Clarke Historical Library
Central Michigan University

Finding aid for
Augustus Herbert Gansser Papers

Finding aid created by
Marian Matyn

Summary Information
Title: Augustus Herbert Gansser Papers,
Creator: Gansser, Augustus Herbert, 1872-1951.
Inclusive dates: 1891, 1931, and undated
Extent: approximately 5 cubic feet (in 2 boxes, 3 Oversized volumes, 9 Oversized folders)
Abstract:
The papers include Augustus Gansser's biographical materials, speeches, correspondence, American Expeditionary Field materials, Michigan National Guard scrapbooks, Prohibition articles, and United Spartans of America materials. Also included are papers of his brother, Emil B. Gansser, and photographs of World War I, National Guard, and Spanish-American War veterans.

Call number: MSS.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University
250 East Preston Street
Mount Pleasant, MI 48859
Phone: 989-774-3352
Fax: 989-774-2160
Email: clarke@cmich.edu
Website: http://clarke.cmich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

Acc# 2573

Access Restrictions:

Augustus Herbert Gansser Papers are open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Augustus Herbert Gansser Papers, Folder # , Box #, Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University


Arrangement

The collection is organized into the following series: Augustus H. Gansser Biographical Materials (2 folders); Correspondence (19 folders); War Records (11 folders); Photographs (9 folders and 7 rolled photographs); and Emil B. Gansser Papers (2 folders). Oversized Materials of Augustus H. Gansser are housed outside of standard archival boxes and include Oversized volumes (3) and Oversized Photographs (9 folders within 1 large folder); and Maps (mostly published, 9 folders) which are housed in a Map Cabinet. Papers are organized alphabetically and chronologically within each series.


History

Biography:

Augustus Herbert Gansser was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, on July 5, 1872, the son of Augustus Gansser and Johanna Bauer. The Ganssers had four children, Emma (1870-), Augustus (1872-1951), Eugenia (1873-), and Emil B. (1875-). The couple and Emma moved to Bay City, Michigan, in 1872, leaving Augustus with his maternal grandparents. When his grandparents both died in 1880, within months of each other, Augustus finally joined his family in Bay City. He attended school and quickly learned English. After graduating from eighth grade Augustus left school to support his mother and siblings. His father was presumably dead by then.

Augustus worked a variety of jobs including selling newspaper, working as a collector and clerk in a saw mill, as the manager of a carpet store, a newspaper correspondent, an insurance agent, and as a census enumerator.

Gansser joined the Michigan National Guard and held the rank of sergeant by 1891. He participated in the siege of Santiago during the Spanish-American War, in 1898, and served in the Mexican border duty, 1916-1918, and World War I, 1917-1918. Gansser was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the 125th Infantry, 32nd Division, of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). In the 1920s he commanded the 340th Infantry, 85th Division. He retired from the Guard in 1934.

From 1911 through 1912, Gansser served as a Michigan Representative from the First District (Bay City). He also served as a Michigan Senator, 1915-1931, from the 24th District (Bay and Midland counties). Gansser was defeated in the 1932 election. He was a Republican. In 1927 and 1929 Gansser served as President Pro Tem of the Senate.

Active in many fraternal, veteran, and patriotic organizations, Gansser was a member of the Elks, Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, etc. He also served on the Michigan Child Welfare Conference Executive Committee.

In 1905 Gansser compiled and edited the History of Bay County, Michigan and Representative Citizens, a copy of which is available in the Clarke Historical Library.

On April 25, 1896, Gansser married Elizabeth Richardson, born on July 26, 1876. Together they had four sons: Emil A. (1898-1979); Webster H. (1900-1963); Victor L. (1902-1971); and Virgil Richardson (born and died March 7, 1904).

Augustus H. Gansser died on April 25, 1951. (This information is from the collection, some of which was copied from the vertical files of the Bay City Public Library.)


Collection Scope and Content Note

The collection richly documents Gansser’s experiences in the Michigan National Guard and veterans associations, as well as lists of Michigan soldiers killed in actions and troop rosters. The collection has a wide variety of photographs of encampments, officers, and units (group) photographs.

Michigan National Guard troops documented in this collection include: the 63rd Infantry; 125th Infantry; 32nd Division; 1st Battalion, 33rd Infantry, Company B; 119th and 120th Field Artillery, 32nd Division Band; and the 3rd Battalion, 125th Infantry. Camp MacArthur; Waco, Texas; the Division Headquarters for the 125th-128th infantries is also documented, as well as some general orders and circulars.

Gansser’s political career is documented in his Political Correspondence, 1905-1915, Correspondence and “Letters to the Editor,” 1911, and Correspondence from his Constituents, 1929. There is also Correspondence from Michigan Governor Fred M. Warner and Michigan Representative George A. Loud. A few drafts of his political Addresses (Speeches), 1911-1915, are also included in the collection.

Gansser’s activities in veterans groups, his non-political business interests, family correspondence, and two scrapbooks that belonged to his brother, Emil B. Gansser, complete the collection.

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Gansser, Augustus Herbert, 1872-1951.
    • Gansser, Emil B., 1875-
    • Loud, George A.
    • Warner, Frederick Maltby, 1865-1923.
    • Michigan National Guard--Regimental histories.
    • United States. Army, American Expeditionary Forces.
    • Michigan. National Guard. Infantry, 120th. Field Artillery.
    • Michigan. National Guard. Infantry, 125th. Battalion, 1st.
    • Michigan. National Guard. Infantry, 125th. Battalion, 3rd.
    • Michigan. National Guard. Infantry, 340th.
    • Michigan. National Guard. Infantry, 63rd.
    • Michigan. National Guard. Infantry, 33rd. Company B.
    • Michigan. National Guard. Infantry, 119th. Field Artillery.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
     
    Augustus Herbert Gansser Papers. [series]:
    Box   1 F   1
    Biographical Materials, 1904-1934
    Box   1 F   2
    Addresses (Speeches) while a Representative [re: George Washington’s birthday, 1911-1913?, and Marcy Hospital Nurses Graduation, 1915], 1911-1913?, 1915
    Box   1 F   3
    Correspondence, Business Correspondence, 1905-1914 (Scattered)
    Box   1 F   4
    Correspondence and “Letters to the Editor” while a Representative, 1911
    Box   1 F   5
    Correspondence from Constituents while a Michigan Senator, 1929
    Box   1 F   6
    Correspondence re: the Disabled American Veterans of the World War, Detroit, Chapter No. 1, 1929
    Box   1 F   7
    Correspondence re: the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), 1929
    Box   1 F   8
    Correspondence re: Insurance Business (U.S. Mutual Automobile Insurance Company), 1921-1922
    Box   1 F   9
    Correspondence re: Loyal Americans of the Republic (a patriotic organization), 1904-1910
    Box   1 F   10
    Correspondence re: Loyal Americans of the Republic (a patriotic organization), 1911-1913
    Box   1 F   11
    Correspondence re: Loyal Americans of the Republic (a patriotic organization), 1914-1915
    Box   1 F   12
    Correspondence re: Michigan National Guard, 1905-1909
    Box   1 F   13
    Correspondence re: Michigan National Guard, January-June 1909
    Box   1 F   14
    Correspondence re: Michigan National Guard, July-December 1909
    Box   1 F   15
    Correspondence re: Michigan National Guard, 1910-1915 (Scattered), undated
    Box   1 F   16
    Correspondence re: Organization of Michigan Chapters of United Spartans in America, 1904-1906
    Box   1 F   17
    Correspondence re: Organization of Michigan Chapters of United Spartans in America, 1907-1908
    Box   1 F   18
    Correspondence re: Organization of Michigan Chapters of United Spartans in America, 1919-1931 (Scattered)
    Box   1 F   19
    Correspondence re: War Camp Community Service, Inc., 1920-1921
    Box   1 F   20
    Family Correspondence, 1906-1921 (Scattered), undated
    Box   1 F   21
    General Orders, Michigan National Guard, 1907, 1909
    Box   1 F   22
    Political Correspondence (Includes Correspondents Fred M. Warner, Governor of Michigan, and George A. Loud, a Michigan Representative), 1909, 1951
    Box   1 F   23
    War Records: American Expeditionary Forces, Field Message Books (3 volumes), Compiled by Gansser, 1918
    Box   1 F   24
    War Records: American Expeditionary Forces, Headquarters (HQ) 63rd Infantry Circulars, 1919, undated
    Box   1 F   25
    War Records: American Expeditionary Forces, Headquarters (HQ) 125th Infantry Circulars, 1919
    Box   1 F   26
    War Records: Michigan Soldiers Killed in Action, Pages 4-52, Compiled by Gansser, 1914-1918
    Box   1 F   27
    War Records: Roster of Troops, Maneuver Division, Camp Young, West Point, Kentucky; General War Orders, 1903-1906
    Box   1 F   28
    War Records: Scrapbook, Michigan National Guard, 1914-1918
    Box   1 F   29
    War Records: 32nd Division of National Guard of the U.S.A.: A History (Typed), 1918?
    Box   1 F   30
    War Records: 32nd Division, Record of Events (Typed), April-June 1918
    Box   1 F   31
    War Records: 32nd Division, Roster of the Dead, 1918
    Box   1 F   32
    War Records: Training Memorandum and Orders for Citizens Military Training Camps, 1929
    Box   1 F   33
    War Records: World War I General Orders and Paperwork, 1918
    Box   2 F   1
    Photographs: Bay City, Michigan, undated
    Box   2 F   2
    Photographs: Baylor, Wallis B., 1915
    Box   2 F   3
    Photographs: 1st Battalion, Michigan, 33rd Infantry Michigan National Guard, Company B, 3rd Michigan (folder 1 of 4), 1906, 19145
    Box   2 F   4
    Photographs: 1st Battalion, Michigan, 33rd Infantry Michigan National Guard, Company B, 3rd Michigan (folder 2 of 4), 1906, 19145
    Box   2 F   5
    Photographs: 1st Battalion, Michigan, 33rd Infantry Michigan National Guard, Company B, 3rd Michigan (folder 3 of 4), 1906, 19145
    Box   2 F   6
    Photographs: 1st Battalion, Michigan, 33rd Infantry Michigan National Guard, Company B, 3rd Michigan (folder 4 of 4), 1906, 19145
    Box   2 F   7
    Photographs: Mount Epworth, undated
    Box   2 F   8
    Photographs: Unidentified, National Guard Groups and Portraits (7), and Women and Boys (1), undated
    Box   2 F   9
    Photographs: World War I, European Images, 1914-1918
    Box   2 F   10
    Emil B. Gansser Papers: Michigan National Guard Notebook; General Orders from Headquarters (HQ) Camp Duffield, Ludington, Michigan, 1911-1914
    Box   2 F   11
    Emil B. Gansser Papers: Tent 19-Modern Archers of America, Bay City, Michigan, Meeting Minutes, November 1903-April 1905
    Box   2 F   12
    Rolled Photographs: Camp MacArthur; Waco, Texas; Division Headquarters (HQ) 125th-128th Infantries, undated
    Box   2 F   13
    Rolled Photographs: Headquarters (HQ) Company (2), undated
    Box   2 F   14
    Rolled Photographs: 119th and 120th Field Artillery, 32nd Division Band, undated
    Box   2 F   15
    Rolled Photographs: 125th Artillery, 32nd Division Band, undated
    Box   2 F   16
    Rolled Photographs: 3rd Battalion, 125th Infantry, undated
    Box   2 F   17
    Rolled Photographs: Unidentified (National Guard unit with a train and tents in the background), undated
    V   1  
    Oversized Volumes, #1 Scrapbook with General Orders of the Michigan National Guard Headquarters (HQ), 1903-1904
    V   2  
    Oversized Volumes, #2 Scrapbook of Newspaper Clippings of United Spartans of America (a Bay City Patriotic Fraternal Organization), 1905-1906
    V   3  
    Oversized Volumes, #3 Scrapbook of Newspaper and Periodical Clippings Concerning Prohibition, 1915, Posted in a 1900 Diary, 1915
    V   3  
    Oversized Volumes, #3 Scrapbook of Newspaper and Periodical Clippings Concerning Prohibition, 1915, Posted in a 1900 Diary, 1900, 1915
    F   1  
    Oversized Folder, #1 Photographs, 1) Alpin Beach Camp, July 17, 1906; 2) Camp Bliss, Manistee, Michigan (2), 1901; 3) Funeral of Artificer Thomas Griffiths, Company B, 3rd Infantry, July 26, 1914; 4) Mohawk Mine Shaft #2 (3 tinted with many names written on images), 1906-1907; 5) Sergeant H.E. Burton, Sergeant N.N Simons, Captain W.D. Parke, Sergeant A.H. Gansser, February 1891; 6) Spanish-American Veterans Banquet, January 28, 1914; 7) Wenona Beach, Company B, 3rd Infantry, Michigan National Guard, July 4, 1906; 8) Unidentified National Guard (Groups-2; Portraits-1), undated; 9) Unidentified Infantry (men-7, camp tents-2), undated, 1891, 1901, 1906-1907, 1914, undated
    F   2  
    Oversized Folder, #2 Published Maps, Camp MacArthur, Texas, 1917; Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, undated; Gettysburg-Antietam, 1909, 1913; National Guard Grounds, Ludington, Michigan, undated, 1909, 1913, 1917, undated
    F   3  
    Oversized Folder, #3 Manuscript Maps, WWII (22 Pieces), [1941-1945]
    F   4  
    Oversized Folder, #4 WWI Published Maps of Europe, China, etc. (9 Maps), [1914-1918]
    F   5  
    Oversized Folder, #5 WWI Published French Maps (15 Maps), [1914-1918]
    F   6  
    Oversized Folder, #6 WWI Published French Maps (28 Maps), [1914-1918]
    F   7  
    Oversized Folder, #7 WWI Published French Military Maps (54 Maps), [1914-1918]
    F   8  
    Oversized Folder, #7 WWI Published German Military Maps (40 Maps), [1914-1918]
    F   9  
    Oversized Folder, #7 Unidentified Maps and Miscellaneous (about 20 pieces), undated