Michigan Historical Collections
Bentley Historical Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Lucius L. Hubbard Papers, 1871-1935

Finding aid created by
Michigan Historical Collections staff, 1941

Summary Information
Title: Lucius L. Hubbard papers,
Creator: Hubbard, Lucius L. (Lucius Lee), 1849-1933.
Inclusive dates: 1871-1935
Extent: 5 linear ft. and 1 oversize folder
State Geologist and University of Michigan Regent. Personal and business correspondence and letter books concerning personal matters, his literary and book collecting interests, geology and mining in Michigan, the publication of his writings, and University of Michigan affairs.

Call number: 851638 Aa 2 Ac
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was the gift of Charlotte Hubbard Goodell (donor 1360) and came to the library in 1941.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.


Copyright is retained by the Regents of the University of Michigan.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Lucius L. Hubbard Papers , Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Lucius Lee Hubbard was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on August 7, 1849. He received his AB from Harvard in 1872 and his LL.B from Boston University in 1875. After receiving his law degree he took up practice in Boston only to give it up a few years later to devote himself to a career in science. In 1886, he took the AM and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Bonn where he worked with Von Laseaulz. From 1891 to 1893, Hubbard served as assistant to M. E. Wadsworth with the State Geological Survey of Michigan based in Houghton, and then from 1893 to 1899 as Michigan state geologist.

Hubbard was instrumental in the development the state mining industry, most notably in the area of Houghton. After leaving the geological survey, he then became general manager of the Copper Range Mining Co. and the Champion Copper Co., and afterwards was president of the Ojibway Mining Co. From 1905 to 1917 he was a member of the board of control of the Michigan College of Mines. In addition, he was a member of the board of scientific advisers of the geological survey and director of the Houghton National Bank and director and president of the South Range Bank. Houghton served as Regent of the University of Michigan from 1911 until his death in 1933.

Hubbard was author of books on mineralogy and geology, and a collector of Gulliver's Travels and Robinson Crusoe books. He died in Eagle Harbor, Michigan, August 3, 1933.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Hubbard papers relate to his career as a geologist, to his service as a member of the University of Michigan Board of Regents, and to his other various literary and cientific interests. The collection has been arranged into four series: Correspondence; University of Michigan papers; Other Activities (mining and geological interests); and bound personal and business records.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.

    • Champion Copper Company.
    • Copper Range Company.
    • Geology--Michigan.
    • Harvard University.
    • Houghton (Mich.)
    • Houghton Copper Company.
    • Hubbard, Lucius L. (Lucius Lee), 1849-1933
    • Indians of North America--Michigan.
    • Isle Royale (Mich.)
    • Maine.
    • Mayflower Mining Company.
    • Mines and mineral resources--Michigan.
    • Moosehead Lake (Me.)
    • St. Mary's Canal Mineral Land Company.
    • University of Michigan. Board of Regents.
    • University of Michigan--History.
    • Geology--Maine.
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Copper.
    • Hubbard, Lucius L. (Lucius Lee), 1849-1933
    • Maine.
    • Adams, Randolph Greenfield, 1892-1951.
    • Allen, Rolland Craten, 1881-1948.
    • Bates, Henry Moore, 1869-1949.
    • Beal, Junius Emery, 1860-1942.
    • Bishop, William Warner, 1871-1955.
    • Bliss, Aaron Thomas, 1837-1906.
    • Bulkley, Harry C. (Harry Conant), b. 1870.
    • Burrows, Julius C. (Julius Caesar), 1837-1915.
    • Bursley, Joseph Aldrich, 1877-1950.
    • Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925.
    • Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934
    • Comstock, William Alfred, 1877-1949.
    • Cooley, Mortimer E. (Mortimer Elwyn), 1855-1944.
    • Curtiss, Ralph Hamilton, 1880-1929.
    • Davis, Charles Albert, b. 1861.
    • Demmon, Isaac Newton, 1842-1920.
    • Ferris, Woodbridge N., 1853-1928.
    • Fordney, Joseph W. (Joseph Warren), 1853-1932.
    • Gore, Victor M.
    • Green, Fred Warren, 1872-1936.
    • Hanchett, Benjamin Sawtell, 1868-1933.
    • Hinsdale, W. B. (Wilbert B.), 1851-1944.
    • Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952.
    • Houghton, Jacob, 1827-1903.
    • Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930.
    • Kelsey, Francis W. (Francis Willey), b. 1858.
    • Knox, Frank, 1874-1944.
    • Koch, Theodore Wesley, 1871-1941.
    • Kraus, Edward Henry, 1875-
    • Lane, Alfred C. (Alfred Church), b. 1863.
    • Little, Clarence C. (Clarence Cook), b.1888.
    • Martindale, Frederick C.
    • Murfin, James Orin, 1875-1940.
    • Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), b. 1860
    • Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
    • Rich, John Treadway, 1841-1926.
    • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
    • Roth, Filibert, 1858-1925.
    • Russell, Israel C. (Israel Cook), 1852-1906.
    • Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882-
    • Sawyer, Walter H. (Walter Hulme), 1861-1931.
    • Sleeper, Albert E., 1862-1934.
    • Smith, John Walter, 1845-1925.
    • Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959.
    • Smith, William Alden, 1859-1932.
    • Stone, Ralph, 1868-1956.
    • Townsend, Charles Elroy, 1856-1924.
    • Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951.
    • Wadsworth, M. Edward (Marshman Edward), 1847-1921.
    • Warner, Frederick Maltby, 1865-1923.
    • White, Peter, 1830-1908.
    • Young, Horace Olin, 1850-1917.
    Genre Terms:
    • Diaries.
    • Photographs.
    • Prints.
    Contents List
       Container / Location    Title
    Correspondence [series]:

    The correspondence series dates from 1871 to 1935 and relates to his career as state geologist, a member of the University of Michigan Board of Regents, his business careeer, and his literary interests. His correspondents include Rolland C. Allen, Henry M. Bates, Junius E. Beal, William W. Bishop, Aaron T. Bliss, Julius C. Burrows, Marion L. Burton, William L. Clements, Mortimer E. Cooley, Charles A. Davis, Woodbridge N. Ferris, Fred W. Green, William H. Hobbs, Jacob Houghton, Harry B. Hutchins, Francis W. Kelsey, Frank Knox, Theodore W. Koch, Edward H. Kraus, Alfred C. Lane, Clarence C. Little, James O. Murfin, Chase S. Osborn, Gifford Pinchot, John T. Rich, Filibert Roth, Israel C. Russell, Alexander G. Ruthven, Walter H. Sawyer, Albert E. Sleeper, Shirley W. Smith, William A. Smith, Ralph Stone, Marshman E. Wadsworth, Fred M. Warner, Peter Q. White, and H. Olin Young. A card file index to Hubbard's correspondents is available in the Reading Room of the library.

    Box   1  
    Box   2  
    Box   3 Folder   s 1-11
     1929-1935 and  undated (11 folders)
    Box   3 Folder   12
    Box   3 Folder   12a
    Personal family correspondence
    University of Michigan [series]:

    The University of Michigan series documents Hubbard's service as Regents and his involvement in issues confronting the University. Included in this series are reports, memoranda and proposals, petitions directed to the Board of Regents, and various news articles of interest to him as a Regent.

    Box   3 Folder   13
    Reports about finances, budgets, and endowments
    Box   3 Folder   14
    Article from the Saginaw News Courier about President Burton,  December 28, 1924
    Poems-In Memoriam of Marion LeRoy Burton
    Box   3 Folder   15
    Proposal for the establishment of research committees in the Department of Engineering Research,  April 22, 1929
    Memorandum to the faculties of the Colleges of Engineering and Architecture about the length of the curricula
    Box   3 Folder   16
    Statement for the regents about a forest experiment station
    Memoranda for a report on a biological station
    Box   3 Folder   17
    Articles about the date of founding of the University
    Box   3 Folder   18
    Report to the Board of Regents on the Halsey collection of rare books submitted by Isaac N. Demmon,  1915
    Report of committee on presidential nominations on interview with President Harry Woodburn Chase of North Carolina University
    Report about need for more dormitories
    Box   3 Folder   19
    Report of a Dean's Meeting to discuss building new dormitories,  December, 1928
    Extracts from the Articles of Association of the University of Michigan League Building Association
    Box   3 Folder   20
    Copy of The UBS Weekly Bulletin of  July 22, 1911 containing an article about regents who visited Douglas Lake
    Report of the Graduate Schools of the American Universities,  October, 1911
    Report about the club house of the University Club of Ann Arbor,  February 15, 1913
    Report about the constitution of the Division of Hygiene and Public Health
    Box   3 Folder   21
    Minutes of the Committee of Five on a Comprehensive Building Program,  February 28, 1924 (Incomplete)
    Report on University science program
    Count of the enrollment,  September 24, 1925
    Directions to those who are to take a trip to the "Comet Halley"
    Box   3 Folder   22
    Petition to the Board of Regents from the U. of M. Club of New York that Fielding H. Yost be head of the Department of Physical Education
    Article saying the proper title of the chief executive officer of the University should be Chancellor
    Excerpts from the records of the Regents about Rev. George P. Williams
    Box   3 Folder   23
    Copies of resolutions and by-laws of the Regents
    Box   3 Folder   24
    Petition to the Regents by Charles H. D. Myers for his long-deferred diploma
    Copy of an act of the 55th Legislature of the State of Michigan to empower the Board of Regents to contract for sewage, light, water or other facilities,  1929
    An article about Laurence Binyon, an English author
    Box   3 Folder   25
    Miscellaneous notes by Hubbard about the University
    Box   3 Folder   26
    An Address by Arthur H. Vandenberg of Grand Rapids, at the dinner of the University Press Club of Michigan,  October 30, 1925
    Box   3 Folder   27
    Statistics of the General Library, University of Michigan,  March, 1913-September, 1914     (Not every month included)  
    Lists of books added to the University Library
    Box   3 Folder   28
     November 1-16, 1912
     April 16-30, 1913
     May 16-31, 1913
     July 16-August 30, 1913
     September, 1913
     October 1-13, 1913
     January 15, 1914
    Box   3 Folder   29
    Lists of Engineering duplicate books and periodicals for exchange, University of Michigan,  June, 1913
    Circulation report of the General Library,  1912-1913
    Reports of the Accessions Department of the University Library
     July 1, 1912-June 30, 1913
    Box   3 Folder   30
    List of Spanish books
    Memoranda of business transacted at meetings of the Library Committee
     November 11, 1912
     April 22, 1913
     January 13, 1914
    The published voyages of William Dampier
    List of antiques for sale at an auction,  December 14, 1880
    Box   3 Folder   31
    Acknowledgements of books and other gifts which Hubbard has donated to various libraries
    Box   3 Folder   32
    Statements from booksellers,  1879-1915
    Box   3 Folder   33
    Miscellaneous notes about books which Hubbard has read
    Other Activities (including mining and geological interests) [series]:

    The other activities series documents his service as state geologist and his interest in the development of Michigan's mineral resources. Included are reports, notes, maps, articles and field notebooks. A portion of this series concerns his interest in the state of Maine, particularly Moosehead Lake.

    Box   3 Folder   34
    Inaugural address of L. L. Hubbard, of Cincinnati, Ohio, delivered before the "Golden Branch" of Phillip's Exeter Academy,  April 18, 1868
    Separat-Abdruck aus den Sitzungsberichten der niederrhienischen Gesellschaft für Natur-und Heilkunde. Sitzung am 7. Juni,  1886
    Speech given to graduating class, not identified,  undated
    Unidentified speech
    Box   3 Folder   35
    Notes of the Michigan Geological Survey, Ontonagon Road
    Box   3 Folder   36
    Reports and notes of the U S Geological Survey
    Annual reports of the State Geologist
    Box   3 Folder   37
     January 1, 1895
     January 1, 1896
     December 15, 1896
     January 1, 1898
     January 2, 1899
    Minutes of a meeting of the Board of Scientific Advisers
    Box   3 Folder   38
     April 8, 1910
     December 23, 1910
     December 16, 1911
     December 13, 1913
    Box   3 Folder   39
    The geological aspects of the copper range lands,  1899 and  1900
    Notes on chlorastrolite,  undated
    Box   3 Folder   40
    Miscellaneous notes about mines and geology
    Box   3 Folder   s 41-45
    Progress reports of Longyear and Hodge, Mining Engineers,  September 1909-January 1911
    Box   3 Folder   46
    Map of Moosehead Lake, lst edition,  1879 (4 copies)
    Map of Moosehead Lake, 2nd edition,  1899
    Map of Moosehead Lake, 5th edition,  1893 (2 copies)
    Box   3 Folder   47
    Map of Moosehead and Upper Lake region of Maine
    Box   3 Folder   48
    Hubbard's Lumbermen's and Tourist's Map of Northern Maine,  1894 (3 copies)
    Hubbard's Lumbermen's and Tourist's Map of Northern Maine,  1879-1929
    Box   3 Folder   49
    Map of Moosehead Lake, Maine
    Box   3 Folder   s 50-51
    Maps of the State of Maine (2 folders)
    Box   3 Folder   52
    Miscellaneous maps, often not identified
    Box   3 Folder   s 53-57
    Miscellaneous manuscript maps, often not identified (5 folders)
    Box   3 Folder   58
    A Bibliography of the Maps of Maine," by Edgar Crosby Smith,  1903
    Box   3 Folder   59
    Offers sent to Hubbard to purchase maps, and other note about written by Hubbard
    Box   4 Folder   60
    Report on the Seneca Mine, about  1920
    Box   4 Folder   s 61-62
    Reports and notes of the Seneca Copper Corporation,  1920-1921 and  undated (2 folders)
    Box   4 Folder   63
    Reports and notes of the St. Mary's Canal Mineral Land Co.,  1903-1904     (Later the Houghton Copper Company) 
    Box   4 Folder   64-66
    Reports and notes of the Houghton Copper Company,  1910-1913 and  undated (3 folders)
    Box   4 Folder   s 67-71
    Reports and notes of the Champion Copper Company,  1900-1905 1923 undated (5 folders)
    Box   4 Folder   s 72-73
    General reports of the Copper Range Co.,  1899-1903
    Box   4 Folder   74
    Typewritten descriptions of sections of Michigan rocks
    Chart showing the cost of production of the Atlantic Mine,  1900-1906
    Chart showing the cost of production of the Mohawk Mine,  1903-1907
    Box   4 Folder   75
    Notes on the Central Mine, Keweenaw Co.,  March, 1895
    Box   4 Folder   76
    Reports of the Mayflower Mining Company,  May, 1899
    Box   4 Folder   77
    Reports and notes of the South Lake Mining Co.,  1909-1910 and  undated
    Box   4 Folder   78
    Data and prospects on copper mining lands in the Ontonagon District, Michigan,  August 1915
    Notes on Ojibway Mining Company
    Box   4 Folder   79
    Report of the Nevada Consolidated Copper Company
    Report on the Bluestone Mine, Lyons Co., Nevada
     August 3, 1905
     January 19, 1906
    Box   4 Folder   80
    Report on Trimountain Co.,  February 6, 1899
    Report on the Shelden and Columbian property,  May 1899
    Articles about Lake Superior copper     (about 1897) 
    Box   4 Folder   81
    January 13,  ca. 1897
    January 23,  ca. 1897
    April 4,  ca. 1897
    May 31,  ca. 1897
    Box   4 Folder   82
    Affidavit of Lucius L. Hubbard for the Champion Copper case,  May 1, 1923     (Original and revised copies) 
    Supplemental statement of L. L. Hubbard of an affidavit of  May, 1923
    Box   Box 4 Folder   83
    Four blueprints of the Champion Copper Co.
    Box   4 Folder   84
    Three blueprints of the Seneca Copper Co.
    Box   4 Folder   85
    Map for the South Lake Mining Co., by Hubbard,  1912
    Box   4 Folder   86
    Assay of manganese ore from Copper Harbor
    Notes about the Michigan collection of mines
    Notes about rock shipped from  January 1-September, 1920
    Correlation of the Keweenaw series at Isle Royale, Copper Falls and Eagle River,  October 20, 1894
    Box   4 Folder   87
    Assignment of work by Dr. Hubbard in  1891 or  1892 concerning the microscopic character of rocks
    Box   4 Folder   87
    Notes about Mt. Kineo
    Box   4 Folder   88
    Preliminary notes on slides, etc., in the Keweenaw series on Keweenaw Point,  March, 1896
    Box   4 Folder   89
    Diagrams of the Copper Range Co. and the Kearsarge Lode, Michigan
    Box   4 Folder   90
    Suggestions for methods in field work, about  1895
    Box   4 Folder   91
    The Winning of Native Copper,  undated
    Box   4 Folder   92
    Estimate of width of lode sent to stamp mill in  1904
    Comparison of leading mines in production and cost,  1904
    Schedule for capitalized development of underground mines
    Box   4 Folder   93
    Article about the influence of the topography of foot wall beds upon the subsequent deposition and distribution of copper in overlying beds
    Article about foot wall shafts in Lake Superior copper mines
    Article about copper deposits
    Box   4 Folder   94
    Suggestions as to working the mining claims in the Leadville Mining District,  undated
    Notes on Copper Falls
    Article about the rock beds between Keweenaw Point and Isle Royale
    Box   4 Folder   95
    Photostat copies of articles about copper, no author or dates
    Box   4 Folder   96
    Report on exploratory work of  1899 on Isle Royale, Michigan
    Box   4 Folder   97
    Notations on forest taxation
    Blanks filled in by Hubbard of the Board of State Tax Commissioners, Houghton, Michigan, as of  April 1, 1911
    Box   4 Folder   98
    Watercolor painting on a greeting card sent by Emil Lorch,  1921
    Box   4 Folder   99
    Photostatic copies (in German) of information and pictures concerning abnormal developments of the human
    Box   4 Folder   100
    An article "A Sketch of the Old Spanish Mines," by Joseph Oliver
    Box   4 Folder   101
    Articles of Association of the Keweenaw Club of Houghton, Michigan
    Paper about organizing the Portage Lake Whist Club
    Rules for the Onigaming Yacht Club Regatta,  October 9, 1897
    Box   4 Folder   102
    Indian names with translation into English
    Box   4 Folder   103
    U.S. Field Notes     (four sets, one for Houghton County and another dated around 1900 otherwise unidentified) 
    Box   4 Folder   104
    Two small field notebooks of Hubbard, one dating around  1899-1900 the other around  1901-1902
    Box   4 Folder   105
    Notes about corporations
    Lecture notes on lithology,  March, 1893
    Box   4 Folder   106
    Certificate of election to the Phi Beta Kappa,  April 2, 1892
    Certificate of election to St. Paul's Religious Society in Harvard College,  January 17, 1872
    Certificate of membership in the American Defense Society,  May, 1916
    Certificate from the Secretary of State, Daniel E. Soper, saying that the Articles of Association of the Keweenaw Club of Houghton were recorded in his office,  August 24, 1891
    Warrant saying that Hubbard is a hospital steward  February 11, 1879
    Box   4 Folder   107
    Receipt of payment of $20.10 by L. L. Hubbard to the Young's Hotel in Boston,  April 20, 1923
    Receipt of payment of a freight bill to the Copper Range Railroad Co.  November 26, 1909
    Box   Box 4 Folder   108
    Petition to the residents of Portage Township to abolish houses of prostitution in the area
    Newspaper articles
    Box   4 Folder   109
    ''Camping Out''
    "Over 200 Miles by Canoe''
    "Summer Resorts of Maine,"  April 29, 1882
    "A Few Days Fishing,"  October 7, 1879
    Box   4 Folder   110
    Declaration and notice of rule to plead in the Circuit Court of the County of Houghton, between Charles T. Davis and Lucius Lee Hubbard and Frances J. Hubbard
    Box   4 Folder   111
    Brief for the plaintiff in error; Lucius L. Hubbard, Plaintiff in Error vs. The New York, New England and Western Investment Co.
    Box   4 Folder   112
    Agreement Of L. L. Hubbard, H. B. Patton, A. C. Lane, and F. F. Sharpless, pledging amounts of money to buy a house and land in Houghton
    Option of land in Keweenaw County given to Hubbard
    Box   Box 4 Folder   113
    Agreements and options to buy land, given to Hubbard,  1906
    Box   4 Folder   114
    "A Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Harvard Univ., for the Academical Year, 1869-1870"
    Extract from Tufts College Studies, "Wet and Dry Differentiation of Igneous Rocks," by A. C. Lane
    Box   Box 4 Folder   115
    Reports of scholarship, deportment and attendance of Hubbard from Phillips Exeter Academy
     November 27, 1866
     July 2, 1867
    List of subjects taken by Hubbard at Rheinischea Friedrich-Wilhelms Universitat at Bonn, Germany,  1883-1886
    Box   4 Folder   116
    "The Business Side of the Registrar's Office," by J. C. Christensen of Kansas State College,  July 8, 1913
    "University Business Administration," by J. C. Christensen,  January 12, 1912
    Report of the Class of '68 of the Phillips Exeter Academy by Edward L. Parks,  June 1900
    Box   4 Folder   117
    Field notes relating to Moosehead Lake
    Description of Natardin or Catardin Mountain, an extract from a letter written by Charles Turner in  1804
    Miscellaneous notes about Moosehead Lake, Upper St. John Pond, and "Woods and Lakes of Maine"
    Box   Box 4 Folder   118
    Notes on East Branch trip
    Box   4 Folder   119
    Photostat of a journal containing a survey through parts of the country from Penobscot to Quebec,  1764
    Box   4 Folder   120
    "The Meaning of 'Merrimac,'" by A. S. Gatshet,  October 1898
    "Scientific observations on Mount Katahdin''
    Pamphlet describing the Roach River House, Roach River, Maine
    Box   4 Folder   121
    Pamphlet describing Mt. Kineo House, Moosehead Lake, Maine
    Train schedules
    Box   4 Folder   122
    Maine Central Railroad,  July 1, 1889
    Bangor and Piscataquis Railroad,  June 30, 1879 and June
    19,  1882
    Boston and Bangor Steamship Co.-schedule commencing  June 17, 1889
    Miscellaneous pictures
    Box   4 Folder   123
    Snapshots of geological rocks
    Picture of Wilson Pond
    Sketch of a moose
    Snapshot of a group of men, taken at Lake Gerald,  November 26, 1899
    A group of etchings, probably scenes in Maine
    Picture of Henson's "ariel" carriage,  1843
    Newspaper articles
    Box   4 Folder   124
    "Geographical Indian Names," by N. T. True, M.D.
    "Sport at Moosehead Lake"
    "Indian Names of Kennebec River,"  November 20, 1880
    "The Protections of Fish and Game,"  January 25, 1889
    A letter by John D. Long in which he outlines McKinley's policy
    Box   4 Folder   125
    "The Indian Names of Boston and their Meaning" by Eben Norton Horsford,  November 4, 1885
    Box   4 Folder   126
    List of names (unidentified)
    Box   4 Folder   127
    A resolution of appreciation for Hubbard's services, given upon his retirement,  February14, 1924 from the South Range State Bank, South Range, Michigan
    Box   4 Folder   128
    Notes about "Two New Geological Cross Sections of Keweenaw Point,"  July, 1895
    Genealogical notes (brief) about Hubbard's family
    Bound personal and business records [series]:

    The bound personal and business records series includes volumes of notes and diaries on the Moosehead Lake region of Maine, letterpress books of professional correspondence, diary, 1893, of activities around Houghton Lake, Michigan, an account book kept while he was a Harvard University student, 1871, and notebooks of class work and research abroad.

    Box   5  
    Diaries, letterpress books, personal account books notebooks, etc. (37 volumes)     (include 1893 diary of activities while in Houghton, Michigan)