Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
John Louis Ligonier Letter Book, 1752-1760

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, November 2010

Summary Information
Title: John Louis Ligonier letter book
Creator: Ligonier, John Louis, 1680-1770
Inclusive dates: 1752-1760
Extent: 1 volume and 4 loose manuscripts
Abstract:
The John Louis Ligonier letter book (237 pages) contains the outgoing letters of the field marshal, master general of the ordnance, and commander-in-chief of the British army during the Seven Years War.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1968, 1984. M-1434, M-2126.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

John Louis Ligonier letter book, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

The one volume and 4 loose manuscripts are ordered chronologically.


Biography

John Louis Ligonier (1680-1770), British officer and courtier, was born Jean-Louis de Ligonier to Louis de Ligonier and Louise du Poncet at Castres, France. Persecuted in France as a Huguenot, Ligonier fled to England in 1702 and became a naturalized British citizen. He fought in the European theatre with the British army from 1703-1712, and, at the close of the war with Spain in 1713, was appointed lieutenant-governor of Minorca. Over the next 40 years, Ligonier rose through the ranks of the British military and was a fixture of King George II's court. When the Duke of Cumberland (nephew of George II and commander-in-chief) suffered military defeat and political disgrace in 1757, Ligonier, at age 77, took administrative command of the army in North America and was created a field marshal. Though he controlled troop movements and military strategy from England, he relied heavily on generals Jeffrey Amherst, James Wolfe, and William Howe in America. At the close of war in 1763, Ligonier was made a baron and in 1766 was relieved of his duties as commander-in-chief. He died in 1770.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The John Louis Ligonier letter book (237 pages) contains the outgoing letters of the field marshal, master general of the ordnance, and commander-in-chief of the British army during the Seven Years War. The volume contains copies of 298 letters, most of which are outgoing items signed by Ligonier with 30 signed by his secretary Richard Cox. Ligonier communicated frequently with various officers and officials in the British military, including Secretary of War William Barrington, Major General Jeffery Amherst, Lord George Beaucleark, Judge Advocate Charles Gould Morgan, Marquis of Granby, Major General Napier, William Pitt, Duke of Richmond, Lord George Sackville, Earl of Shaftesbury, Prince Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, and James Wolfe. Ligonier's letters deal primarily with personnel and regimental matters, including troop provisioning and payment of troops, problems with recruitment, appointments and promotions, troop movements, troop health, desertions and mutinies, prisoners of war, and orders for officers. While his focus was on the war in America, Ligonier also commanded armies in Scotland and England, and British invasions into France. In addition to the letters, this volume also contains a report on the court martial of George Sackville for failure to follow orders (April 23, 1760), and a document concerning ordnance management, containing instructions for military recordkeeping (pages 85-90). See additional descriptive data for a complete list of the letters.

Along with the letter book are four loose items from Ligonier:

  • March 17, 1752: A bill for accounts of land and sea services, spanning 1746-1752, addressed to Mr. Gashry
  • July 12, 1758: A copied letter from Ligonier to Louis de Brunswick (in French)
  • November 25, 1758: A copied letter from Ligonier to Monsieur La Houliere at Bath, England (in French)
  • Undated: A copied letter from Ligonier (in French)
Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Abercrombie, James, 1707-1775.
    • Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797.
    • Barrington, William Wildman Barrington, Viscount, 1717-1793.
    • Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg, 1735-1806.
    • England and Wales. Board of Ordnance.
    • Gould [Morgan], Sir Charles, 1726-1806.
    • Seven Years' War, 1756-1763.
    • United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
    • Wolfe, James, 1727-1759.
    Genre Terms:
    • Accounts.
    • Letter books.
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Volume   1  
    John Louis Ligonier letter book [series]:
     
    Letter book,  1758-1760
     
    Loose items,  1752-1758 and  undated
    Additional Descriptive Data

    Letter Index

    • Page 1: George Beauclerk, April 5, 1758
    • Page 2: Earl of Home, April 7, 1758
    • Page 4: Colonel Boyd, April 19, 1758
    • Page 5: Earl of Brooke, April 21, 1758
    • Page 6: Lieutenant Colonel Williams, April 21, 1758
    • Page 6: Lord George Sackville, April 20, 1758
    • Page 7: George Beauclerk, April 30, 1758
    • Page 7: George Beauclerk, May 8, 1758
    • Page 8: George Beauclerk, May 22, 1758
    • Page 8: Secretary Wood
    • Page 9: Colonel Sandford, June 2, 1758
    • Page 10: Lord Barrington, June 2, 1758
    • Page 11: Lieutenant Colonel Donnellan, June 8, 1752
    • Page 12: Lord Barrington, June 6, 1758
    • Page 13: Samuel Martin, July 15, 1758
    • Page 14: Lord Barrington, July 16, 1758
    • Page 15: George Sackville, June 21, 1758
    • Page 16: William Pitt, June 21, 1750
    • Page 21: Duke of Marlborough, September 3, 1750
    • Page 22: George Sackville, September 3, 1758
    • Page 23: General Amherst, September 3, 1758
    • Page 25: Marquis of Granby, September 3, 1758
    • Page 26: General Abercrombie, September 3, 1758
    • Page 27: Lieutenant General Bligh, September 6, 1758
    • Page 29: Marshall Belisle, September 29, 1758
    • Page 30: Lieutenant Colonel Boyd, October 19, 1758
    • Page 31: Duke of Marlborough, October 21, 1758
    • Page 31: Lord Barrington, October 21, 1758
    • Page 32: Lord Barrington, November 8, 1758
    • Page 34: Lieutenant Colonel Clavering, November 2, 1758
    • Page 41: General Hopson, November 8, 1758
    • Page 42: Colonel Armiger, November 9, 1758
    • Page 43: Colonel James Wolfe, November 9, 1758
    • Page 45: George Sackville, November 12, 1758
    • Page 47: Lieutenant Colonel Pierson, November 24, 1758
    • Page 48: George Sackville, November 28, 1758
    • Page 48: Lord Granville, December 5, 1758
    • Page 49: Lord Barrington, December 8, 1758
    • Page 49: Lord Barrington, January 23, 1759
    • Page 50: Major General Amherst, January 23, 1759
    • Page 52: Major General Amherst, February 12, 1759
    • Page 53: Duke Richmond, March 4, 1759
    • Page 54: Duke Devonshire, March 15, 1759
    • Page 54: Sir Edmond Walpole, March 15, 1759
    • Page 55: George Beaucleark, March 20, 1759
    • Page 56: Major General Conway, December 9, 1758
    • Page 57: Sir Edward Walpole, March 1759
    • Page 58: Earl of Home, March 19, 1759
    • Page 59: Deputy Judge Advocate Gould, March 19, 1759
    • Page 60: Deputy Judge Advocate Gould, March 24, 1759
    • Page 61: Duke of Newcastle, March 13, 1759
    • Page 62: War Office, April 3, 1759
    • Page 63: George Beaucleark, April 4, 1759
    • Page 64: Colonel Forrester, April 5, 1759
    • Page 65: Lord Barrington, April 5, 1759
    • Page 66: George Sackville, April 10, 1759
    • Page 67: Major General Napier, April 13, 1759
    • Page 69: Lewis Guiguer, April 24, 1759
    • Page 70: Major General Napier, April 18, 1759
    • Page 71: George Sackville, April 24, 1758
    • Page 73: George Beaucleark, May 3, 1759
    • Page 74: George Sackville, May 4, 1759
    • Page 75: Colonel Hotham, May 4, 1759
    • Page 76: George Beaucleark, May 10, 1759
    • Page 76: Colonel Parslow, May 11, 1759
    • Page 77: George Sackville, May 15, 1759
    • Page 78: General Amherst, [May 1759]
    • Page 79: George Sackville, May 29, 1759
    • Page 81: Charles Frederick, June 1, 1759
    • Page 81: Duke of Newcastle, June 21, 1759
    • Page 82: Richard Rigby, June 2, 1759
    • Page 83: [King George III]
    • Page 85: Queries concerning the ordnance
    • Page 91: Office of Ordnance, June 26, 1759
    • Page 92: General Duroure, June 28, 1759
    • Page 93: Lord Oxford, July 3, 1759
    • Page 93: Earl of Northumberland, July 3, 1759
    • Page 94: Earl of Shaftesbury, July 3, 1759
    • Page 95: General, July 7, 1759
    • Page 96: Lord Barrington, July 11, 1759
    • Page 97: George Beaucleark, July 12, 1759
    • Page 99: George Sackville, July 17, 1759
    • Page 100: George Beaucleark, July 18, 1759
    • Page 100: George Beaucleark, July 26, 1759
    • Page 101: Lord Barrington, July 27, 1759
    • Page 102: Colonel Boscawen, July 28, 1759
    • Page 102: Lord Bruce, August 1, 1759
    • Page 103: Major General Duroure, August 1, 1759
    • Page 104: General Campbell, August 7, 1759
    • Page 106: Duke of Richmond, August 7, 1759
    • Page 107: Earl of Home, August 8, 1759
    • Page 108: George Mackenzie, August 9, 1759
    • Page 108: George Sackville, August 15, 1759
    • Page 109: George Beaucleark, August 16, 1759
    • Page 109: General Duroure, August 16, 1759
    • Page 110: Colonel Hodgson, August 16, 1759
    • Page 111: Lord Bruce, August 18, 1759
    • Page 112: John Patterson, August 18, 1759
    • Page 113: Major General Holmes, August 20, 1759
    • Page 113: Earl of Oxford, August 20, 1759
    • Page 114: Lord Bruce, August 23, 1759
    • Page 114: Duke of Richmond, August 24, 1759
    • Page 116: Earl of Oxford, August 29, 1759
    • Page 116: Major General Holmes, August 29, 1759
    • Page 117: Prince Ferdinand, August 30, 1759
    • Page 118: Marquis of Granby, August 30, 1759
    • Page 119: Duke of Bedford, August 30, 1759
    • Page 119: Duke of Newcastle, August 30, 1759
    • Page 120: John St. Aubyn, August 30, 1759
    • Page 121: Lieutenant General Onslow, September 5, 1759
    • Page 122: Lieutenant General Onslow, September 7, 1759
    • Page 123: Marquis of Granby, September 11, 1759
    • Page 124: Lieutenant General Waldegrave, September 11, 1759
    • Page 125: Duke of Bedford, September 11, 1759
    • Page 126: Lord Anson, September 13, 1759
    • Page 126: Major General Kingsley, September 14, 1759
    • Page 127: Marquis of Granby, September 14, 1759
    • Page 128: Earl of Shaftesbury, September 15, 1759
    • Page 129: George Beaucleark, September 15, 1759
    • Page 130: Lord Bruce, September 15, 1759
    • Page 130: Major General Howard, September 15, 1759
    • Page 131: William Pitt, September 23, 1759
    • Page 132: Major General Napier, September 28, 1759
    • Page 133: General Amherst, September 28, 1759
    • Page 134: Marquis of Granby, October 1, 1759
    • Page 135: Major General Homes
    • Page 136: Lieutenant General Onslow, October 4, 1759
    • Page 137: George Beaucleark, October 6, 1759
    • Page 138: Lieutenant General Onslow, October 11, 1759
    • Page 138: Lord Romney, October 15, 1759
    • Page 139: William Plumer, October 15, 1759
    • Page 139: George Beaucleark, October 16, 1759
    • Page 140: Colonel Dalrymple, October 19, 1759
    • Page 140: George Beaucleark, October 19, 1759
    • Page 141: Major General Whitmore, October 19, 1759
    • Page 141: Major General Hodgson, October 19, 1759
    • Page 141: Lieutenant General Holmes, October 19, 1759
    • Page 142: Lieutenant General Onslow, October 19, 1759
    • Page 142: Major General Webb, October, 23, 1759
    • Page 143: George Beaucleark, October 23, 1759
    • Page 144: William Pitt, October 23, 1759
    • Page 145: Marquis of Granby, October 30, 1759
    • Page 146: George Beaucleark, November 1, 1759
    • Page 148: Lord Barrington, November 5, 1759
    • Page 149: Marquis of Granby, November 6, 1759
    • Page 150: Lord Barrington, November 13, 1759
    • Page 150: Lord Barrington, November 19, 1759
    • Page 151: Lord Barrington, November 21, 1759
    • Page 151: Major General Douglas, November 24, 1759
    • Page 152: William Pitt, November 27, 1759
    • Page 153: Marquis of Granby, November 27, 1759
    • Page 156: Colonel Colville, December 4, 1759
    • Page 156: Lord Barrington, December 4, 1759
    • Page 157: Lord Barrington, December 6, 1759
    • Page 157: Major General Jefferies, December 8, 1759
    • Page 158: Lord Barrington, December 10, 1759
    • Page 158: Duke of Richmond to Lord Barrington, December 12, 1759
    • Page 159: Lord Barrington, December 14, 1759
    • Page 160: Lord Barrington, December 17, 1759
    • Page 160: Lord Barrington, December 18, 1759
    • Page 161: Colonel William Hervey, December 22, 1759
    • Page 161: Lord Barrington, December 24, 1759
    • Page 162: William Pitt, December 23, 1759
    • Page 162: Lord Aberdour, December 24, 1759
    • Page 163: George Beaucleark, December 24, 1759
    • Page 163: Lord Barrington, December 27, 1759
    • Page 164: George Beaucleark, December 27, 1759
    • Page 164: Lord Barrington, January 1, 1760
    • Page 165: Lord Barrington, January 8, 1760
    • Page 165: Lord Barrington, January 9, 1760
    • Page 166: Major Pattison, January 12, 1760
    • Page 166: Lord Barrington, January 12, 1760
    • Page 167: George Beaucleark, January 15, 1760
    • Page 167: Robert Wood, January 16, 1760
    • Page 168: John Gordon, January 17, 1760
    • Page 168: Lord Barrington, January 17, 1760
    • Page 168, Nehemiah Donnellan, January 19, 1760
    • Page 169: Lord Barrington, January 22, 1760
    • Page 169: Lord Barrington, January 23, 1760
    • Page 170: Agents William Adair, etc. to Lord Ligonier, January 22, 1760
    • Page 172: Mr. Hales, Surgeon, January 25, 1760
    • Page 172: Marquis of Granby, January 25, 1760
    • Page 173: Lord Barrington, January 29, 1760
    • Page 174: Lord Pembroke, January 29, 1760
    • Page 175: Samuel Smith, January 30, 1760
    • Page 175: Jonas Hanway, January 30, 1760
    • Page 176: Lord Barrington, January 31, 1760
    • Page 177: George Beaucleark, February 2, 1760
    • Page 178: Marquis of Granby, February 5, 1760
    • Page 178: General Holmes, February 5, 1760
    • Page 179: Lord Barrington, February 5, 1760
    • Page 179: Nehemiah Donnellan, February 6, 1760
    • Page 180: Lord Barrington, February 6, 1760
    • Page 180: Nehemiah Donnellan, February 7, 1760
    • Page 181: Lord Barrington, February 7, 1760
    • Page 181: Duke of Richmond, February 7, 1760
    • Page 182: Major Craven, February 11, 1760
    • Page 182: Lewis Marquis, February 11, 1760
    • Page 183: Lord Barrington, February 13, 1760
    • Page 183: Lord Barrington, February 15, 1760
    • Page 184: General Amherst, February 16, 1760
    • Page 185: George Beaucleark, February 19, 1760
    • Page 185: Major East, February 19, 1760
    • Page 186: Lord Barrington, February 20, 1760
    • Page 186: Lord Barrington, February 22, 1760
    • Page 186: Lieutenant Colonel Lister, February 23, 1760
    • Page 187: Lieutenant Colonel Adey, February 26, 1760
    • Page 188: Major General Elliott, February 26, 1760
    • Page 188: Lord Barrington, February 27, 1760
    • Page 188: Lord Barrington, February 28, 1760
    • Page 189: Lord Barrington, February 29, 1760
    • Page 189: Lord Barrington, March 6, 1760
    • Page 189: Directors of the East India Company, March 6, 1760
    • Page 190: George Beaucleark, March 6, 1760
    • Page 190: Lord Barrington, March 7, 1760
    • Page 191: Major General Duroure, March 12, 1760
    • Page 191: Lieutenant General Holmes, March 13, 1760
    • Page 192: Lord Barrington, March 14, 1760
    • Page 192: Lord Barrington, March 15, 1760
    • Page 192: Lord Barrington, March 19, 1760
    • Page 193: Lord Barrington, March 22, 1760
    • Page 193: General Carr, March 26, 1760
    • Page 193: Sir James Ross, March 26, 1760
    • Page 194: George Beaucleark, March 27, 1760
    • Page 194: Captain Courtenay, March 27, 1760
    • Page 195: James West, March 29, 1760
    • Page 195: Lord Barrington, March 29, 1760
    • Page 196: Lord Harcourt, April 1, 1760
    • Page 196: Lord Barrington, April 1, 1760
    • Page 197: Bernard Caucal, April 2, 1760
    • Page 197: Lord Robert Sutton, April 7, 1760
    • Page 198: Lord Barrington, April 7, 1760
    • Page 198: George Beaucleark, April 8, 1760
    • Page 199: Lieutenant Colonel Forrester, April 8, 1760
    • Page 199: Lord Barrington, April 15, 1760
    • Page 200: Major General Amherst, April 17, 1760
    • Page 201: Lord Barrington, April 18, 1760
    • Page 201: Lord Paulett, April 18, 1760
    • Page 202: Prince Ferdinand, April 18, 1760
    • Page 203: Captain Lieutenant Maxwell, April 19, 1760
    • Page 203: Duke of Queensbury, April 19, 1760
    • Page 204: Lieutenant General Pole, April 19, 1760
    • Page 204: George Beaucleark, April 19, 1760
    • Page 205: Captain Walker, April 25, 1760
    • Page 207: Lieutenant General Napier, April 23, 1760
    • Page 207: Mr. Wood, April 26, 1760
    • Page 208: Trial of George Sackville, April 23, 1760
    • Page 210: Lord Barrington, April 26, 1760
    • Page 210: General Napier, April 28, 1760
    • Page 211: Lord Barrington, April 28, 1760
    • Page 211: Colonel Cary, April 29, 1760
    • Page 212: General Amherst, May 2, 1760
    • Page 212: Lord Barrington, May 3, 1760
    • Page 213: Colonel Gansel, May 3, 1760
    • Page 213: Duke of Newcastle: May 7, 1760
    • Page 213: Marquis of Granby, May 9, 1760
    • Page 214: Captain Phillips, May 9, 1760
    • Page 215: Lord Allen, May 10, 1760
    • Page 216: Marquis of Granby, May 13, 1760
    • Page 216: Major General Dejean, May 13, 1760
    • Page 217: Lieutenant Colonel Lister from Major General Jefferyes, May 14, 1760
    • Page 217: Lord Barrington, Mary 16, 1760
    • Page 217: Lord Edgcumble, May 20, 1760
    • Page 218: Lord Paulett, May 20, 1760
    • Page 218: Lieutenant Colonel Douglas, May 20, 1760
    • Page 219: Commanding Officer at Rochester, May 20, 1760
    • Page 219: Nehemiah Donnellan, May 21, 1760
    • Page 221: Marquis of Granby, May 23, 1760
    • Page 221: Captain Phillips, May 23, 1760
    • Page 223: Lord Conyngham, May 23, 1760
    • Page 223: George Beaucleark, May 24, 1760
    • Page 224: Colonel Dalrymple, May 29, 1760
    • Page 225: Lieutenant Ball, May 31, 1760
    • Page 225: Lieutenant Colonel Barlow, May 31, 1760
    • Page 225: Lord Barrington, May 31, 1760
    • Page 226: Lieutenant Colonel Stewart, June 3, 1760
    • Page 226: Marquis of Granby, June 3, 1760
    • Page 228: Lord Barrington, June 6, 1760
    • Page 228: Lord Malpas, June 6, 1760
    • Page 229: Captain Stewart Douglas, June 6, 1760
    • Page 229: William Pitt, June 7, 1760
    • Page 230: Lord Barrington, June 9, 1760
    • Page 230: William Pitt, June 11, 1760
    • Page 231: Lord Barrington, June 13, 1760
    • Page 231: Nicholas Carew, June 13, 1760
    • Page 232: Captain Heywood, June 14, 1760
    • Page 232: Lieutenant Colonel Dalrymple, June 14, 1760
    • Page 233: Colonel Grey, June 15, 1760
    • Page 233: Lord Barrington, June 14, 1760
    • Page 234: Lord Barrington, June 23, 1760
    • Page 234: Lord Barrington, June 24, 1760
    • Page 234: Lieutenant Stevens, June 24, 1760
    • Page 235: Lord Shaftesbury, June 24, 1760
    • Page 235: Lords of the Admiralty, June 25, 1760
    • Page 236: Lord Barrington, June 26, 1760
    • Page 236: Lord Barrington, June 26, 1760
    • Page 236: Duke of Rutland, June 23, 1760
    • Page 237: Lord Barrington, June 30, 1760
    Related Materials

    The following Clements Library collections contain letters to or from Ligonier:

    • The Jeffery Amherst papers: 1 letter (January 18, 1759)
    • The George Clinton papers: 1 letter (December 5, 1748)
    • The George Germain papers: 4 letters (January 12, 1758-July 17, 1759)
    • The William Petty, Earl of Shelburne papers: 1 letter (May 20, 1758)

    Bibliography

    Wood, Stephen. "Ligonier, John, Earl Ligonier (1680--1770)."Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press, 2004.