The Thomas Flournoy papers (105 items) consist of letters and documents of Flournoy, a lawyer from Augusta, Georgia, who was commander in the South during War of 1812, and the United States commissioner to the Creek Indians until their removal in 1836. The collection consists of 82 letters, 17 documents, and 6 receipts.
The Correspondence series contains 25 items relating to Flournoy's War of 1812 service, including letters, returns, requisitions, reports, orders, and petitions.
- Three official letters between Flournoy and Patrick Jack, colonel of the 8th Regiment of U.S. Infantry (1812).
- A letter from William Harris Crawford, the U.S. minister to France, concerning the management and politics of the war (November 30, 1812).
- A letter from John Houstoun McIntosh, director of the Territory of East Florida, concerning the settlers of Talbot Island and Nassau River, East Florida (December 26, 1812).
- An inspection return from the 3rd Regiment of Georgia militia at Point Peter Battery, Florida [January 9, 1813].
- A copy of Brigadier General Ferdinand Leigh Claiborne's "Talk to the Choctaw Indians" (August 2, 1813).
- A letter from Choctaw Chief Pushmataha (Pooshemataha), signed with his mark, to James Wilkinson, discussing murdered and imprisoned Choctaw Indians (August 9, 1813).
The correspondence series is also composed of 20 letters relating to his position as United States commissioner to the Creek Indians (1820).
- Three letters between Flournoy and Former South Carolina Governor and Creek Indian negotiator Andrew Pickins, Jr., concerning treaties with the Creek Indians (August 21, 28, and October 30, 1820).
- Three items to and from John C. Calhoun of the War Department.
- Nine letters with David Brydie Mitchell, including a communication from Tustunnuggee Thlocco (Tiger Tail) and Tustunnuggee Hopoie (November 10, 1820).
- A letter to John Clarke of Augusta, Georgia, concerning claims of Georgia residents for Creek lands (October 4, 1820).
The first ten letters deal with legal disputes between Flournoy and Judge George Walton, and the resulting duel between Flournoy and the judge's nephew John Carter Walton (1799-1804).
This series also incorporates 17 family letters, including one from his nephew Matthew Wells (November 12, 1806), one letter and one letter fragment from his brother John James Flournoy, 15 from his brother Matthew Flournoy, and one reply to Matthew his brother. These discuss business, professional favors, and family news.
The Documents series (17 items) consists of reports on the arms, ammunition, and crew of the gun vessels at the Georgia Station (1813); weekly reports and morning reports of the troops stationed at Fort St. Philip, Fort St. Charles, New Orleans, and for the 2nd Regiment of Light Dragoons; orders from the Southern Department; a transaction record at the Bank of Augusta; and a memo listing "Order of Correspondence relating to the Treaty with the Creek Indians" (1820). Also of interest in this series is a list of rules for the duel between Flournoy and Walton (1804).
The Receipts series (6 items) is comprised of receipts deposited in the Bank of Augusta, Georgia; 2 payments made to John Campbell; and 2 receipts for sugar and brandy.