Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
David B. Douglass Papers, 1813-1841

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, October 1992, and Philip Heslip, October 2009

Summary Information
Title: David B. Douglass papers
Creator: Douglass, David Bates, 1790-1849
Inclusive dates: 1813-1841
Extent: 555 items
Abstract:
The David Bates Douglass Papers contain 555 letters, documents, and manuscripts relating to Douglass' professional life as a prominent civil engineer. Douglass' interests in internal improvements, natural history, developing and fostering a system of academic scientific exchange, and in the Military Academy at West Point are well documented.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1966, 1988, 1991. M-1390, M-2418, M-2668.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Alternate Format:

"Reminiscences…" has been microfilmed

Preferred Citation:

David B. Douglass papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Arrangement

This collection is organized chronologically with undated and miscellaneous items at the end.


Biography

David Bates Douglass was born in Pompton, New Jersey, on March 21, 1790, the youngest son of Deacon Nathaniel Douglass and Sarah Bates of Newark. Raised in an iron-mining district, he developed an interest in the natural sciences and technology from very early in life, encouraged, perhaps, by his mother who provided his early education. As a teenager, Douglass developed into an avid and capable student under the tutelage of Rev. Samuel Whelpley, and was advanced enough to enter Yale as a sophomore with the class of 1813, where he hoped to prepare himself for a career in civil engineering. He soon became restless and frustrated, however, with Yale's hidebound curriculum and its limited course offerings in the natural sciences. Fortunately, the military afforded opportunities that the university did not. With the War of 1812 providing suitable training and employment for large numbers of engineers, Douglass secured a commission as second lieutenant of engineers, and reported for duty at West Point in October, 1813.

Douglass' distinguished service in the Niagara Campaign of 1814, at the Battle of Lundy's Lane, and at the siege of Fort Erie earned him a promotion to first lieutenant and a brevet captaincy in September, 1814. Douglass' personal courage while in command of an artillery battery at Fort Erie was singled out for commendation, and credited with helping to ensure victory for the American forces during the British assault in August 1814. After demobilization, the army was reluctant to lose such a promising young officer to civilian life, and as a result, on January 1, 1815, Douglass was offered the opportunity to become assistant professor of natural philosophy at the Military Academy, the only school at the time to offer formal training in engineering and therefore an outstanding opportunity for an aspiring young scientist. Throughout his career, Douglass aggressively sought out every chance to improve his professional standing, pursuing his interests both in the government service and as a private consultant, accepting seemingly any project that offered intellectual challenge, professional betterment, or financial reward. During his first few years at West Point, he organized the survey of defenses along the southern coast of New England (1815) and at the eastern end of Long Island Sound (1817), and he accompanied the commission to determine the Canadian boundary from Niagara to Detroit in 1819 as an astronomical surveyor. In December, 1815, he married Ann Eliza Ellicott (1792-1873), daughter of Andrew Ellicott, one of America's leading surveyors and long-time Professor of Mathematics at West Point.

During these years, Douglass became active in every aspect of life at the Academy, from admissions to teaching and discipline. He was an important figure in generating enthusiasm among the cadets and faculty at the Academy for the study of natural history, and at the same time, he developed an extensive correspondence with scientists around the country, with museums, other universities and private individuals, forming a broad network that facilitated the exchange of ideas and specimens. It was largely through Douglass' efforts that the natural history collections at West Point were established, and in turn, he became an important source of specimens for scientists such as Benjamin Silliman, Parker Cleaveland, and John Torrey.

Among the many projects that occupied Douglass' time at West Point, he is perhaps best remembered as an engineer assigned to the Lewis Cass Expedition of 1820, which surveyed the northwestern regions of the Michigan Territory and reported on the economic potential of its natural resources. From first hearing of the expedition, Douglass relished the thought of accompanying Cass, and when his old friend, Colonel William A. Trimble, recommended his appointment to Secretary of War Calhoun, he did not hesitate to accept. Douglass played an important role in surveying and mapping and in collecting specimens, and after his return, he assumed the major responsibility of coordinating publication of the survey's results, working with Cass and Schoolcraft to obtain official permission to make the results public. Dividing the writing chores among Torrey (botany), Daniel H. Barnes (conchology), Schoolcraft (geology and mineralogy), Cass (Native Americans), and himself (geography), Douglass successfully saw the massive task to completion. At the same time, he arranged with Silliman, editor of America's most prestigious scientific journal, the American Journal of Science, to publish a series of miscellaneous articles resulting from the expedition, including Schoolcraft's important contribution on the copper deposits of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.

The death of Andrew Ellicott in August, 1820, left the chair in mathematics at West Point vacant, and Douglass stepped in to fill the void. Three years later, however, he was transferred again, when a position even closer to his interests came open, the professorship of civil engineering. The move was timely. With the first fruits of success from the Erie Canal being felt by politicians and the public, engineering was beginning to garner more and more attention, and more and more money was becoming available for the development of a viable infrastructure for communications and transport. By 1823-1824, Douglass' interests in internal improvements, and in canals in particular, was sharpening. Between sessions at West Point, partly out of financial necessity, he began to take on consulting work, and in 1825, DeWitt Clinton offered him the plum job of supervising construction of the difficult western section of the Erie Canal. From this beginning, Douglass rapidly became one of the nation's leading experts in canal engineering, consulting widely on projects in New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, and on the project to link the Ohio River with the Potomac. He was offered a position as chief engineer for the State of Georgia and the superintendence of internal improvements in Pennsylvania, but declined both.

After years of splitting his time between military service and work on public projects, the War Department accepted Douglass' resignation from the Corps of Engineers, effective March 1, 1831, allowing Douglass to accept a position as chief engineer on the Morris & Essex Canal in New Jersey. The potential lucre of private employment had finally convinced Douglass to leave the lower pay, but greater security of military life, and he removed to Brooklyn to begin life as a civilian. Within a year, he landed an appointment as professor of natural philosophy at New York University, but relinquished the chair in 1833 when he found that his instructional duties interfered with his engineering, and instead moved into the professorship of civil engineering and architecture, with the understanding that no duties would be required except those that he chose for himself. In actuality, Douglass lectured only one year, 1836-37, devoting most of his time to designing the University's new collegiate building in Washington Square.

Douglass' participation in several high profile engineering projects during the 1830s brought him considerable public acclaim. In 1833, he surveyed the railroad route from Brooklyn to Jamaica, N.Y., capitalizing on the growing national enthusiasm for rail travel, and he solved a long-standing public health problem for the residents of New York City with his design of the Croton Aqueduct (1833-36), which supplied pure drinking water to Manhattan for many years. Perhaps his greatest fame, however, was reserved for his design of Greenwood Cemetery (1838-39) in Brooklyn, one of the most fashionable and progressive cemeteries in the nation. The Greenwood ideal of the cemetery as a place of bucolic serenity, artfully laid out to mimic a natural landscape, dominated cemetery design for the remainder of the century and had an important influence on the larger culture. Douglass remained in charge of the development of Greenwood until 1841.

Despite his professional success, Douglass' personal finances remained shaky, and after the financial panic of 1837, his luck took a turn for the worse. In 1840, he wrote that his financial affairs were "greatly deranged," and that he felt himself "labouring under accumulated embarrassments" (1840 May or June). As a result, he once again sought out the security of a position with the government, hoping for a post on the Northeastern Boundary Survey, but this time was passed over. At bidding of Charles Petit McIlvaine, Douglass accepted the presidency of Kenyon College, beginning March, 1841, and was also named professor of intellectual and moral philosophy, logic, and rhetoric. His stay there was less than successful, however, and by February, 1844, with the college failing to prosper as McIlvaine wished, Douglass was dismissed.

Returning to engineering and consulting work, Douglass laid out the Albany Rural Cemetery in 1845-46 and the Protestant cemetery in Quebec, 1848, both in the style of Greenwood. In August, 1848, he moved to Geneva College (now Hobart) to become professor of mathematics and natural philosophy, but not long after moving, he suffered a fall and paralytic stroke that left him incapacitated, and that ultimately resulted in his death on October 21, 1849. Ann Douglass survived her husband along with four sons and four daughters. Two of the sons graduated from Kenyon College in 1837 and 1838, a third from Trinity College in 1846, and the youngest, Henry (ca.1825-1892), from West Point, 1852. The first and third sons became clergymen.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The David Bates Douglass Papers contain 554 letters, documents, and manuscripts relating to every aspect of Douglass' professional life between approximately 1814 and 1840, with some scattered personal correspondence and one volume of lectures entitled Reminiscences of the Campaign of 1814. The collection consists mainly of incoming letters from scientific and military associates of Douglass, but also includes drafts and retained copies of some responses. While substantial, the correspondence is nevertheless incomplete, lacking anything relating to Douglass' youth, to his family, his life after leaving New York City in 1841 or his personal life, with the exception of a small number of letters from the late 1830s and early 1840s. Douglass' interests in internal improvements, in natural history, in developing and fostering a system of academic scientific exchange, and in the Military Academy at West Point are very well documented and make the collection a resource of significant historical importance.

For most readers, the primary interest in the Douglass Papers lies in its relation to the development of the natural and applied sciences in America. Douglass and his associates were instrumental in the foundation and growth of several lyceums, and thus played a role in public scientific education, and they were particularly avid in promoting the field of mineralogy. Approximately 28 items in the collection stem from Douglass' participation in the Lewis Cass Expedition of 1820, with others bearing an indirect relation. Several letters from Cass written in 1820-21 include observations on Native Americans and on the natural history of the region, and there are valuable letters from Torrey, Barnes, Schoolcraft, Silliman, and others relating to the planning of the expedition, to the research carried out by its participants, and to the publication of results. Douglass' position as coordinator of publication for the results provides a unique perspective on the dissemination of scientific information in the early Republic, and along with the correspondence relating to lyceums and the exchange of specimens, helps to define the beginnings of a wide-spread network of scientific communication in the U.S. The collection offers less complete coverage of Douglass' other survey work, but includes a partial set of notes kept by him during his survey of the U.S.-Canadian boundary in Lake Erie (1819) and several letters pertaining to his survey and assessment of New England coastal defenses (1815-1817).

Coverage of Douglass' engineering work on canal systems in the 1820s and 1830s is selective, with only about 15 letters, but includes some interesting speculation on the possibility of linking the Ohio River with the Chesapeake, and three fine letters from the engineer, Alexander Catlin Twining, on construction of the Pennsylvania Canal (1828) and employment difficulties for canal engineers (1832). Perhaps the most interesting scientific letters, however, are two from Mrs. Mary Griffith (1772-1846), of New Brunswick, N.J., a woman who published extensively in both science and literature. Mrs. Griffith wrote to Douglass, apparently a family acquaintance, to ask his opinions on her theory on the origin of artesian waters, an important issue for hydrologists and geologists of the time. Douglass' reply, contained in a retained draft, was a respectful, but curt dismissal, in which he implied that her ideas were not sufficiently up to date nor properly expressed scientifically. Not dissuaded, three years later Griffith published a modified version of her theory anonymously as An essay on the art of boring the earth for a spontaneous flow of water... (Rutgers: New Brunswick, N.J., 1826). Her essay is the first separate publication of geological research carried out by an American woman.

Douglass was an officer in the Corps of Engineers for almost twenty years, yet despite this, there is only selective documentation of his military career. The most thorough coverage, over 75 items, relates to his duties at West Point, including interesting, but far from comprehensive coverage of his relations with the student body and other faculty members. These letters do offer some insight into the intellectual life at West Point between Douglass' arrival in 1813 and his resignation in 1831, particularly with respect to the development of scientific education. A very few items relate directly to the War of 1812. The collection includes a brief journal kept by Douglass while on a march from Albany to Buffalo, as well as a few receipts and minor documents. A small number of post-war letters, most notably one from Edmund P. Gaines, make reference to Douglass' heroics. On the other hand, Douglass' lengthy account of his participation the Niagara Campaign of 1814 is of considerable importance. This account was apparently composed in preparation for a series of lectures that Douglass was asked to deliver on the war, and is in the hand of one of his sons, apparently acting as secretary. Although the narrative can be repetitious and wandering, it is a balanced and informed account of the campaign, covering the several weeks from the Battle of Chippewa in July, 1814, through the retreat of the British following the attack on Fort Erie in August. The volume holds three maps including a map of the Niagara River from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario (opposite page 1), a plan of Old Fort Erie (page 54), and a rough sketch of General Brown's encampment on the Battle of Sunday's Lane or Bridgewater (page 63).

The remainder of the collection includes a small series of important letters with descriptions of military life in the northwestern territories. Of particular note are the four letters written by Lt. John Bliss from Fort Howard in 1822-1825, describing his difficult journey to Wisconsin and the rough edged life at the Fort. Bliss writes fluidly, displaying a fine sense of humor, and his close friendship with Douglass leads him to be very candid in his observations. While ambitious and a career military man, Bliss was not averse to criticizing military policy. Typical of his attitude and style is a letter sent from St. Louis in 1833, while bringing his wife and children to Fort Snelling. Bliss wrote that he anticipated getting involved in the war between the Sioux and Chippewa, but added that "until we have taken a part in the affairs, & used up some scores of our worthless fellow citizens in behalf of humanity we shall not be able to save the lives of half as many of those 'noble sons of the forest.' These things, however, are mere trifles compared to the noble purpose of humanizing these destroyers of buffaloe & muskrat & I hope my friends will not find me backward in this great work."

Lastly, the collection is highly selective in its representation of Douglass' professional work in New York City, 1821-1840. Several letters contain discussions of his financial difficulties, and a small, but interesting series relate to a dispute over the sale of a pew at Saint Ann's Church, 1840. A small number of items have an interest for postal historians, including an 1819 cancellation from the steamboat Walk-in-the-Water and others from Wisconsin Territory in the 1820s.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Canals--Design and construction.
    • Civil engineers.
    • Fort Erie (Ont.)--History--Siege, 1814.
    • Lewis Cass Expedition, 1820.
    • Natural history.
    • New York (State)--History--War of 1812.
    • Navy Island Campaign, 1837-1838.
    • Pennsylvania Canal (Pa.)
    • Public works--United States.
    • Railroads--New Jersey.
    • Railroads--Pennsylvania.
    • Surveying.
    • United States. Army. Corps of Engineers.
    • United States--History--War of 1812.
    • United States Military Academy.
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Fort Erie (Ont.)--Maps.
    • Grand Island (N.Y. : Island)--Maps.
    • Niagara River (N.Y. and Ont.)--Maps.
    • Ontario--Maps.
    Contributors:
    • Griffith, Mary E., of New Brunswick, N.J.
    Genre Terms:
    • Documents.
    • Letters (correspondence)
    • Maps.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Correspondence, Documents, and Manuscripts [series]:
    Box   1  
     1813-1819
    Box   2  
     1820-1822
    Box   3  
     1823-1826
    Box   4  
     1827-1838
    Box   5  
     1839-1841 undated, and miscellaneous
    Volume   1  
    Reminiscences of the Campaign of  1814 on the Niagara Frontier [series]:
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    Books by Douglass include:

    Maps:

    Bibliography

    Stuart, Charles B.Lives and works of Civil and Military Engineers of America . Van Nostrand : N.Y., 1871.

    See also articles on Douglass in the Dictionary of American Biography and the Yale College biographies (Class of 1813).

    Douglass, David Bates. American voyageur; the journal of David Bates Douglass. Marquette, Mich., 1969.

    Douglass, David Bates, ed. S.W. Jackman.The Campaign of 1814 . Bala, n.d.

    Partial Subject Index
    Albany Lyceum of Natural History
    • 1823 Apr. 28. (Beck, Lewis Caleb)
    • ca.1823 Apr. 28. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Alden, Roger, 1754-1836
    • 1824 Dec. (Baldwin, Henry)
    Allanson, Dudley Walsh
    • 1823 Jun. 30. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    • 1823 Oct. 25. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    • 1823 Dec. 13. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    American Journal of Science
    • 1820 Dec. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 20. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    Aqueducts
    • 1827 Sept. 13. (Clinton, DeWitt)
    Architectural drawings
    • 1838 Dec. 15. (Buckingham, James Silk)
    Artesian wells
    • 1825 Feb. 8. (Griffith, Mary)
    • 1825 Apr. 10. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Artists--New York (City)
    • 1823 Sept. 25. (Smith, John Rubens)
    Autographs--Collectors and collecting
    • 1840 Oct. 20. (Sprague, William Buell)
    Bache, Alexander Dallas, 1806-1867
    • n.d. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Barnes, Daniel Henry, 1785-1828
    • 1821 Jul. 20. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Blaney, George, d. 1835
    • 1817 Apr. 21. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    Bliss, John, d. 1854
    • 1825 or 1826. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1826 Jun. 9. (McNeill, William Gibbs)
    Books
    • 1821 Nov. 25. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Dec. 7. (Anderson, Joseph)
    Botanists
    • 1827 Mar. 2. (Darlington, William)
    Botany
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    Botany--Collectors and collecting
    • 1820 Apr. 13. (Torrey, John)
    • 1820 Oct. 28. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Bounties, Military
    • 1833 Jan. 10. (Willard, W. T.)
    Boys--Education--New Jersey
    • 1823 Aug. 24. (Perrine, H. M.)
    Brevets
    • 1830 Aug. 2. (Jones, Roger)
    Bristed, Charles Astor, 1820-1874
    • 1840 Oct. 1. (Ward, Samuel Jr)
    • 1840 Oct. 7. (Milnor, J.)
    Bristol College
    • 1834 Nov. 5. (Pendleton, William Nelson, 1809-1883)
    Brooklyn Lyceum of Natural History
    • 1833 Nov. 27. (Eames, Theodore)
    • 1834 Apr. 16. (Eames, Theodore)
    • 1834 Sept. 23. (Eames, Theodore)
    • 1835 Mar. 19. (Eames, Theodore)
    • 1835 Apr. 27. (Eames, Theodore)
    • 1835 Apr. 29. (Eames, Theodore)
    Brown, Jacob, ca.1812-1841
    • 1829 Jul. 1. (Brown, Samuel)
    Brown, Theophilus B., ca.1802-1834
    • 1833 Oct. 8. (Bennett, Ward B.)
    • 1834 Feb. 23. (Brown, R. S.)
    • 1834 Jun. 15. (Brown, R. S.)
    • 1834 Sept. 20. (Brown, R. S.)
    Buckingham, Catharinus Putnam, 1808-1888
    • 1824 May 21. (Buckingham, E.)
    Buckley, Lewis P.
    • 1822 May 21. (Ellicott, Andrew A.)
    Building stones
    • 1825 Jan. 3. (Webster, John White)
    • 1825 Oct. 10. (Webster, John White)
    Calhoun, John Caldwell, 1782-1850
    • 1820 Dec. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 14. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1823 Oct. 25. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    Campbell, John A.
    • 1826 Aug. 5. (Long, Richard H.)
    Canada--Boundaries--United States
    • 1816 Jun. 21. (Blaney, George)
    • 1819 Feb. 17. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Feb. 9. (Baldwin, Henry)
    Canals
    • 1823 Dec. 16. (Wright, John Crafts)
    • 1824 Feb. 25. (Mitchill, Samuel Latham)
    • 1825 Jan. 20. (Howard, William)
    Canals--Design and construction
    • 1824 Aug. 5. (Ellicott, Thomas)
    Canals--Maryland
    • 1824 Jan. 23. (Ellicott, Thomas)
    • 1824 Aug. 5. (Ellicott, Thomas)
    • 1824 Dec. 27. (Howard, William)
    Canals--New Jersey
    • 1824 Feb. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Canals--New York (State)
    • 1816 Jul. 10. (Clinton, DeWitt 1769-1828)
    • 1824 Jan. 23. (Ellicott, Thomas)
    • 1832 Sept. 4. (Twining, Alexander Catlin, 1801-1884)
    Canals--Ohio
    • 1824 Aug. 13. (Brown, E.)
    Canals--Pennsylvania
    • 1824 Jan. 23. (Ellicott, Thomas)
    • 1825 Mar. 2. (Reynolds, John)
    • 1828 Mar. 26. (Twining, Alexander Catlin, 1801-1884)
    • 1828 May 15. (Twining, Alexander Catlin, 1801-1884)
    • 1828 Oct. 23. (Ralston, Gerard)
    Canals--Wisconsin
    • 1822 Nov. 6. (Bliss, John d. 1854)
    Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de, 1778-1841
    • 1827 Mar. 2. (Darlington, William)
    Carroll, William, 1788-1844
    • 1828 May 5. (Baldwin, Henry)
    Cass, George Washington, 1810-1888
    • 1827 Jun. 3. (Cass, Lewis)
    Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866
    • 1820 Jan. 24. (Trimble, William A.)
    • 1820 Mar. 17. (Woodbridge, William)
    • 1821 Jul. 22. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 Jan. 22. (Vanuxem, Lardner 1792-1848)
    • 1823 Feb. 11. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Cemeteries
    • 1840? (Westmorland, Priscilla Anne Fane, Countess of, 1793-1879)
    Charlieshope (Estate : New Brunswick, N.J.)
    • 1821 Aug. 1. (Griffith, Mary)
    Chemistry--Study and teaching
    • 1821 Sept. 18. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1827 Jul. 19. (Beck, Lewis Caleb)
    • 1830 Jan. 8. (Finch, John)
    Children
    • 1820. (Cincinatti Gazette)
    Chippewa Indians
    • 1833 Apr. 3. (Bliss, John)
    Chronometers
    • 1819 Apr. 18. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1819 Apr. 19. (Patten, Richard)
    • 1819 Apr.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 May 2. (Bird, W. A.)
    • 1819 May 3. (Patten, Richard)
    • 1820 Mar. 28. (Porter, Peter Buell)
    Civil engineers
    • 1825 Jan. 20. (Howard, William)
    • 1828 Mar. 26. (Twining, Alexander Catlin)
    • 1828 May 15. (Twining, Alexander Catlin)
    • 1832 Sept. 4. (Twining, Alexander Catlin)
    Civil engineers--New York (State)
    • 1819 Jan. 16. (Bates, David Stanhope)
    Clark, William, 1770-1838
    • 1820 Feb. 16. (Thompson, David 1770-1857)
    Clarke, Jonathan C.
    • 1823. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Cleaveland, Parker, 1780-1858
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    Clergy
    • n.d. (Francis, M. E.)
    Clergy--Appointment, call and election
    • 1829 Nov. 3. (DeWitt, William Radcliffe)
    College teachers
    • 1832 Sept. 4. (Twining, Alexander Catlin)
    • 1834 May 8. (Davies, Charles)
    • 1834 Nov. 5. (Pendleton, William Nelson)
    • 1836 Nov. 30. (Tillinghast, Nicholas)
    Columbia University
    • 1841 Feb. 22. (Duer, William Alexander)
    Compass
    • 1817 May 23. (Patten, Richard)
    • 1817 Jun. 6. (Patten, Richard)
    Conchology
    • 1821 Feb. 8. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    • 1822 Feb. 25. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Conchology--Collectors and collecting
    • 1825 Apr. 8. (Van Rensselaer, Jeremiah)
    Connecticut--Defenses
    • 1815. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Cooper, Colden
    • 1814 Jan. 14. (Colden, Maria)
    Copper--Michigan
    • 1820 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Dec. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Sept. 6. (Mackay, Aeneas d. 1850)
    • 1823 Mar. 20. (Cass, Lewis)
    Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
    • 1816 May 23. (Parker, Daniel)
    • 1816 Oct. 31. (Trimble, William A.)
    • 1818 i.e. 1817 Dec. 31. (McDowell, Andrew)
    • 1818 May 5. (Graham, James Duncan)
    Credit references
    • 1829 May 26. (Chester, S. M.)
    Creek Indians
    • 1815 Oct. 31. (Gaines, Edmund Pendleton)
    Croton Aqueduct (New York, N.Y.)
    • 1835 Apr. 8. (Torrey, John)
    • 1840 Sept. 5. (Illeg.)
    Cutbush, William, ca.1786-1855
    • 1821 Sept. 18. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Davies, Charles, 1798-1876
    • 1822 Apr. 2. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Davis, James Lucius, ca.1813-1871
    • 1829 May 17. (Porter, Latitia)
    Delafield, Joseph, 1790-1875
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    Detroit Lyceum
    • 1820 Sept. 27. (Whitney, A. G.)
    Drawing
    • 1824 Jan. 26. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    • 1824 Feb. 6. (Latrobe, John Hazelhurst Boneval)
    Drawing--Study and teaching
    • 1822 Nov. 23. (Wadsworth, Daniel)
    Dueling
    • 1818 i.e. 1817 Dec. 31. (McDowell, Andrew)
    • 1818 Feb. 3. (McDowell, Andrew)
    Eaton, Amos, 1776-1842
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    Edwards, Thomas
    • 1822 Jul. 24. (Edwards, A.)
    • 1822 Oct. 23. (Edwards, A.)
    Ellet, Charles, 1810-1862
    • 1835 Apr. 8. (Torrey, John)
    • 1838 Apr. 16. (Torrey, John)
    Emmett, John P.
    • 1823 Apr. 28. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Engraving
    • 1826 Sept. 18. (Turner, H. S.)
    Erie Canal (N.Y.)
    • 1819 Jan. 16. (Bates, David Stanhope)
    • 1822 Aug. 23. (Davis & Center)
    • 1825 Dec. 14. (Rhind, Charles)
    Ewing, Maskell C., 1807-1849
    • 1822 Jun. 3. (Patterson, Robert)
    Fathers and sons
    • 1819 Jan. 16. (Bates, David Stanhope)
    Finch, John
    • 1825 May 2. (Delafield, Joseph)
    • after 1830 Jan. 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Florida--History
    • 1815 Mar. 19. (Stephenson, Thomas T.)
    • 1818 Jul. 19. (Trimble, William A.)
    Flushing Institute
    • 1835 May 18. (Muhlenberg, William Aug.us, 1796-1877)
    Foot, David, d. 1838
    • 1831 Feb. 24. (Booth, Reuben)
    Foot, Lyman, d. 1846
    • 1816 Apr. 10. (Smith, Nathan)
    • 1816 Apr. 8. (Silliman, Benjamin)
    • 1818 May 11. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jan. 24. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Fort Brady (Mich.)
    • 1825 Nov. 12. (Cutler, Enos)
    Fort Erie, Battle of, 1814
    • 1815 Oct. 31. (Gaines, Edmund Pendleton)
    • Douglass' "The Campaign of 1814"
    Fort Erie (N.Y.)
    • 1815 Jun. 18. (Trimble, William A.)
    • 1815 Sept. 16. (Caldwell, Charles)
    • 1816 Feb. 20. (Trimble, William A.)
    Fort Howard (Green Bay, Wis.)
    • 1822 Nov. 6. (Bliss, John)
    Fort Trumbull (Conn.)
    • 1819 Jan. 18. (McDowell, Andrew)
    Fossils--Collectors and collecting
    • 1816 Mar. 25. (Warren, J. C.)
    • 1816 Dec. 19. (Foot, Lyman)
    France
    • 1840 Apr. 8. (Cass, Lewis)
    Fraser, William Davidson, ca.1814-1856
    • 1830? (Douglass, David Bates)
    Fraud
    • 1840 Feb. 23. (Watmough, John Goddard)
    French-Americans--Wisconsin
    • 1822 Nov. 6. (Bliss, John)
    Friendship
    • 1817 Aug. 11. (Perkins, Nathaniel Shaw)
    Fruit trees
    • 1822 Aug. 3. (Cass, Lewis)
    Fur trade--Michigan
    • 1823 Jun. 23. (Clapp, Ben)
    Gadsden, Fisher
    • 1821 Jul. 13. (Holmes, Isaac Edward)
    Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849
    • 1816 Mar. 23. (Ruffin, Robert R.)
    • 1816 May 23. (Parker, Daniel)
    Gamble, John M., 1791-1836
    • 1837 Jan. 2. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1837 Jan. 12. (Pickett, James Chamberlayne)
    • 1837 Jan. 17. (Gamble, Julia R.)
    Gardner, Charles Kitchel, 1787-1869
    • 1816 May 22. (Brown, Jacob Jennings)
    Gemmil, John
    • 1822 Jul. 6. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Geography--Michigan
    • 1822 Mar. 12. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Geology--Michigan
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Geology--Minnesota
    • 1820 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Geology--New York (State)
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    Geology--Study and teaching
    • 1830 Jan. 8. (Finch, John)
    Gibraltar Island (N.Y.)
    • 1819 Jul. 18-Aug. 27. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Gimbrede, Thomas, 1781-1832
    • 1824 Jan. 26. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    • 1825 Feb. 16. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    Glenn, John D.
    • 1822 Jun. 6. (Adams, David P.)
    Gore, John C.
    • 1822 May 4. (Delafield, Joseph)
    Government property
    • 1817 May 1. (Blaney, George)
    • 1818 Apr. 18. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1818 Jun.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1818 Dec. 31. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jan. 19. (Armistead, Walker Keith)
    • 1819 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Grand Island (N.Y.)
    • 1819 Jun.? (Douglass, David Bates)
    Grapes
    • 1821 Jul. 14. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Grayson, Edward Butler
    • 1825 Feb. 4. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    Grayson, John Breckinridge, 1807-1861
    • 1821 Jun. 11. (Porter, Latitia)
    Great Britain--Foreign relations--United States
    • 1815 Mar. 19. (Stephenson, Thomas T.)
    Green Bay (Wis.)
    • 1822 Nov. 6. (Bliss, John)
    Green Bay (Wis.)--Description
    • 1825 Feb. 5. (Bliss, John)
    Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
    • 1840 Sept. 24. (Chamberlain, Anna B.)
    • 1840? (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1840? (Westmorland, Priscilla Anne Fane, Countess of)
    • 1841 Feb. 22. (Duer, William Alexander)
    Griffith, Nathaniel C.
    • 1823 May 16. (Bliss, John)
    Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841
    • 1828 May 26. (Stone, William Leete)
    • 1829 Apr. 9. (Stone, William Leete)
    Harvard University--Museums
    • 1824 Oct. 1. (Harvard University. Museums)
    Hawks, Francis Lister, 1798-1866
    • 1832 Apr. 23. (Chester, S. M.)
    Historical Society of Michigan
    • 1831 Apr. 16. (Whiting, Henry)
    Hoyt, Samuel S. S.
    • 1816 Oct. 31. (Mullany, James Robert,)
    • 1816 Nov. 7. (Mullany, James Robert,)
    Human nature
    • 1840? (Westmorland, Priscilla Anne Fane, Countess of)
    Hunter, Charles G.
    • 1829 Aug. 12. (Bartlett, William Holmes Chambers)
    Illinois--Boundaries--Indiana
    • 1823 Jan. 8. (Cass, Lewis)
    Illinois--Description and travel
    • 1820. (Cincinatti Gazette)
    Indiana--Boundaries--Illinois
    • 1823 Jan. 8. (Cass, Lewis)
    Indians of North America
    • 1821 Jun. 7. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1824 Dec. 30. (Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe)
    Indians of North America--Antiquities--Collectors and collecting
    • 1827 Dec. 7. (Mead, W.)
    Indians of North America--Michigan
    • 1821 Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 Mar. 20. (Cass, Lewis)
    Indians of North America--Wars--1815-1875
    • 1833 Apr. 3. (Bliss, John)
    Indians of North America--Wisconsin
    • 1825 Feb. 5. (Bliss, John)
    Insanity
    • 1833 Oct. 8. (Bennett, Ward B.)
    • 1834 Feb. 23. (Brown, R. S.)
    • 1834 Jun. 15. (Brown, R. S.)
    • 1834 Sept. 20. (Brown, R. S.)
    Insubordination
    • 1819 Feb.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Iris Island (Ohio)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-Jul. 3. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Isle aux Noix (Québec)
    • 1816 Jun. 21. (Blaney, George)
    Judges--Michigan
    • 1823 Mar. 17. (Doty, James Duane)
    Juniata Canal (Pa.)
    • 1828 May 15. (Twining, Alexander Catlin)
    Kearny, Philip
    • 1825 Jun. 30. (Kearny, James)
    Kenyon College--Faculty
    • 1836 Nov. 30. (Tillinghast, Nicholas)
    Kinney, Samuel, ca. 1805-1835
    • 1826 May 10. (Kane, Elias Kent)
    Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert de Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834
    • 1824 Dec. 27. (Howard, William)
    Lake Erie--Surveys
    • 1819 Sept. 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Feb. 17. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-Jul. 3. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-Sept. 29. (Douglass, David B.)
    • 1819 Jun.-Sept.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Latitude
    • 1821 Jul. 6. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Lead--Missouri
    • 1823 Jan. 22. (Vanuxem, Lardner)
    • 1823 Feb. 11. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 Mar. 20. (Cass, Lewis)
    Lewis Cass Expedition, 1820
    • 1820 Jan. 24. (Trimble, William A.)
    • 1820 Jan. 29. (Woodbridge, William)
    • 1820 Jan. 31. (Woodbridge, William)
    • 1820 Jan.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Feb. 7. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Mar. 17. (Woodbridge, William)
    • 1820 Mar. 25. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1820 Apr. 13. (Torrey, John)
    • 1820 Oct. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Oct. 28. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Dec. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jan. 22. (Trimble, William A.)
    • 1821 Feb. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Feb. 8. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    • 1821 Jun. 7. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1821 Jul. 14. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 20. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 22. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Aug. 12. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Aug.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Feb. 25. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Sept. 6. (Mackay, Aeneas d. 1850)
    • 1824 Dec. 16. (Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe)
    • 1824 Dec. 30. (Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe)
    Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809
    • 1820 Feb. 16. (Thompson, David)
    Lewis, Thomas A.
    • 1827 May 14. (Porter, Latitia)
    Limestone
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Little Rock (Ark.)--History
    • 1820 Mar. 12. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    Long Island Sound--Surveys
    • 1817 May 3. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1817 May 14. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1817 May 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1817 Jun. 10. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1817 Jun. 30. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1817 Jul. 14. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Long, Stephen Harriman, 1784-1864
    • 1824 Dec. 30. (Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe)
    Longstreet, Augustus Baldwin, 1790-1870
    • 1821 Jul. 13. (Holmes, Isaac Edward)
    Lyceums--Michigan--Detroit
    • 1820 Sept. 27. (Whitney, A. G.)
    Lyceums--New York (City)
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    • 1823 Oct. 16. (DeKay, James Ellsworth)
    • 1824 Jun. 7. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    Lyceums--New York (State)
    • 1823 Apr. 28. (Beck, Lewis Caleb)
    • ca.1823 Apr. 28. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 Jun. 6. (Dillahunty, John N.)
    • 1833 Nov. 27. (Eames, Theodore)
    Mackay, Aeneas, d. 1850
    • 1820 Oct. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Mackay, John, ca.1806-1848
    • 1826 Feb. 20. (Stiles, Benjamin End)
    MacKenzie, Donalds, 1783-1851
    • 1820 Feb. 16. (Thompson, David)
    Mackinac Island (Mich.)
    • 1823 Jun. 23. (Clapp, Ben)
    Macomb, Alexander, 1782-1841
    • 1821 Nov. 14. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Mahan, Dennis Hart, 1802-1871
    • Sept. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Malingering
    • 1825 May 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1825 Jun. 2. (Stevenson, George)
    Mansfield, Edward Deering, 1801-1880
    • n.d. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Map industry and trade
    • 1823 May 16. (Bliss, John)
    Maps
    • 1821 Aug. 22. (Brent, Daniel)
    • 1821 Sept. 10. (Porter, Peter Buell)
    • 1822 Mar. 4. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Jun. 29. (Porter, Peter Buell)
    • 1822 Jul. 9. (Delafield, Joseph)
    • 1825 May 2. (Delafield, Joseph)
    • 1826 Jun. 29. (Delafield, Joseph)
    • 1827 Mar. 10. (Delafield, Joseph)
    • 1829 Aug. 12. (Bartlett, W.H.C.)
    • 1830 May 21. (Farmer, John)
    • 1830 Jun. 21. (Farmer, John)
    • 1830 Jun. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1830 Aug. 6. (Farmer, John)
    • 1831 Ocotber 3. (Brown, Theophilus B.)
    • 1839 Jan. 21. (Ward, Samuel Jr)
    Maps--Canada
    • 1820 Feb. 16. (Thompson, David)
    Maps--Northwest, Old
    • 1821 Jul. 14. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Marches--New York (State)
    • 1814 Jun. 19-Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Massie, Robert F., d. 1817
    • 1818 i.e. 1817 Dec. 31. (McDowell, Andrew)
    Mastodons
    • 1824 Jun. 7. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    Mathematics--Study and teaching
    • 1822 Apr. 2. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 May 6. (Snelling, Josiah)
    Meade, William
    • 1823 May 20. (Torrey, John)
    Medals
    • 1824 Sept. 24. (Codman, William)
    Michigan--Boundaries--Ohio
    • 1820 Jan. 29. (Woodbridge, William)
    • 1820 Mar. 17. (Woodbridge, William)
    Michigan--Description and travel
    • 1820 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Michigan--Maps
    • 1822 Aug. 19. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1822 Sept. 26. (Cass, Lewis)
    Michigan--Surveys
    • 1823 Jan. 8. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1823 Mar. 20. (Cass, Lewis)
    Military discipline
    • 1819 Feb.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Mineralogy
    • 1815 Jul. 19. (Cornelius, Elias Jr)
    • 1819 Feb. 17. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1824 Jan. 2. (Torrey, John)
    • 1828 Feb. 5. (Cleaveland, Parker)
    Mineralogy--Collectors and collecting
    • 1815 Jul. 19. (Cornelius, Elias Jr)
    • 1815 Oct. 31. (Cornelius, Elias Jr)
    • 1820 Oct. 28. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    • 1822 Jul. 9. (Delafield, Joseph)
    • 1823 May 20. (Torrey, John)
    • 1824 Jun. 7. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    • 1824 Oct. 1. (Harvard University. Museums)
    • 1827 Dec. 7. (Mead, W.)
    • 1828 Oct. 24. (Wagener, Jacob)
    • 1831 Apr. 16. (Whiting, Henry)
    Mineralogy--Michigan
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Mineralogy--New York (State)
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    • 1822 Nov. 9. (Boyd, George W.)
    Mineralogy--Study and teaching
    • 1823 Dec. 10. (Torrey, John)
    Minnesota--Description and travel
    • 1820 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Minor, Charles L. C., ca.1805-1833
    • 1824 Apr. 24. (Minor, Lucy L.)
    Missouri Compromise, 1820
    • 1820 Feb. 9. (Baldwin, Henry)
    Missouri--Maps
    • 1823 Feb. 20. (Bomford, George)
    Moravians--Ohio
    • 1823 May 15. (Cass, Lewis)
    Morris Canal (N.J.)
    • 1832 Feb. 13. (Reckless, J. W.)
    • 1832 Nov. 29. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Morristown Rail Road Company
    • 1840 Feb. 23. (Watmough, John Goddard)
    Mount Auburn Cemetery (Boston, Mass.)
    • 1840? (Westmorland, Countess of)
    Narragansett Bay (R.I.)--Defenses
    • 1815. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Natural history
    • 1817 Mar. 11. (Mitchill, Samuel Latham)
    Natural history museums--Massachusetts
    • 1824 Oct. 1. (Harvard University. Museums)
    Natural history museums--Michigan
    • 1831 Apr. 16. (Whiting, Henry)
    Natural history museums--New York (City)
    • 1817 Mar. 11. (Mitchill, Samuel Latham)
    • 1824 Jun. 7. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    Natural history--New York (State)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Natural history--Study and teaching
    • 1823 Jan.. (Torrey, John)
    New Jersey--Politics and government--1837-1841
    • n.d. (Douglass, David Bates)
    New York (City)--Economic conditions
    • 1840? (Douglass, David Bates)
    New York Lyceum
    • 1824 Jun. 7. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    New York Lyceum of Natural History
    • 1823 Oct. 16. (DeKay, James Ellsworth)
    New York University
    • 1833 Jul. 24. (Colton, Chauncey)
    Newark Mechanics Association
    • 1830 Aug. 15. (Smith, L. A.)
    New-York Historical Society
    • 1817 Mar. 11. (Mitchill, Samuel Latham)
    Niagara Campaign, 1814
    • 1814 Feb. 21. (Wood, Eleazer Derby)
    • 1814 Jun. 19-Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1814 Oct. 21. (McRee, William)
    • Douglass' "The Campaign of 1814", passim
    Niagara River (N.Y. and Ont.)--Maps
    • 1819 Jun.? (Douglass, David Bates)
    Northeastern boundary--Surveys
    • 1840 Aug. 12. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1840 Aug. 14. (Totten, Joseph Gilbert)
    • 1840 Aug. 17. (Forsyth, John)
    Northwestern boundary--Surveys
    • 1819 Apr. 8. (Fraser, Donald)
    • 1819 May 2. (Bird, W. A.)
    • 1819 May 2. (Fraser, Donald)
    • 1819 Aug. 28. (Porter, Peter Buell)
    • 1819 Sept. 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819. (Fraser, Donald)
    • 1820 Mar. 16. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Mar. 28. (Bird, W. A.)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-Jul. 3. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun. 25-Sept. 29. (Douglass, David B.)
    • 1819 Jun.? (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun.-Sept.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jul. 18-Aug. 27. (Douglass, David B.)
    • 1819. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Officers' children--Education
    • 1823 Dec. 9. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Officers' wives
    • 1817 Apr. 4. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1831 Mar. 12. (Mahan, Dennis Hart)
    Ohio River--Maps
    • 1825 May 7. (Bates, David Stanhope)
    Ohio--Boundaries--Michigan
    • 1820 Jan. 29. (Woodbridge, William)
    • 1820 Mar. 17. (Woodbridge, William)
    Ohio--Maps
    • 1825 Jun. 3. (Perkins, Simon)
    Ohio--Religious life
    • 1837 Dec. 3. (Johns, Henry V. D.)
    Patten, Richard
    • 1819 May 2. (Bird, W. A.)
    Pears
    • 1826 Nov. 3. (Wadsworth, Daniel)
    Peck, Lucius B.
    • 1821 Apr. 5. (Kimberly, Dennis)
    Pennington, Alexander C. M.
    • 1826 Jun. 9. (McNeill, William Gibbs)
    Pennsylvania Society for the Promotion of Internal Improvements
    • 1825 Jan. 10. (Ralston, Gerard)
    • 1825 Feb. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Pensions, Military--United States--War of 1812
    • 1831 Feb. 24. (Booth, Reuben)
    Pews and pew rights
    • 1840 May 9. (Gamble, H. L.)
    • 1840 May or Jun.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1840 May or Jun.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1840 Jun. 6. (Gamble, H. L.)
    Porcelain
    • 1829 May 18. (Niles, Nathaniel)
    Port Folio (Periodical)
    • 1815 Sept. 16. (Caldwell, Charles)
    • 1826 Dec. 14. (Hall, Harrison)
    Porter, Robert Ker, 1777-1842
    • 1829 Jun. 15. (Wainwright, Jon. Mayhew)
    Portraits
    • 1818 Aug. 24. (Delaplaine, Joseph)
    Prairie du Chien (Wis.)
    • 1822 Nov. 6. (Bliss, John)
    Prayers
    • 1833 Aug. (Brooklyn Collegiate Institute for Young Ladies?)
    Presentation swords
    • 1824 May 16. (Gaines, Edmund Pendleton)
    Presidents--United States--Election--1824
    • 1825 Mar. 2. (Reynolds, John)
    Prince Edward Island
    • 1839 Dec. 16. (Chamberlain, Anna B.)
    Princeton University
    • 1822 Apr. 2. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Public works
    • 1824 Jan. 23. (Ellicott, Thomas)
    • 1824 Feb. 25. (Mitchill, Samuel Latham)
    • 1825 Jan. 20. (Howard, William)
    • 1840 Apr. 8. (Cass, Lewis)
    Public works--Great Britain
    • 1826 Apr. 7? (Douglass, David Bates)
    Public works--New York (State)--Brooklyn
    • 1835 Apr. 27. (Eames, Theodore)
    • 1835 Apr. 29. (Eames, Theodore)
    Public works--Virginia
    • 1824 Oct. 16. (Fitzwhylsonn, William H.)
    Railroads--New Jersey
    • 1832 Nov. 29. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1840 Feb. 23. (Watmough, John Goddard)
    Railroads--Pennsylvania
    • 1826 Jun. 27. (Ralston, Gerard)
    Randolph, John, 1773-1833
    • 1822 Mar. 12. (Doty, James Duane)
    Reed, James G., ca.1814-1856
    • 1829 May 16. (Vethake, Henry)
    Religion and science
    • 1815 Jul. 19. (Cornelius, Elias Jr)
    Retirement
    • 1831 May 13. (Bates, David Stanhope)
    Returns, Military
    • 1818 Jun.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1818 Dec. 31. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Revivals--South Carolina
    • 1828 Jul. 23. (Magruder, William Braxton)
    Rhode Island--Defenses
    • 1815 Apr. 30. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1815 May 31. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1815. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Rice
    • 1822 Sept. 26. (Cass, Lewis)
    Ritner, Joseph, 1780-1869
    • 1827 May 14. (Baldwin, Henry)
    • 1827 May 30. (Kane, John Kintzing)
    Robbery--Louisiana
    • 1818 Oct. 12. (Trimble, William A.)
    Rouses Point (N.Y.)--Surveys
    • 1816 Jun. 21. (Blaney, George)
    Saint John's College
    • 1835 May 18. (Muhlenberg, William Aug.)
    Saint Louis (Mo.)
    • 1833 Apr. 3. (Bliss, John)
    Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864
    • 1820 Dec. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jun. 7. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1821 Jul. 14. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jul. 22. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Sept. 6. (Mackay, Aeneas d. 1850)
    • 1823 Jan. 22. (Vanuxem, Lardner)
    • 1823 Feb. 11. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 May 15. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1823 Dec. 10. (Torrey, John)
    • 1825 Nov. 12. (Cutler, Enos)
    • n.d. (Whitney, A. G.)
    Schoolcraft, John Lawrence
    • n.d. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Schools--New Jersey
    • 1823 Aug. 24. (Perrine, H. M.)
    Schools--New York (State)--West Point
    • 1829 Apr. 2. (Young, William)
    Sculptors--France
    • 1826 Sept. 6. (Ticknor, George)
    Sextants
    • 1817 Jun. 10. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864
    • 1822 May 3. (Torrey, John)
    Silliman, Wyllys, Jr.
    • 1823 May 1. (Cass, Lewis)
    Sioux Indians
    • 1833 Apr. 3. (Bliss, John)
    Slavery
    • 1833 Apr. 3. (Bliss, John)
    Snelling, Joseph, 1782-1828
    • 1822 May 6. (Snelling, Josiah)
    Soldiers' bodies, Disposition of
    • 1814 Aug. 11. (Van Rensselaer, Jeremiah)
    Spas--Virginia
    • 1818 Oct. 12. (Trimble, William A.)
    Sphalerite
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Sprague, William Buell, 1795-1876
    • 1840 Sept. 26. (Torrey, John)
    Springs
    • 1825 Feb. 8. (Griffith, Mary)
    • 1825 Apr. 10. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Staats, Gerrit B.
    • 1814 Feb. 26. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    Steamboats--Hudson River
    • n.d. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Steam-power
    • 1824 Apr. 7. (Moody, Thomas)
    Stephenson, Thomas
    • 1814 Feb. 17. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    Stevenson, Collins
    • 1825 May 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1825 Jun. 2. (Stevenson, George)
    • 1825 Jul. 6. (Stevenson, George)
    Stocker, John C., Jr.
    • 1827 May 16. (Stocker, John C.)
    Streams
    • 1828 Mar. 26. (Twining, Alexander Catlin)
    • 1828 May 15. (Twining, Alexander Catlin)
    Strontium sulphate
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Jun. 18. (Macomb, Alexander 1782-1841)
    Sulphur
    • 1820 Dec. 26. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Surveying
    • 1817 Jun. 10. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Feb. 7. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Feb. 14. (Bird, W. A.)
    • 1821 Jul. 6. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Surveying instruments
    • 1820 Feb. 7. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Mar. 17. (Woodbridge, William)
    • 1820 Oct. 18. (Baker, Joshua)
    Surveying--Canada
    • 1820 Feb. 16. (Thompson, David)
    Swift, Alexander Joseph, ca.1810-1847
    • 1825 Feb. 4. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    Swift, Joseph Gardner, 1783-1865
    • 1816 Jun. 21. (Blaney, George)
    Swords
    • 1816 Oct. 31. (Trimble, William A.)
    Tariff
    • 1821 Nov. 25. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Dec. 7. (Anderson, Joseph)
    Taylor, Richard Cowling, 1789-1851
    • 1824 Jul. 24. (Elmendorf, Edmund)
    Telescopes
    • 1832 Feb. 12. (Vinton, John Rogers)
    Theodolites
    • 1819 Apr. 18. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1819 Apr. 19. (Patten, Richard)
    • 1819 May 2. (Bird, W. A.)
    • 1819 May 2. (Fraser, Donald)
    • 1819 May 3. (Patten, Richard)
    • 1819 May 7. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 May 11. (Delafield, Henry)
    • 1819 May 27. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1819 Jun. 1. (Delafield, Henry)
    Thompson, J.
    • 1817 Sept. 22. (Hagner, Peter)
    Tillinghast, Nicholas, 1804-1856
    • 1836 Aug. 9. (Warner, Thomas)
    Torrey, John, 1796-1873
    • 1821 Jul. 20. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 Dec. 22. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1823 Dec. 24. (Totten, Joseph Gilbert)
    Totten, Joseph Gilbert, 1788-1864
    • 1816 Jun. 21. (Blaney, George)
    Transportation--Prices--New York (State)
    • 1822 Aug. 23. (Davis & Center)
    • 1822 Sept. 1. (Rogers, Jedediah)
    Trimble, Isaac Ridgeway, 1802-1888
    • 1818 Nov. 25. (Jones, Roger)
    Trimble, William A., 1786-1821
    • 1818 Nov. 25. (Jones, Roger)
    • 1820 Jan. 29. (Woodbridge, William)
    Trinity Church (New York, N.Y.)
    • 1839 Sept. 7. (Ogden, Thomas Ludlow)
    Union College--Faculty
    • 1825 Nov. 25. (Van Rensselaer, Jeremiah)
    Unitarians
    • 1836 Aug. 9. (Warner, Thomas)
    • 1836 Nov. 30. (Tillinghast, Nicholas)
    United States. Army
    • 1815 Oct. 31. (Tyler, Septimus .)
    United States. Army. Northern Division
    • 1816 May 22. (Brown, Jacob Jennings)
    • 1816 Jun. 15. (Brown, Jacob Jennings)
    United States. Army--Appointments and retirements
    • 1818 Nov. 25. (Jones, Roger)
    United States. Army--Bombardiers
    • 1817 May 3. (Douglass, David Bates)
    United States. Army--Brevet officers
    • 1817 Sept. 30. (Blaney, George)
    United States. Army--Chaplains
    • 1827 Jun. 15. (Barnes, Daniel Henry)
    United States. Army--Corps of Engineers
    • 1816 Mar. 15. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1816 Mar. 19. (Van Deventer, Christopher)
    • 1816 Jun. 21. (Blaney, George)
    • 1817 Jan. 31. (Totten, Joseph Gilbert)
    • 1817 Apr. 4. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1817 Apr. 21. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1817 May 1. (Blaney, George)
    • 1817 Jan. 31. (Totten, Joseph Gilbert)
    • 1817 Apr. 4. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)1818 Apr. 18. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1818 Apr. 20. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1819 Jan. 19. (Armistead, Walker Keith)
    • 1820 Oct. 1. (Armistead, Walker Keith)
    • 1820 Oct. 6. (Armistead, Walker Keith)
    • 1822 Sept. 18. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1825 Feb. 5. (Bliss, John)
    • 1826 Jan. 16. (United States. Congress. House. Committee on Military Affairs)
    United States. Army--Corps of Engineers--Appointments and retirements
    • 1818 Nov. 11. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    United States. Army--Corps of Engineers--Officers
    • 1825 Feb. 5. (Bliss, John)
    United States. Army--Corps of Engineers--Pay, allowances, etc.
    • 1816 Mar. 7. (Crawford, William Harris)
    • 1820 Oct. 28. (Smith, John Lind)
    • 1820 Dec. 27. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jan. 22. (Trimble, William A.)
    • 1819 Apr. 14. (Lee, William)
    United States. Army--Enlistments
    • 1814 Jun. 16. (David, Jacob)
    United States. Army--Military life
    • 1826 Nov. 3. (Wadsworth, Daniel)
    United States. Army--Officers
    • 1821 Aug. 17. (Gadsden, James)
    • 1830 Aug. 2. (Jones, Roger)
    United States. Army--Pay, allowances, etc.
    • 1813 Dec. 27. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1814 Jan. 14. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1814 Jan. 21. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1814 Jan. 24. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1814 Feb. 17. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1814 Mar. 8. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1817 Sept. 30. (Blaney, George)
    • 1819 Feb. 17. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Apr. 4. (Towson, Nathan)
    • 1820 Oct. 23. (Douglass, David Bates)
    United States. Army--Surgeons
    • 1816 Sept. 23. (Foot, Lyman)
    • 1816 Apr. 10. (Smith, Nathan)
    • 1816 Apr. 8. (Silliman, Benjamin)
    • 1816 Dec. 19. (Foot, Lyman)
    • 1818 May 11. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Jan. 8. (Foot, Lyman)
    • 1821 Jan. 24. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Sept. 18. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 Feb. 6. (Foot, Lyman)
    • 1824 Jan. 2. (Torrey, John)
    United States. Boundary Commission
    • 1820 Feb. 7. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Mar. 28. (Porter, Peter Buell)
    • 1822 Jun. 29. (Porter, Peter Buell)
    United States Military Academy
    • 1814 Jan. 14. (Colden, Maria)
    • 1814 Mar. 23. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1816 Feb. 21. (Ingalls, Lemuel Jr)
    • 1819 Jan. 16. (Bates, David Stanhope)
    • 1819 Feb. 3. (Bliss, John)
    • 1819 Feb.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Nov. 25. (Douglass, David Bates)
    United States Military Academy Library
    • 1824 Sept. 24. (Codman, William)
    United States Military Academy--Faculty
    • 1820 Oct. 30. (Smith, John Lind)
    • 1820 Nov. 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Sept. 18. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1823 Jan.. (Torrey, John)
    • 1823 Dec. 10. (Torrey, John)
    • 1823 Dec. 22. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1823 Dec. 24. (Totten, Joseph Gilbert)
    • 1824 Jan. 2. (Torrey, John)
    • 1827 Jul. 19. (Beck, Lewis Caleb)
    • 1827 Oct. 29. (Beck, Lewis Caleb)
    • after 1830 Jan. 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    United States Military Academy--Students
    • 1814 Feb. 26. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1814 Mar. 8. (Eakin, Samuel H.)
    • 1818 Jan. 12. (Kearny, James)
    • 1818 Nov. 25. (Jones, Roger)
    • 1819 Feb.. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Oct. 30. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1821 Apr. 5. (Kimberly, Dennis)
    • 1821 Jun. 11. (Porter, Latitia)
    • 1821 Jul. 13. (Holmes, Isaac Edward)
    • 1822 May 4. (Delafield, Joseph)
    • 1822 May 6. (Snelling, Josiah)
    • 1822 May 21. (Ellicott, Andrew A.)
    • 1822 Jun. 3. (Patterson, Robert)
    • 1822 Jun. 6. (Adams, David P.)
    • 1822 Jun. 23. (Whipple, John)
    • 1822 Jul. 6. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Jul. 24. (Edwards, A.)
    • 1822 Oct. 23. (Edwards, A.)
    • 1822 Oct. 27. (Fraser, Donald)
    • 1823 Jan. 23. (Fraser, Donald)
    • 1823 Jun. 30. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    • 1823 Aug. 24. (Perrine, H. M.)
    • 1823 Oct. 25. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    • 1823 Dec. 13. (Allanson, John Sylvanus)
    • 1823. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1824 Feb. 6. (Latrobe, J.H.B.)
    • 1825 Feb. 4. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    • 1825 May 8. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1825 Jun. 2. (Stevenson, George)
    • 1825 Jun. 30. (Kearny, James)
    • 1825 Aug. 1. (Jones, Roger)
    • 1826 May 4. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1826 May 6. (Whipple, John)
    • 1827 May 16. (Stocker, John C.)
    • 1829 Aug. 12. (Bartlett, W.H.C.)
    United States Military Academy--Students--Uniforms
    • 1829 Apr. 9. (Stone, William Leete)
    United States Naval Lyceum
    • 1833 Dec. 25. (Ogden, William S.)
    • 1834 Apr. 28. (Pinkney, Henry)
    • after 1834 Apr. 28. (Douglass, David Bates)
    United States--Boundaries--Canada
    • 1816 Jun. 21. (Blaney, George)
    • 1819 Feb. 17. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1820 Feb. 9. (Baldwin, Henry)
    United States--Foreign relations--Great Britain
    • 1815 Mar. 19. (Stephenson, Thomas T.)
    United States--History--War of 1812
    • 1814 Feb. 21. (Wood, Eleazer Derby)
    United States--History--War of 1812--Desertions
    • 1814 Jun. 19-Jul. 15. (Douglass, David Bates)
    United States--History--War of 1812--Peace
    • 1815 Feb. 26. (Stephenson, Thomas T.)
    United States--History--War of 1812--Veterans
    • 1833 Jan. 10. (Willard, W. T.)
    United States--Politics and government--1837-1841
    • 1840 Apr. 8. (Cass, Lewis)
    University of South Carolina--Faculty
    • 1838 Apr. 16. (Torrey, John)
    Van Deventer, Christopher, 1788-1838
    • 1816 Mar. 15. (Swift, Joseph Gardner)
    Van Rensselaer, John Jeremiah, 1789-1814
    • 1814 Aug. 11. (Van Rensselaer, Jeremiah)
    Waldo, Samuel Lovett
    • 1818 Aug. 24. (Delaplaine, Joseph)
    Walk-in-the-Water (Steamboat)
    • 1819 Aug. 28. (Porter, Peter Buell)
    Wallace, Benjamin James
    • 1829 Nov. 3. (DeWitt, William Radcliffe)
    Wallace, Gustavus B.
    • 1825 Aug. 1. (Jones, Roger)
    War memorials
    • 1816 Feb. 20. (Trimble, William A.)
    West Point Lyceum of Natural History
    • 1823 Jun. 6. (Dillahunty, John N.)
    Whig Party
    • 1840 Aug. 22. (Pennington, William)
    • n.d. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Whipple, Charles W.
    • 1820 Oct. 30. (Douglass, David Bates)
    • 1822 Jun. 23. (Whipple, John)
    • 1826 May 4. (Cass, Lewis)
    • 1826 May 6. (Whipple, John)
    Whiskey
    • 1822 Nov. 6. (Bliss, John)
    White Sulphur Springs (Va.)
    • 1818 Oct. 12. (Trimble, William A.)
    Whitney, G.
    • 1820 Mar. 17. (Woodbridge, William)
    Wisconsin--Description and travel
    • 1820 Dec. 1. (Douglass, David Bates)
    Wisconsin--History
    • 1822 Nov. 6. (Bliss, John)
    Women
    • 1815 Oct. 31. (Tyler, Septimus .)
    Wood, Ingham, Jr., ca.1811-1837
    • 1827 May 22. (Mayer, George Louise)
    Wyandot Indians
    • 1821 Jun. 7. (Cass, Lewis)
    Yale University
    • 1821 Jul. 13. (Holmes, Isaac Edward)
    Zoology
    • ca.1821 Mar. 25. (Mitchill, Samuel Latham)