Manuscripts Division William L. Clements Library University of Michigan
Finding aid for Charles Townshend Papers, 1660-1804
Finding aid created by Rob S. Cox, June 1996; Shannon Wait, 2011
Title: Charles Townshend papers Creator: Townshend, Charles, 1725-1767 Inclusive dates: 1660-1804 Bulk dates: 1748-1767 Extent: 9.5 linear feet Abstract:
The Townshend papers included the private and public records of Charles Townshend who served in various positions in the government of Great Britain including as Secretary of War during the Seven Years War and as Chancellor of the Exchequer where he authored the Townshend Acts to tax the American colonies.
Language: The material is in English Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave. The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190 Phone: 734-764-2347 Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
The collection has been microfilmed.
The Townshend papers were held by the Duke of Buccleuch, a descendant of Townshend's wife Caroline Townshend, 1st Baroness Greenwich, and before coming to the Clements Library were on deposit at the Scottish Record Office as collection GD/244.
Charles Townshend Papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
The Charles Townshend papers were removed from the much larger Buccleuch papers at the Scottish Record Office. The third Duke of Buccleuch, Henry Scott, was Townshend's stepson through his marriage to Caroline (Campbell) Scott, Lady Dalkeith. The box and bundle numbers used by the Scottish Record Office to arrange the papers have been retained, and in most instances the bundle numbers follow Townshend's own original arrangement as listed on the original wrappers. In some cases, the order of items within bundles has been changed to correct errors in numbering, and items that were inadvertently split up in the past have been placed back in association.
The Townshend papers bring together three parts of the Buccleuch papers relating to Charles Townshend:
Box VIII, so-called, originated at Dalkeith House and has been put into 17 archival boxes containing approximately 1670 items.
Boxes 295-299 contain approximately 800 items.
The "Bowhill Box" contains 30 items found in the 20th century at the Bowhill House belonging to the Buccleuch dukes.
Charles Townshend was born at Raynham Hall in Norfolk, England, on August 27, 1725, the second of five children of Charles Townshend, 3rd Viscount Townshend (1700-1764), and his wife, Etheldreda Audrey Harrison (ca. 1708-1788). In 1741, his parents formally separated, and Townshend took the side of his father. The next year, he entered Clare College, Cambridge, where he studied for three years, followed by a year at Leiden University, and an additional year devoted to the study of law at Lincoln's Inn.
Townshend's political career began in 1747, when he entered Parliament for Great Yarmouth, a seat he held until 1756. He subsequently represented Saltash (1756-1761), and Harwich (1761-1767), and gained a reputation as an excellent speechmaker. He also held an appointment on the Board of Trade and Plantations (1748-1754) and served as Lord of the Admiralty (1754). In 1755, he married Caroline (Campbell) Scott, the wealthy widow of Francis Scott, Earl of Dalkeith, and thereby became stepfather to Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch (1746-1812). With Caroline, he had a daughter, Anne (b. 1756).
On March 18, 1761, Townshend succeeded William Barrington as Secretary-at-War, and in December 1762, he voted against the Earl of Bute's preliminary overtures to end the Seven Years' War and resigned in protest over the administration's stance. He was brought back in the following year by George Grenville as president of the Board of Trade, 1763-1765, but soon became a vocal critic of Grenville, contributing to the downfall of the ministry. After the accession of the Rockingham Whigs, Townshend was retained as paymaster general. On August 2, 1766, when the Earl of Chatham formed his second administration, Townshend was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer. Soon after, Chatham suffered health problems and was forced to withdraw from active oversight. Townshend took this opportunity to maximize his influence over the ministry, creating his wife baroness of Greenwich and securing for his brother the lord-lieutenancy of Ireland. He also turned his attention to increasing the revenue from the North American colonies. Declaring himself in favor of the recently repealed Stamp Act, he introduced a series of measures, known as the Townshend Acts, designed to deal with the unrest in America, including the suspension of the New York Colonial Assembly, the establishment of resident commissioners of customs in the colonies, and the introduction of duties on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. This engendered the widespread opposition of the colonists, but Townshend did not live to see its consequences; he died suddenly of a fever at the age of 41 on September 4, 1767.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The Townshend papers contain approximately 2,600 items, including letters, documents, accounts, and printed matter relating to the public life and activities of Charles Townshend, gathered largely during the last period of his career. The collection is an extremely valuable resource for study of British commercial and mercantile policy in the 1760s, administrative perspectives on the mounting crisis in the North American colonies, and the inner workings of British political life. The papers reflect Townshend's serious research efforts in his role as policymaker; much of the collection consists of documents that he gathered for his own information on legal cases, British politics, financial and treasury matters, and affairs in North America, the West Indies, and Africa. Also present is a small amount of incoming and outgoing correspondence and an assortment of memoranda and speech drafts by Townshend. The collection spans 1660-1804, but the bulk centers around the 1750s and 1760s, when Townshend held an appointment on the Board of Trade and Plantations (1748-1754) and served as Lord of the Admiralty (1754), Secretary-at-War (1762-1763), President of the Board of Trade (1763-1765), Paymaster General (1765-1766) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1766-1767). The collection was originally arranged by Charles Townshend into numerous bundles marked with wrappers. This original order has largely been maintained and hence, document types and topics are scattered across the collection.
See "Additional Descriptive Data" for a partial subject index of the papers as well as a list of printed matter in the collection.
A moderate amount of Townshend's incoming and outgoing correspondence is located throughout the collection. This includes contemporary copies of his letters to and from William Barrington and Thomas Gage relating to the War Office during his time as Secretary-at-War (Box 8/ Bundle 2), numerous incoming letters concerning patronage and requesting favors (8/3/A), and correspondence between Townshend and John Morton concerning politics and happenings in the House of Commons in 1764-1766 (8/37). Also present are a series of letters written from the Mediterranean by Commodore Augustus Keppel, describing British peace negotiations with Tunis and Tripoli and the signing of a treaty on October 21, 1751, (Box 297/1/2) and incoming correspondence on a variety of topics from William Dowdeswell, George Sackville-Germain, George Younge, William Shirley, Edmund Burke, Wellbore Ellis, George Macaulay, Edward Walpole, Henry Pelham-Clinton (3rd Duke of Newcastle), and John Stuart, (3rd Earl Bute).
The collection also contains scattered documents relating to legal issues and court cases in the late-18th century. The box marked 8/5 contains accounts of the court cases of the following parties, heard before the House of Lords and the Commissioners of Appeals in 1760: Francis Watkins; Francis Dalby; the Proprietors of Sulbrave, Northamptonshire; the Pennsylvania Land Company; a group of London fishmongers; and John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury. Also represented are several cases concerning prizes captured by Dutchmen (8/5). Other legal papers include those relating to Townshend's wife, Caroline, 1st Baroness Greenwich, which span 1754 to 1789 and are located in Box 298, and documents concerning Samuel Waldo and his service in the Siege of Louisburg (8/24/a).
The Charles Townshend papers contain numerous documents gathered by Townshend for his own information or created by him during the process of policymaking. These include many items relating to North America, including reports on trade, military matters, the characteristics and features of various regions, and debates on British policies. Among the military-related topics addressed are recruitment for the British army in North America in the years 1753-1763 (8/22), expenses of maintaining a force in North America for 1765-1766 (8/28), the cost of maintaining various British forts (8/31), and the debate over foreign officers' commissions in America in 1756 (8/4). Other items concern trade between North America and Great Britain; this includes a 1761 memorandum on the prevalence of smuggling in Boston (297), information on Newfoundland fisheries (8/4 and 299), and notes on the importation of iron bar from America (299). A group of undated documents relate to the settlement of East and West Florida (8/34) and the expenses related to the settlement of East Florida by Greeks (297/4/5). Box 8/31 contains Townshend's own notes on his proposal to impose new duties on salt, wine, oil, fruit, glass, tea, sugar, molasses, china, and paper. A draft of the Townshend Duties is also included in the papers.
Other documents in the collection concern a variety of British political matters, such as contested 1754 English parliamentary elections (8/32), estimates of the strength of several parties in the House of Commons (8/42), and proceedings against John Wilkes in the House of Commons (296). The collection also includes Townshend notes for his speeches opposing the Marriage Act (298), and documents concerning his election to Parliament for Great Yarmouth in 1754 and 1756 (8/52).
Additional scattered papers relate to world trade and matters of the British Treasury. A substantial amount of material concerns the East India Company, including debates on the taxation of tea, memoranda concerning precedents for government intervention in East India Company matters, and Townshend's 1766 notes on a bill concerning East India, all of which are located in the Bowhill Box. Box 298 contains many lists and statistics on British imports and exports abroad, particularly to the North American colonies. Other documents pertain to the British manufacture of earthenware and china, the coal trade (8/40), and trade with Africa, including the activities of the Committee on African trade in 1752-1754 (297/5/3).
Debts, Public--Great Britain.
East India Company.
Finance, Public--Great Britain.
Florida--History--English colony, 1763-1784.
Great Britain. Army.
Great Britain--Foreign relations.
Great Britain. Parliament.
Great Britain--Politics and government--18th century.
New York (State)--History--Colonial period, ca.1600-1775.
Newfoundland and Labrador--History.
United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
West Indies--History--18th century.
Barrington, William Wildman Barrington, Viscount, 1717-1793.
Buccleuch, Henry Scott, Duke of, 1746-1812.
Burke, Edmund, 1729-1797.
Bute, John Stuart, Earl of, 1713-1792.
Carlyle, Alexander, 1722-1805.
Conway, Henry Seymour, 1721-1795.
Cooper, Grey, Sir, ca. 1726-1801.
Dowdeswell, William, 1721-1775.
East India Company.
Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806.
Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787.
Grafton, Augustus Henry Fitzroy, Duke of, 1735-1811.
Great Britain. Army.
Great Britain. Board of Trade.
Great Britain. Customs Establishment.
Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords.
Great Britain. Royal Navy.
Great Britain. Treasury.
Great Britain. War Office.
Hamilton, Charles, 1704-1786.
Keppel, Augustus Keppel, Viscount, 1725-1786.
Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805.
Lyttelton, William Henry Lyttelton, Baron, 1724-1808.
Macaulay, George, 1716-1766.
Melville, Henry Dundas, Viscount, 1742-1811.
Moore, Henry, Sir, 1713-1769.
Morton, John, 1714 or 15-1780.
New York (Colony) General Assembly.
Newcastle, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of, 1693-1768.
Pitt, William, Earl of Chatham, 1708-1778.
Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785.
Shirley, William, 1694-1771.
Spencer, John Spencer, Earl, 1734-1783.
Touchet, Samuel, ca. 1705-1773.
Townshend, George Townshend, 1st Marquis, 1724-1807.
Walpole, Edward, Sir, 1706-1784.
Walpole, Horace, 1717-1797.
Wolfe, James, 1727-1759.
Yonge, George, Sir, 1731-1812.
Yorke, Charles, 1722-1770.
Container / Location
Townshend Papers from Montagu House [series]
Estimates of expense of printing the journal of the House of Lords, and Rolls of Parliament 1767
Committee reports on publication of House of Lords Journals.
War Office papers
Copies of correspondence with Barrington
Copies of correspondence of Gen. Gage
Army Estimates for 1766 from establishment in North America
Returns for 86th Regiment in Senegal
List of officers of Northern Department of Indian Affairs under Johnson, 1766.
Papers relating to Borough of Harwich, Essex County, 1766-1767
Letters from John Roberts (1711-1772) to Townshend
Petitions from Harwich Fishermen, 1762
List of the Corporation of Harwich
Various letters re. patronage.
Papers relating to the Sinking Fund, 1759-1765
Statistics for duties which constitute Excise for 1760, 1761, 1762
Various calculations of national debt, 1764-1766.
Papers relating to America
"Minutes for Debate" on foreign officers' commissions in America, 1756
Notes on American participation in war, 1756
Various papers regarding Newfoundland fisheries.
"Papers delivered at the Door of the House of Commons."
Cases to be heard at the House of Lords and before Commissioners of Appeals in 1760
Case of Francis Watkins
Case of Francis Dalby
Case of the Faseley-Bridge Road Bill
Case of the Proprietors of Sulgrave, Northamptonshire
Case of the Malt Distillery
Petition of Pennsylvania Land Company to House of Commons
Case of London Fishmongers
Case of will of John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury
Prize cases heard before Lords Commissioners of Appeals:
Box 8/7, 8/10
"Accounts, Estimates, Calculations, relating to Supply and Ways and Means, with various Schemes for raising Money by Lotteries etc., for the Year 1767."
Memoranda, accounts, comparisons, estimates for Supply and Ways and Means for 1766, 1767
Estimates of Supply and Ways and Means for 1768
Numerous plans for raising money
Excise Office Papers, duties on spirits, 1759
"Examinations before a Committee of the House of Commons and several Accounts relating to Spirituous Liquors, with a draught of the Bill."
Draft of Bill "To Prevent the Excessive Use of Spirituous Liquors by laying an additional Duty thereupon and to encourage the Exportation of British made Spirits."
Committee of Ways and Means, Minutes of Examinations, 1760 February 15, 18, 20, 22, 25 regarding Malt Distillery Bill
Accounts and Returns regarding Malt Distillery Bill, Ways and Means Committee, 1760
Returns of quantities of spirits distilled in Scotland, 1744-57
Duties on spirits imported into Scotland, 1759-60
Box 8/14, 8/17
"High price of Corn and Provisions" Material relating to corn shortage, riots, and debates in House of Commons, 1766
Suggestions for Corn Bill
Estimates of bread consumption in London per day, 1766
Papers on consumption, on the corn trade, estimates of corn imported, exported
Draft of bill prohibiting exportation of corn
Detailed paper on high cost of all kinds of provision for lower, middle classes
Papers relating to excise duties on linen, paper, leather, and beer
Correspondence from Scottish Linen Board
London Wholesale Linen Drapers
Papers on linen manufacture in Ireland, Scotland, Russia, and France
Papers relating to 7 Geo. III, c. 58, 1767 Supply Bill on Linens
Papers from London Hat makers
Papers from London Manufacturers of Leather, regarding duties on hides and leather
Papers relating to North African trade
Committee of the Company of Merchants Trading to Africa
Petitions to House of Commons
Trade statistics for Senegal rum trade
Report from Board of Trade on African trade
Comparisons with French profits in Africa
Papers relating to excise, duties on calico, tobacco, soap, hats, sugar, and wine
Papers on frauds in exporting calico
Custom House reports on importation of wine, muslin, and calico
Notes on tea, in Townshend's hand
Papers relating to tea smuggling, frauds, and statistics on tea duties
Papers relating to improvements for Minorca harbor, 1762-67
Supply warrants for Portugal, 1767
"Draughts of Bills, Motions, and other papers relating to business depending in the House of Commons in 1766-67"
Papers relating to the annuity for the Dukes of York, Gloucester, and Cumberland
Papers relating to the King's Speech announcing the marriage of Princess Matilda to the King of Denmark and Supply for her
Report House of Commons Committee on construction of Blackfriars Bridge, other improvements
Bill, 7 Geo. III, c. 59, 1767 March 27 Restraining Governing Council and House of Representatives of New York from passing any legislation until provisions have been made for King's Troops
Miscellaneous Ways and Means papers for 1767
Papers re. Supply for Foundling Hospital for 1767
Army estimates, 1767
Sinking Fund papers for 1766
Papers relating to Cator of Banbury, a prisoner in Newgate for seducing artificers, 1767
Papers relating to pamphlet, Thomas Whateley, Considerations on Finances of this Kingdom and on the Measure of Administration … 1755
Papers relating to Lady Frances Burgoyne's claim on estate of deceased General Brown, 1766-67
Draft of the Townshend Duties in Touchet's hand
"Papers, accounts and calculations made up by Mr. Townshend for his own Use"
Accounts of Ways and Means and Supply, 1763-1766
Army Estimates, 1766-1767
Statistics for Sinking Fund from 1711-1763
Miscellaneous Excise papers
Estimate of Quit-rent revenue from America
Papers on Russian Canvas drilling
Papers relating to America, 1753-1763
Relating to imports and exports from North America
Papers relating to army in North America
Estimate of forces
Copies of correspondence from Gov. Shirley
Extracts of papers put before Parliament relating to the Stamp Act Riots in America
Reports of House of Commons from Customs, Navy Office, Crown Rents, and Accounts of Scottish Excise, 1759-1766
Boxes 8/22(A)/51-70, 8/23
Customs and Excise items, many are fair copies
Boxes 8/22(A)/51-70, 8/23 (2 boxes)
Reports to House of Commons, Army and Navy Estimates, Customs reports, comparative statistics on national debt, 1749-1767
Account of timber imported from America, 1766
Account of Army extraordinaries for America and West Indies, 1756-1766
Accounts of contractor
Disposition and state of forces in North America, 1766
Observations on Gage's estimates of provisions
Estimates of charges for forces in plantations for 1766-1767 compared
Account of export of East India calico to America, 1765-1766
Hemp and flax exported from America, 1764-1766
Export of bar iron to America, 1765-66
Account of British exports to America, 1739-1764
Ordnance expenses in America for 20 years
Estimate of charge of forces in plantations 1767
Abstract of charge for forces in America and West Indies in 1751 and 1765
Account of produce of duties under George III
Account of American duties since 1764
Account of dutiable goods imported into New England
Account of sugar duties since 1764
Accounts of Secret Service money and Civil List revenues and pension, 1699-1767
Parliamentary inquiry into conduct of Ministers and Commanders in time of war from King Charles II to 1745
Reports of committee on weights and measures, 1760
Account of linen cloth in Scotland, 1727-1754
Short account of Newfoundland Fishery
Townshend's speech on Sir William Baker's contract
Samuel Waldo's case regarding Louisburg
Return of troops at siege of Louisburg 1758
Various papers on victualling losses in Nova Scotia and North America
Unsigned letter from Governor Shirley, 2 April 1756 defending himself
Townshend's speech on victualling
Unsigned defense against objections to colony at Detroit
Remonstrance of agent Richard Partridge 1756 regarding Parliamentary grants
Copies of correspondence relating to America, 1765-1766
Correspondence between Secretary of State Conway and American Colonial Governors
Copies of correspondence between General Gage and Barrington
Copies of correspondence between General Gage and Conway
Letters to British officials in America from Gage
Papers relating to Army extraordinaries, Navy, Customs, Ordnance, Excise, primarily for 1748-1750, a few comparative accounts beginning in 1687
List of "reduced" officers, giving the ages of most, signed by Barrington, March 1756
List of regiments disbanded January 18, 1749, signed by H. Fox
Broadside, Case of our Northern Colonies
Statement of the national debt, 1748
Papers from Board of Trade
Draft bill for recruiting in North America
Report on Customs on goods imported from Britain to Spain, January 1714
Report on forts in Africa
Incomplete report on the conduct of Governor Shirley, 1753
Census for Halifax, Dartmouth, and environs for 1755
Board of Trade report to Parliament on Jamaica, February 22, 1753 22 pp.
Bill for recruiting servants in North America
Minutes of Council of War at Oswego, September 1755
Papers relating to North America, 1765-1766
Estimates for expenses of maintaining army in North America
Report from War Office, signed by Barrington
Estimates for various individual forts in North America, including Nova Scotia forts, Albany, Louisburg, St. Augustine, forts in Georgia
Correspondence regarding quartering troops, particularly in New York, between Sir Henry Moore and Shelburne, 1766
Papers relating to treaties between Britain and Russia, Prussia, Spain, and Hesse, with abstracts and translation, 1742-1762
Miscellaneous Treasury Papers
Papers relating to Nova Scotia, 1749-52
Russian Trade, 1751
Draft of a bill relating to forfeited estates in Scotland
Incomplete copy of Benjamin Franklin's examination before House of Commons on taxation, February 1766
Miscellaneous customs and excise papers
Case of the Governor and Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant Seas, 1752
A Bill for Enlarging and Regulating the Trade into the Levant Seas, with notes in Townshend's hand, 1754
The Case of the Merchants who have suffered by the Seizure of the Treasure on board the Prince Frederick Packet Boat by the Algerines, undated
Preliminary state of a bill entitled, An Act to Permit Persons professing the Jewish Religion to be naturalized by Parliament, with manuscript notes, 1753
Boxes 8/31-8/35 (4 boxes)
Papers relating to America, 1766-1767
Notes, memoranda, estimates relating to the cost of the British establishment in North America including lists of forts abandoned, and costs of provisions for various forts on the lakes
Proposals for reducing the expense of maintaining the army in America
Papers relating to paper currency
Proposed new duties on salt, wine, oil, fruit, glass, tea, sugar, molasses, china, paper (notes for Townshend Duties)
Papers relating to the Quit-Rent including:
Estimates of revenue
Extracts of regulations relating to Quit-Rents
Copy of heads of a Bill for Quit-Rents, 1734
Petitions from merchants in New York to Parliament protesting trade restrictions
Plan for establishment of Customs Office in America, including list of possible officers
Paper regarding importance of armed vessels on the American lakes
Papers relating to controverted elections in English Boroughs in 1754
St. Michaels, Cornwall
Papers relating to the East India Company, 1766-1767
Printed set of 11 Proposals from East India Company Court of Directors to the General Court, March, 1767
Correspondence relating to East India Company legislation being proposed in 1767
Copies of treaties
Papers showing precedents for government intervention in East India Company maters
Narrative of transactions in Bengal, 1756-66
Papers relating to America, including:
Observations on American Trade, 1766
Proposal for Free American Ports
Papers relating to trade bill revisions for Dominica and Jamaica
Statistics on the sugar trade
Papers on the American market for British manufactured goods
Papers relating to cotton production
Copy of the examination of Brook Watson, merchant, before the Committee on American Affairs
Memoranda in Townshend's hand relating to American trade
Revenue from sugar and molasses
Papers relating to the Floridas
Manuscript copies of papers relating to various trials, 1641-1765
Papers on the silk trade
Memoranda on expense of maintaining infantry, 1763
Memorandum on Maryland, undated
Boxes 8/36-8/39 (3 boxes)
Miscellaneous papers, 1766-1767
Accounts, estimates, and various papers relating to excise, Portuguese Trade, Ways and Means
Observations on the expenses incurred by Massachusetts Bay
Statement of the Supply for 1766-1767
Correspondence between Charles Townshend and John Morton (1714-1780) relating to House of Commons and politics, 1764-1766
Papers relating to the East India Company
List of East India Company stockholders for December 24, 1766, with addresses
(14 folio sheets)
Papers relating to negotiations within Company in 1767 and relating to the debates in House of Commons on East India Affairs
Additional copies of petitions in 8-33
Papers relating to America
Copy Journal of the General Assembly of New York from the 10 November 1766-19 December 1766 to the Board of Trade
Paper concerning Lands in North America
Proposal for establishing paper currency for North America
Draft of instructions given to the Officers of Customs on islands of Dominica and Jamaica
Boxes 8/40-8/42 (2 boxes)
Miscellaneous Treasury Papers
Papers relating to the coal trades
Papers relating to the manufacture of earthen ware, Chinaware, porcelain, and glassware
Papers relating to the Turkey Company
Papers on stamp duties
Copies of Treasury Papers
Petitions by individuals and corporations to Treasury 1766-1767
Petitions and accounts includes accounts of grants to the Royal Family since the accession of George I
Estimate of the strength of parties in the House of Commons, 1766-1767
Army extraordinaries, October 1765
Treasury and Parliamentary papers relating to duties on spirits, 1760-1765
Various papers by Mr. Bindley's regarding excise laws
Estimates of revenue from exportation of spirits
Calculations of duties on spirits
Observations on the malt and molasses distillery and the importation of foreign brandy and spirits
Memoranda, notes on duties, and revenue from spirits in Townshend's hand
Papers relating to Jamaica and Minorca, 1765
Reports of the paymaster general on His Majesty's forces, 1765-66
Copy of Gov. Lyttelton's reports on Jamaica, 1763
Memo on the value of Georgia
Reports on Minorca, 1766
Copies of papers of General Wolfe regarding the attack on Quebec, 1759
Thoughts concerning Florida
General Scheme of the inhabitants and fishery of Newfoundland, 1759
Box 8/46-8/49, 8/52/1-4
East India Company papers
Account of the Sinking Fund, 1767
Memorial of Corn Merchants showing losses for 1766
Two rough drafts of resolutions regarding New York's violation of the Mutiny Act, 1766
A plan of the revenue of France, 1762
Account of how money given for the armed forces was disposed of, 1765.
Townshend's history of the Sinking Fund, in which he expresses hope to raise a "real American Revenue,"
Copies of Glasgow Herald, 1935 February 15 and 1935 May 24, with Professor Scott's article on Adam Smith
Box 8, folders 50-51: Plans of fortifications and siege pieces
[Note: Not in Clements collection - retained by the Duke of Buccleuch]
Bundle of Folio Notebooks
Scheme for forming company to reduce national debt, 1749
Observations on Grenada, 1764
Address and representations of the Council and Assembly of Jamaica, 1752
Annals of King William III
Detail and specification of finances of France
Part of draft Act regarding merchant and Royal Navy
Representations mainly from America and West Indies Colonies, 1735-1746
True copy of poll at election at Great Yarmouth, 1754 April 18
Same as 8, December 13, 1756
Ordinary Estimate for the Royal Navy for 1766
Report of cases regarding monopolists
Duke of Buccleuch Papers [series]
Box 295/2-295/3, Bowhill 1-18
"Letters of Interest," 1715, 1760-1804 (mostly 1790s) to Buccleuch. Correspondents include William Pitt, William Adam, Henry Dundas, Charles James Fox, Rev. Dr. Alexander Carlyle, Earl Spencer
Letters to Charles Townshend. Correspondents include George Scott, John Campbell, Duke of Argyle, Dr. Alexander Carlyle, Alexander Dick, G. Greerson, Henry Home, Andrew Fletcher, William Robertson, Lord Ruthven, Lord Elibank, John Dalrymple, George Townshend
Box 295: The Wealth of Nations manuscript draft
[Note: Not in the Clements Collection - removed by the Duke of Buccleuch]
Boxes 296/1-296/12 (3 boxes)
Correspondence, 1760-1766. Includes letters of Duke of Buccleuch, Dowdeswell, D'Orley, Lord Holland, Brocklesby, Grey Cooper, P. Burrell, George Sackville, Sir George Yonge, William Shirley, James Cunningham, John Brindley, Samuel Touchet, Edmund Burke, Wellbore Ellis, Dr. Barnard, Dr. Neve, Chase Price
Legal correspondence, 1784, including letters from Lady Greenwich and others to John Elliot, solicitor, London
Letters, 1756, 1764-1767. Correspondence between Charles Townshend, General Conway, Duke of Grafton, William Dowdeswell, William Pitt, Sir Edward Walpole, Charles Yorke, Duke of Newcastle, Lord Bute, William Alexander
Letters, 1760-1761. Correspondence between Charles Townshend, Dr. George Macaulay, Col. George Townshend, Lady Townshend, Gilbert Elliot, and others
America and West Indies, 1765-1767
Vessels on Great Lakes
Papers regarding trade with Indians
Development of agriculture
Proposals for taxing American colonies
Miscellaneous Papers, 1760-1767
"Chronological series of events in the prosecution of the present war, 1748-60"
Letter regarding Ireland, 1767
Memoranda on smuggling
Papers on coinage
Raising a Highland Company for Nova Scotia
Miscellaneous Papers, 1757-1767
Account of proceedings against John Wilkes in the House of Commons
Papers regarding Col. Fitzroy
Bankers' drafts and vouchers, 1763-1765
Drafts of Townshend's speeches, essays, and Navy List, 1755
Copies of will and codicils of Dowager Viscountess Townshend
Translations from classical authors
Boxes 297/1-298/2 (3 boxes)
Letters from Commodore Keppel, 1749-51, from Algiers, Tripoli, and Tunis
Papers relating to smuggling, 1764-1767
Papers regarding Channel Island and Isle of Man
Reports by collectors at various ports in Scotland
Memorandum relating to proceedings at Boston with respect to illicit trade, 1761
Yarmouth Papers, 1750-1756
Correspondence with John Ramsay, Sir Edward Walpole and others regarding elections, local politics, and patronage
Papers regarding impressments and service of seamen
America and West Indies, 1766-1767
Instructions for Governor of Quebec
Proposals for settling Greeks in East Florida and islands in Delaware Bay
Garrisons and trade
Miscellaneous Papers, 1751-1833
Nova Scotia, 1751-3175
Repeal of acts passed in Jamaica, 1753
Committee on African trade, 1755
Commissions and papers of Col. Roger Townshend, deputy Adjutant-General in North America, 1758-1759
Isle of Man, 1765-1766
Memoranda regarding trade, smuggling, public revenue, and laws
Reports from collectors of customs in Scotland
Trade returns, 1763-1765
Returns of imports and exports
Scotland, England, America, West Indies, and Africa, 1749-1765
Copies of papers from Board of Trade relating to Spanish trade in 1710-1729
America and West Indies 1763, copies from letters regarding trade, taxation in Granada, Antigua, New York, South Carolina
Marriage Act, notes for speeches
Notes on government, commerce, finance, naval strength of France, Two Sicilies, Denmark, and Spain, 1766-1767
Miscellaneous Papers, 1754-1765
Chancery of Hanover
Memoranda on entails, weights and measures
Highlanders in Germany
Glasgow Highland Society
Notes on revenue
Legal papers regarding Lady Greenwich, 1754-1789
Boxes 299/1-299/5 (2 boxes)
Memo on fisheries, 1718
Statistics on fisheries, 1736-1739
Memo on Gibraltar, Milford Haven
Manufacture of Cambric, gloves, private madhouses, distribution of forces, 1760
Sir Humphrey Howorth's estate list of burgesses of Harwich with employments and connections
Army and Navy estimates, 1760-1763
Miscellaneous Papers, 1757-1759
Papers on boundary between East New Jersey and New York
Jamaica, Marines' pay
Printed Parliamentary Papers from Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 1754, regarding American Colonies
Miscellaneous Papers, 1761-1766
State of Italy, Fernando Po, Manchester Mills
Trade with Portugal
Importation of Bar Iron from America
Heads of parliamentary bills
Bowhill Papers [series]
Box : Bowhill (in Box 295)
Folder : Bowhill/1
Autographed letter to Townshend, 1756 September 5
Folder : Bowhill/2
Autographed letter to Townshend, 1765 October 28
Folder : Bowhill/3
Autographed letter signed Sir George Yonge to Townshend, 1765 October 28
Folder : Bowhill/4
Autographed letter signed Dr. Edward Barnard to Townshend, 1765 October 31
Folder : Bowhill/5/1-4
John Huske, 4 Autographed letters signed to Townshend
Folder : Bowhill/6
Note in Townshend's hand for speech on East India Bill, Isle of Man, New York bill, state of Europe 
Folder : Bowhill/7
Copy extracts from correspondence with Horace Walpole regarding Lord Orford, and Bolingbroke
Folder : Bowhill/8
Copy Horace Walpole to Josiah Tucker, 1755 October 6
Folder : Bowhill/9
Letter unsigned and incomplete, 1765 July 5
Folder : Bowhill/10
Autographed letter signed Charles Hamilton to Townshend? 1766 January 8
Folder : Bowhill/11
A Plan for attacking the Spanish settlements in the West Indies in the north and south seas in case of a war with that nation, undated
Folder : Bowhill/12
Narrative regarding embarkation of army from Isle of Wight, 
Folder : Bowhill/13
Poem, a new song to the tune of the Lilies of France
Folder : Bowhill/14
Notes on soaking barley or wheat in sal mirabile and charcoal before sowing, undated
Folder : Bowhill/15
Extract of a letter from J. H. Northshields to Sir Joseph Banks, 1782 April 3
Folder : Bowhill/16
Unsigned letter, June 14, 1783
Folder : Bowhill/17/1-3
Three unsigned letters, 1783
Folder : Bowhill/18
Scroll to the Marquis of Carmarthen, 1785 January 9, Bath (Contains the Jefferson/Hartley map on tissue inside letter)
Additional Descriptive Data
The Case of Francis Dalby, of London, Merchant, submitted to the House of Commons, printed 3 pp. regarding Ship Francis, voyage to Madeira and South Carolina with Rice cargo, January 1743. Box/Folder 8/5/5
Appendix to the Respondents Case, 4 pp. folio, Prize case, before Lord Commissioners of Appeals, ship involved in West Indian trade. Box/Folder 8/5/17
Lords Commissioners of Appeals, Case of Roelof Laurensen, Dutch ship Master, Sept. 13, 1757, 3 pp. folio, regarding ship de Vriendschap . Box/Folder 8/5/18
Lords Commissioners of Appeals, Case of Prize Causes, 6 pp. folio, March, 1760, regarding Ship Den Amstel , Frederick De Witt, Master. Box/Folder 8/5/19
Lords Commissioners of Appeals for Prizes, De Constantiz , James Benson vs. Richard Harman, Respondent Harman's Case, 1760, March 12, folio, 4 pp. Box/Folder 8/5/22
Lords Commissioners of Appeals for Prizes, regarding Ship De Friendschap , Roeloff Laurensen, Master vs. William Bishop, Respondent, Respondent's case, 1760 March 20. Box/Folder 8/5/23
Lords Commissioners of Appeals for Prizes, regarding De Resoluties , Reyndert Everts Johannes, Respondent, Respondent's Case, folio, 4 pp. Box/Folder 8/5/24
Lords Commissioners of Appeals for Prizes, regarding De Juffrow Maria , Master Peter Velde, Appendix to the Case, 4 pp. folio, March, 1657. Box/Folder 8/5/25
House of Lords, Appeals Court, William Richardson vs. John Chapman, The Appellent Case, 1760 Feb. Monday 18. Box/Folder 8/5/26
Lords Commissioners of Prize Causes, The Appellant's Case in Pieter Vander Velde vs. William Olave, heard 1760, March 6, 4 pp. Box/Folder 8/5/28
Observations on the Fishermen's Attempt to render ineffectual an Act, passed in the Twenty-second, and another in the Twenty-ninth, Year of his Majesty's Reign, to prevent the Forestalling and Monopolizing of fish, regarding Billingsgate market. Folio, 4 pp. Box/Folder 8/5/29
The Maryland Gazette, July 11, 1765, complete, 4 pp. Box/Folder 8/22/18
The New York Gazette, and Weekly Post-Boy, Nov. 7, Thurs, 1765, 2 pp. incomplete. Box/Folder 8/22/19
Arrest du Conseil d'état du Roi, qui casse l'Arrête pris par le Parlement de Paris le 11 Fevrier 1766, sur ce qui s'est passé en Bretagne, du 2 Mars 1766, regarding Protesting the authority of the King to arrest the Parlement of Paris, with engraving at top of Seal of Parliament of Paris, 3 pp. Box/Folder 8/24a/70
The Case of the Sitting Members for the Borough of Haslemere, , 2 pp. Box/Folder 8/32/5
The Case of Mr. Burrell, Petitioner for the Borough of Haslemere, in Surry, against Messrs. Molineux and Webb, , 2 pp. Re. Contested election of 1754 in which Peter Burrell (1692-1756) was defeated by Peter Carteret Webb (1700-1770) and James More Molyneux (1723-1759) for borough of Haslemere in County Kent. (cf. Namier and Brooke, House of Commons, II, 160). Box/Folder 8/32/6
Proposals from East India Company Court of Directors to General Court March, 1767 [C.f. Shelburne Papers vol. 90; Sutherland, 1666-67; printed in Records of East India Company, Court Books, 45 and 76.] Box/Folder 8/33/1-28
Number l. A Scheme of suitable Propositions for procuring an Extension of the Company's Charter, or exclusive right of Trade, by another Act of parliament, folio 2 pp. Endorsement, Crawley 1st. Box/Folder 8/33/1
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/2
Number II. Proposals as a Basis for settling an Agreement between the Government and the Company, taking the Committee of Treasury's Plan for a Model, with such Amendments as I think necessary, 3 pp. folio. endorsement, Mr. Sullivan. Box/Folder 8/33/3
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/4
No. 3. Propositions to serve as the Basis of a Negotiation with Government, 2 pp. folio, Endorsement, Sullivan. Box/Folder 8/33/5
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/6
Number IV. The following is submitted as Heads of Proposals to Parliament from the East-India Company, folio, 2 pp. endorsement, Cust. Box/Folder 8/33/7
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/8
Number V. A Proposal in lieu of all other Offers, except £800,000 to be given in the course of this Year, for the Prolongation of the Charter, folio, 2 pp. Endorsement, Sir James Hodges. Box/Folder 8/33/9
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/10
Number VI. Terms Suitable for a Basis of Accommodation between the Government and the East India Company, folio. 2 pp. Endorsement, Mr. Crawley his second proposition. Box/Folder 8/33/11
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/12
Number VII. Outline of a Scheme, for separating the Commercial Affairs of the Company, from that Share of the Profits, arising from the Dewannee, which may be ceded to the Public, in such Manner, as to remove the supposed Necessity of receiving the Public, into a Partnership in Trade, folio, 2 pp., Endorsement, Lord Poulett. Box/Folder 8/33/13
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/14
Number XIII. Propositions of the Court of Directors, offered to the Consideration of the General Court, as the Basis of an Agreement between the Public and the East-India Company. Folio, 3 pp. [Copy in Shelburne Papers 90/429] Box/Folder 8/33/15
Number VIII. Hints humbly offered and submitted to the Consideration of the Honorable the Court of Directors of the United East India Company, in order to facilitate an Accommodation between the Public and the said Company, folio, 4 pp. Endorsed, Mr. Falio, No. 8. Box/Folder 8/33/16
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/17
Number IX. Propositions to serve as the Basis of A Treaty between the Government and the East-India Company, folio, 3 pp. Box/Folder 8/33/18
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/19
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/20
No. 10. Propositions to serve as the Ground of a Petition to the Honourable House of Commons, from the Proprietors of the East-India Company, folio, 4 pp., Endorsement, Mr. Stewart his first proposition. No. 10. Box/Folder 8/33/21
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/22
Number XI. The Outline of a Proposal, by Way of Petition to the Honourable House of Commons, suggesting the expedients from whence a Basis may be formed, for an Agreement between the Public and the East-India Company, folio, 4 pp., Endorsement, Mr. Stewart his second proposition, No. 11. Box/Folder 8/33/23
Same as above. Box/Folder 8/33/24
Sketch of a Plan of Participation with the Publick, folio, 1 p. Endorsement, Mr. Walsh, No. 12. Box/Folder 8/33/25
Number XIII. Propositions of the Court of Directors, offered to the Consideration of the General Court, as the Basis of an agreement between the Public and the East-India Company, folio, 3 pp. Endorsement, The Court of Directors, No. 13. Box/Folder 8/33/26
Same as above; with Townshend's marginal notes. Box/Folder 8/38/10
The Case of the Governor and Company of Merchants of England Trading to the Levant Seas, folio, 3 pp. . Box/Folder 8/30/57
A Bill for Enlarging and Regulating the Trade into the Levant Seas, folio, 8 pp. with marginal notes by Townshend, . Box/Folder 8/30/47
The Case of The Merchants who have suffered by the Seizure of the Treasure on board the Prince Frederick Packet Boat by the Algerines, n.d., folio, 3 pp. Box/Folder 8/30/33
A Bill for Opening and Establishing certain Ports in the Islands of Jamaica and Dominica, for the more free Importation and Exportation of certain Goods and Merchandizes, 1766, folio 6 pp. With marginal notes in Townshend's hand. Box/Folder 8/34/14
Regulations for Opening the Island of Dominica as a Free-Port, approved by the Merchants of the West Indian and North American Committees, in order to increase the consumption of our Manufactures, and to extend the Trade and navigation of Great Britain, 1 p. folio. [1765 ? n.d. can be figured out]. Box/Folder 8/34/33
Mr. Kerr's Reasons for Opening the Port of Lucea, under Restrictions, in preference to Montego Bay Answered, with Observations thereon, folio, 2 pp. n.d. Box/Folder 8/34/47
The Case of Major Charles Craven, of the late Sir William Pepperel's Regiment, reduced in North America, and now on Half Pay. folio, 1 p. n.d. [1759?] Box/Folder 8/34/78
A Bill for the better Protection and Security of all Persons who have acted in Pursuance of, or in Obedience to, the late Order of Council, laying an Embargo on wheat and Wheat Flour; and for discharging all Proceedings against any Persons for, or upon Account of the said Embargo, 1766, 2 pp. Box/Folder 8/38/65
At a Court of Directors of the United Company of Merchants of England, Trading to the East Indies, Holden December 24, 1760, considering how far it may be proper to reserve to themselves several Articles for the trade of the said Company... 1 p. folio, Robert James, Secretary, signed; endorsement, The Company's Indulgence. Box/Folder 8/38/62
A Table exhibiting the standard of our Silver Money, as to goodness, with the true weight of 240 pennies, 60 groats, 20 shillings or a pound sterling in tale. 1748. Box/Folder 8/40/17
Memorial for the Manufacturers and Traders in Lawns and Cambricks in Scotland, 4 pp. n.d. Box/Folder 8/40/22
A Proposal for Improving Artillery, both by Sea and Land, John Muller, January 21, 1767, 3 pp. folio. Box/Folder 8/40/36
Document, vellum; The Most Noble George Duke and Earl of Marlborough, Marquis of Blandford, Baron Churchill of Sandridge and Lord Lieutenant of the County of Oxford, and City and County of Oxford to The Right Hon. Charles Townshend,... do nominate, constitute and appoint Charles Townshend to be one of my Deputy Lieutenants... 1763 Oct. 13, signed Marlborough. [seal crumbling] Box/Folder 295/1//
Printed Genealogy of the Townshend Family, beginning with Lodavie, a Noble Norman through Charles, before death, 2 pp. folio. Box/Folder 296/6/7
Will of Christopher Crow Linstead, Printed form with blanks filled in, 1758 February 22, with seals, copy 20 had treasury stamp embossed; decorated with coat of arms in center, two medallions, on e George II, other anchors; Linstead described as a Mariner on H.M.S.Namur, under Capt. Mathew Buckle. Box/Folder 296/8/19 and 296/8/20
Pocket sized book, A List of the Flag Officers of His Majesty's Fleet, 1755 July 1, gives names and year commissioned, 17 pp. Box/Folder 296/10/7
An Act for the better Preventing of clandestine Marriages, 1754, January 1, 7 pp. Box/Folder 298/5/1
Arrest du Conseil d'État du Roi, qui supprime le Benefice des Actions des Fermes, du 17 Juillet, 1766, Extrait des Registres du Conseil d'&Eaacute;tat, signé Phelypeaux, 1 p. Á Paris, de L'Imprimerie Royale, 1766. Box/Folder 298/6/4
Instructions to Commander of His Majesty's ships, 4 pp. folio, custom-House, London n.d. [1766?] Endorsement, Instructions to Commanders of His Majesty's Ships; regarding means of stopping smuggling. Box/Folder 299/2/7
An Act for granting to His Majesty certain sums of Money out of the Sinking Fund; and applying certain Monies remaining in the Exchequer, and the Savings out of the Monies granted in this Session of Parliament for the Pay of the Troops of Hanover, for the Service of the Year One thousand seven hundred and fifty seven... 30 Geo. II, 1757. Box/Folder 299/4/5
An Act for enabling His Majesty to raise the Sum of Eight hundred thousand Pounds, for the Uses and Purposes therein mentioned; and for further appropriating the Supplies granted in this Session of Parliament, 31 Geo. II, 1758. Box/Folder 299/4/8
The Case of Israel Jalabert, William Belchier, and James Talbot, Esqs., the Surviving Managers of The Royal Family Privateers, concerning the Imprisonment of George Walker, a Bankrupt, Most humbly submitted to the Consideration of Parliament, 20 pp. [1759?]The Case of George Walker, a Bankrupt,  3 pp., folio Box/Folder 299/4/20
Representation from the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, to the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, In Parliament Assembled, in pursuance of their Lordships Addresses to His Majesty of the 1st and 5th of April, 1734, relating to the State of the British Islands in America, with regard to their Trades, their Strength, and Fortifications... London, Feb. 18, 1734. Box/Folder 299/4/12
A State of the British Sugar-Colony Trade wherein the Sugar-Planters extravagant Valuations of their Plantation-Stock are re-valued, and their pretended Payment of Taxes is exposed... Part the Second... submitted to the House of Commons, J. Massie, 1759, 68 pp. incomplete. Box/Folder 299/4/22
A Bill for Continuing, Amending, Explaining, and making more Effectual, an Act, made in the Nineteenth year of his present Majesty's Reign... An Act more Effectually to Prevent the Frauds and Abuses committed in the Admeasurement of Coal within the City and Liberty of Westminster, and that Part of the Duchy of Lancaster adjoining thereto, and the several Parishes of Saint Giles in the Fields, Saint Mary le Bon, and such part of the parish of Saint Andrew, Holborn, as lies in the County of Middlesex, 1759 June 1, with marginal notes by Townshend, and extract of Act 19 Geo. 2, in mss. sewn to front. Box/Folder 299/4/23
A Bill, intituled, An Act for the better preventing of clandestine Marriages in that Part of Great Britain called Scotland, [1754, check date in HC Journals] blanks on bill not dated. Box/Folder 299/4/24
A Bill with the Amendments to Explain and Amend the Act of the Twenty-ninth Year of his present Majesty, intituled, An Act for the Encouragement of Seamen, and the more speedy and effectual Manning his Majesty's Navy, 1759 June 1, with marginal notes by Townshend. Box/Folder 299/4/25
A Bill for Amending and reducing into One Act of Parliament the three several Acts of the Twenty-sixth, Twenty-eighth, and Thirtieth Years of his Present Majesty's Reign, for the Amendment and Preservation of the Public Highways and Turnpike Roads of this Kingdom,  Box/Folder 299/4/26
Broadside; Sixth Regiment of Marines: first commanded by... Col. Moreton, died Apr. 1741, afterwards by Col. Cottrell, died Oct. 1746, a list of the names of Marines who served in the Sixth Regiment between 25 Oct. 1741 and 23 Feb. 1746, with balance of 20 shillings due them... with extracts from pamphlets written by J. Massie, April 1758, Shewing The Necessity of Paying punctually, frequently, and certainly, the wages of seamen. Box/Folder 299/4/16 and 299/4/17
Jamaica, The Respondent's Case, Andrew Arcedeckne, Esq. Appellant vs. Thomas Hall, Esq., Respondent, To be heard... Privy-Council, 1758 February 9, with notes on back in Townshend's hand. Box/Folder 299/4/9
A Proposal to the Publick, for Printing and Publishing the Genuine Receipt of the Composition and Preparation of the Medicine discovered by Mr. Francis Hauksbee, of Crane-Court, Fleet-Street, London, for Curing the Veneral Disease... in Order to manifest its most extensive usefulness both in the Army and the Navy, and for the General Benefit of Mankind, by Mr. Francis Hauksbee, London, March 25, 1757, 3 pp. Box/Folder 299/5/3
Case of the Merchants of London, in relation to the Harbour of Rye, n.d. Box/Folder 299/5/5
Reasons for Allowing the Importation of Bar-Iron from America, n.d., 3 pp., folio. Box/Folder 299/5/21
Partial Subject Index
8/17; 297/5; 298/2
Alcoholic beverage industry--Great Britain
Alcoholic beverage industry--Scotland
Alcoholic beverages--Taxation--Great Britain
8/7; 8/10; 8/43
Blackfrier's Bridge (London, Eng.)
Coal trade--Great Britain
Company of Merchants of England Trading into the Levant Seas