Charles Cornwallis orderly book  1780-1781
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History

The Charles Cornwallis orderly book documents events in the southern theater of the American Revolutionary War, particularly in North Carolina and Virginia, from February 8, 1781-July 13, 1781. Many of the orders were issued by Charles Cornwallis (1738--1805), a British lieutenant-general during American Revolution. In February 1781, Cornwallis and his army were in pursuit of the American Army of the South under General Nathanael Greene. Both armies were stationed in North Carolina but avoided engagement until March 15 at the battle at Guilford Court House. Though the British won the battle, they failed to defeat Greene and suffered heavy casualties. By May 10th, Cornwallis had moved his army to Virginia, and on May 20th, he took control of the British Army in that state. Cornwallis then pursued Lafayette's army through Virginia but failed to engage them in a decisive battle. Cornwallis' army arrived in Richmond, Virginia, on June 17th and moved to Jamestown in early July. They faced the Americans on July 6th, in the Battle of Green Spring, near Jamestown, Virginia, but this too was an indecisive encounter. Cornwallis next moved to defend the British held Yorktown, where he was forced to surrender on October 19th, 1781.