Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Andrew Brockway Papers, 1862-1864

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, March 1997

Summary Information
Title: Andrew Brockway papers
Creator: Brockway, Arelia
Inclusive dates: 1862-1864
Extent: 19 items
Abstract:
The Andrew Brockway papers consist of letters written home by a young soldier in the 107th New York Infantry. The letters describe marches, occupying a town in Tennessee, and accounts of the Battles of Rocky Face Ridge and Chancellorsville.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1968. M-1452.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Andrew Brockway papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan.


Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.


Biography

Brockway, Andrew, d. 1864

Rank : Private

Regiment : 107th New York Infantry Regiment. Co. C (1862-1865)

Service : 1862 July 25-1864 May 25

Andrew Brockway was a young recruit of the 107th New York Infantry Regiment which was raised in his home town, Elmira, N.Y. With a brother already in the army and two sisters at home, Brockway entered into a regiment that traveled as much as any from the state.

The 107th Infantry were initially assigned to Whipple's Division in the defenses of Washington, but in September, 1862, were transferred to the XII Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and thrust headlong into their first battle, Antietam. Remaining with XII Corps in Virginia, the 107th participated in the Chancellorsville and Gettysburg Campaigns -- the latter in a minor capacity -- before being ordered in August, 1863, to pack their bags for Tennessee.

During the winter of 1863-1864, Brockway's regiment occupied the town of Shelbyville in south-central Tennessee, where the "hostile" population often seemed more welcoming than threatening, and where the citizens even threw parties for their occupiers. Brockway did not remain long, however. Assigned in April to XX Corps, Army of the Cumberland, the regiment entered into an unbroken string of campaigns from the Atlanta Campaign to Sherman's March to the Sea and the March through the Carolinas. Brockway did not survive to see the success of Sherman's great offensives, however, having been killed in action at New Hope Church on May 25, 1864.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Andrew Brockway letters were written to his sister, Arelia from Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, and Georgia, and deal primarily with camp life and troop movements. Brockway describes his many marches in detail, and he offers opinions on President Lincoln ("I did not see as old Abe looked any different from any human being"), Hooker ("There is no lack of faith in our commander... if the authority as Washington will only let him work"), and Meade ("Guess he is a little fearful of taking them [the Confederates] on their own ground").

Although the Brockway correspondence is very incomplete, it includes accounts of the Battles of Rocky Face Ridge and Chancellorsville, the latter written by Brockway's comrade, Ambrose B. Morgan. Brockway's letters from Shelbyville, Tenn., provide interesting commentary on the relations of an army of occupation with the citizens whose land they occupy. The description of a Washington's Birthday party at Shelbyville in 1864 is particularly charming.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Atlanta Campaign, 1864.
    • Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863.
    • Shelbyville (Tenn.)
    • Tennessee--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    Contributors:
    • Brockway, Andrew, d. 1864
    • Morgan, Ambrose B.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Box   15, Schoff Civil War Soldiers' Letters  
    Andrew Brockway papers,  1862 July 29-1864 May 22 [series]:
    Additional Descriptive Data

    Partial Subject Index

    • Agriculture.
    • Atlanta Campaign, 1864.
    • Baltimore (Md.)
    • Civilians--Tennessee--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • Deserters, Military.
    • Executions and executioners.
    • Food.
    • Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879.
    • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
    • Marches--Virginia.
    • Meade, George Gordon, 1815-1872.
    • Military occupation--Tennessee.
    • Picket duty.
    • Railroads.
    • Rocky Face Ridge, Battle of, 1864.
    • Shelbyville (Tenn.)
    • Strategy.
    • United States. Army--Officers.
    • United States. Army--Recruiting, enlistment etc (x)
    • Virginia--Description and travel.
    • War.
    • Washington's Birthday.
    Related Materials

    The Manuscripts and Special Collections section of the New York State Library, Albany, house the remainder of Brockway's known letters.

    Bibliography

    Frederick Phisterer. New York in the War of the Rebellion (Albany: 1912), pp. 3257-3268.