Artemas Hale correspondence  1809-1881 (bulk 1839-1867)
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Biography

Artemas Hale was born in Winchendon, Massachusetts, on October 20, 1783, the son of Moses Hale and his wife, Ruth Foster Hale. Despite receiving little formal education, he worked as a schoolteacher in Hingham, Massachusetts, between 1804 and 1814. Afterward, he moved to Bridgewater, Massachusetts, where he became involved in the manufacture of cotton gins. Hale had a sustained interest in politics, and served in the following legislative bodies as a member of the Whig Party: the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1824-1825; 1827-1828; 1838-1842), the Massachusetts Senate (1833-1834), and the United States House of Representatives (1845-1848). After the dissolution of the Whig Party, he supported the Republicans. He and his wife, Deborah Lincoln, had three children: Carolina Augusta (b. 1818), Deborah Lincoln (b. 1820), and Artemas (1822-1854).