William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
Finding aid created by
Nixon Family Papers, 1800-1899
Shannon Wait, July 2010
Nixon family papers
The Nixon family papers document the lives of several branches of the Nixon family, including settlers in southern Ohio and women attending Mount Holyoke Female Seminary and Charlestown Female Seminary.
The material is in English
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
1976-2000. M-1762; M-4114.3.
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
Nixon family papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
The Nixon family papers are arranged chronologically.
Thomas Nixon was born May 7, 1736, in Framingham, Massachusetts, the son of Mary Sever and Christopher Nixon. He served as an ensign in the French and Indian War and a colonel in the 6th Massachusetts Regiment in the Revolutionary War. In 1756, he married Bethiah Stearns (1735-1823); they had five children, including Thomas, Jr., (1762-) and Hannah (b. 1772). Before his death in 1800, Thomas, Sr., purchased land from the Ohio Land Company, which passed to his descendants, including Thomas, Jr., and Hannah and John Nichols.
Thomas Nixon, Jr., was a fifer in his father's regiment during the Revolution and a farmer in Framingham, Massachusetts. He married Lydia Hagar (d. 1822) in the 1790s, and they had four children: Warren (1793-1872), Otis (1796-1877), Sukey (1797-1828), and Reny (1799-1824). Otis and Warren migrated to the family land in Morgan Township, Ohio, in 1818, where they cleared the terrain and began farming, but faced many difficulties. In the 1820s, the brothers returned to the east coast; Warren stayed permanently in Framingham, Massachusetts, and Otis lived for seven years in New York before going back to Ohio, this time to Watertown Township, where he resided from 1834 until his death in 1877.
In 1818, while still in Massachusetts, Warren married Salome Rice. They had six children: Myra (1819-1841), Laurella (b. 1820), Olenia (b. 1822), Selina (b.1825), Marcella (b. 1827), Camillus (1830-1837), and Marcellus (b. 1833). In the same year, Otis married Margaret Swain, with whom he had nine children, including George H. Nixon (b. 1828). In the 1840s, Marcella attended Mount Holyoke Female Seminary and studied under its founder, Mary Lyon. Selina received her education from Charlestown Female Seminary in Boston.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The Nixon family papers consist of 88 items: 84 letters, 3 legal documents, and a ledger. The materials cover the period between 1800 and 1889, with the bulk clustered around 1800-1851. They primarily concern the family's settlement on land in southern Ohio in the 1810s and 1820s and the education and social lives of Warren Nixon's daughters in Massachusetts in the late 1840s.
Thomas Nixon, Jr., and his attorney, Rufus Putnam, wrote most of the correspondence of 1800-1817, which relates to taxes and land values in southeastern Ohio. Several documents concerning the land also date from this period. Beginning in 1818, letters from Warren Nixon, Otis Nixon, and Richard Nichols describe clearing and planting in Morgan Township, Ohio, as well as their everyday lives there. Warren looked down on his neighbors, calling them "a poor ignorant lazy set of beings as ever inhabited the world," and disapproved of their religious practices --"the old women & girls will pretend to preach… and jump round a while and then fall down as if they were dead" (June 22, 1818). In many letters they described their hardships; these included the neighbors stealing their horses (December 3, 1819), the low prices paid for their crops (July 13, 1822), and widespread disease (August 10, 1823). Responses from Thomas Nixon, Jr., advised patience and frugality.
By the 1830s, Warren had returned to Massachusetts, and only Otis Nixon remained in Ohio. Otis wrote the majority of letters during this period to Warren and other relatives. In a letter of May 14, 1841, he described the events in Watertown, Ohio, leading up to William Henry Harrison's election: "We have had Harrison women and Harrison boys, tippacanoe poles, log cabins and hard cider in abundance besides dinners I don't know how many & balls not a few. Many have supposed that Gen Harrison lived in a log cabin and drinked hard cider and therefore would be an uncommon friend to the poor, but such was not the fact." Otis' later correspondence also gives details of his crops, farm buildings, and events within his immediate family circle.
Between 1846 and 1851, the focus of the collection shifts to several of the daughters of Warren Nixon and Salome Rice: Selina (1825-1916), Marcella (b. 1827), and Laurella (b. 1820). The sisters exchanged a series of letters concerning family news, church matters, Charlestown Female Seminary, and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. In her letter of January 25, 1847, Marcella, a Baptist, worries that the "far off Western wilds" are filling with "Roman Catholics… undermining the minds of the young with their false religion." On April 13, 1848, while at Mount Holyoke, she gave an account of Mary Lyon's attitude toward missionaries: "Her whole soul is bound up in the missionary work and she would have her pupils cherish it as she does." Only five items represent the period after 1851. These include several letters from Otis Nixon and his son, George, updating the family on their health and endeavors.
- Boarding schools--Massachusetts.
- Charlestown Female Seminary (Charlestown, Boston, Mass.)
- Children and death.
- Executors and administrators.
- Framingham (Mass.)
- Frontier and pioneer life--Ohio.
- Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841.
- Land grants--Ohio.
- Land titles--Ohio.
- Lyon, Mary, 1780-1817.
- Marietta (Ohio)
- Massachusetts--Politics and government--1775-1865.
- Missionaries--United States.
- Morgan (Gallia County, Ohio : Township)
- Mount Holyoke Female Seminary.
- Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
- Ohio Company (1786-1796)
- Ohio--Politics and government--1787-1865.
- Presidents--United States--Election--1840.
- Women and religion.
- Nichols, Richard.
- Nixon, Marcella, b. 1827.
- Nixon, Otis, 1796-1877.
- Nixon, Selina, 1825-1916.
- Nixon, Thomas.
- Nixon, Warren.
- Putnam, Rufus, 1738-1824.
- Legal documents.
| Container / Location
|Box 26, Small Collections
Nixon family papers [series]:
January 1800-January 17, 1809
December 19, 1809-September 14, 1814
September 22, 1814-September 24, 1818
November 4, 1818-December 3, 1819
January 4, 1820-March 19, 1822
April 11, 1822-July 20, 1835
October 3, 1835-April 9, 1842
June 9, 1842-December 11, 1846
December 13, 1846-January 17, 1847
January 25, 1847-January 7, 1851
January 7, 1855-February 20, 1889
Additional Descriptive Data
Barry, W. A History of Framingham, Massachusetts, including the plantation, from 1640 to the present time, with an appendix, containing a notice of Sudbury and its first proprietors; also, a register of the inhabitants of Framingham before 1800, with genealogical sketches . Boston: J. Munroe, 1847.