Clarke Historical Library
Central Michigan University

Finding aid for
Amos Gould Family Papers

Finding aid created by
Marian Matyn

Summary Information
Title: Amos Gould Family Papers,
Creator: Gould, Amos, 1808-1882.
Inclusive dates: 1828, 1936, and undated
Extent: 65 cubic feet (in 117 boxes, 3 oversized volumes)
Abstract:
The collection includes records of Amos, Ebenezer (Civil War correspondence), and Fred H. Gould of New York (State) and Owosso (Michigan).

Call number: MSS.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University
250 East Preston Street
Mount Pleasant, MI 48859
Phone: 989-774-3352
Fax: 989-774-2160
Email: clarke@cmich.edu
Website: http://clarke.cmich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

no Acc#

Access Restrictions:

The papers are open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Amos Gould Family Papers, Folder # , Box #, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University


Arrangement

The collection is organized by topic, then chronologically. All materials are Amos Gould’s unless otherwise specified.


History

Biography:

Amos Gould was born in Aurelius, New York (State) on December 3, 1808. Educated, he studied for a while at Hamilton College. On temporary suspension from the college, he taught at Auburn, New York, while entering the office of William H. Seward, then governor of New York (State) as a student. Admitted to the bar in 1832, Gould practiced law ably for several years in New York (State) before moving to Owosso, Michigan, in 1843 due to debts incurred by his brother and brother-in-law. In Owosso he practiced law until 1865.

From the time of his arrival in Michigan in 1843, Gould speculated in land, much of which he purchased at tax sales. When the demand for Michigan pine skyrocketed following the Civil War, Gould cut, sawed, and marketed lumber on a rather large scale near Owosso. His brother, David, also was involved in the lumber industry in the vicinity of St. Charles and Chesaning, Michigan.

Gould served as the attorney for the Detroit and Milwaukee Railroad Company, 1852-1881, a position which was quite involved with the acquisition of land for its right-of-way from Pontiac westward to Grand Haven, Michigan. He also promoted the establishment of the Amboy, Lansing, and Traverse Bay Railroad (one of Michigan’s first land grant roads), and directed construction of its first section, from Owosso to Lansing, Michigan.

Gould was elected Probate Judge of Shiawassee County in 1844. Gould served as Prosecuting Attorney of Shiawassee County, and Supervisor of Owosso, 1844-1850. Also, he served as Senator from the Twenty-sixth District, 1853-1854. In 1855 Gould was the Democratic candidate for Attorney General, but was defeated. After the Civil War he was a Republican in his political beliefs.

In 1865 Gould organized the First National Bank of Owosso, served as its president, and owned most of its stock. He also managed an extensive farm of 1200 acres.

Gould married Louisa Peck of New York (State) in 1841. Together they had six sons and daughters, of whom five lived to adulthood. A wealthy man, he died May 14, 1882, survived by his wife and five children. His estate was computed to be worth $250,000, most of which included over 1250 acres of property in Michigan and other states.

Amos Gould had a brother named Ebenezer whose papers, among those of other family members, are part of this collection. Ebenezer married Irene Beach in 1845 and they had several children together. He was commissioned in the 5th Michigan Cavalry as Major in 1862 at the age of 44. Eventually Ebenezer was commissioned Colonel in 1864 and honorably discharged in November 1864 due to wounds received at Hagerstown, Maryland, in 1863.

Amos Gould had a son, Fred H. Gould, who was born October 11, 1857. Fred attended military academy in Chester, Pennsylvania, and later the law department of the University of Michigan in 1878. He worked at the First National Bank of Owosso until his father died in 1882. Afterwards Fred was active in real estate business. He was one of the stockholders and a director of the First National Bank, until it was liquidated. Fred raised thorough-bred cattle and standard-bred horses. In June, 1883 he married Josephine Fletcher. Together they had three children.

(This information is from Michigan Biographies vol. 1. and the History of Shiawassee and Clinton Counties Michigan (1880).


Collection Scope and Content Note

The collection includes a variety of family records.

Amos Gould’s records include: personal correspondence, 1828-1872, family correspondence, 1875-1912, Civil War correspondence mostly from Ebenezer to Amos or Ebenezer’s wife and children, 1862-1864, railroad business records, 1852-1881, lumber business correspondence and papers, 1867-1882, business correspondence, 1849-1915, receipts of business transactions, 1830-1883, legal papers, including briefs, trail records, contracts land contracts, mortgages, agreements, indentures, and deeds, 1832-1885 from New York and Michigan, and more legal records and tax receipts, 1848-1932, book receipts, 1870-1879, trial records of cases Amos and his associates tried, 1842-1877, railroad receipts, 1857-1864, and letter books, day books, and account books, 1839-1935. Also included are five eagle buttons. Additional Amos Gould buttons are in the Display Items collection.

Papers relating to Ebenezer include: Civil War correspondence mostly from Ebenezer to Amos or Ebenezer’s wife and children, 1862-1864, courtship and marriage correspondence from Ebenezer to his wife Irene Beach, 1845-1866, and business correspondence and miscellaneous, including a scrapbook of obituaries and family news, 1868-1936.

Papers relating to Fred H. Gould include his diaries, 1892-1931, and personal correspondence to/from Fred, 1870-1872, and undated.

Overall the collection provides a good look at life in a small Michigan town (Owosso), multiple business interests, especially land and lumber, and personal life before, during, and after the Civil War. There are also letters from Gould’s brother-in-law, Dr. J. N. Graham, on early medical practices, such as the use of chloroform in Michigan.

Processing Notes: Due to size differences among the boxes, some boxes are shelved out of numerical orders. Boxes # 74-75, 108-120 are cubic foot boxes, the rest are .5 cubic foot boxes. Folder level processing was completed, but the inventory is at box level. Some materials are still tri-folded in their original wrappings, not in folders, or in unlabeled folders.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Gould, Amos, 1808-1882.
    • Gould, Ebenezer, 1818-
    • Gould, Fred H., 1857-
    • Graham, J. N., Dr.
    • Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872.
    • Detroit and Milwaukee Railroad Company.
    • Amboy, Lansing, and Traverse Bay Railroad.
    • First National Bank of Owosso.
    • United States. Army. Michigan Cavalry Regiment, 5th (1862-1865)
    • Banks and banking--Michigan--Owosso.
    • Lumber trade--Michigan--Owosso.
    • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Amos Gould Family Papers. [series]:
    Box   1 F   1
    Biographical Materials, 1880, 1926, undated
    Box   1 F   2
    Personal Correspondence, 1828-1852
    Box   2 F   1
    Personal Correspondence, 1853-1872
    Box   3 F   1
    Family Correspondence of Amos Gould, his children and grandchildren, 1875-1876, 1878, 1879
    Box   4 F   1
    Family Correspondence of Amos Gould, his children and grandchildren, 1873-1874
    Box   5 F   1
    Civil War Correspondence, mostly written by Ebenezer Gould to his wife and children or his brother, Amos Gould, 1862-1864
    Box   6 F   1
    Courtship and Marriage Correspondence from Ebenezer to Irene Beach, which discusses his last official duties as Colonel of the 5th Michigan Cavalry, 1845-1866
    Box   6 F   2
    Business Correspondence, Family Scrapbook, Photographs, and Miscellaneous of Ebenezer Gould, 1868-1936
    Box   7 F   1
    Railroad Business Records, 1852-1859
    Box   8 F   1
    Railroad Business Records, Detroit and Milwaukee Railroad, 1856-1879
    Box   9 F   1
    Railroad Business Records, Detroit and Milwaukee Railroad, 1859-1862
    Box   10 F   1
    Railroad Business Records, Amboy, Lansing, Traverse Bay Railroad Company, 1856-1870
    Box   11 F   1
    Railroad Business Records, Amboy, Lansing, Traverse Bay Railroad Company, 1863-1878, 1880-1881
    Box   12 F   1
    Lumber Business Records, 1867-1876
    Box   13 F   1
    Lumber Business Records, 1877-1880
    Box   14 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1849-1900 (scattered)
    Box   15 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1845-1846
    Box   16 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1847-1848
    Box   17 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1849-1850
    Box   18 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-June 1850
    Box   19 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-June 1851
    Box   20 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1853
    Box   21 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1854
    Box   22 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-July 1855
    Box   23 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-July 1856
    Box   24 F   1
    Business Correspondence, August-December 1856
    Box   25 F   1
    Business Correspondence, May-December 1857
    Box   26 F   1
    Business Correspondence, June-September 1858
    Box   27 F   1
    Business Correspondence, October-December 1858
    Box   28 F   1
    Business Correspondence, May 1859
    Box   29 F   1
    Business Correspondence, November 1859-May 1860
    Box   30 F   1
    Business Correspondence, August-October 1860
    Box   31 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-April 1861
    Box   32 F   1
    Business Correspondence, April-August 1861
    Box   33 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-April 1862
    Box   34 F   1
    Business Correspondence, May-December 1862
    Box   35 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1863
    Box   36 F   1
    Business Correspondence, July-December 1864
    Box   37 F   1
    Business Correspondence, July-December 1865
    Box   38 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1867
    Box   39 F   1
    Business Correspondence (note: no 1869), 1868
    Box   40 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1870
    Box   41 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1871
    Box   42 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1872
    Box   43 F   1
    Business Correspondence (note: no 1874), 1873
    Box   44 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1875
    Box   45 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1876
    Box   46 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1877
    Box   47 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-May 1878
    Box   48 F   1
    Business Correspondence, January-August 1879
    Box   49 F   1
    Business Correspondence, September-December 1879
    Box   50 F   1
    Business Correspondence, June-December 1880
    Box   51 F   1
    Business Correspondence, 1881
    Box   52 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1830-1840s
    Box   53 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1840s
    Box   54 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1847-1852
    Box   55 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1854-1857
    Box   56 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1857-1859
    Box   57 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1859-1860
    Box   58 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1861-1862
    Box   59 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1862-1864
    Box   60 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1864-1868
    Box   61 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1868-1869
    Box   62 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1869-1870
    Box   63 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1871-1872
    Box   64 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1872
    Box   65 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1873
    Box   66 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1873-1874
    Box   67 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1874-1875
    Box   68 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1875
    Box   69 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1876
    Box   70 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1877
    Box   71 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1878
    Box   72 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1879-1880
    Box   73 F   1
    Receipts of Business Transactions of Amos Gould, 1881-1883
    Box   74 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1832-1859
    Box   75 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1860-1888
    Box   76 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1857-1870
    Box   77 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1857-1870
    Box   78 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1860-1870s
    Box   79 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1860-1870s
    Box   80 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1860-1880
    Box   81 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1870-1892
    Box   82 F   1
    Legal Papers, Court Cases, Land Contracts, etc., 1875-1885
    Box   83 F   1
    Legal Papers, Collection Records, and Tax Receipts, 1848-1879
    Box   84 F   1
    Legal Papers, Collection Records, and Tax Receipts, 1870-1932 (scattered)
    Box   85 F   1
    Court Cases, 1842-1860
    Box   86 F   1
    Court Cases, 1844-1860
    Box   87 F   1
    Court Cases, 1847-1857
    Box   88 F   1
    Court Cases, 1847-1860
    Box   89 F   1
    Circuit Court Cases of Kent, Montcalm, Ionia, and Muskegon counties, 1847-1865
    Box   90 F   1
    Court Cases, 1848-1859
    Box   91 F   1
    Court Cases, 1855-1865
    Box   92 F   1
    Court Cases, 1855-1866
    Box   93 F   1
    Circuit Court Cases, 1857-1866
    Box   94 F   1
    Circuit Court Cases of Saginaw, Genesee, Gratiot, Clinton, and Ottawa counties, 1858-1864
    Box   95 F   1
    Circuit Court Cases of Shiawassee County, 1858-1865
    Box   96 F   1
    Court Cases, 1860-1870
    Box   97 F   1
    Court Cases, 1860-1880
    Box   98 F   1
    Court Cases, 1861-1875
    Box   99 F   1
    Circuit Court of Michigan cases, 1875-1877
    Box   100 F   1
    Diaries of Fred H. Gould, 1892-1931
    Box   101 F   1
    Railroad Receipts, 1857-1860
    Box   102 F   1
    Railroad Receipts, 1859-1861
    Box   103 F   1
    Railroad Receipts, 1861-1862
    Box   104 F   1
    Railroad Receipts, 1862-1863
    Box   105 F   1
    Railroad Receipts, 1863-1864
    Box   106 F   1
    Small Account Books, 1880-1910, 1969-1871, 1878-1883, 1876, 1891-1907
    Box   107 F   1
    Railroad Receipts, 1870-1879
    Box   108 F   1
    Letter Press Book, 1854-1859
    Box   109 F   1
    Letter Books (9 volumes), 1859-1865
    Box   110 F   1
    Letter Books (7 volumes), 1864-1874
    Box   111 F   1
    Day Books (13 volumes), 1858-1881
    Box   112 F   1
    Letter Books (8 volumes), 1875-1890
    Box   113 F   1
    Account Books (13 volumes), 1848-1929
    Box   114 F   1
    Assorted Dockets, Day Books, Treasurer’s Books (11 volumes) of the Gould family, 1842-1935
    Box   115 F   1
    Account Books (10 volumes), 1858-1881
    Box   116 F   1
    Letter Books (8 volumes), 1862-1888
    Box   117 F   1
    Account Books (17 volumes), 1839-1872
    Box   117 F   2
    Eagle Buttons (5), undated
    F   1  
    Oversized Volume, Account Book (on top of Box # 114), 1855-1861
    F   2  
    Oversized Volume, Letter Press Book (on top of Box # 108), 1862-1863
    F   3  
    Oversized Volume, 3) Owosso Woolen Manufacturing Company Receipt Book, 1867-1869