Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, England, on November 30, 1874, to Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill, later British Secretary of State to India, and his wife, Jeanette Jerome; he had one brother, John Strange Spencer-Churchill. Churchill attended Harrow School and completed his military training at the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst; after his graduation, he joined the 4th Hussars, and received his commission as 2nd lieutenant. In this capacity, Churchill traveled widely, and he eventually gained fame as a war correspondent. His literary exploits during the Boer War in South Africa became particularly well known, and in 1900, he successfully won his first parliamentary seat. His political stock continued to rise throughout the following years; he served as President of the Board of Trade and as Home Secretary. In October 1911, Churchill became First Lord of the Admiralty, a post he held until forced to resign in 1915, after the disastrous battles at Gallipoli during the First World War. Throughout the 1930s, Churchill became a vocal advocate for arming the British military in light of developments within Nazi Germany. He returned to the war cabinet shortly after the outbreak of World War II. On May 10, 1940, Churchill became prime minister of Great Britain, a post he held until July 26, 1945. He continued his political career after the war, serving as a leader of the Conservative opposition and returning as prime minister from October 26, 1951-April 5, 1955. At this time, Churchill bowed out of politics and fell into a physical and mental decline until his death on January 24, 1965.