Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Forty-First Regiment United States Infantry Orderly Book, 1814-1815

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, August 2010

Summary Information
Title: Forty-First Regiment United States Infantry orderly book
Creator: Clark family
Inclusive dates: 1814-1815
Extent: 5 items
Abstract:
The Forty-First Regiment United States Infantry orderly book contains orders kept at Harlem Heights, Fort Lewis, and Fort Greene in New York, for Captain John L. Clark's Company of the 41st Regiment United States Infantry. Entries consist of brigade, regimental, and garrison orders, as well as a variety of provision returns, court martial records, and a list of officers of the 41st Regiment.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1969. M-1492.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Forty-First Regiment United States Infantry Orderly Book, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

The 41st Regiment United States Infantry was organized in New York in 1813 to defend New York harbor against a British attack during the War of 1812. The regiment consisted of 10 companies lead by Colonel Robert Bogardus (1771-1841). John L. Clark was a first lieutenant and captained one of the 10 companies. Between 1813 and 1815, the regiment was stationed at Fort Lewis and Fort Greene but did not fight in any battles.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The 41st Regiment United States Infantry orderly book (165 pages) contains orders kept at Fort Lewis, Fort Greene, and Harlem Heights, in New York, for Captain John L. Clark's company of the 41st Regiment, United States Infantry. Entries span from November 1, 1814, to May 31, 1815, and consist of brigade, regimental, division, and garrison orders, as well as a variety of provision returns, court martial records, and a list of officers of the 41st Regiment.

The first 112 pages contain 116 orders and 14 court martial records. The orders document the activities of the regiment, often mentioning the responsibilities of specific soldiers. The court martial records document various crimes committed by the officers and soldiers in the 41st regiment. Offenses included desertion, drunkenness, failure to request a countersign while on sentinel duty, violence toward fellow soldiers, threatening a superior officer, being absent without leave, and neglect of duties. Punishments included demotion, hard labor, pay and whiskey allowance reductions, and execution. Of note is the trial of a ten-year-old African American servant, named Prime, who was accused of impersonating, and therefore disrespecting, an officer (pages 20-21). In another case, a soldier was punished for “striking and abusing” a corporal’s wife, and was “Drummed Round the Garrison With a Woman’s petticoat on” (page 27). Also of interest are charges of four soldiers for starting a “riot” in a house inhabited by two Brooklyn women (page 53). These entries offer insights into the daily activities of New York soldiers, and provide evidence of women at the forts.

The back of the book (pages 1a-53a) contains absentee records, provision returns for men and women (February-April 1815), clothing returns, ordinance reports, and inventories for Harlem Heights concerning artillery, bedding, construction equipment, fuel, and other sundries. Also present are troop roll calls and a list of officers for the regiment, and a copy of a discharge letter.

The volume also contains 4 loose items:

  • July 25, 1814: A resignation letter from members of the Committee of the Albany Republican Artillery to John L. Clark
  • Undated: A resignation letter from John L. Clark to the Albany Artillery
  • Undated: A “Descriptive Roll” for five men in the 8th Company, 41st Regiment, United States Infantry
  • September 27, 1824: A letter from Job Clark to John L. Clark of Elizabeth Town concerning plans to travel on the Mississippi River

Note: this volume was formerly cataloged as "War of 1812 Orderly Book."

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
    • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry.
    • Fort Greene (New York, N.Y.)
    • Fort Lewis (N.Y.)
    • Military life.
    • Military offenses--United States.
    • New Utrecht (New York, N.Y.) .
    • United States. Army.
    • United States--History--War of 1812.
    Contributors:
    • Clark, John L.
    • Clark, Job.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    • Muster rolls.
    • Orderly books.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    Forty-First Regiment United States Infantry orderly book,  1814-1815 [series]
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The following collections also concern New York soldiers during the war:

    • Amos Hall orderly book, 1813-1814
    • Thomas Turner journal, 1813-1814