Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Thomas B. Byron Papers, 1862-1885

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, September 2009

Summary Information
Title: Thomas B. Byron papers
Creator: Byron, Thomas B., b. 1830
Inclusive dates: 1862-1885
Bulk dates: 1862-1864
Extent: 18 items (0.25 linear feet)
The Thomas B. Byron papers contain the diaries and notes of a member of the 70th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Co. I, during the Civil War. He described the regiment's movements and daily activities and discussed notable events of army life.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1979. M-1879.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Thomas B. Byron Papers, James S. Schoff Civil War Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


This collection is organized into two series:

  • Series I: Thomas B. Byron papers
  • Series II: Thomas B. Byron diaries.


Thomas B. Byron (b. 1830) entered the 52nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry in Cincinnati in September 1861. His Company B was recruited from Mt. Pleasant and Smithfield, in Jefferson County, Ohio. In January 1862, his company joined the 70th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Co. I. He began duty as a corporal and left as a private, when his term expired in September 1864.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Byron B. Thomas collection consists of diaries and notes describing Byron's "life as a common solder" [preface] in the 70th Ohio Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. In over ten diaries and almost 600 pages, Byron describes his regiment's movements and activities, and dutifully notes his daily experiences. Byron discusses training, marching, discipline, fighting, food, living conditions, and rumors of rebel activities.

This collection also includes an incomplete book of war recollections called Notes for his journal, "A Few of the Particulars." Present is a preface to his recollections, a clothing book for his company, S.K. Steck's memorial "Grant as a Soldier," copies of official circulars, and personal accounts of the war taken from J. N. Morrath and [William] Wolf.

Subject Terms

    • Grant, U. S. (Ulysses S.), 1881-1968.
    • Soldiers--Ohio--Diaries.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 70th (1861-1865)
    Genre Terms:
    • Diaries.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Box   6, Schoff Civil War Diaries and Journals  
    Thomas B. Byron Papers [series]
    Folder   1  
    Notes for his journal, "A few of the particulars..."
    Folder   2  
    Notes for his journal, "A few of the particulars..."
    Folder   3  
    Clothing Book of Co. I, 70th Regiment, O.V.I.
    Folder   4  
    Grant as a Solder, Written by S.K. Steck, for Grant's memorial service, Bellevue Literary Circle, 1885.
    Thomas B. Byron Diaries [series]
     February 7-November 1, 1862
     November 1, 1862-April 30, 1863
     May 1-June 22, 1863
     June 23-December 28, 1863
     December 18, 1863-March 25, 1864
     March 26-May 15, 1864
     May 15-June 5, 1864
     June 5-September 23, 1864
     September 23-October 10, 1864
     October 10-21, 1864