Henry Bourne Joy Papers  1883-1937
Summary Information
Title: Henry Bourne Joy Papers
Creator: Joy, Henry Bourne, 1864-1936.
Inclusive dates: 1883-1937
Extent: 19 linear feet
Extent: 2 oversize folders
Extent: 2 oversize volumes
Abstract:
Detroit financier and industrialist, president of Packard Motor Car Company, leader of the "Good Roads Movement" and president of the Lincoln Highway Association, active in the Republican Party and business associations. Papers include correspondence, scrapbooks and photographs relating to automobile business, cross country auto travels and Joy's political interests.
Call number: 851730 Aa 2 AC Ac UAm
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid author: Finding aid prepared by: Bentley Historical Library Staff.

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was donated in 1946 by Mrs. Henry Bourne Joy (donor no. 2204).

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright to the collection has been transferred to the Regents of the University of Michigan.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., Henry B. Joy Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Arrangement

The collection has been divided into the following series:

  • Biographical Materials
  • Correspondence
  • Photographs/Photograph Albums
  • Scrapbooks
  • Published Materials
  • Miscellaneous


Biography

Henry Bourne Joy was a Detroit financier and industrialist. Born November 23, 1864 to railroad magnate James Frederick Joy, Henry B. Joy early on appreciated the importance of gasoline engines, first for marine use and then for automobiles. He was an investor in the Packard Motor Car Company. He was general manager of the company from 1903 to 1909 and president from 1909 to 1916. For the next two years, Joy was board chairman serving until 1918 when he retired from the company. Realizing the importance of roads to his company, Joy was an important advocate of the good roads movement, serving for a time as president of the Lincoln Highway Association. Prior to America's entry into World War I, Joy, concerned about the nation's preparedness for war, successfully urged the Packard Company to become a manufacture of airplanes for military use.

Joy was a man of many other interests and activities. Because of his yachting interests and service aboard the U.S.S. Yosemite during the Spanish-American War, Joy was a keen observer of the naval affairs of the nation. At one time he served as vice president of the Navy League of the United States. Additionally he was a member of the Federal Reserve Bank for the Chicago district and active in Republican party politics and other conservative causes and organizations. Among his other deeply held views was an abhorrence of the Prohibition Amendment, Roosevelt's New Deal, and the intrusion of the church in public affairs.

Joy died November 6, 1936.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Henry B. Joy papers consist of correspondence concerning his business activities in Detroit, Michigan, his support of the Lincoln Highway Association, his campaign against the Eighteenth Amendment (Prohibition), and their interest in the Federal Council of Churches; also business letter books, 1888-1892, and 1902-1903; photograph album, 1915, concerning automobile trip from Detroit to San Francisco; scrapbooks, 1883-1937, containing newspaper clippings and articles relating to the development of the automobile industry, national economic affairs and Republican politics; and collection of printed pamphlets and newsletters, 1927-1936, of conservative individuals and organizations, including the American Coalition, American Liberty League, the Vigilant Intelligence Federation, the Daughters of the American Revolution, Elizabeth Dilling, Robert E. Edmonson, the Industrial Defense Association, the National Civic Federation, and the Union League of Michigan. The collection also includes photograph albums of cross-country automobile trips and of racing cars; also portraits of Joy.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


    Subjects:
    • American Coalition.
    • American Liberty League.
    • American Vigilant Intelligence Federation.
    • Association Against the Prohibition Amendment.
    • Automobile industry and trade--Michigan--Detroit.
    • Banks and banking--United States.
    • Business records.
    • Conservatism.
    • Daughters of the American Revolution. National Defense Committee.
    • Detroit (Mich.)
    • Detroit Athletic Club.
    • Stokes, Elizabeth Dilling, 1894-1966.
    • Edison, Thomas A. (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931.
    • Edmonson, Robert Edward.
    • Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America.
    • The Fundamentalist.
    • Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948.
    • Industrial Defense Association.
    • Joy, Henry Bourne, 1864-1936.
    • Joy, James F. (James Frederick), 1810-1896.
    • Lincoln Highway Association.
    • Michigan Naval Brigade.
    • Michigan--Politics and government--1899-1916.
    • Michigan--Politics and government--1917-1921.
    • Michigan--Politics and government--1922-1928.
    • Michigan--Politics and government--1929-1938.
    • National Civic Federation.
    • New Deal, 1933-1939.
    • Newberry, Truman Handy, 1864-1945.
    • Packard Motor Car Company.
    • Presidents--United States--Election--1916.
    • Prohibition--United States.
    • Radio broadcasting--United States.
    • Republican Party (Mich.)
    • Roads--United States.
    • Silver question.
    • Tariff--United States.
    • Automobile travel--United States.
    • Union League of Michigan.
    • United States. Federal Reserve Board.
    • United States--Politics and government--1901-1953.
    • Vanderbilt Cup Races.
    • World War, 1914-1918.
    • Spanish-American War, 1898.
    Contributors:
    • Couzens, James, 1872-1936.
    • Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923.
    • Hunter, Edward, 1902-1978.
    • Jung, Harry A.
    • Landon, Alfred M. (Alfred Mossman), 1887-1987.
    • Mellon, Andrew W. (Andrew William), 1855-1939.
    • Peabody, Frederick William, 1862-1938
    • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
    • Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919.
    • Root, Elihu, 1845-1937.
    • Slayton, William H.
    • Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930.
    • Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
    • Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927.
    Visual Materials - Subjects:
    • Couzens, James, 1872-1936.
    • Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923.
    • Hunter, Edward, 1902-1978.
    • Jung, Harry A.
    • Landon, Alfred M. (Alfred Mossman), 1887-1987.
    • Mellon, Andrew W. (Andrew William), 1855-1939.
    • Peabody, Frederick William, 1862-1938
    • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
    • Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919.
    • Root, Elihu, 1845-1937.
    • Slayton, William H.
    • Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930.
    • Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
    • Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927.
    Genre/Form:
    • Photographs.
    • Scrapbooks.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
     
    Biographical Materials [series]

    Biographical Materials is a small series consisting of autobiographical sketches written by Joy on different phases in his life.

    Box   1  
    Autobiographical sketches

    (Boyhood of Henry B. Joy; With James Joy in England, July 1884; Controversy with Henry Ward Beecher; Development of Aviation Interest in Detroit)

     
    Correspondence [series]

    The Correspondence series, except for a scattering of letters, dates primarily from the period following Joy's retirement from the Packard Motor Car Company in 1918. The letters concern Joy's various political and public interests: his opposition to the 18th Amendment (Prohibition), his interests in the nation's naval readiness, his support of measures to improve America's roads, and his opposition to some of the activities of the Federal Council of Churches. Joy corresponded widely with various public figures. His correspondents include James J. Couzens, Elizabeth DillingWarren G. HardingCharles E. HughesEdward HunterHarry A. JungAlfred M. LandonAndrew W. MellonTruman H. NewberryFranklin D. RooseveltTheodore RooseveltElihu RootWilliam H. Slayton and William H. Taft. In addition to the files of correspondence, the collection includes two volumes of letterpress books of Joy's business activities. The volumes are dated 1888-1892 and 1902-1903.

    Box   1  
     1897 1908-May 10, 1928
    Box   2  
     May 11, 1928-January 16, 1930
    Box   3  
     January 16, 1930-November 6, 1930
    Box   4  
     November 7, 1930-March 14, 1932
    Box   5  
     March 15, 1932-May 1933
    Box   6  
     January 1932-May 18, 1932
    Box   7  
     May 19, 1936-October 18, 1936
    Box   8  
     October 19, 1936-October 1937
     
    Business letterpress volumes of correspondence
    Box   8  
     1888-1892
    Box   8  
     1902-1903
     
    Photographs / Photograph Albums [series]

    The Photographs/Photograph Albums series documents early trips made by Joy on the Lincoln Highways. One was a trip from Detroit to San Francisco in 1915; another is an undated tour "from coast to coast" in a Packard Motor Car. Other albums are of the Vanderbilt Cup Automobile Racers (1906) and a trip in a Packard "Six." See also Ac and UAm

    Box   9  
    Photographs, miscellaneous (1 envelopes)

    (includes portraits and photographs of Joy in or along side different automobiles)

    Box   9  
    Photograph album of A Family Tour from Coast to Coast in a Packard Motor Car  undated
    Box   9  
    Photograph album of Vanderbilt Cup Automobile Racers  1906 [view selected images]
    Box   9  
    Photograph album of test trip in Packard "Six"; volume entitled "Three Men in a 'Six'" [view selected images]
    Box   9  
    Photograph album of Packard and Liberty-12 airplane engines, including description by Alvan Macauley and letter of Henry B. Joy  1918
    Oversize Volume   1  
    Photograph album of automobile trip to New Mexico [outsize]  March 1914
    Oversize Volume   2  
    Photograph album of trip from Detroit to San Francisco on Lincoln Highway  May-June 1915 ([outsize]) [view selected images]
     
    Scrapbooks [series]

    The greatest part of the collection consists of Scrapbooks, dated from 1883 to 1936, and consisting of clippings, memorabilia, and scattered correspondence detailing Joy's various interests and activities. Subjects include the Lincoln Highway, the development of the Packard Motor Car Company, the Michigan Naval Reserve, national tariff policy, the prohibition amendment, and state and national politics.

    Box   10  
    Vol. I, Scrapbook  1890-1898

    (subjects include Detroit Athletic Club, Michigan State Naval Brigade (1st Division), Free Silver question, Taxation of railroads)

    Box   10  
    Vol. II, Scrapbook  1896-1899

    (miscellaneous, J. F. Joy, H. B. Joy)

    Box   10  
    Vol. III, Scrapbook concerning the Michigan Naval Reserves  1898
    Box   10  
    Vol. IV, Scrapbook concerning the Michigan Naval Reserves  1898-1899
    Box   10  
    Vol. V, Scrapbook concerning the Michigan Naval Reserves  1900-1928
    Box   11  
    Vol. VI, Scrapbook  1883-1913

    (subjects include personal miscellanea, automobile development, Truman H. Newberry, Packard Motor Car Company)

    Box   11  
    Vol. VII, Scrapbook  1908-1910

    (subjects include tariff question, employers liability law)

    Box   11  
    Vol. VIII, Scrapbook concerning automobiles and the tariff question  1912
    Box   11  
    Vol. IX, Scrapbook concerning automobiles and the tariff question  1913-1915
    Box   11  
    Vol. X, Scrapbook concerning the Packard Motor Car Co. and national business developments  1913-1914
    Box   12  
    Vol. XI, Scrapbook  1913-1916

    (subjects include child labor, advertising ethics, newspaper boycott)

    Box   12  
    Vol. XII, Scrapbook concerning price cutting  1913-1916
    Box   12  
    Vol. XIII, Scrapbook  1913-1916

    (subjects include Lincoln Highway, war preparedness)

    [microfilm copy available]

    Box   12  
    Vol. XIV, Scrapbook concerning interstate and foreign commerce  1914
    Box   13  
    Vol. XV, Scrapbook  1913-1915

    (subjects include national politics Federal Reserve Board, Good Roads Movement, gasoline substitute)

    Box   13  
    Vol. XVI, Scrapbook concerning Federal Reserve Board,  1915
    Box   13  
    Vol. XVII, Scrapbook concerning Lincoln Highway (vol. 1)  1915-1916
    Box   13  
    Vol. XVIII, Scrapbook concerning Lincoln Highway (vol. 2)  1915-1916
    Box   14  
    Vol. XIX, Scrapbook  1915-1930

    (subjects include World War I, social affairs)

    Box   14  
    Vol. XX, Scrapbook concerning the Presidential election campaign of Charles Evans Hughes  1916
    Box   14  
    Vol XXI, Scrapbook  1916-1926

    (subjects include War with Pancho Villa, Roosevelt Republican League of Michigan, Packard Motor Car Co., Lincoln Highway, aviation developments)

    Box   14  
    Vol XXII, Scrapbook  1921-1930

    (subjects include social affairs Grosse Pointe, Mich., Radio developments, Packard Motor Car Co., Thomas A. Edison, Prohibition, Federal Council of Churches)

    Box   15  
    Vol. XXIII, Scrapbook concerning prohibition  1925-1931
    Box   15  
    Vol. XXIV, Scrapbook concerning war debts question  1927-1932
    Box   15  
    Vol. XXV, Scrapbook  1931-1933

    (subjects include Abraham Lincoln research, Navy League of the United States, Republican politics)

    Box   16  
    Vol. XXVI, Scrapbook  1931-1934

    (subjects include Detroit banks, Federal Council of Churches, income tax, economic conditions)

    Box   16  
    Vol. XXVII, Scrapbook  1933-1936

    (subjects include banking crisis, New Deal, American Liberty League, economic conditions)

    Box   16  
    Vol. XXVIII, Scrapbook  1936-1937

    (subjects include Federal Council of Churches)

    Box   16  
    Vol XXIX, Scrapbook concerning Helen Joy Lee,  1918-1928
    Box   16  
    Miscellaneous newspaper clippings (3 folders)
     
    Printed pamphlets, newsletters and reports  1927-1936 [series]

    Joy was a member and supporter of numerous politically and socially conservative organizations, and his collection includes the published pamphlets, newsletters, and reports distributed by these groups. The series, called Published Materials, includes anti-prohibition, anti-New Deal literature, as well as publications of the American Liberty League, Elizabeth Dilling, and Robert E. Edmonson. The Miscellaneous series includes guide books to countries in which Joy traveled. There is also a copy of the testimony given by Joy in 1923 before Secretary of Agriculture Henry C. Wallace concerning Lincoln Highway in Utah and Nevada.

    Box   17  
    American in Danger (Charles B. Hudson)
    Box   17  
    American Coalition
    Box   17  
    American Liberty League
    Box   17  
    American Vigilant Intelligence Federation
    Box   17  
    D.A.R. National Defense Committee
    Box   17  
    Dilling, Elizabeth
    Box   17  
    Edmondson, Robert Edward
    Box   17  
    Federal Council of Churches
    Box   17  
    The Fundamentalist
    Box   17  
    Industrial Control Reports
    Box   17  
    Industrial Defense Association
    Box   17  
    Law Suit (University of Detroit)
    Box   17  
    Mailing Lists
    Box   17  
    National Civic Federation
    Box   18  
    National defense (miscellaneous)
    Box   18  
    New Deal (opposition forces)
    Box   18  
    Prohibition
    Box   18  
    "Red Menace" (Miscellaneous)
    Box   18  
    Union League of Michigan
    Box   18  
    War debt question
    Box   18  
    Miscellaneous (Better America Federation, R.O.T.C. association, Madame Cantacuzene)
    Box   18  
    Miscellaneous writings and newspaper clippings
    Box   18  
    Pamphlets concerning anti-prohibition campaign, anti-New Deal, and American Liberty League
    Box   19  
    Pamphlets concerning D.A.R. National Defense Committee, Robert E. Edmondson, Elizabeth Dilling
     
    Miscellaneous [series]
    Box   19  
    Guide books to England and other countries traveled
    Box   19  
    Testimony before Secretary of Agriculture Henry C. Wallace concerning Lincoln Highway in Utah and Nevada,  1923
    Oversize Folder   Ac  
    Proclamation of the Rout of the Lincoln Highway,  1913