Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
The History of the Reign of George III , 1820-1823

Finding aid created by
Meg Hixon, July 2012

Summary Information
Title: The History of the Reign of George III
Creator: Anonymous
Inclusive dates: 1820-1823
Extent: 3 volumes
Abstract:
This collection consists of volumes II, III, and IV of The History of the Reign of George III, King of Great Britain, which anonymous author "K. H." composed in Gloucestershire, England, between 1820 and 1823. The treatise covers Great Britain's domestic and international political affairs in depth, including conflicts in North America during the Revolutionary War era and the War of 1812.

Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1931. M-110.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Provenance:

Stevens 133, 3rd Addition

Preferred Citation:

The History of the Reign of George III , William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


Biography

George III, King of Great Britain, was born in 1738, the son of Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. He ascended to the throne on October 25, 1760, following the death of King George II, his grandfather, although he was not formally crowned until September 22, 1761. He married Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744-1818) on September 8, 1761. Domestically, the early years of his reign were difficult, as Great Britain cycled through multiple different administrations. By the early years of Lord North's ministry in the 1770s, political matters became more settled, while international affairs became increasingly heated, especially with the American colonies. By 1810, the King had become incapacitated by mental illness, and he remained secluded in Windsor Castle until his death on January 29, 1820.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of volumes II, III, and IV of The History of the Reign of George III, King of Great Britain, which anonymous author "K. H." composed in Gloucestershire, England, between 1820 and 1823. The treatise covers Great Britain's domestic and international political affairs in depth, including conflicts in North America during the American Revolutionary era and the War of 1812. The location of volume I is unknown.

The three volumes, formally titled "The History of the Reign of George III, King of Great Britain (Designed as a Continuation of Mr. Smollet's History)," have 1,323 pages that cover the period between 1770 and the King's death in 1820. Volume IV also contains a 214-page appendix that provides supplemental information for the years 1763-1820. Each chapter is preceded by a detailed list of contents.

The densely-written account chronicles the country's internal and external political affairs, as well as events occurring throughout Europe and, to a lesser extent, North America and North Africa. Topics addressed concern parliamentary leadership, wars, shifting alliances among major European powers, the French Revolution, and Britain's relationship with Ireland. The final chapter contains the author's reflections on King George III, written shortly after the King's death.

The appendix at the conclusion of Volume IV contains annual lists of appointments, births, marriages, and deaths between 1763 and 1820, as well as other information about domestic and European political affairs. The appointments include British political, religious, and military figures, and reflect some changes in peerage. Also recorded are births and deaths of European royal families.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Europe--Foreign relations--Great Britain.
    • Europe--History--1648-1789.
    • Europe--History--1789-1815.
    • Europe--Politics and government--1648-1789.
    • Europe--Politics and government--1789-1815.
    • George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820.
    • Great Britain--Foreign relations--1760-1820.
    • Great Britain--Foreign relations--Europe.
    • Great Britain--Foreign relations--Ireland.
    • Great Britain--History--1714-1837.
    • Great Britain. Parliament.
    • Great Britain--Politics and government--1760-1820.
    • Hanover, House of.
    • Ireland--Foreign relations--Great Britain.
    • Napoleonic Wars, 1800-1815.
    • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.
    • United States--History--War of 1812.
    Genre Terms:
    • Histories.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    The History of the Reign of King George III [series]:
    Volume   II  
    Chapters 31-62,  1770-1777; Stonehouse, England,  1820
    Volume   III  
    Chapters 63-97,  1777-1791; Cheltenham, England,  1821
    Volume   IV  
    Chapters 98-127,  1791-1820; Stonehouse, England,  1822-1823
    Volume   IV  
    Appendix,  1763-1820; Stonehouse, England,  1822-1823
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    This history was designed as a continuation of the following work: Smollett, T., and David Hume. The History of England, from the Revolution to the End of the American War, and Peace of Versailles in 1783..: Designed as a Continuation of Mr. Hume's History. A new ed., with corrections and improvements. Philadelphia: Printed for Robert Campbell & co., by Henry Sweitzer, 1796-1798.

    Six volumes of King George III's correspondence typescripts, dating 1760-1783, have been published: George III, King of Great Britain, and J. W Fortescue. The Correspondence of King George the Third from 1760 to December 1783: Printed from the Original Papers in the Royal Archives at Windsor Castle. London: Macmillan and co., ltd., 1927-1928.

    The Clements Library holds a 22-volume collection of typed copies of King George III's incoming and outgoing correspondence between December 1783 and 1810, compiled by Sir John William Fortescue: King George III typescripts.

    Many manuscript collections in the Clements Library contain correspondence of King George III, including items not appearing in Fortescue's volumes. For example:

    Bibliography

    Cannon, John. "George III." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. DOI: 10.1093/ref:odnb/10540