Clarke Historical Library
Central Michigan University

Finding aid for
Wells Family Papers

Finding aid created by
C. Roe, J. Trainor, Marian Matyn

Summary Information
Title: Wells Family Papers,
Creator: Wells Family.
Inclusive dates: 1823-1946
Extent: 11 cubic feet (in 23 boxes, 4 Oversized folders, 2 Oversized v.)
Abstract:
Papers of the Wells family of New York (State) and Saginaw, Michigan, include business records, correspondence, diaries, genealogy notes, photographs, oversized materials, and Eclipse Motor Car Company vouchers.

Call number: MSS.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University
250 East Preston Street
Mount Pleasant, MI 48859
Phone: 989-774-3352
Fax: 989-774-2160
Email: clarke@cmich.edu
Website: http://clarke.cmich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

No Acc#

Access Restrictions:

Wells Family Papers are open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Wells Family Papers, 1823-1946, Folder # , Box #, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University


Arrangement

Arrangement is by series: Wells family business records, correspondence, diaries, genealogy notes, photographs, oversized materials, and Eclipse Motor Car Company vouchers, and then chronological.


History

Biography:

The person whom this collection is centered around is C.W. [Charles W.[illiam]] Wells. C.W., or Charlie, as he was called in his immediate family, was born at Upper Jay, New York, on July 16, 1841, the seventh child of Benjamin and Jane Ann (Wadhams) Wells.

C. W.’s father, G. L. B. “Benjamin” Wells was born at Williamsburg, Massachusetts, on May 13, 1802, the son of Elisha Wells. When he was fourteen, his fur trader uncle, Reuben Wells, died. As a result, Elisha inherited land and moved his family to Upper Jay in Essex County, New York State. The Wells eventually lived on the AuSable River in Essex County. Benjamin was a farmer. He was one of founders of the Congregational Church in Upper Jay, and served for fifty years as a deacon. Also, Benjamin served as the Post Master of Upper Jay in 1864. Remembered as a man of great character, he died on January 23, 1889 and was buried in Upper Jay. One of Benjamin’s brothers was Bishop E. P. Wadmans.

Jane Wadhams, C. W.’s mother, was born in Charlotte, Vermont, on March 12, 1804. She attended the local school. On October 23, 1826 she married Benjamin Wells at Westport, New York. Together, Benjamin and Jane had nine children, among them: C. W., Benjamin E., Lucy J., later Mrs. John Whiteford, Hattie P., later Mrs. Stevens, and Ermina “Mina”. Jane died on February 24, 1885 at the age of 81 and was buried in Upper Jay.

C. W. Wells lived on his parents’ farm. He attended local school and Rutland Academy in Rutland, Vermont. When he turned sixteen C. W. worked as a clerk in a general store operated by J. and J. Rogers Company in Brook, New York. From this point on, except for his service during the Civil War, C. W. developed into a merchant.

Between 1854 and 1882, C. W. was often in San Francisco on business trips, from which he wrote to his parents.

On August 11, 1861 C. W. enlisted as a private in Company K, 118th New York Volunteer Infantry. He was promoted because of his merit and gallantry over nearly three years of service to the honorable rank of brevet Major of the Union Army. C. W. was made Sergeant of his company (1862), promoted to First Sergeant (1863), Second Lieutenant (October 1863), First Lieutenant (May 1864), Captain (May 1865), Major (June 19, 1865). On June 13, 1865 C. W. was mustered out with the rank of Major.

C. W. moved to Saginaw, Michigan, in 1867, where he joined Henry J. Northrup, his brother-in-law, in the lumbermen’s supply business in Northrup, Wells and Company. The business supplied lumber camps and villages with groceries, fodder, tools, and general merchandise. It was a very successful enterprise as the lumber business was at the time expanding outward in all directions from Saginaw. Eventually the business became one of the country’s largest mercantile businesses, dealing in whole sale groceries as well as land and lumber. In 1868 Mr. Northrup retired and was replaced by Mr. Farnam C. Stone, and the name changed to Wells and Company. The company eventually became part of the National Groceries Company, one of Saginaw’s leading grocers.

In 1885 the lumbermen’s supply business separated from the land and lumber business under the name of Wells-Stone Mercantile Company. William C. Phipps served as manager. In 1871, Mr. Wright extended his business as Wright, Wells and Company with C. W., Charles H. Davis and Reuben Kimball at Wright’s Lake, Michigan. This enterprise continued for ten years until Mr. Kimball retired, and then the business continuing under the name of Wright and Davis.

A wealthy merchant and businessman, C. W. was associated with other capitalist corporations and partnerships which were responsible for the economic development of the Saginaw area, among them A. W. Wright and Company, the Swan River Logging Company in Minnesota, Wright, Davis and Company in the Northwest, and with Charles H. Davis, Willis T. Knowlton, and others. C. W. was also associated with the Marshall-Wells Hardware Company in Duluth, Minnesota. He was involved with A. W. Wright, Wellington R. Burt, W. C. McClure, Farnam C. Stone and others in building the Cincinnati, Saginaw and Mackinaw Railway which operated between Bay City and Durand, Michigan. This was later a part of the Michigan Grand Trunk System.

On October 22, 1868 at Keesville, New York, C. W. married Mary Eliza Bingham, the daughter of Reuben P. Bingham. She was born on August 30, 1844 at Cornwall, Vermont. She was called both Mollie and Mattie. Mary’s mother, Eliza J. Bingham, later married W. V. K. McLean. The McLeans had several children, among them: Mrs. Butler, Martha, Julia, who married Henry Northrup, and Mary E.

Together Charles and Mollie had four daughters. Two daughters, Eliza Johnson and Mattie Grace, who died of scarlet fever in June 1876, died in infancy or early childhood. Their two daughters who lived to adulthood were Jean Wadhams Wells and Mary Helen Wells.

Jean Wadhams Wells was born April 21, 1876. She married Wallis Craig Smith on June 29, 1901.

Wallis Craig Smith was born on March 15, 1875 in Saginaw, and graduated from Saginaw High School in 1894. He worked in his father, Jay Smith’s, drug store, and as a clerk in Highland Station, Michigan. In 1895 he returned to Saginaw and became advertising manager of the city’s Evening Journal. Wallis graduated from the University of Michigan law school in 1899 and was soon admitted to the bar. He then began a practice of law with one of the most prominent lawyers in Saginaw, James H. Davitt. In 1900 Wallis formed a law partnership with Russell B. Thayer which lasted for two years. In 1902 he became interested in other business, including the Marshall-Wells Hardware, of which he served as a director, Hyde Iron Works, and Zenith Furnace Company, all of which were located in Duluth, Minnesota.

In 1911 Wallis formed another law firm, Eaton, Holland and Smith, which continued until 1914. Wallis served on many public and semi-public enterprises including the Saginaw Board of Trade, Merchants and Manufacturers Association, West Side Business Men’s Association, and the Saginaw Band and Orchestra Association. A member of several clubs, including the University of Michigan Alumni Association of Saginaw and Associated Charities, Wallis also served as President of the Saginaw Rotary Club. He was also a member of the Michigan Avenue Baptist Church, and, later, of the First Congregational Church.

With his wife, Jean W. Wells, Wallis traveled extensively in Europe and Egypt. Together they had two daughters: Jean Craig Smith, born April 9, 1906, and Martha Waite Smith, born August 8, 1908. Beginning in the 1940s, Jean Craig Smith began researching her family genealogy for entry into the Daughters of the American Revolution. Her meticulous research and collection of family data and information resulted in this archival collection.

Mrs. Wallis Craig (nee Jean W. Wells) Smith, died on January 10, 1947. Her name is listed in memoriam in the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) 1955-1956 Saginaw Chapter program book.

C. W.’s wife, Mollie Wells, was widely loved and among the most prominent women of Saginaw. Her help of the “deserving” poor and those in distress was well known and extensive. She died on January 22, 1892 and is buried in Oakwood Cemetery.

Mary Helen Wells, the other daughter of C. W. and Mollie Wells, was born February 24, 1880 or 1886 (depending on your source) and married Paul Frye Healey Morley of the famous Saginaw Morley family on March 7, 1905. Helen died November 27, 1930.

Paul F. H. Morley was the son of Edward W. and Helen Morley. He was born in Saginaw, Michigan, on October 19, 1884. He attended local schools as well as a finishing school in the east. During World War I, Paul served as a captain in the Red Cross and headed a Base Hospital in Beaune, France. He was involved with many Saginaw businesses and served as Treasurer for Morley Bros., President of E. W. Morley and Sons, Vice-president of Saginaw Timber Company, Assistant Secretary of the Saginaw Logging Company, and Vice-president of Gray's Harbor Pacific Railway Company. On March 7, 1907 he married Helen Wells. Together they had five children: Mary W., Paul F. H., Jr., Abbie, Chares W., and Albert J. II. Paul died suddenly while at the lodge on the AuSable River in northern Michigan on May 10, 1931. He was survived by his children and four siblings: Walter K., Albert J., R. C., Sr; and Abigail Morley. (For additional information, see the obituary.) Paul, his wife, Helen, and their son, Paul F. H. Morley, Jr. (1907-1944) are buried, with many other Morleys, in Evergreen Cemetery, Painesville Township, Lake County (Ohio).

The Morley family operated Morley Brothers, a hardware wholesale business that by 1892 became the second largest hardware company in the U. S. By 1909, the company also became the second largest manufacturer of portable houses in the U.S. The company had various related business interests and still exists as of 2006. (This information is from several websites viewed in 2006 and Paul's obituary. A copy of the obituary is found and relevant websites are found in the scanned copy of the manuscript Log of the lodge, 1909, 2006 under Paul’s name in the Clarke Historical Library.)

C. W. Wells died on October 18, 1893 while shooting game from a canoe. The canoe flipped over and he died from heart failure, probably from the shock of immersion in the cold water. C. W. died before his friends could bring him to shore. The Saginaw community was stunned by his death and public mourning occurred on a large scale.

(The above information is from History of Saginaw County, Michigan, v. II, 1918 by James Cooke Mills, pp.8-12, 48-50, and v. I p. 390, and information in the collection.)

Other family groups that are documented extensively in the letters include the parents of Wallis Craig Smith, Jay and Sue “Susie” Cochrane Smith. Jay’s brothers Charles, Chester, Clesson, and D. C. Smith, Sue’s brother, John Cochrane, Sue’s mother, Jane Cochrane, and Sue’s sister, Jane Stillman, are also documented in the collection. There are also a number of letters to Jay from his business associates.

Jay Smith was a pioneer druggist of Saginaw Country. He was born in Orleans County, New York, in 1823, the son of Elisha and Sophia Harding Smith. After a local education, at age 18, he began teaching, a position he held for eleven years. In 1851 Smith moved to Michigan, first to Flint, and later to Saginaw. He bought the drug stock of D. Wesson and established the first successful drug store on the corner of Court and Water streets. He moved from a wooden building to one of brick and later into 417 Court Street, a block building he built. His son, Dr. Fletcher S. Smith, joined him in the business, then called Jay Smith and Son.

In October 1852 he married Susan W. Cochrane (died November 18, 1902) of New York City. Together they had seven children: Jessie (Mrs. A. M. Marshall, died February 25, 1885), Dr. Fletcher S. Smith (died April 19, 1914), Charles S. Smith (the former city attorney, died December 22, 1906), DeWitt C., Wallis Craig, and Winnifred, all of Saginaw, and Jay Smith, Jr., of Portland, Oregon.

Besides serving as the druggist, Smith was appointed as postmaster of Saginaw City for several years beginning in 1861.

Jay Smith died on May 20, 1895 after catching a chill driving on a cold day. He was buried in Oakwood. Among the main public services that benefited from his attention was the public school system. (The above information is from History of Saginaw County, Michigan, v. II, 1918 by James Cooke Mills, pp.44-47.)


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Wells Business Records, almost all legal-size (2 cubic feet in 5 boxes), is divided into Eclipse Motor Car Company Vouchers, 1906-1911 (3 boxes), and Traverse City Iron Works Estimates, 1931-1942, except for 1940. Eclipse Motor Car Company was an automobile company based in Saginaw and operated by the Smith family that was later purchased by General Motors Company. It ordered iron supplies from Traverse City. Also included is one folder of letter-size business correspondence requesting catalogs and information on machinery of the Brady Cooperage Machinery Company, which was located in Manistee and Traverse City, Michigan, 1911-1916. This was apparently a company that supplied machinery to make barrels. Apparently, Brady Cooperage Machinery Company made round wooden tire spokes for the Eclipse Motor Car Company.

The Wells Family Correspondence, 1823-1947 (Scattered), and undated (5 cubic feet in 10 boxes), is composed almost entirely of letter-size correspondence between Wells family members and their extended relatives, Cochranes, Smiths, Wadhams, and Wells, and their friends and some business associates. Correspondence is filed alphabetically by surname, then first name of the writer of the letters, and chronologically within each folder. Additional miscellaneous items that do not fit elsewhere in the collection, such as locks of hair, report cards, etc. are also filed with correspondence. It is clear that for the most part the families through the generations cared about each other. Most of the letters concern family news of birth, deaths, marriages, news of illness and social events. Letters that may of particular interest to researchers include: A letter to Mrs. Wallis Craig Smith (nee Jean Wadhams Wells, daughter of C. W. Wells) from Mrs. Jefferson Davis, 1905, with an undated clipping of Jefferson Davis’ signature; Civil War correspondence of C. W. Wells to his parents, siblings, and friends, 1861-1865, particularly a letter discussing a battle with Confederate General James Longstreet’s troops, April 23, 1863; Correspondence from California discussing earthquakes, business, and gold mining, from Chester (Chet) Wells to his parents and siblings, 1853-1886; To Wells, Ermina, from William and Col. Luman Wadhams (cousin) and L. Wadhams (nephew), mostly in San Francisco, 1850-1882 (scattered). The Wadhams operated a general store in San Francisco; Correspondence from Wells, Jane A., to Benjamin and Charlie (sons) and Charlie’s wife, Mollie, June 3 and 14, 1876 re: death of their daughter Mattie of Scarlet; a letter from Mollie Wells to Mr. Paxson regarding Women’s Temperance, November 11, 1870; a letter from C. W. Wells to daughter, Jean W. Wells, October 10, 1893 while at the World’s Fair in Chicago; and Correspondence from Cochrane, John to Jane Cochrane (mother), James C. (brother), and sister, 1848-1862 (This includes an 1849 letter from Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1850 from San Francisco, and an 1851 letter from Panama.)

Diaries, (.5 cubic foot in 1 box), include those of Mrs. E. J. (Mrs. W. V.) McLean, 1854, 1871 (2 v.) and 1867 (1 v.); her husband, W. V. McLean, W.V., 1855, 1863, 1865, 1869, 1875 (5 v.); possibly Mrs. Henry Prindle?, 1886 (1 v.), and G. W. Smith, 1883 (1 v.). There are also six unidentified diaries, 1862, 1865-1866, 1872, 1884, and 1891. The link between G. W. Smith and Mrs. Henry Prindle and the Wells is undetermined.

Genealogy Notes, 1894-1945 (Scattered), and undated, (1 cubic foot in 2 boxes), are grouped roughly by surname of family members. These notes were definitely generated and gathered by Jean Craig Smith and include a number of her correspondence regarding her ancestry and for admittance into the DAR.

Photographs, 1860s-1915, and undated (1 cubic foot in 2 boxes), consists of various sizes and types of photographic materials, including cabinet cards, albumen image in a case, cartes-de-visites, stereoscopic views, and a variety of other 19th and early 20th century family photographs. Many of the images are partially identified if not both identified and partially dated. Photographs are grouped by type, size, and family groups. Of particular interest to researchers will be the Civil War Cabinet Card Portraits, includes C.W. Wells and Maj. Gen. Joe Hooker (39 total) and Stereoscopic Views, two of the Civil War, and one of C.W. Wells’ House.

Oversized Materials include Legal Documents, 1872-1901 (Scattered) mainly related to the Last Will and Testament of C.W. Wells, deeds, and guardianship legal documents (.5 cubic foot in 2 boxes), Oversized Photographs,1910-1916, and undated (.25 cubic foot in 1 box), and Oversized Miscellaneous including notes, obituaries, undated (.25 cubic foot in 1 box).

Oversized Folders include: blueprints, drawings, and proposals related to the Battle Creek Pump Station 8, 1941; Battle Creek Sewage Plant, 1938, the Midland Chemical Warfare Plant, 1942, and the Traverse City Pump/Lift Station, 1941, and an undated partial map of Essex County, New York State, showing the AuSable River, home of the Benjamin Wells family. The map was probably cut out of a magazine.

Lastly, Oversized Volumes, are the account ledgers of Jean Wells Smith, 1893-1901, and 1898-1906.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Traverse City Iron Works (Traverse City, Mich.)
    • Eclipse Motor Car Company (Saginaw, Mich.)
    • Century of Progress International Exposition (1893-1894: Chicago, Ill.)--History.
    • United States. Army. New York Infantry Regiment, 118th (1862-1865) Company K.
    • Wells family.
    • Bingham family.
    • Smith family.
    • Cochran family.
    • Wadhams family.
    • Longstreet, James,--1821-1904.
    • Davis, Jefferson,--1808-1889.
    • Hooker, Joseph,--1814-1879.
    • Soldiers--New York--Genealogy.
    • Soldiers--New York--History.
    • Soldiers--New York (State)--Correspondence.
    • Essex County (N.Y.)--History.
    • New York (State)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • Saginaw (Mich.)--History.
    • San Francisco (Calif.)--History--19th century--Sources.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Wells Family Papers [series]:
    Box   1 F   1
    Wells Business Records, Brady Cooperage Machinery Co., Business Correspondence, 1911-1916
    Box   1 F   2
    Wells Business Records, Eclipse Motor Company; Vouchers, 1906
    Box   1 F   3
    Wells Business Records, Eclipse Motor Company; Vouchers (4 folders), 1907
    Box   2 F   1
    Wells Business Records, Eclipse Motor Company; Vouchers (4 folders), 1908
    Box   2 F   2
    Wells Business Records, Eclipse Motor Company; Vouchers,, 1909
    Box   3 F   1
    Wells Business Records, Eclipse Motor Company; Vouchers (2 folders), 1909
    Box   3 F   2
    Wells Business Records, Eclipse Motor Company; Vouchers, 1910
    Box   3 F   3
    Wells Business Records, Eclipse Motor Company; Vouchers, 1911
    Box   4 F   1
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1931
    Box   4 F   2
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1934
    Box   4 F   3
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1935
    Box   4 F   4
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1936
    Box   4 F   5
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1937
    Box   5 F   1
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1938-1939
    Box   5 F   2
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1941
    Box   5 F   3
    Wells Business Records, Traverse City Iron Works; Estimates, 1942
    Box   6 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Bingham, Martha (Mattie) E., to her mother, 1880; Henry [Northrup] (brother), 1867-1868; and Julia (sister), 1877, 1879, and undated, 1867, 1880, and undated
    Box   6 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Bingham, Martha (Mattie) E., to Jean W. Wells (niece), 1898
    Box   6 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Bingham, Martha (Mattie) E., to various, 1867-1892 (Scattered), and undated
    Box   6 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Bingham, Martha (Mattie) E., to various, 1891, 1893, and undated
    Box   6 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Cochrane, Jane to Susan, “Susie” Cochrane Smith (Mrs. Jay Smith, daughter), 1851-1867
    Box   6 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Cochrane, Jane to Susan, “Susie” Cochrane Smith (Mrs. Jay Smith, daughter), 1870-1875, and undated
    Box   6 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Cochrane, Jane to Jay Smith (son-in-law), undated; and to/from grandson, Jesse, 1862, 1862, and undated
    Box   6 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Cochrane, Jane from Sue Smith (Mrs. Jay Smith, daughter), undated
    Box   6 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Cochrane, Jane from E. F. Rogers, 1877, and Lucy E. Wright, undated (nieces), 1877, and undated
    Box   6 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Cochrane, Jane from “Sister” Jane Stillman, 1853-1854, 1869, 1883
    Box   6 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Cochrane, John to Jane Cochrane (mother), James C. (brother), and sister, 1848-1862 (1849 letter from Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1850 from San Francisco, and 1851 letter from Panama), 1848, 1862
    Box   6 F   12
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Grant, Cornelia D. to “Beloved Husband” undated, from Cornelia D., to Mrs. Cochrane, [18]60
    Box   7 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, McLean, E. J., to Emma (friend),  1868-1881 (scattered)
    Box   7 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, McLean, E. J., to Henry Northrup (son),  1867-1868, 1876, and undated
    Box   7 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, McLean, E. J., to Julia Northrup (daughter), 1867-1876; to Hattie (daughter), 1876, 1867-1876
    Box   7 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, McLean, E. J., to Lucy (cousin), 1863, 1867, 1875
    Box   7 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, McLean, E. J., to Mary Bingham (daughter), 1873-1874, 1876-1877, 1879; to Martha and Mary, 1872 1872, 1879
    Box   7 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, McLean, E. J., to Mrs. Butley (daughter), 1884, 1886
    Box   7 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, McLean, E. J., to Mrs. J. A. Wells, 1881, to Mrs. Wright, 1884, and fragments, 1881, 1884
    Box   7 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To McLean, Mrs. W. V. K. (E. J.) from friends, 1876, and undated
    Box   7 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Northrup, Henry, to brother and sister, 1876, undated; to E. J. McLean (mother), 1864, and to W. K. McLean (father), 1872, 1864, 1872, 1876, and undated
    Box   7 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Northrup, Henry, to Mary Bingham (sister), 1862-1864, 1875
    Box   7 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Northrup, Henry, from various, 1876, 1894, from Northrup to Dear Friend, 1868, 1868, 1876, 1894
    Box   8 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Mrs. G. W. (Hattie P. Wells), from G. W. Smith (husband), 1897-1901 (scattered); from Jane A. Wells (mother), undated 1897-1901, and undated
    Box   8 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Mrs. G. W. (Hattie P. Wells), from Benjamin E. Wells (brother), Jno. C. Whiteford (brother-in-law), L.A. Wright (niece), 1876-1906 (scattered)
    Box   8 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Mrs. G. W. (Hattie P. Wells), to/from Mollie (sister) and Charlie (C. W.) Wells (brother), 1870-1877, and undated
    Box   8 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Mrs. G. W. (Hattie P. Wells), from various cousins, 1880-1881, 1889, 1892, and undated
    Box   8 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Charles S., from Clagett Crosby, re: John Cochrane’s Estate, 1876
    Box   8 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, from Charles (1863), Chester, 1859, and Clesson, 1865, and D. C. Smith, 1851, 1862-1863 (brothers), to Dear Bro., 1861, 1851, 1865
    Box   8 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, from Business Associates, 1851-1852, 1855
    Box   8 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, from Business Associates, 1861-1867
    Box   8 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, to/from Eugene A. Smith (nephew), 1862, 1866
    Box   8 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, to/from Brother DeWitt, 1862-1863
    Box   8 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, and Sue Smith, from Luane (Sister), 1886
    Box   8 F   12
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, and Family from Mother Smith, 1864?, 1866
    Box   8 F   13
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Jay, from Sue Cochrane Smith (Wife), 1886
    Box   8 F   14
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Smith, Jay, Miscellaneous, 1863, and undated
    Box   8 F   15
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Smith, Martha, Telegrams (copies), 1925-1930, and undated
    Box   9 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, and other family members, from John Cochrane (brother, who died in October 1865), 1848-1865, 1848-1865
    Box   9 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from Cornelia D. Grant (friend), 1849-1889 (scattered), and undated
    Box   9 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from Elliot A. Stillman and James C. Stillman (nephews), 1853-1867 (scattered)
    Box   9 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from Jane Cochrane (mother, Rochester, Canadice, N. Y.), 1860-1899 (scattered), and undated
    Box   9 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from Jane Stillman (sister) and relatives (in Bloomfield, N.Y.), 1838-1859, and undated
    Box   9 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from L. S. W. B. Grant (friend), 1852-1881 (scattered), and undated
    Box   9 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from sister and Alice (niece), 1866; from Elly (Ellicott) and Alice B. Stillman (nephew and niece), 1860 (Canadice N.Y.); from sister, 1883, unsigned, 1860, 1866, 1883
    Box   9 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from Susie Smith (granddaughter) and art work (rose), 1866
    Box   9 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Sue Cochrane, from various friends, 1850-1874, and undated
    Box   9 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Smith, Sue Cochrane, Miscellaneous, includes death note of Susie Smith (died 1868); lock of hair of John C. Cochrane (died October 1865), 1865, 1868
    Box   10 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Smith, Mrs. Wallis Craig Smith (nee Jean Wadhams Wells, daughter of C. W. Wells) to family and friends, 1893-1895, and undated
    Box   10 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Smith, Mrs. Wallis Craig Smith (nee Jean Wadhams Wells, daughter of C. W. Wells) from family and friends, 1893-1932 (scattered), and undated
    Box   10 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Mrs. Wallis Craig Smith (nee Jean Wadhams Wells, daughter of C. W. Wells) from Mrs. Jefferson Davis, with Jefferson Davis’ signature, 1905
    Box   10 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Miscellaneous, Smith, Wallis Craig, 1888-1934 (scattered)
    Box   10 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wadhams, E. P. to Jane A. Wells (sister), 1861, 1863
    Box   10 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wadhams, E. P. to Lucy A. Wright (sister), 1878, 1880
    Box   10 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wadhams, E. P. to Lucy W. Whiteford (niece), undated, and to Benjamin Wells (nephew), 1889, 1889, and undated
    Box   10 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wadhams, Rev. from I. L. Ignatius, 1850
    Box   10 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wadhams, Lucy, to/from Jane A. Wells (mother), 1853-1862 (scattered), later Mrs. John Whiteford, 1877-1878, 1853-1862, 1877-1878
    Box   10 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wadhams, Lucy, from Col. L. Wadhams (husband), undated
    Box   10 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wadhams, Lucy, from Ebenezer Bostwick (brother), 1823, 1831, Lucy Bostwick (sister), 1823, 1828, and other Bostwick relatives, 1850, 1853, 1823, 1828, 1831, 1850, 1853
    Box   10 F   12
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wadhams, Lucy, from friends, 1839, 1841, and undated (partial letter)
    Box   10 F   13
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wadhams, Lucy, from Hattie W. Stevens, 1865, F. E. Wadhams, 1867, S. D. Wadhams, 1863 (cousins), 1863, 1865, 1867
    Box   11 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, from Charles H. McLenactun [San Francisco] (friend), 1883
    Box   11 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, from William Wadhams (uncle), 1856, 1858
    Box   11 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, to Charles W. Wells (brother), 1858-1876 (scattered)
    Box   11 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, to Dear Father and Mother, 1859-1877 (scattered)
    Box   11 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, to Hattie Wells (sister), 1858-1904 (scattered)
    Box   11 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, to Lucy Wells (sister), later Whiteford, and John Whiteford, 1853-1863, 1890
    Box   11 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, to Col. Lumen Wadhams, re: death of Benjamin's Mother, undated
    Box   11 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, to Lucy Wells (sister), later Whiteford, and John Whiteford, 1853-1863, 1890, and undated; to Ermina “Mina” Wells (sister), 1855-1865 (Scattered), 1853-1865, 1890, and undated
    Box   11 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Benjamin, to Margaret Wells Whiteford (niece), and family photograph, 1900, 1908, 1915
    Box   12 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wells, C. W., "Dear Papa", from Jeanie W. Wells (daughter), 1892-1893
    Box   12 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wells, C. W., from Ermina "Mina" Wells, undated, and Hattie Wells, 1876 (sisters), 1876, and undated
    Box   12 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wells, C. W., from friends and associates, 1861, 1882, 1893
    Box   12 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wells, C. W., from nephews and a niece, 1876, 1892
    Box   12 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wells, C. W., from Wadhams cousins, 1856, 1861, 1892, and undated
    Box   12 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Benj. Wells (brother), 1863-1865
    Box   12 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Dear Sister/s, 1863-1867
    Box   12 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Ermina "Mina" Wells (sister), 1862-1865, 1879
    Box   12 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Hattie Wells (sister), 1860, 1862, 1867
    Box   12 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Jeanie W. Wells (daughter), 1893
    Box   12 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Lucy Wells (sister), 1859-1865, 1867
    Box   12 F   12
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Mary B. "Mollie" Wells (wife), 1867-1868
    Box   12 F   13
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Wells (parents), San Francisco, 1854, 1859
    Box   12 F   14
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Wells (parents), San Francisco, 1860-1865
    Box   12 F   15
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Wells (parents), San Francisco, 1870-1879
    Box   12 F   16
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Wells (parents), San Francisco, 1880-1882
    Box   12 F   17
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, C. W., to Various, 1852, 1863, 1893
    Box   12 F   18
    Wells Family Papers, Wells, C. W., Civil War Materials, 1863-1865
    Box   12 F   19
    Wells Family Papers, Wells, C. W., Miscellaneous, 1868-1894
    Box   13 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Chester (Chet) to Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin (Jane A.) Wells (Parents), Lucy Wells (sister) and friends, 1853-1886 (scattered), in San Francisco, 1853-1886 (scattered)
    Box   13 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Ermina, from H. L. Clarke (cousin), 1851
    Box   13 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wells, Ermina, from William and Col. Luman Wadhams (cousin) and L. Wadhams (nephew), mostly in San Francisco, 1850-1882 (scattered)
    Box   13 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, G. L. B., to C. W. Wells (son) and his wife, Mollie, 1857-1884 (scattered)
    Box   13 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, G. L. B., to Mrs. Benjamin Wells (wife), 1880
    Box   13 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Jane A., to Benjamin and Charlie (sons) and Charlie’s wife, Mollie, 1858-1880 (scattered) June 3 and 14, 1876 re: death of their daughter, Mattie, of Scarlet Fever, 1858-1880 (scattered)
    Box   13 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Jane A., to Hattie (daughter), 1866 and undated, Mary B. Wells (daughter-in-law), 1875, 1882, 1866, 1875, 1882, and undated
    Box   13 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Jane A., from Lucy Wadhams (mother), 1853-1857 (scattered)
    Box   13 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Jane A., from Mina (daughter), undated, and E. J. McLean, 1876, 1876, and undated
    Box   13 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Jane A., from E. P. Wadhams (uncle), 1857-1867, and undated
    Box   13 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Jane A., from L. Wadhams, 1874, and S. D. Wadhams (nephews), 1877, and W. Wadhams (brother), 1864, 1864, 1874, 1877
    Box   13 F   12
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Lucy J., to Charlie (cousin), 1862; from Jno. C. Whiteford, undated, and J. B. Huffield, 1876, 1862, 1876, and undated
    Box   13 F   13
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Lucy J., to Charles (brother), 1868, and undated; to/from Mollie (sister), undated, 1868, and undated
    Box   13 F   14
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Lucy J., to Hattie P. Wells (sister), 1871, 1873, 1878, and undated
    Box   13 F   15
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Lucy J., to/from Jane A. and F. A. Wells (parents), 1859-1873 (scattered), and undated
    Box   13 F   16
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Lucy J., from various cousins, 1862-1877 (scattered)
    Box   13 F   17
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Lucy J., Report Card, 1859, pencil sketch of woman praying, 1868, 1859, 1868
    Box   14 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary B. to Dear Friends, 1880, copy of Auld Lang Syne, 1865, 1865, 1880
    Box   14 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary Bingham "Mollie", to Hattie (sister), 1870-1889, to Hattie and Father, 1885, 1870-1889
    Box   14 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary Bingham "Mollie", to Henry and Julia Northrup (brother and sister), 1857-1882
    Box   14 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary B., to Lucy Wells (sister), 1879, 1885
    Box   14 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary Bingham "Mollie," to Mrs. Benj. Wells (mother-in-law), 1871-1883
    Box   14 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary Bingham "Mollie," to Mrs. Emma J. Hawes (friend), 1885-1891
    Box   14 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary B. and C.W. Wells, from Mr. and Mrs. W. V. K. McLean (parents), 1867, 1869, 1875-1876, and undated
    Box   14 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary B., from friends, 1860-1888, and undated
    Box   14 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wells, Mary B., from various relatives, 1864, 1876, and undated
    Box   14 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Bingham, Mattie E., Rewards of Merit (3), undated
    Box   14 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, To Wells, Silvanus, from associates, 1853
    Box   14 F   12
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Whiteford, John C., to Lucy (wife), 1878-1880, father, 1877-1884, and acknowledgment of Lucy’s death, undated, Marcie (daughter), 1881, and Hattie (sister-in-law), 1883, 1892, 1877-1884, 1892
    Box   14 F   13
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Whiteford, Lucy W., to Dear Father and Mollie, undated
    Box   14 F   14
    Wells Family Papers, Correspondence Personal, Wright, Lucy A., to sister, 1852-1885 (scattered)
    Box   15 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Diaries, Mrs. E. J. McLean (2 v.); Mrs. W. V. McLean (1 v.), 1854, 1871; 1867
    Box   15 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Diaries, McLean, W. V. (5 v.), 1855, 1863, 1865, 1869, 1875
    Box   15 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Diaries, Mrs. Henry Prindle? (1 v.); G. W. Smith (1 v.), 1886; 1883
    Box   15 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Diaries, unidentified (3 v.), 1862, 1865-1866
    Box   15 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Diaries, unidentified (3 v.), 1872, 1884, 1891
    Box   16 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notebooks, Wells family (1 v.), undated
    Box   16 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notebooks, Wells and Craig families (5 v.), undated
    Box   16 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Bingham family, 1907-1940
    Box   16 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, C. W. Wells and Mattie Wells, undated
    Box   16 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Craig Cochrane Harding, 1909, 1945, and undated
    Box   16 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Dickinson, Johnson, Whiteford families, undated
    Box   16 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Maltbie/Martin, 1939
    Box   16 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Miscellaneous, undated
    Box   16 F   9
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Paine family, undated
    Box   16 F   10
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, re: Relationship to Emily Dickinson, undated
    Box   16 F   11
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Walworth family, undated
    Box   17 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Wells family, 1899-1946, and undated
    Box   17 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Wells family, especially Benjamin and Elisha, 1944-1945
    Box   17 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Wells-McLean families, includes memoriam booklets for Eliza J. McLean, 1887, Mrs Charles W. Wells, 1892, Chares W. Wells, 1894, 1887, 1892, 1894
    Box   17 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Genealogy, Notes, Wells-Smith families, 1941, and undated
    Box   18 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Photograph Album, Wells Sisters (loose papers), 1910-1915
    Box   18 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Albumen in broken case, William Johnson, before 1864
    Box   18 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Civil War Cabinet Card Portraits, includes C. W. Wells and Maj. Gen. Joe Hooker (39 total), [1861-1865]
    Box   18 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Vacations, Houses, undated
    Box   18 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Bingham Family, Children, 5x7 inches, 1880-1894
    Box   18 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Bingham Men, Children, Groups, various sizes, small, undated
    Box   18 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Bingham-Northrup Men, Portraits, 5x7 inches (2 folders), undated
    Box   19 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Bingham Women, Portraits, various sizes, small, undated
    Box   19 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Bingham Women, Portraits, mostly 5x7 inches, undated
    Box   19 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Bingham Women, Portraits, 8x10 inches, undated
    Box   19 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Bingham Women, Portraits, various sizes, small, undated
    Box   19 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith, Portraits, Groups, various sizes, undated
    Box   19 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Photographs, Wells-Smith-Wadhams-McLean, Portraits, mostly 8x10 inches, undated
    Box   19 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Postcards (14), Seals (2), undated
    Box   19 F   8
    Wells Family Papers, Stereoscopic Views, 2 of Civil War, 1 of C. W. Wells' House, 1861-1865, and undated
    Box   20 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, Bingham Materials, 1894, 1898
    Box   20 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, Contracts between Chas. W. Manahan, Jr. and Daniel W. Briggs, Trustee, 1892
    Box   20 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, C. W. Wells' Last Will, 1894, 1898; Miscellaneous Papers, Bills, 1887, 1901, 1887, 1894, 1898, 1901
    Box   20 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, Deeds, 1873, 1887
    Box   20 F   5
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, Inventory of Estate, 1893
    Box   20 F   6
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, Letters of Administration re: Julia B. Northrup's Estate, and Miscellaneous Notes, 1872
    Box   20 F   7
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, Levi Tillotson Promissory Note, 1895
    Box   21 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, Miscellaneous Papers, Bills, 1887, 1901
    Box   21 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, re: Bequest to Ermina P. Hall, 1898
    Box   21 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, re: Hallenbeck and Wells, Receipts, Stock, 1888-1898
    Box   21 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Materials, Legal Documents Concerning C. W. Wells Estate and Will, re: Jennie W. and Helen M. Wells (minors), Letters of Guardianship; C. C. Prendle Memos and Charges to C. C. Wells’ Estate, 1893-1899
    Box   22 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Photographs, Photographs, Portraits, Wells Store, 1910, 1916, and undated
    Box   23 F   1
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Miscellaneous, Miscellaneous Clippings, undated
    Box   23 F   2
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Miscellaneous, Obituaries, undated
    Box   23 F   3
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Miscellaneous, Personal Correspondence, Smith, Jay, undated
    Box   23 F   4
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Miscellaneous, Post Office, Quarterly Account, Essex, New York (State), Benj. Wells, 1862
    F   1  
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Folders, Blueprints for Battle Creek Pump Station 8, 1941; Midland Chemical Warfare Plant, 1942, 1941; 1942
    F   2  
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Folders, Traverse City Iron Works, Battle Creek Sewage Plant Proposal, 1938
    F   3  
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Folders, Detail Drawings, Traverse City Pump/Lift Station, 1941
    F   4  
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Folders, Partial map of Essex County, New York (State), undated
    V   1  
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Volumes, Jean Wells Smith [Ledger], [October 18, 1893-February 1901]
    V   2  
    Wells Family Papers, Oversized Volumes, Jean Wells Smith, Journal #1 [Ledger], [June 1898-October 1, 1906]