Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
South Carolina Militia Orderly Book, 1861

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, October 1997

Summary Information
Title: South Carolina Militia orderly book
Creator: South Carolina--Militia--Brigade, 4th
Inclusive dates: 1861
Extent: 103 pages
Abstract:
The South Carolina Militia orderly book contains brigade-level orders issued under the command of Brig. Gen. James Simons, commander on Morris Island during the siege of Fort Sumter.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1976. M-1730.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Preferred Citation:

South Carolina Militia orderly book, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

Brig. Gen. James Simons of the South Carolina Militia was given command of Morris Island early in 1861, as the nascent Confederate forces turned their attention to the federal garrison in Fort Sumter. With two brigades under his command, Morris presided over the reduction of Sumter and was later placed in command of the 4th Brigade, South Carolina Militia, stationed in and near Charleston.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The South Carolina Militia orderly book contains brigade-level orders issued under the command of Brig. Gen. James Simons, commander on Morris Island during the siege of Fort Sumter. The importance of the book lies only partly in documenting the build up and reduction of Sumter, but in the insight it provides into the formation of the earliest structures for organization and command in the Confederate army, and the taste it provides of the enthusiasm surrounding South Carolina's defiant entry into war.

Laid inside the cover sheet are two letters:

Charleston, 1861 June 10. Concerning formation of regiments.

Charleston, 1861 June 27. Request for a list of officers.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Charleston (S.C.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)--Siege, 1861.
    • Morris Island (S.C.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • Simons, James.
    • South Carolina--Militia.
    • South Carolina--Militia--Brigade, 4th.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    Genre Terms:
    • Orderly books.
    • Orders (military records)
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Volume   1  
    South Carolina Militia orderly book,  1861 April 11-1861 July 13 [series]:
    Page   1-35  
    General Orders 1-28 and Special Orders 1045,  1861 April 11-1861 April 29.
    Page   36-59  
    Blank
    Page   50  
    Brigade Order 24,  1861 [1860 ?] December 22.
    Page   51-56  
    Blank
    Page   57-85  
    Brigade Orders 35-88,  1861 [1860 ?] October;  1861 January 01-1861 June 10.
    Page   86-89  
    Special Orders 1-7,  1861 June 18-1861 July 02.
    Page   89-103  
    Orders, all continuing the numbers of each series,  1861 January 7;  1861 July 01-1861 July 13
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Partial Subject Index
    Charleston (S.C.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • 50, 57-103
    Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)--Siege, 1861.
    • passim
    Morris Island (S.C.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • 1-35
    Simons, James.
    • passim
    South Carolina--Militia.
    • passim