Additional Descriptive Data
The Clements contains numerous collections relating to the role of German auxiliary forces during the American Revolution. Overwhelmingly most important are the vast holdings in the papers of Sir Henry Clinton, which include a broad spectrum of information on the deployment, performance, and fate of German auxiliaries as seen by the British headquarters. The papers of Lord Shelburne (vols. 42, 51, 68, 69, 136) and George Germain contain additional information on the employment of German mercenaries, some from previous wars. From an American vantage, Nathanael Greene and Benjamin Gilbert comment on "Hessian" soldiers, and commentary on the use and performance of German auxiliaries can be found in many of the remaining Revolutionary War collections at the library.
The J. R. (Hessian) journal at the Clements Library is an anonymous journal kept by a Hessian soldier serving in America during the Revlution.
On the documentary end, the German Muster rolls collection contains muster rolls and a small number of returns relating to German auxiliary forces. These represent a small portion of the soldiers who served in auxiliary regiments, with the greatest number dating from 1781, but many include valuable information on individual soldiers, indicating notations on capture, illness, or death. The Frederick Mackenzie Papers includes a significant number of returns and other documents of German forces, including casualty reports and returns for transport and arrival, and the George Wray Papers and journals includes information on German troops in South Carolina in 1780-1781.
Hubbs, V.C., ed. and trans. "Journal of the Brunswick Corps in America under General von Riedesel," Sources of American Independence; Selected Manuscripts from the Collections of the William L. Clements Library (Chicago, 1978).
Uhlendorf, Bernhard A., ed. and trans. The Siege of Charleston (Ann Arbor, 1938).
Uhlendorf, Bernhard A., ed. and trans. Revolution in America: Confidential Letters and Journals, 1776-1784, of Adjutant General Baurmeister of the Hessian Forces (New Jersey, 1957).