April 29. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   25-26
     [1783 April]. Three articles drawn up between David Hartley and the American Ministers; Paris.
    Volume   1 Page   27
     1783 April 25. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St. James's. Received  1783 April 30.
    Volume   1 Pages   28-29
     [1783 April]. Two drafts of "A Bill for preventing any manifest certificate or other document being required from any ships belonging to the United States of America &c &c-and to give to his Majesty for a time to be limited certain powers etc." [Paris].
    Volume   1 Pages   30-31
     1783 April 30. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Page   32
     1783 April 30. D[avid] H[artley] to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Marked "Private."
    Volume   1 Pages   33-34
     1783 May 1. D[avid] H[artley] to the D[uke] of Portland. Marked "Private."
    Volume   1 Pages   35-36
     1783 May 3. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris, Hotel d'York.
    Volume   1 Pages   37-39
     1783 May 3. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris, Hotel d'York. [Copy of letter on pages 35-36].
    Volume   1 Page   40
     1783 May 6. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   1 Page   40
     1783 May 6. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St. James's. Both letters on this page received  1783 May 10.
    Volume   1 Page   41
     1783 May 9. C[harles] J. Fox to [David] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   1 Page   42
     1783 May 13. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   43-44
     1783 May 13. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Marked "Private." Includes postscript dated  1783 May 22.
    Volume   1 Pages   45-47
     1783 May 15. C[harles] J. Fox to D[avid] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   1 Pages   48-49
     1783 May 14. W[illia]m Fawkener; Court of St. James. Report of an act passed by Parliament, marked "copy."
    Volume   1 Pages   50-51
     1783 May 14. George R. [III]; Palace of St. James. Commission for David Hartley as Minister Plenipotentiary.
    Volume   1 Pages   52-54
     1783 May 19. John Adams, B[enjamin] Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens. Copy of Commission issued by Sam Huntington and U.S. Congress,  1783 June 15.
    Volume   1 Page   55
     1783 May 15. C[harles] J. Fox to D[avid] Hartley; St. James's. Marked "Private."
    Volume   1 Page   56
     1783 May 19. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   57-62
     1783 May 20. [David Hartley] to [Charles J. Fox]; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   63-70
     1783 May 22. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   71-74
     1783 May 19. [Paris]. "Memorial"-Proposal offered by American Ministers for consideration.
    Volume   1 Page   75
     1783 May 19. [Paris]. "Ulterior Article."
    Volume   1 Page   76
     1783 May 29. W. J. Franklin to D[avid] Hartley; Paris.
    Volume   1 Page   77
     1783 May 22. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   78-79
     1783 May 23. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Marked "Private."
    Volume   1 Pages   80-84
     1783 June2. [David Hartley] to [Charles J. Fox]; [Paris].
    Volume   1 Pages   85-94
     1783 June1. [David Hartley]; Paris. "Memorial" regarding shipping and commerce.
    Volume   1 Pages   95-96
     1783 June5. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   97-104
     1783 June 10. C[harles] J. Fox to [David Hartley], St. James's.
    Volume   1 Pages   105
     1783 June 10. C[harles] J. Fox to [David Hartley]; St. James's. Marked "Private."
    Volume   1 Pages   106-107
     1783 June 11. D[avid] Hartley to the Duke of Portland; Paris.
    Volume   1 Pages   108
     1783 June 14. C[harles] J. Fox to D[avid] Hartley; St. James's Place. Marked "Private."
    Volume   1 Pages   109
     1783 June 14. "Proposed Agreement," [Paris].
    Volume   2 Pages   1-8
     1783 June 14. [David Hartley] to the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of America [John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens]; [Paris].
    Volume   2 Pages   9-17
     1783 June 18. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Marked "Private."
    Volume   2 Pages   18-26
     1783 June 20. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Page 26 includes a postscript dated  1783 June 22.
    Volume   2 Pages   27-28
     [1783 June 22]. [David Hartley] to [Charles J. Fox]; [Paris]. Memorandum for the definitive treaty. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 June 20.
    Volume   2 Page   29
     [1783 June 22]. [David Hartley] to [Charles J. Fox]; [Paris]. Article 2 of the Treaty between the United States of America and the United Netherlands. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 June 20.
    Volume   2 Page   30
     [1783 June 22]. [David Hartley] to [Charles J. Fox]; [Paris]. Article 3 of the Treaty between the United Netherlands and the United States of America. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 June 20.
    Volume   2 Pages   31-32
     1783 June 20. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Marked "Private."
    Volume   2 Pages   33-34
     1783 June 26. D[avid] Hartley to the Duke of Portland; Paris.
    Volume   2 Pages   35-38
     1783 June 27. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Marked "Private and Personal."
    Volume   2 Pages   39-40
     1783 July 2. C[harles] J. Fox to [David Hartley]; St. James's. Marked "Private."
    Volume   2 Pages   41-50
     1783 July 1. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   2 Pages   51-52
     1783 June 29. [Written by the American Ministers]; [Paris]. Answers to Mr. Hartley's six Propositions for the definitive Treaty. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 July 1.
    Volume   2 Pages   53-56
     1783 June 29. [American Ministers]; [Paris]. Proposition made to Mr. Hartley for the Definitive Treaty. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 July 1.
    Volume   2 Pages   57-58
     1783 May 8. B[enjamin] Franklin to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   2 Pages   59-60
     1782 July 10. [Benjamin Franklin]. Extract of a letter from Franklin to a friend in England. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 May 8.
    Volume   2 Pages   61-62
    [Benjamin Franklin]. Thoughts on privateering. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 May 8.
    Volume   2 Pages   63-64
    [Benjamin Franklin]. Thoughts concerning the Sugar Colonies. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 May 8.
    Volume   2 Pages   65-67
     1783 July 17. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   2 Pages   68-73
     1783 July 24. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   2 Page   74
     1783 July 25. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox.
    Volume   2 Pages   75-78
     1783 May 8. Copies of letters provided by the American Ministers, including letters from George Washington, Tho[mas] Walker, and Cha[rles] Thomson; Philadelphia. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 July 25.
    Volume   2 Pages   79-84
     1783 May 6. "The Substance of a Conference between General Washington and Sir Guy Carleton at an Interview at Orange Town," Orange Town. Copy provided by the American Ministers. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 July 25.
    Volume   2 Pages   85-86
     1783 May 6. "Letter from George Washing to Sir Guy Carleton," Orange Town. Copy provided by the American Ministers. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 July 25.
    Volume   2 Pages   87-89
     1783 May 8. Appointment of Egbert Benson, William Smith, and Daniel Parker as Commissioners by George Washington; Orange Town. Copy provided by the American Ministers. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 July 25.
    Volume   2 Pages   90-91
     1783 July 17. John Adams, B[enjamin Franklin], and John Jay to [David Hartley]; Passy. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 July 25.
    Volume   2 Pages   92-96
     1783 July 29. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris. Marked "Private."
    Volume   2 Pages   97-100
     1783 July 31. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   2 Pages   101-103
     1783 July 29. C[harles] J. Fox to David Hartley; St James's.
    Volume   2 Pages   104-105
     1783 August 6. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Pages   1-8
     1783 August 2. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Pages   9-35
     [1783 August]. "Project of the definitive Treaty of Peace as drawn by the American Ministers," [Paris].
    Volume   3 Pages   36-38
     1783 August4. C[harles] J. Fox to D[avid] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   3 Pages   39-40
     1783 August4. "Extract of a letter from Mr Fox to the D[uke] of Manchester;" [St James's].
    Volume   3 Page   41
     [1783] August 4. C[harles] J. Fox to D[avid] Hartley; St. James's. Marked "Private."
    Volume   3 Page   42
     1783 August 7. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Page   43
     1783 August 7. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Pages   44-51
     1782 Nov[ember] 26. B[enjamin] Franklin to R[ichard] Oswald; Passy. Marked "Copy."
    Volume   3 Pages   52-54
     1783 August 9. C[harles] J. Fox to [David] Hartley; St James's.
    Volume   3 Pages   55-56
     1783 August 6. George R. [III] draft of approval of provisional articles; Court of St James.
    Volume   3 Pages   57-59
     1783 April 15. United States Congress, draft of approval of Provisional Articles.
    Volume   3 Pages   60-61
     [1783 August]. [Charles J. Fox] to [David Hartley]; [St James's]. "Project of the Definitive Treaty from Mr Fox."
    Volume   3 Page   62
     1783 August 8. C[harles] J. Fox to [David] Hartley; St James's.
    Volume   3 Page   63
     1783 August 12. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Page   64
     1783 August 13. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Page   65
     1783 August 12. D[avid] Hartley to the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of America; Paris. Copy of letter from Hartley notifying the ministers of the birth of Princess [Amelia]. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 August 13.
    Volume   3 Page   66
     1783 August 12. John Adams, Benj[amin] Franklin, and John Jay to D[avid] Hartley; Passy. Copy of letter offering congratulations on the birth of the Princess [Amelia]. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 August 13.
    Volume   3 Pages   67-68
     1783 August 13. D]avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Pages   69-72
     1783 August 20. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Pages   73-76
     1783 August 22. D[avid] Hartley to the Duke of Portland; Paris. Marked "Secret and Confidential."
    Volume   3 Page   77
     1783 August 21. C[harles] J. Fox to [David] Hartley; St James's.
    Volume   3 Page   78
     1783 August 29. D[avid] Hartley to the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of America; Paris.
    Volume   3 Page   79
     1783 August 30. American Ministers to [David] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   3 Pages   80-81
     1783 Sept[ember] 1. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Page   82
     1783 Sept[ember] 3. D[avid] Hartley to [Benjamin] Franklin; Hotel d'York, [Paris].
    Volume   3 Page   83
     1783 Sept[ember] 2. [William Temple] Franklin to [David] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   3 Page   84
     1783 Sept[ember] 3. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Hotel d'York, Paris.
    Volume   3 Page   85
     1783 Sept[ember] 3. D[avid] Hartley to His Majesty's Foreign Minister; Paris. "Circular Letter."
    Volume   3 Page   86
     1783 Sept[ember] 4. D[avid] Hartley to the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of America; Paris.
    Volume   3 Pages   87-88
     1783 Sept[ember] 5. John Adams, B[enjamin] Franklin, and John Jay to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   3 Pages   89-90
     1783 Sept[ember] 6. B[enjamin] Franklin to [David Hartley]; Passy.
    Volume   3 Page   91
     1783 Sept[ember] 7. D[avid] Hartley to B[enjamin] Franklin; Hotel d'York, [Paris].
    Volume   3 Page   92
     1783 Sept[ember] 7. B[enjamin] Franklin to [David Hartley]; Passy.
    Volume   3 Page   93
     1783 Sept[ember] 7. John Adams, B[enjamin] Franklin, and John Jay to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   3 Page   94
     1783 May 1. "Extract of a Resolution of Congress," [Princeton]. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 September 7 (page 93).
    Volume   3 Page   95
     [17]83 Sept[ember] 7. B[enjamin] Franklin to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   3 Page   96
     [17]83 June 18. "Extract of a letter from E. Boudinot Esq, President of Congress to B. Franklin," [Princeton]. Enclosed in letter dated  1783 September 7 (page 95).
    Volume   3 Page   97
     1783 Sept[ember] 7. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Paris.
    Volume   3 Page   98
     1783 Sept[ember] 24. D[avid] Hartley to [Benjamin] Franklin; Bath.
    Volume   3 Page   99
     1783 Oct[ober] 10. B[enjamin] Franklin to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   3 Page   100
     1783 Oct[ober] 16. B[enjamin] Franklin to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   3 Pages   101-102
     1783 October 9. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; s.l.
    Volume   4 Pages   1-6
     1783 October 27. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Sodbury.
    Volume   4 Pages   7-8
     1783 Sept[ember] 6. B[enjamin] Franklin to David Hartley; Passy. Marked "Copy." Enclosed with letter dated  1783 October 27.
    Volume   4 Pages   9-31
     1783 Oct[ober] 29. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Sodbury.
    Volume   4 Pages   32-33
     1783 September. "Proposed Convention of Commerce." Enclosed with letter dated  1783 October 29.
    Volume   4 Page   34
     1783 June 1. "An Act of the Assembly of Maryland." Enclosed with letter dated  1783 October 29.
    Volume   4 Page   35
     1783 Nov[ember] 1. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Sodbury.
    Volume   4 Pages   36-48
     1783 September. "Schedule of Articles remaining for negotiation, with observations." Enclosed with letter dated  1783 November 1.
    Volume   4 Pages   49-64
     1783 Nov[ember] 6. D[avid] Hartley to C[harles] J. Fox; Bath.
    Volume   4 Page   65
     1783 [ December 25]. D[avid] Hartley to [Benjamin] Franklin; London.
    Volume   4 Page   66
     1784 Jan[uary] 7. B[enjamin] Franklin to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   4 Page   67
     1784 Jan[uary] 28. D[avid] Hartley to [Benjamin] Franklin; London.
    Volume   4 Page   68
     1784 Feb[ruary] 20. D[avid] Hartley to [Benjamin] Franklin; London.
    Volume   4 Page   69
     1784 Feb[ruary] 22. John Jay to D[avid] Hartley; Chaillot near Paris.
    Volume   4 Pages   70-71
     1784 March 2. D[avid] Hartley to John Jay; London.
    Volume   4 Page   72
     1784 March 2. D[avid] Hartley to [Benjamin] Franklin; London.
    Volume   4 Page   73
     1784 March 11. B[enjamin] Franklin to D[avid] Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   4 Page   74
     1784 Jan[uary] 15. Charles Thompson to John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Henry Laurens; Annapolis. Marked "Copy." Enclosed with letter dated  1784 March 11.
    Volume   4 Pages   75-76
     1784 March 22. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen [Francis Godolphin Osborne]; Bath.
    Volume   4 Page   77
     1784 March 25. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to David Hartley; St. James's. Marked "Private."
    Volume   4 Page   78
     1784 March 31. B[enjamin] Franklin and John Jay to David Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   4 Pages   79-81
     1784 January 14. Ratification of the definitive treaty by the United States Congress, Annapolis. Signed, Cha[rles] Thomson, marked "Copy." Enclosed in letter dated  1784 March 31.
    Volume   4 Pages   82-83
     1784 January 14. Resolution by the United States Congress regarding the rights and properties of British citizens, Annapolis. Signed, Cha[rles] Thomson, marked "Copy." Enclosed in letter dated  1784 March 31.
    Volume   4 Page   84
     1784 April 17. B[enjamin] Franklin to David Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   4 Page   85
     1784 April 9. D[avid] Hartley to Their Excellencies the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States of America; London.
    Volume   4 Page   86
     1784 April 30. D[avid] Hartley to the Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   4 Page   87
     1784 May 6. D[avid] Hartley to the Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   4 Page   88
     1784 May 9. D[avid] Hartley to the Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   4 Page   89
     1784 May 11. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to [David] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   4 Pages   90-93
     1784 May 13. D[avid] Hartley to the Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   4 Page   94
     1784 May 18. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to [David] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   4 Page   95
     1784 May 24. D[avid] Hartley to the Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   4 Page   96
     1784 May 24. D[avid] Hartley to the Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris. Marked "Private."
    Volume   4 Page   97
     1784 May 21. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to [David] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   4 Page   98
     1784 May 25. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to [David] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   4 Pages   99-100
     1784 May 28. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to [David] Hartley; St. James's. The first and second pages of this letter are out of order.
    Volume   5 Pages   1-2
     1784 April 9. George R. [III], Acceptance and confirmation of the definitive treaty between Great Britain and the United States; St. James's. Copy.
    Volume   5 Pages   3-4
     1784 January 14. United States Congress, Acceptance and confirmation of the definitive treaty between Great Britain and the United States, [Annapolis].
    Volume   5 Page   5
     1784 June 4. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   5 Pages   6-8
     1784 June 9. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   5 Pages   9-10
     1784 June 1. D[avid] Hartley to Benjamin Franklin; Paris.
    Volume   5 Pages   11-14
     1784 June 8. B[enjamin] Franklin to David Hartley; Passy.
    Volume   5 Page   15
     1784 August 20. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to [David] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   5 Pages   16-18
     1784 August 26. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   5 Pages   19-20
     [1784] Sept[ember] 1. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   5 Page   21
     1784 Sept[ember] 5. [Marquis of] Carmarthen to [David] Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   5 Pages   22-23
     1784 Sept[ember] 14. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen; Paris.
    Volume   5 Page   24
     1784 September 17. W[illia]m Fraser to David Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   5 Pages   25-26
     1784 October 8. D[avid] H[artley] to W[illia]m Fraser; London.
    Volume   5 Page   27
     1784 October 8. W[illia]m Fraser to David Hartley; St. James's.
    Volume   5 Page   28
     1784 Oct[ober] 12. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen; Golden Square.
    Volume   5 Pages   29-30
     1784 Dec[ember] 1. D[avid] Hartley to [Benjamin] Franklin; Bath.
    Volume   5 Pages   31-61
     1785 Jan[uary] 9. [David Hartley] to [Marquis of Carmarthen]. In this report, Hartley enclosed a manuscript copy of Thomas Jefferson's map of the United States east of the Mississippi River.
    Volume   5 Pages   62-65
     1784 April 30. "Extract of the Journal of Congress." Enclosed in letter dated  1785 January 9.
    Volume   5 Pages   66-67
     1784. "Commonwealth of Massachusetts," signed by Samuel Adams, approved by John Hancock. Marked "Copy," and enclosed in letter dated  1785 January 9.
    Volume   5 Page   68
     1784 May 19. "Resolutions of the general assembly of Virginia," [Richmond]. Enclosed in letter dated  1784 January 9.
    Volume   5 Page   69
     1784 May 3. "Extract of the Journal of Congress." Enclosed in letter dated  1785 January 9.
    Volume   5 Page   70
     1783 June 29. [Count] De Vergence to Marquis de la Fayette, Versailles. Enclosed in letter dated  1785 January 9.
    Volume   5 Pages   71-73
     1784 Jan[uar]y 9. De Calonne to Marquis de la Fayette; Versailles. Enclosed in letter dated  1785 January 9.
    Volume   5 Pages   74-75
     1785 Jan[uary] 16. D[avid] Hartley to Marquis of Carmarthen; Bath.
    Volume   5 Pages   76-77
     1784 January 25. "Extract of a letter from Dr Franklin to the President of Congress, Passy. Enclosed in letter dated  1785 January 16.
    Volume   5 Pages   78-93
    "An Ordinance for ascertaining the mode of locating and disposing of lands in the Western Territory." Enclosed in letter dated  1785 January 16.
    Volume   5 Pages   94-100
     1784 April. Congressional resolution regarding territory ceded to or purchase by the United States. Includes list of representatives and votes. Enclosed in a letter dated  1785 January 16.
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The Schoff Revolutionary War collection contains a letter from Charles Rockingham to David Hartley, dated June 7, 1781.

    Additional correspondence of David Hartley may be found in the William Petty, 1st Marquis of Lansdowne, 2nd Earl of Shelburne papers.

    The Clements Library holds the following portrait of David Hartley, engraved by James Walker from a painting by George Romney: Walker, James, and George Romney. David Hartley, Esq., Member of Parliament for Kingston Upon Hull, And His Britannic Majesty's Plenipotentiary Appointed to Treat With the United States of America. London: Published by S. Watts ..., 1784.

    Bibliography

    The Clements Library holds many published works by and about Hartley, including several copies of On the Preliminaries of Peace. Search the University Library catalog for more information.