Clarke Historical Library
Central Michigan University

Finding aid for
Joan Shipers Memering Papers

Finding aid created by
Marian Matyn

Summary Information
Title: Joan Shipers Memering Papers,
Creator: Memering, Joan Shipers.
Inclusive dates: 1969, 2006
Extent: 6 cubic feet (in 11 boxes, 1 Oversized folder)
Abstract:
The collection consists of two series: the papers of Joan Memering, including biographical materials, Cambodia Project materials and related materials, Central Michigan University(CMU) materials, and newspaper articles, most of which she researched and wrote; and the papers of her husband, Dean Memering, documenting his career teaching in CMU's English Department, and his biographical materials .

Call number: MSS.
Language: The material is in English and Chinese/Khmer and Cambodian
Repository: Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University
250 East Preston Street
Mount Pleasant, MI 48859
Phone: 989-774-3352
Fax: 989-774-2160
Email: clarke@cmich.edu
Website: http://clarke.cmich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

Acc#70,297

Access Restrictions:

Johan Shipers Memering Papers

Copyright:

Copyright is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Folder # , Box #, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University


Arrangement

Arrangement is by series, then alphabetical and chronological.


History

Biography:

Joan Shipers Memering: On January 24, 1945 Joan C. Shipers was born. Her grandmother, who was Ukrainian, witnessed the murder of her entire family at an early age. Later, her grandmother came to New York City as a refugee at the age of fourteen. Because someone had helped her grandmother, Joan decided to help other refugees.

Joan earned a B. A. in English from Bowling Green State University (1966), and master’s degrees in both English and Speech from Central Michigan University (CMU), in 1973 and 1979, respectively. She also took graduate studies in English-as-a-second-language; Latin American Studies; Spanish; Reading; and Supervision of Instruction.

After graduation, Joan worked as a teacher in the Peace Corps in Colombia, 1967-1968. She also taught at The Columbus School, a private American-Colombian School, 1968-1969; at Hodge Elementary School in Cleveland, Ohio, 1970-1971; and at West Intermediate Junior High in Mount Pleasant, Michigan, 1974-1975, teaching 7-8th grade Reading and Writing classes. Also, Joan taught Freshman Composition, English, Journalism, and Speech courses in the English and Journalism departments of CMU, 1975-1990, and at Delta College in 1974. Joan was recognized by both her colleagues and students as being a gifted, caring teacher who made a positive, significant difference in their lives.

From 1979 through 1987 Joan wrote numerous articles on a wide variety of topics for Mount Pleasant area newspapers including the Buyer’s Guide, the Morning Sun, and the Isabella County Herald, in which she had a weekly column called “My Two Cents,” 1992-1993. Some of her articles were also published in the Saginaw News. Joan also wrote a number of articles for CMU’s Information Services newsletter in 1985. All of her articles showed her excellent research and writing skills as well as her humanity and concern about other people.

Because of her interest in refugees, Joan became the Coordinator of the Mid-Michigan Refugee Action Committee, which did extensive legal work and writing on behalf of Asian refugees and new Asian immigrants, in 1979. While working with the refugees, Joan befriended many of them. She conducted oral interviews with them, recording them on tapes, while taking extensive notes. Joan later transcribed the information from the tapes into typed notes. From the typed notes, Joan wrote articles and several partial drafts of a book. Although she tried a number of different times and approaches, she did not complete a full draft of a book or get it published.

With her work on the committee and the oral interviews she conducted, a number of her articles from 1979 through 1980 focused on Indochinese refugees, especially Cambodians. Joan wrote vividly about what they had suffered, the type of culture shock they experienced in refugee camps and in the U.S., and how they adapted to their new lives. Many Indochinese, mostly Cambodian, refugees came to the mid-Michigan area through the efforts of the Mid-Michigan Refugee Action Committee volunteers and the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Services program through Immanuel Lutheran Church in Mount Pleasant.

Probably through her work at CMU, Joan met Professor Willard D. “Dean” Memering. They were married in Robinson Hall on the CMU campus in 1973. They did not have any children. On June 26, 2004 Joan died of cancer in Mount Pleasant. She was survived by her husband, Willard D. “Dean” Memering.

Willard D. “Dean” Memering: “Dean” Memering was born on January 7, 1936 in Hammond, Indiana. He earned a B. Ed in English from the University of Miami (1958), and both a M. A. in English Education and a Ph. D. in English Education, Composition, and Rhetoric from Florida State University, in 1968 and 1971, respectively.

Dean taught various English courses in Florida schools, 1960-1971, before moving to Mount Pleasant to teach at CMU beginning in 1971. At CMU, he taught a variety of courses including Freshman Composition; Introduction to Literature; Expository Writing: Advanced Composition; Teaching Literature; Teaching Composition, and graduate Composition. Dean was active in a number of professional organizations and wrote a number of articles and many books on writing. He was recognized as a kind, caring professor who saw the potential in everyone to learn to write. Progressive in his teaching style, Dean combined traditional methods with newer ones to encourage students to be engaged in his classes. His love of computer resulted in his being instrumental in establishing the English department’s computer lab. He retired from the department on September 30, 1998.

For fun, Dean enjoyed creating abstract paintings. An example of his artistic skill can be seen in the “Visitors” Christmas card he drew for the National Hemophilia Foundation, 2001, which is in his papers.

Probably while teaching, Dean met Joan Shipers, whom he married in Robinson Hall in 1973.

Dean suffered all his life with hemophilia, He died on August 25, 2006 and was survived by one sister, a brother and many nieces and nephews. (This information is from the collection, mostly from the Biographical Materials folders, a WCFX tape of Joan talking about helping refugees and her mother, and from discussion and emails with Peggy Brisbane in 2007.)

Brief Biographies of the Cambodian refugees Joan Interviewed in her Cambodia Project: [Train] Chit had a happy life in Battambang until his family lost their business when he was 14. He was an educated man. In 1971 Battambang had a lot of tension between Vietnamese and Chinese. Sensing the onset of war, the family sent money out of the country, but decided to stay. Chit and his business partner, Hong Seng, were kidnapped by Khmer Rouge for four days. He was later shot in the back. After recovering he married Khanay. Together they had a son, Bakim. Chit worked full-time as a bill collector and salesman for his mother-in-law’s brown sugar business. After 1972, business became increasingly difficult as food passed between Battambang and Phnom Penh, a difficult route, where bridges were blown up and supplies were stolen on a regular basis. Bribes were necessary to get supplies through check points. In April 1975 the Khmer Rouge invaded Battambang, looting stores and driving people out. Chit and Khanay’s family fled. People were driven from temples and homes. Dead bodies were everywhere. Afterwards, everyone worked in fields harvesting rice which they were not allowed to eat. Thousands starved. Bakim died in 1977. Between 1977 and 1982 Chit cut wood, traveled between different towns, and was quite ill. There was terrible starvation by early 1978. He recalled a young girl’s organs being taken out of her body and eaten after she died. Between May and September 1978 martial law was established. Khanay and Chit left Sisophon for Nimith in 1979 in an attempt to get closer to the border with Thailand. About May 8, 1983 they finally arrived in Thailand. They flew to Mount Pleasant in 1979 and were sponsored by St. Mary’s University Parish. Train, age 34, was listed as a 6 wheel-truck driver, and Khanay, age 31, was listed just listed as his “wife”. [Train] Chit was usually referred to by Joan simply as “Chit.”

Meng Leng [Phou] was educated in a Khmer school. His father was a moneylender, his mother a store owner, operator. His father also had warehouses of rice. As the Khmer Rouge approached, Meng Leng fled towards Thailand. He hoped to be a student in a factory. For awhile Meng Leng lived in the house of a teacher. By 1975, the teachers lost power and went on strike and roads were mined. People were organized to harvest the fields. His mother was criticized for caring for Meng Leng when he was sick. The family went to Samrong where they worked in a brick factory, May-November 1975. Rice was stored in Samrong, but people ate rats because they were starving. They were forced to work in fields and live with strangers, including many Vietnamese. While working under his brother’s supervision in the God’s Eye rice fields, Meng Leng became ill and was briefly hospitalized. In 1978 he was sent to Smach to repair a big dam, Srok. He and his brother ran away fearing they would die working at the dam. In 1978 his mother decided he should move to a nearby cotton field to work, where he would be closer to family. From July through September 1978 Meng Leng cleared fields in Mount Kangva. He slept with the rice and cook while there, so he stole rice. When caught, he apologized and was forgiven. Meng Leng could easily have been killed for stealing. Thereafter, he lived in fear that those who had forgiven initially would change their minds and kill him. By late 1978, people died daily of hunger. Some people dug up animal and human corpses to eat them. His family fled from District 3 to 5, where they were caught, split apart, and imprisoned in November 1978. Briefly hospitalized, Meng Leng learned the whereabouts of his family through contacts in the hospital. He decided to travel alone to Thailand. On the way to Thailand, he met his family on Highway 6. In 1979 they traveled from Sisophon to Nimith to Kaub Thom to Watkok, Thailand. Later that year they flew to Mount Pleasant.

Heng Suy Keang, who was called Lim Son Seak in some of Joan’s drafts to protect his identity, was born on July 7, 1940. He grew up in Kratie. In 1955, when 15, Keang visited his grandmother in China. At the time China welcomed foreign students, so Keang enrolled in school there. However, when his father was ill in 1960, Keang discovered that students were not allowed to leave China. Finally, through his mother’s intervention, he was allowed to return home. When age 22 Keang worked with his father. He owned a charcoal factory which employed 100 people, a home, car, and delivery trucks. At age 24 in 1964 Keang married his second cousin, Houng. Together they had four children: Huam (born 1967), Sang (born 1970), and later Chor and Nee. Corruption was rampant. Kratie fell to the Viet Cong on May 6, 1970. At first the family hid in a tunnel during the initial fighting. Later, they moved to Sandan. The VietCong told them to returned home within 30 days or lose their possessions. They returned to find that business was permitted, but everyone worried about informants. In August 1973 the Khmer Rouge entered Kratie. Keang was considered rich as he owned rice fields and fruit orchards. When he heard the Khmer Rouge wanted him, Keang fled fearing death. From SaMat, VietNam, he passed forged papers through friends to his help his family escape. The family left Samat on July 1, 1974. After his brother was tortured to death by the Khmer Rouge, Keang’s family fled to Tay Ninh. From there they went to Saigon and joined 3,000 refugees at the Khmer Embassy. The family left Vietnam on December 31, 1974. They lived in Pailin and Boeng Krasar in 1975. Keang worked at a factory, MT Navy, from September 1975-January 1978; in a vegetable co-op, February-March 1978; and in a factory March-September 1978, where he made shoes with Huam. Keang was hospitalized from September 1978-January 1979. He witnessed embassy people fleeing Phnom Penh on January 7, 1979. The family fled through Sisophon and Nimith, and then through the jungle for Thai refugee camps. They arrived in Mount Pleasant in later that year. Keang’s family was sponsored by the First Church of Christ. He was listed as age 37, an experience auto mechanic with a high level of education. His wife, age 31, was listed as a beauty operator and dress maker. With them were their three sons, one daughter, and two male cousins, one listed as an experienced welder, the other as able to repair autos, bikes, and watches.

The lone woman Joan interviewed, Nay or Ing Lay, is sometimes referred to as May or Ing May in Joan’s drafts to protect her real identity. Nay’s mother, Te Im, married Nay’s father, Ing Heng, in 1920 outside of Guangzhou, China. Working on the mountains where their family lived was very hard, so her father left to try life in Cambodia. After three years of working in Cambodia, he sent for his wife. They opened a restaurant which served prepared food from China. They had a son in 1926 and Nay in 1930. Her father died shortly afterwards, so the family returned to China. After four years, life was so hard that Te Im decided to return to Cambodia. However, she was forced to leave her son behind with his grandmother in China. Im cooked and cleaned for a rich family in Phnom Penh until she had enough money to live on her own. She and Nay settled in Khmar Kaul, a village outside of Battambang. There, Nay attended school, which she hated and soon left. When Nay was 15, she and her mother moved to Battambang where they rented rooms and a sales stall. Im fell down a flight of stairs when Nay was 16, and was badly burned the following year. Im never completely recovered from these accidents. In 1949 Nay married Tang Chung . After closing their separate businesses, they opened a store together where they bought and sold tobacco, betel nut, materials, and other things. Together they had six children: son Tang Hun (born 1952); daughter Nen Chun (born 1959); daughter Nen Ta (born 1961); daughter Nen Kim (born 1965); daughter Nen Muy (born 1966); and another child (born 1975). In 1972 they moved to Poipet. They also worked as middle men, buying and selling wholesale foodstuffs in Battambang and selling to retailers in Phnom Penh. In 1965 May went into partnership with three good female friends out of the need to provide for their families. They bought materials in Thailand and sold them in Battambang. The work was exhausting. With help from her mother, Nay and Chung opened a used book store. In 1975 when she was eight months pregnant a Khmer man in black pajamas ordered her to leave her house and goods behind. Chung took a remarque, a wagon pulled by a motorcycle or bicycle, to pull Im in. They took two blankets and a pot with them. She walked until they were allowed to stop in a forest called O Popoul. While in transit, she had her sixth child. People who tried to escape near the Thai border were punished by having their abdomens cut open. Between 1976 and 1979 Nay lived and worked in Samrong, Phnom de Sway and KokhMum, where her family worked in rice fields. Government workers were targeted and killed in1975, as were people who did not follow rules, and rich people. In 1978, Takeo began killing Vietnamese. Nay and her family eventually got to Buriram, Thailand. They came to Mount Pleasant in 1979.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The collection is divided into the following series: Willard D. “Dean” Memering papers (.5 cubic ft., 1 box); and Joan Shipers Memering papers (5.5 cubic ft., 10 boxes, 1 folder).

Dean’s papers, 1971-2006 (Scattered), and undated, mainly document his teaching experience in the Department of English at CMU, and his Biographical Materials. Biographical Materials for both Memerings includes obituaries, resumes, photographs, and other relevant materials.

Joan’s papers are divided into the following series: Biographical Materials (1 folder); Cambodia Project Materials and Cambodia Related Materials, 1978-2003, and undated (approximately 5 cubic ft. in 9 boxes, 1 folder); CMU Materials, 1983-1992 (Scattered), and undated (.25 cubic ft. in 1 box); and Newspaper Articles, 1975-1995 (Scattered, copies (.25 cubic ft. in 1 box). At the end of the collection there is a folder about Polish refugees coming to Mount Pleasant that includes two newspaper articles (copies) and a photograph [1982].

Of prime interest to researchers are the Cambodia Project Materials, 1978-2003, and undated. These include: Joan’s notes, drafts of oral interviews she conducted with Cambodian refugees, the transcriptions of the taped interviews, some of the tapes, notecards, and drafts and outlines of chapters she wrote for her book, as well as notes on Cambodian vocabulary, family names, and history chronologies of Cambodia. The transcriptions and notes painfully and vividly document the horrors of Cambodia during the 1970s, the horrific suffering of its people, and the various traumas and challenges faced by the refugees. Cambodians who were interviewed by Joan included men [Train] Chit, Meng Leng [Phou], Heng Suy Keang, and a woman, Nay or Ing May. Photographs of the refugees and their families during the 1982-2003, and undated are also included although many are unidentified.

Also in this series is the only extant documentation of the Mid-Michigan Refugee Action Committee, Joan’s notebook with various loose attachments and correspondence includes a list of the churches in Mount Pleasant who sponsored refugees in 1979 and information about the refugees. The list was as follows: [Train] Chit and Family sponsored by St. Mary’s University Parish. A couple sponsored by the Millbrook United Methodist Church. The Heng Suy Keang family sponsored by the First Church of Christ. The Gau Cheng Sun Family sponsored by the First United Methodist Church. The Lim Chhun Fa Family sponsored by Sacred Heart Parish.

Another item of interest in the series is the English/Chinese/Khmer Translation Phrase Book, undated. It was designed for practical use in everyday communication for the new refugees. Also, there is material of the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Services program (1 folder), with which Immanuel Lutheran Church in Mount Pleasant was involved. They sponsored refugees before 1979.

The Cambodia Related Materials, 1969-2003 (Scattered) and undated, include Joan’s research notes and materials which she compiled from a variety of secondary sources on Indochina including the Far Eastern Economic Review (FEER), Indochina Issues, Indochina Newsletter, and the Phon Penh Post, maps of Southeast Asia, and various BBC Broadcasts re: Cambodia. Joan’s correspondence, to/from/or about Cambodian refugees and or about her book is also found here.

Also of interest in this series is a term paper entitled “My Father: the Refugee” by Michael Phou, son of Meng Leng Phou, with a CD and letter to his “Aunt Joan”, 2003. Michael visited Joan to find out more about his father’s life from her notes, transcriptions, and tapes. In his paper, Michael describes how the Memerings were considered family members by Meng Leng Phou’s extended family because of all that they had done to help his family come to and adjust to life in America. Meng Leng had eventually settled in California, but the bonds between the two families remained very strong. Michael’s paper clearly documents that prior to conducting his research about Meng Leng, he did not understand what his father had endured and was quite horrified and saddened to discover the truth while he was also very proud of his father’s ability to adapt to American culture and speak flawless English.

The Newspaper Articles Joan wrote, 1975-1995 (Scattered, copies), include some articles about Cambodian refugees, Vietnam, and many other diverse local topics. There are also some clippings she collected about Cambodia/ns and Vietnam/ese or Vietnam veterans that she did not write but obviously used for research purposes.

Processing Notes: The collection has a musty smell. While no signs of mold were found during processing, researchers with allergies or asthma should be careful while using the collections.Duplicates and materials of peripheral value were returned to the donor. Books written by Dean and about Cambodia in the collection were separately cataloged.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Memering, Joan Shipers.
    • Central Michigan University. Dept. of English.
    • Mid-Michigan Refugee Action Committee.
    • Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service.
    • Khmers--Southeast Asia.
    • Cambodian-Vietnamese Conflict, 1977-1991--Refugees.
    • Political refugees--United States.
    • Mount Pleasant (Mich.)--History--20th century.
    • United States--Foreign relations--Cambodia.
    • Cambodia--Foreign relations--United States.
    • Memering, Dean, --1936-2006.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers [series]:
    Box   1 F   1
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Biographical Information,  1988, 1990, 2006, and undated
    Box   1 F   2
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Articles by Dean in the Michigan English Teacher,  1971, 1977
    Box   1 F   3
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), College of Arts and Sciences, Correspondence, Policies, 1989
    Box   1 F   4
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), Congratulatory Correspondence, 1981-1986, 1988
    Box   1 F   5
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), Dept. of English, Constitutions, 1979, 1990
    Box   1 F   6
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), Dept. of English, Correspondence with Dean, 1981-1998
    Box   1 F   7
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), English 319, Midterm, Final Exams, 1992
    Box   1 F   8
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), English 601, Course Outline, Request to Limit Enrollment, 1993-1994
    Box   1 F   9
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), Research in Freshman Composition, Report, Summer 1976
    Box   1 F   10
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), Research in Teaching Writing, Notes, 1993
    Box   1 F   11
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU), Salary Adjustment Materials, 1992
    Box   1 F   12
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Correspondence with Richard C. Gebhart, editor, College Composition and Communication, 1993
    Box   1 F   13
    Willard D. "Dean" Memering Papers, Holiday Colors, "Visitors" Christmas Card drawn by Dean for National Hemophilia Foundation, 2001
    Box   2 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Biographical Information, 1969, 1978, 1984, 1988, 1990, 2004, 2006, and undated
    Box   2 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Circles of Fire; Circles of Fear: Stories from Cambodia, Outline of Chapters, undated
    Box   2 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Book III Revolution (2 different drafts), undated
    Box   2 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Facing the Madness: Memoirs of the New People, Introduction and Title Page, pp.1-2 (yellow paper), 1985
    Box   2 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Fire in the Heart: War, Revolution and 4 Cambodian Families, Outline of Chapters, undated
    Box   2 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Lament for Cambodia: a Story of Four Families, Outline of Chapters (2 versions), undated
    Box   2 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Night of the Black Pajamas: War, Revolution and 4 Cambodian Families, Outline of Chapters, undated
    Box   2 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, "Peace?" (yellow pages), undated
    Box   2 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapter “From the Edge of the Well” (Interview of Ing May), July 29, 1981
    Box   2 F   10
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft “The Glorious 17th of April” re: Ing May (yellow pages), undated
    Box   2 F   11
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Drafts, Partial Chapters re: Ing May, pp.1-3, 6-8, 33-39, undated
    Box   2 F   12
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapter 3: [Lim Son Seak in 1973], 1973
    Box   2 F   13
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapters 1-4 (re: Lim Son Seak), undated
    Box   2 F   14
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapter 5: Unrest (re: Lim Son Seak), undated
    Box   2 F   15
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Drafts of Chapters 1: [Various Chapter Titles] (re: Lim Son Seak), undated
    Box   2 F   16
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapter on Meng Leng, Book II: When the Kingdom Fell, 1970-1975, and 1975, and undated
    Box   2 F   17
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapters on Meng Leng, 4 Families and Runaway, undated
    Box   2 F   18
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapters on Meng Leng, 1978 and 1979 to May Border Crossing, 1982
    Box   2 F   19
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Draft Chapters on Meng Leng, pp. 1970-4--1975b-52 (green pages), undated
    Box   2 F   19
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Preface, 2001
    Box   3 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Cambodia/Witness to the Dark Side: 4 Refugee Families Tell Their Stories, Working Outline, undated
    Box   3 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Chronology of Meng Leng in Cambodia, 1975-1979
    Box   3 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, English/Chinese/Khmer Translation Phrase Book, undated
    Box   3 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, English/Chinese/Khmer Translation Phrase Book, undated
    Box   3 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, English/Chinese/Khmer Translation Phrase Book, undated
    Box   3 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Family Tree of Meng Leng, undated
    Box   3 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Handwritten Notes re: Heng Suy Keang, undated
    Box   3 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Handwritten Notes re: Interviewees, undated
    Box   3 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Historical Chronologies, 1st century-1978, 1964-1978
    Box   3 F   10
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Index of Oral History Tapes of Heng Suy Keang, 1983
    Box   3 F   11
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Index to Chit's Transcriptions, 1983
    Box   3 F   12
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Index to Keang's Transcriptions, 1982
    Box   3 F   13
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Index to Keang's Transcriptions, 1983
    Box   3 F   14
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Index to Meng Leng's Transcriptions (2 versions), 1981, 1983
    Box   3 F   15
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Index to Nay's Transcriptions (4 versions), 1983
    Box   3 F   16
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Interview of Chit, 2 cassettes, December 12, 1982
    Box   3 F   16
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Interview of Chit, Notecards, December 12, 1982
    Box   3 F   17
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Interview of Chit, Transcriptions, 1981
    Box   3 F   18
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Book, Interview of Chit, Transcriptions, May-June 1982
    Box   4 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Chit, Transcriptions, September-November 1982
    Box   4 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Chit, Transcriptions, December 1982
    Box   4 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Chit, Transcriptions, January 1983
    Box   4 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Heng Suy Keang, Transcriptions, June 1982
    Box   4 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Heng Suy Keang, Transcriptions, July 1982
    Box   4 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Heng Suy Keang, Transcriptions, August 1982
    Box   4 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Heng Suy Keang, Transcriptions, September-October 1982
    Box   5 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Heng Suy Keang, Transcriptions, November-December 1982
    Box   5 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Heng Suy Keang, Transcriptions, January 1983
    Box   5 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Heng Suy Keang, Transcriptions, Final, undated
    Box   5 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Keang, 2 cassettes, August 11, 1982
    Box   5 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Keang, Notecards, August 11, 1982
    Box   5 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, 3 cassettes, February 1, 1982
    Box   5 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Notecards, February 1, 1982
    Box   5 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Notes, July 1981
    Box   5 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Notes and Transcriptions (Stapled Together), September-October 1981
    Box   5 F   10
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Notes and Transcriptions (Stapled Together), November 1981
    Box   6 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Transcriptions, December 1981
    Box   6 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Transcriptions, January 1982
    Box   6 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Transcriptions, February 1-10, 1982
    Box   6 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Transcriptions, February 11-25, 1982
    Box   6 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Transcriptions, March 2-11, 1982
    Box   6 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Transcriptions, March 16-30, 1982
    Box   6 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Meng Leng, Transcriptions, November 1982-1984
    Box   6 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Notes and Transcriptions, July 1981
    Box   6 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Notes and Transcriptions, August 1981
    Box   7 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Notes and Transcriptions, September 1981
    Box   7 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Notes and Transcriptions, October 1981
    Box   7 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Notes and Transcriptions, November 1981
    Box   7 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Transcriptions, December 1981
    Box   7 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Transcriptions, 2 cassettes, August 25, 1982, December 3, 1981
    Box   7 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Transcriptions, Notecards, August 25, 1982, December 3, 1981
    Box   7 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Notes and Transcriptions, August 1982
    Box   7 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Notes and Transcriptions, September 1982
    Box   7 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Interview of Nay, Transcriptions, August 1983
    Box   7 F   10
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Khmer Vocabulary, [after 1979]
    Box   7 F   11
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Lutheran Lenten Project, Photographic Materials, Newspaper Columns, Correspondence, Church Materials, 1979-2003
    Box   7 F   12
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Meng Leng, Family Names and Ages in 1975, undated
    Box   8 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Nay's Story (Draft with Fictitious Names), 1981
    Box   8 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Oral History Transcripts of Train Chit, 1983
    Box   8 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Photographic Proofs, undated
    Box   8 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Photographs (2 folders), 1982-1983, and undated
    Box   8 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Photographs, Identified, 1999, and undated
    Box   8 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Photographs, Phe Phang Heak (died 2002), undated
    Box   8 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Photographs, Yi Tean Phou Family, undated
    Box   8 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Project, Postcard to Representative X Urging Support for Refugees, undated
    Box   8 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, BBC Broadcasts re: Cambodia, 1977
    Box   8 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Cambodian Vocabulary Notes, undated
    Box   8 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Correspondence, from Lutheran Social Services of Michigan, 1979
    Box   8 F   10
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Correspondence, from Meng Leng Phou re: Common Cambodian Names, 1983
    Box   8 F   11
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Correspondence re: Cambodians, 1985, 1987, 1991
    Box   8 F   12
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Correspondence re: Witness to the dark side..., 1984
    Box   8 F   13
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Correspondence with Don Luce, University of Michigan re: Donating Tapes There, 1985-1990
    Box   8 F   14
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Far Eastern Economic Review (FEER) articles (copies) re: Cambodia (2 folders), 1969-1970
    Box   9 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Far Eastern Economic Review (FEER) articles (copies) re: Cambodia (9 folders), 1971-1979
    Box   9 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Gau Family Arrives in 1979 [Church bulletin article], [after 1989]
    Box   9 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, In-Class Intercultural Communication Materials, 1987
    Box   9 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Indochina Issues, issue on Vietnam, August 1983
    Box   10 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Indochina Newsletters (Scattered Issues), June/July 1980-November/December 1991
    Box   10 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Indochina Resource Center, Children of Viet-Nam: A Storybook for Children (copy), 1976
    Box   10 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, International Voluntary Service, Inc., Newsletter and Correspondence, 1991-1992
    Box   10 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, (The) Killing Fields, Critical Review of the Film, New York Times (copy), November 2, 1984
    Box   10 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Maps of SE Asia (4), undated
    Box   10 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Mid-Michigan Refugee Action Committee, Correspondence, 1985, 1992
    Box   10 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Mid-Michigan Refugee Action Committee, Notes, 1979
    Box   10 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, “My Father: the Refugee” by Michael Phou, son of Meng Leng Phou, Senior Project Paper, CD, 2003; Letter to Aunt Joan, [2003], 2003
    Box   10 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, New Society of Democratic Kampuchea, Historical Chronology and Quotations, 1979
    Box   10 F   10
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Noam Chomsky, “The U.S. and the Third World; Illusion and Reality,” Khymer Music (U. of Chicago, Off. Of Radio and TV), cassette, undated
    Box   10 F   11
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Obituary, Cheng Sun Gau (1925-1989), and Funeral Card, 1989
    Box   10 F   12
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Phon Penh Post, v. 2, No. 11-12, 15, 1993
    Box   10 F   13
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Secondary Sources (copies), Miscellaneous, 1977, 1979, 1981, and undated
    Box   10 F   14
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, Vietnamese Prostitution Notes, [after January 1992]
    Box   10 F   15
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, WCFX: Craig Bordeau and Joan Memering, “Horizons,” June 13, 1982, 1 cassette re: Mid-Mi Refugee Resettlement, and Notes made from the Tape, 2007, 1982, 2007
    Box   10 F   16
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Cambodia Related Materials, World Refugee Survey by U.S. Committee for Refugees, 1982
    Box   11 F   1
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, Correspondence from Joan's Student, David Husak, undated
    Box   11 F   2
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, Dept. of English, English 101, Syllabus, Course Notes, 1987
    Box   11 F   3
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, Dept. of English, English 101, Syllabus, 1983
    Box   11 F   4
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, Dept. of English, Notes for Special Lecture, April 9 [after 1982]
    Box   11 F   5
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, Dept. of English, Post-Tenure Review Materials (2 folders), 1986-1992
    Box   11 F   6
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, Information Services, Articles by Joan, 1985
    Box   11 F   7
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, International Student Services Newsletter, Special Edition, Unwritten Rules of Campus Communication, Fall 1989
    Box   11 F   8
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Central Michigan University (CMU) Materials, Journalism Dept., Report on Journalism 101, 1987
    Box   11 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), About Vietnam, Vietnamese, or Cambodia, not written by Joan, 1975-1995 (Scattered)
    Box   11 F   9
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), by Joan, About Vietnamese, Cambodia, Vietnam, Viet Nam Vets, 1979-1983 (Scattered)
    Box   11 F   10
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), by Joan, "My Two Cents' Columns, 1992-1993
    Box   11 F   11
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), by Joan, not re: Cambodia or Vietnam, 1979
    Box   11 F   12
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), by Joan, not re: Cambodia or Vietnam, 1980
    Box   11 F   13
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), by Joan, not re: Cambodia or Vietnam, 1981
    Box   11 F   14
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), by Joan, not re: Cambodia or Vietnam, 1985, 1989
    Box   11 F   15
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Newspaper Articles (copies), by Joan, not re: Cambodia or Vietnam, undated
    Box   11 F   16
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Polish Refugees, Photograph, 1981-1983; Newspaper Articles (copies), undated [circa 1982], 1981-1983
    Box   11 F   17
    Joan Shipers Memering Papers, Oversized Folder, Summary of World Broadcasts, BBC re: Cambodia (Photostatic copies), 1977-1978