Michigan Historical Collections
Bentley Historical Library
University of Michigan

Finding Aid for
Elizabeth Caroline Crosby
Papers, 1918-1983

Finding aid prepared by:
Nancy Bartlett, 1983 and Nicholas J. Scalera 1995

Summary Information
Title: Elizabeth Caroline Crosby Papers
Creator: Crosby, Elizabeth Caroline, 1888-
Inclusive dates: 1888-1983
Bulk dates: 1935-1980
Extent: 7.0 linear feet
Abstract:
The Elizabeth C. Crosby collection consists of the personal and professional papers of a woman pioneer in the field of neuroanatomy. Crosby taught anatomy at the University of Michigan from 1920 to 1958 and authored many respected publications in the field of biology.

Call number: 85117 Aa 2
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The Crosby collection (Donor No. 6864) was donated by Dr. Crosby in November 1982; and from the University of Michigan Department of Anatomy (Donor No. 7265) in November 1985 and July 1994.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright has been transferred to the Regents of the University of Michigan.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., Elizabeth Crosby Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Arrangement

Summary Contents List

  • Audiovisual Materials - [Box 7]
  • Awards and Honors - [Boxes 2,5]
  • Biographical Materials - [Boxes 1,5]
  • Biographical Materials (collected or researched) - [Box 2]
  • Conferences - [Box 4]
  • Correspondence - [Boxes 1-2, 6]
  • Lectures - [Box 4]
  • Manuscripts and Articles (Crosby) - [Boxes 3, 5]
  • Manuscripts and Articles (Others) - [Box 3]
  • Organizations - [Box 4]
  • Photographs - [Box 6]
  • Publishers - [Box 3]
  • Research (Crosby) - [Boxes 3,5-6]
  • Research (Others) - [Boxes 3-4]


Biography

Elizabeth C. Crosby, 1888-1982, professor of anatomy at the University of Michigan, 1920-1958, and the University of Alabama Birmingham was best known for her work in the field of neuroanaotmy. Educated at Adrian College and the University of Chicago, Crosby was the first woman to be named a full professor in the University of Michigan Medical School in 1936. Recipient of the National Medal of Science in 1980.

Elizabeth C. Crosby was born in Petersburg, Michigan in 1888. Crosby received an undergraduate in mathematics from Adrian College and a M.S. in biology from Chicago in 1912. Crosby accepted a position under Dr. G. Carl Huber as in instructor in the department of anatomy at the University of Michigan in 1920. She taught a course in histology in the medical school and assisted Dr. Huber in the medical and graduate school course in neuroanatomy. In addition to teaching, Crosby contributed significantly to the two volume text, The Comparative Anatomy of the Nervous System of Vertebrates published in 1936, which is still considered the standard reference work in comparative neuroanatomy for the period prior to 1936. Dr. Crosby continued her progress through the academic ranks of the University of Michigan and in 1936 she was appointed a full professorship in the department of anatomy, becoming the first woman in the medical school to achieve this status. Crosby's excellence in teaching was officially recognized in 1957 when the Galens Society of the University of Michigan Medical School established the Elizabeth C. Crosby annual award for the best preclinical teaching in the school. Her significant accomplishments in research and the quality of her scientific publications were recognized by colleagues all over the world and in 1980 President Carter presented Crosby with the National Medal of Science. Crosby continued as a consultant to the neuroanatomy department after her retirement in 1958, dividing her time between the University of Michigan and the University of Alabama at Birmingham until her death in 1982.

Elizabeth C. Crosby was the only child of Lewis Frederick and Francis Kreps Crosby. A precocious child, Elizabeth had the full attention and love of her middle-aged parents and learned to read early, mastering many adult books before she entered school. She excelled in the elementary and secondary schools of Petersburg, and as a high school graduation present, her father promised her four years of college. She then enrolled in nearby Adrian College and completed her undergraduate degree in three years. Although she had majored in mathematics, Crosby was most fascinated with a single zoology course she had taken, and she thus decided to pursue a graduate degree in biology. Having just one year left on her father's promise, she applied to study under Dr. C. Judson Herrick at the University of Chicago, insisting that she enter the full anatomy program, though she had little preparation in this area as an undergraduate. Displaying the intense drive and dedication which would characterize her entire career, Crosby quickly caught up with her classmates, completing gross anatomy and neuroanatomy with distinction. She received her M.S. degree from Chicago in 1912 and was then granted a fellowship in the anatomy department. The next three years were spent in thesis research and preparation and the University of Chicago awarded her the Ph.D. degree in 1915. Her thesis, "The Forebrain of Alligator Mississippiensis" was a creative, searching and through analysis which became an acknowledged classic.

In 1916, Crosby returned home to Petersburg to be near her ailing mother, and taught Latin, mathematics and zoology at the local high school. She was appointed its Principal in 1916 and Superintendent of Schools in 1918. She introduced an effective course in zoology, and, taking on whatever needed to be done, also served as coach of the basketball team.

After the death of her mother, Crosby resumed her career as a neuroanatomist, accepting a position under Dr. G.Carl Huber as in instructor in the department of anatomy at the University of Michigan in 1920. She taught in the medical school course in histology and assisted Dr. Huber in the medical and graduate school course in neuroanatomy. After the death of her father in 1923, Crosby took a sabbatical to work with the renowned scientist C.U. Ariens Kappers at the Central Institute for Brain Research in Amsterdam. Dr Kappers, the author of a small but well-accepted text in comparative neuroanatomy, subsequently invited Huber and Crosby to join him in its revision. The death of Huber in 1934 placed the burden of this assignment squarely upon the shoulders of Crosby. However, because so much new work of a comparative nature had accumulated internationally no revision could really be adequate and, in her thorough way, Crosby produced The Comparative Anatomy of the Nervous System of Vertebrates, including Man in two volumes, published in 1936. So masterly and comprehensive was its coverage and so correct its interpretations that this work remains today the standard reference work in comparative neuroanatomy for the period prior to 1936. Although Crosby's name is last on the list of authors, it is properly known as her accomplishment.

Dr. Crosby completed her progress through the academic ranks in 1936 when she was appointed full professor in the department of anatomy, becoming the first woman in the medical school to achieve this status. Her career as a professor of neuroanatomy spanned twenty-two years, until 1958, when she retired, becoming professor emeritus. During this tenure she had guided thirty-eight students to the Ph.D. degree (including many female students who were drawn to her as a pioneer in this male-dominated field), and several established scientists had spent residencies of varying duration in Ann Arbor under her tutelage. During this period, her publications continued to be fundamental and comparative and were largely issued jointly with former graduate students, and her teaching became more clinically oriented. She also published two significant and highly acclaimed texts, Correlative Neurosurgery (1955) and Correlative Anatomy of the Nervous System (1962).

Upon her retirement, because her contributions to the local neurosurgical department were so significant and appreciated, she was asked to continue as a consultant in neurosurgery. For some years she conducted night classes in neuroanatomy for interns and residents in neurosurgery, neurology, and psychiatry. She attended conferences and ward rounds, aiding in the interpretation of symptoms and in the location of lesions. She conducted research with the permanent staff, particularly Dr. Edgar Kahn and Dr. Richard C. Schneider, and continued her program of publication. Correlative Neurosurgery continued to be brought up to date and its expanded third edition appeared shortly before her death (1982).

In 1963, Crosby began a close professional association with the department of anatomy at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Crosby's frequent visits to this warmer climate eventually matured into a formal appointment as Professor Emeritus of Anatomy at U.A.B. During her appointment, Crosby was involved in the graduate degree programs of sixteen graduate students in that department as well as with the ongoing research interests of the faculty. These activities were carried on concurrently with her consultantship in neurosurgery at the University of Michigan in a remarkable eighteen year long commutership by air between the two schools. For all the later years, confined to crutches and wheelchairs, she determinedly continued her contributions to beloved students and colleagues.

Dr. Crosby was recognized by all associated with her as a superb teacher. Her lectures were well organized and clear, and although she always arrived to class with copious handwritten notes, she rarely, if ever, consulted them during her presentations. After lecture she always stayed and answered questions until all were satisfied. Few students failed her courses, mainly because she was so diligent in offering help both in and outside of class. Crosby's courses were far from easy, however, as she believed in programs which stretched the mind of even the best students. Her ability to nurture graduate students and encourage them to realize their individual potentials was undoubtedly responsible for the large number of now prominent scientists (including many other female "pioneers" in the field) who have emerged from her tutelage. Crosby's excellence in teaching was officially recognized in 1957 when the Galens Society of the University of Michigan Medical School established the Elizabeth C. Crosby annual award for the best preclinical teaching in the school.

Her significant accomplishments in research and the quality of her scientific publications were also recognized by colleagues all over the world with awards and honors. As early as 1950 she received the Achievement Award of the American Association of University Women and as late as 1972 the Henry Gray Award of the American Association of Anatomists, its most prestigious honor. Invitations to lecture came in numbers to which she could barely respond. She was awarded ten Honorary Doctorates by universities both in the United States and abroad. Her own university honored her with the Solis Award (1926), the Henry Russell Lectureship (1946), the Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award (1956), and the Honorary Doctorate of Sciences (1970). Her honors were culminated with the National Medal of Science presented by President Carter in 1980.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Crosby collection consists of two separate acquisitions; Crosby's personal donation of correspondence, biographical and research materials in 1982 and Richard C. Schneider's donation of Crosby's manuscripts, photographs and audiovisual materials in 1994. Dr. Richard C. Schneider, a close friend and colleague of Crosby's, accumulated additional Crosby materials during his unsuccessful attempt to write a complete biography of Crosby; his unfinished manuscript is contained within the collection. The collection has been arranged into the following series: Biographical Materials, Correspondence, Biographical material (collected or researched), Awards and Honors, Manuscripts and Articles, Publishers, Research, Conferences, Lectures, Organizations, Photographs and Audiovisual Materials.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


    Subjects:
    • Crosby, Elizabeth Caroline, 1888-
    • Medicine--Michigan.
    • University of Michigan. Dept. of Anatomy.
    • University of Michigan--Faculty.
    • University of Michigan. Medical School--Faculty.
    • Neuroanatomy.
    Subjects - Visual Material:
    • Anatomy
    • Ariens Kappers, Cornelius Ubbo, 1877-1946.
    • Crosby, Elizabeth Caroline, 1888-
    • Herrick, C. Judson (Charles Judson), 1868-1960.
    • Huber, Gotthelf Carl, 1865-1934.
    • Medical education.
    • Neuroanatomy.
    • Petersburg (Mich.)
    • Physicians--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
    • Teachers--Michigan--Ann Arbor.
    • University of Michigan. Dept. of Anatomy.
    • University of Michigan. Medical School.
    Genre/Form:
    • Photographs.
    • Videotapes.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
     
    Biographical Materials [series]

    The Biographical Materials series is composed primarily of records relating to Schneider's unfinished biography of Crosby which he had tentatively titled Pioneer Woman Neuroscientist. Included are handwritten and typed manuscripts of this biography, arranged chronologically (in relation to Crosby's life), along with other materials related to Schneider's research of this topic. Schneider's biography of Crosby, though unfinished, represents one of the best sources on Crosby's life, both professional and personal. Schneider attempted, as much as was possible, to uncover information about Crosby's personality and character, as well as her scientific endeavors. This clearly distinguishes Schneider's work from other biographies of Crosby published in scientific journals and the like, which tend to focus exclusively on her professional achievements. Also included are typed transcripts of interviews Schneider conducted with friends and colleagues of Crosby to research his biography (an audio cassette of an interview Schneider conducted with Dr. Isabelle Lockhard is located in the Audiovisual Materials series in box 8), along with correspondence and other miscellaneous records related to this project. In addition to the materials related directly to Schneider's biography of Crosby, other records of a biographical nature have also been included in the Biographical Materials series. Among these are bibliographies and curriculum vitae, Anatomy Dept. Personnel files on Crosby, copies of other biographical articles published on Crosby from various sources, records relating to awards and honors received by Crosby, a file of newspaper clippings documenting various achievements by Crosby, memorial letters written by friends and colleagues, and state records.

    Box   1  
    Biographical file (including cassette of interview with Elizabeth C. Crosby)
     
    Pioneer Woman Neuroscientist     (unfinished biography of Crosby by Richard C. Schneider) 
     
    Manuscript
    Box   5  
    Childhood to 1900
    Box   5  
     1900-1940
    Box   5  
     1940-1955
    Box   5  
     1955-1960
    Box   5  
     1960-1965
    Box   5  
     1965-1970
    Box   5  
     1970-1980
    Box   5  
     1980-1983
    Box   5  
    Telephone Interviews
    Box   5  
    Correspondence
    Box   5  
    Bentley Research Records
    Box   5  
    Miscellaneous
    Box   5  
    Curriculum Vitae and Bibliography
    Box   5  
    Anatomy Dept. Personnel Files on Crosby
    Box   5  
    Other Biographies
    Box   5  
    Awards and Honors
    Box   5  
    Clippings
    Box   5  
    Memorial Letters
    Box   5  
    Estate Records
     
    Correspondence,  1935-1979 [series]

    The Correspondence series includes acquisitions from both the 1982 and 1994 donations. The 1982 correspondence donation contains letters from 1935-1979 arranged alphabetically by writer. The 1994 donation is comprised primarily of correspondence between Crosby and various colleagues spanning the period from 1970 to the early 1980s, again arranged alphabetically by writer. Most of this correspondence is concerned with research projects Crosby was involved in, and thus complements the documentation provided in the Research series. Also interspersed throughout this series are communications from the 1950s between Crosby and several of her graduate students concerning the preparation of their theses, letters of recommendation, research projects and other academic issues. As such these materials provide some insight into Crosby's great concern and attention to her students' needs and her excellent skills of mentorship. Also of interest are correspondence among the Dean of the Medical School (Furstenburg), the chair of the Anatomy department (Patten) and Crosby in regards to her possible resignation from the University in 1935-1936, her promotion to full professor and her sabbatical in Scotland (1939-1940).

    Box   1  
    A
    Box   1  
    Augustine, James R.
    Box   1  
    B (2 folders)
    Box   1  
    Barron, Donald H.
    Box   1  
    C
    Box   1  
    Congratulations (2 folders)
    Box   1  
    D
    Box   1  
    E
    Box   1  
    F
    Box   1  
    Furstenberg, A.C.
    Box   1  
    G
    Box   1  
    H (2 folders)
    Box   1  
    I
    Box   1  
    J
    Box   1  
    K (2 folders)
    Box   1  
    Kappers, J. Ariens
    Box   1  
    L
    Box   1  
    Lockhart, Robert
    Box   1  
    M (3 folders)
    Box   1  
    N
    Box   1  
    O
    Box   1  
    P
    Box   1  
    R
    Box   1  
    S (2 folders)
    Box   1  
    T
    Box   1  
    V
    Box   1  
    W
    Box   1  
    Y
    Box   1  
    Miscellaneous (2 folders)
    Box   6  
    Furstenburg, Dr. A.C.
    Box   6  
    G
    Box   6  
    Gardner, Dr. W. James
    Box   6  
    Gasser, Raymond F., Ph.D.
    Box   6  
    Hafer, Emma C.
    Box   6  
    Hoerr, Dr. Norman L.
    Box   6  
    K
    Box   6  
    Karp, Muriel
    Box   6  
    Kappers, Dr. J. Ariens
    Box   6  
    Kinney, Dr. Cleveland
    Box   6  
    Krauspe, Dr. Carl
    Box   6  
    P
    Box   6  
    Patten, Dr. Bradley M.
    Box   6  
    Rand, Robert W.
    Box   6  
    Sloane, M.W.M.
    Box   6  
    Slocum, Thedore
    Box   6  
    Woodburne, Russel T.
    Box   6  
    Miscellaneous
     
    Biographical material (collected or researched) re: [series]

    The Biographical material (collected or researched) consists of materials acquired in 1982 from Crosby's personal papers. The series includes information Crosby collected on fellow researchers and practitioners in the field of neuroanatomy. The series is arranged alphabetically by name.

    Box   2  
    Bailey, Allan
    Box   2  
    Herrick, Charles Judson
    Box   2  
    Huber, G. Carl
    Box   2  
    Humphrey, T.
    Box   2  
    Kahn, Edgar A.
    Box   2  
    Kappers, Johannes Ariens
    Box   2  
    Spatz, Hugo
     
    Awards and Honors [series]

    The Awards and Honors series contains several of Crosby's awards acquired in the 1982 accession. Additional awards and honors donated in the 1994 accession can be found in the Biographical Materials series.

    Box   2  
    The Journal of Comparative Neurology. Volume 112 honoring Elizabeth C. Crosby,  1959
    Box   2  
    Charles Judson Herrick Award,  1967
    Box   2  
    Smith College honorary degree,  1967
    Box   2  
    Medal of Science Award,  1979
     
    Manuscripts and Articles (Crosby) [series]

    The Manuscripts and Articles series consists of materials received in the 1982 acquisition. The series has been sub-divided into papers generated by Crosby and those of fellow neuroanatomists. The folders in this series labeled "Miscellaneous" are either fragmentary or without identification.

     
     Undated
    Box   3  
    Certain Afferent Connections of the Rhinencephalon
    Box   3  
    Comparative Neurology Text
    Box   3  
    A Discussion of Some Interrelated Functions of the Vestibular and the Ocular Motor Systems
    Box   3  
    Evidence for Some of the Trends in the Phylogenetic Development of the Vertebrate Telencephalon
    Box   3  
    The Functional Significance of Certain Duplicate Motor Patterns on the Cerebral Cortex in Primates including Man
    Box   3  
    Nystagmus as a Sign of Central Nervous System Involvement
     
     1955
    Box   3  
    Correlative Neurosurgery Textbook
     
     1962
    Box   3  
    Correlative Anatomy of the Nervous System Textbook
    Box   3  
    The Interplay between Cerebral Hemisphere and Cerebellum in Relation to Tonus and Movement
     
     1964-1969
    Box   3  
    Lists of Publications
     
     1966
    Box   3  
    Tonus and Movements
     
     1969
    Box   3  
    The Anterior Lobe and the Lingula of the Cerebellum in Monkeys and the Man
     
     1972
    Box   3  
    Korsakoff's Syndrome
    Box   3  
    Allison, A.C.
    Box   3  
    Bagchi, B.K. and R.C. Schneider
    Box   3  
    Bucher, Verena
    Box   3  
    Calhoun, Hazel D.
    Box   3  
    Campos-Ortega, J.A. and P.F. de V. Cluver
    Box   3  
    Carey, Josehua H., Elizabeth C. Crosby, and H. Norman Schnitzlein
    Box   3  
    Currier, J. [et al.]
    Box   3  
    DeJong and Elizabeth C. Crosby
    Box   3  
    Furstenberg, A.C. and Elizabeth C. Crosby
    Box   3  
    Gordy, Philip D.
    Box   3  
    Haggqvist, Gosta
    Box   3  
    Haymaker, Webb
    Box   3  
    Humphrey, Tryphena
    Box   3  
    Ingram, W.R.
    Box   3  
    Ingram, W.R. [et al.]
    Box   3  
    Jampel
    Box   3  
    Kahn, E.A. and Elizabeth C. Crosby
    Box   3  
    Lettvin, Jerome
    Box   3  
    Little, Samuel C.
    Box   3  
    McCulloch, Warren S.
    Box   3  
    Magee, K.
    Box   3  
    Moore, Winifred O.
    Box   3  
    Nafe, J.P. and K.S. Wagoner
    Box   3  
    Nissl
    Box   3  
    Perot, Phanor L.
    Box   3  
    Rhodes, J.M. [et al.]
    Box   3  
    Siegel, A. and J.P. Tassoni
    Box   3  
    Slaughter, Graham
    Box   3  
    Tuge, H.
    Box   3  
    Zander, E. and G. Weddell
    Box   3  
    Miscellaneous
     
    Publishers [series]

    The Publishers series consists of materials received in the 1982 acquisition relating to Crosby's working relationships with various publishing companies. The series is arranged alphabetically according to publisher name.

    Box   3  
    Academic Press
    Box   3  
    Grune and Stratton Publishers
    Box   3  
    Macmillan Publishers (4 folders)
    Box   3  
    George Thieme Publishers
     
    Research (Crosby) [series]

    The Research series documents various aspects of Crosby's career in neuroanatomical investigation and experimentation. Included are records from both the 1982 and 1994 acquisitions, relating to research projects on various topics such as neuroanatomical aspects of space sickness and cell masses of the forebrain (conducted either by Crosby alone or in conjunction with other scientists), research grant applications, typed manuscripts of articles on the anatomy of the human brain, course material developed for an anatomy course which clearly displays the close relationship between Crosby's teaching and her research, hand-drawn neuroanatomical illustrations, handwritten laboratory notebooks (ca. 1920s) and handwritten notes tabulating the results from various neuroanatomical experiments on animals performed by Crosby (ca. 1918). This series is particularly valuable in exemplifying the scope and breadth of Crosby's research efforts throughout her career, and the meticulous care and attention she displayed in all her experimental endeavors. Materials received in the 1982 acquisition are subdivided, research performed by Crosby and research performed by other scientists.

    Box   3  
    Armed Forces Pathology Specimen
    Box   3  
    Bibliographies
    Box   3  
    Case histories (4 folders)
    Box   3  
    Cerebral Palsy
    Box   3  
    Finances
    Box   3  
    Hypothalamus
    Box   3  
    Mid-brain experiments
    Box   3  
    Monkey experiment on Tonus
    Box   3  
    Neuroanatomy nomenclature
    Box   3  
    Sleep
    Box   3  
    Spinal Cord
    Box   3  
    Stroke Program
    Box   3  
    Augustine, James R. The Ascending Projections of the Main Sensory Trigeminal Nucleus in the Squirrel Monkey
    Box   3  
    Davie, J. Clayton
    Box   3  
    Kahn, Edgar A.
    Box   3  
    Hooker, Davenport. Early Human Fetal Activity
    Box   3  
    Humphrey, Tryphena
    Box   3  
    The Island (author unidentified)
    Box   3  
    Lewis, Irwin. Candate Function in Primates and Alteration by L-Dopa
    Box   3  
    Langworthy, D.R.
    Box   3  
    Rioch. Diencephalon
    Box   3  
    Vachandada, Forebrain and cerebellum
    Box   3  
    Wilson, S.A. Kinnier. Aphasia
    Box   3  
    Wolfman, E.F., Jr. [et al.]. Experimentally produced Sodium and Chloride Retention occurring with Cerebral Lesions     (includes photographs) 
    Box   3  
    Yakoviev. Stereotonic coordinates
    Box   3  
    Miscellaneous research (3 folders)     (author unidentified) 
     
    Research Projects
    Box   5  
    "A Theory on Space Sickness: Neuroanatomical and Clinical Correlations" (Crosby and Richard C. Schneider)
    Box   5  
    "Cell Masses of the Forebrain of the Mouse"
    Box   5  
    Gesell and Crosby
    Box   5  
    Midbrain (Bailey, Lauer and Crosby)
    Box   5  
    Parke, Davis and Company
    Box   5  
    Rackham, H.H., Project R281 (DeJong and Crosby)
    Box   5  
    Research Grant Applications
    Box   5  
    Staff
     
    Manuscripts
    Box   5  
    "Medulla Oblongata and Pons"
    Box   5  
    "Cerebellum"
    Box   5  
    "Midbrain"
    Box   5  
    "Hypothalamus"
     
    Course Material
    Box   6  
    "Phylogenetic Development of the Nervous System of Vertebrates"
    Box   6  
    Neuroanatomical Illustrations (2 folders)
    Box   6  
    Laboratory Methods and Stains
    Box   6  
    Lab Notebooks,  ca. 1920s
     
    Experimental Results,  ca. 1918
    Box   6  
    "Autotransplants"
    Box   6  
    "Degenerated Heterotransplants"
    Box   6  
    "Injections of absolute alcohol to prevent neuroma formation"
    Box   6  
    Miscellaneous notes
     
    Conferences [series]

    The Conferences series consists of materials donated in 1982 documenting Crosby's participation or attendance at a wide variety of mediacal conferences. The series is arranged chronologically and thereafter by the name of the sponsoring organization (when known). If this is not known, then the name of the conference is listed.

     
     1939
    Box   4  
    Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Diseases
     
     1953
    Box   4  
    Melon Lecture
     
     1958
    Box   4  
    C.U. Ariens Kappers Speech
     
     1959
    Box   4  
    Dutch Central Institute for Brain Research
     
     1961
    Box   4  
    Symposium on Oculomotor System
     
     1962
    Box   4  
    International Meeting of Neurobiologists
     
     1963
    Box   4  
    The Neurological Society of America and the Society of British Neurological Surgeons
     
     1965
    Box   4  
    Illinois College of Medicine
    Box   4  
    The Japan Society of Vestibular Research
    Box   4  
    Phylogenesis and Ontogenesis of the Forebrain
     
     1966
    Box   4  
    International Meeting of Neurobiologists
    Box   4  
    Medical College of Georgia
     
     1967
    Box   4  
    Societe Francaise de Neurologie
     
     1968
    Box   4  
    American Association of Neuropathologists
    Box   4  
    American Philosophical Society
    Box   4  
    Neuroscience Symposium in the Southwest
    Box   4  
    Societe Francaise de la Neurologie
     
     1969
    Box   4  
    American Medical Association
    Box   4  
    Central Neurological Society
    Box   4  
    Congressus Morphologicus
    Box   4  
    Pan American Congress of Anatomy
    Box   4  
    Southern Society of Anatomists
     
     1970
    Box   4  
    American Society for Neurochemistry
    Box   4  
    International Congress of Neuropathology
     
     1971
    Box   4  
    American Association of Neuropathologists
     
     1972
    Box   4  
    Pan American Congress of Anatomy
    Box   4  
    Second International Symposium on Motor Control
    Box   4  
    Societe Francaise de Neurologie
     
     1973
    Box   4  
    University of Alabama, Neuroanatomical Research Conference     (also material for 1974 and 1978 conferences)  
     
     1975
    Box   4  
    Fulton Society Symposium
     
     1977
    Box   4  
    American Neurological Association
    Box   4  
    Miscellaneous
     
    Lectures [series]

    The Lectures series consists of materials donated in 1982 related to lectures Crosby presented around the world. The series is arranged chronologically and includes a "Miscellaneous" folder of undated and untitled lectures.

     
     1949
    Box   4  
    Peet Lecture
     
     1965
    Box   4  
    Bangkok, Thailand
     
     1970
    Box   4  
    Allan A. Bailey Memorial Lecture
     
     Undated
    Box   4  
    R. McColler Lectures on Gross Anatomy
    Box   4  
    University of Alabama Distinguished Faculty Lecture
     
    Miscellaneous
    Box   4  
    Lectures
     
    Organizations [series]

    The Organizations series consists of materials donated in 1982 documenting Crosby's membership in a variety of organizations. The series is arranged alphabetically by organization name.

    Box   4  
    Alabama Academy of Science
    Box   4  
    American Association of Neuropathologists
    Box   4  
    Anatomical associations miscellaneous
    Box   4  
    Cajal Club
    Box   4  
    Comparative Neurology Group
    Box   4  
    Harvey Cushing Society
    Box   4  
    International Brain Research Organization
    Box   4  
    International Society of Psychoneuroendocrinology
    Box   4  
    Los Angeles Foundation of Otology
    Box   4  
    Society for Neuroscience
     
    Photographs [series]

    The Photographs series contains a rich and extensive collection of photographs, covering virtually every phase of Crosby's life, collected by Schneider probably to serve as illustrations for his biography. Included are photographic portraits of Crosby's parents, of Crosby as a child and a young adult, and at various phases throughout her professional career; photographs of her hometown of Petersburg, Michigan dating from the turn of the century; Crosby's sabbatical in Scotland (1939-1940); the Symposium on Phylogenesis and Ontogenesis of the Forebrain (1965) of which Crosby was the president; shots of Crosby "in action" either conducting research or teaching classes; group photographs of Crosby with colleagues at various points in her career; Crosby receiving some of her numerous awards and honors, most notably her acceptance of the National Medal of Science from President Carter in 1980; and portraits of colleagues and mentors who were influential in Crosby's professional development. As with most of the other materials in the Crosby collection, these photographs focus almost exclusively (with the exception of the family and childhood photos) upon Crosby's professional career and provide little insight into her personal life.

    Box   6  
    Family and Childhood Portraits
    Box   6  
    Hometown of Petersburg, Mich,  ca. 1890-1920
    Box   6  
    Portraits
    Box   6  
    Sabbatical in Scotland  ca. 1939-1940
    Box   6  
    Symposium on Phylogenesis and Ontogenesis of the Forebrain: Frankfurt, Germany,  1965
    Box   6  
    Research and Experimentation
    Box   6  
    Teaching
    Box   6  
    Group Photographs with Colleagues
    Box   6  
    Receptions and Awards Ceremonies
    Box   6  
    Influential Colleagues and Mentors: Ariens, Kappers, Herrick, Huber, Lockhardt
     
    Audiovisual Materials [series]

    The Audiovisual Materials series provides an interesting mix of information resources which supplement and further elucidate the other major series included in the 1994 accession. The audio cassette recordings of oral interviews of Dr. Crosby, and of her friend and colleague, Isabelle Lockhard,(conducted by Schneider) provide some evidence of Crosby's personality not often revealed in other sources of the Biographical Materials series. Also, the recording of an interview of Crosby by WUOM (a campus radio station) represents perhaps the only instance in the collection in which Crosby, in her own words, describes how she viewed her role as a woman in a male-dominated field and her opinions regarding how much gender discrimination she may have faced. Similarly, an audio recording (3 cassettes) of a classroom lecture conducted by Crosby in 1955 offers the only real evidence in the collection of Crosby's vaunted teaching ability. The video tapes included in this series serve to further elucidate the Research series by capturing Crosby in action in the latter phase of her career conducting clinical experiments. Also included is a video tape of the award ceremony in which Crosby received the National Medal of Science from President Carter in 1980.

     
    Audio Cassettes
    Box   7  
    Interview of Dr. Crosby by Richard C. Schneider
    Box   7  
    Interview of Dr. Isabelle Lockhard about Dr. Crosby,  2/1/85     (by Richard C. Schneider)  
    Box   7  
    Recording of "Crosby Memoir" aired,  1/3/1984 on Research News radio program, WUOM
    Box   7  
    Dr. Crosby Seminar,  11/3/55 (3 cassettes)
     
    Video Tapes
    Box   7  
    Presidential Ceremony Honoring the,  1979 Medal of Science Awardees, White House,  1/14/80 (U-Matic, approx. 20 min.)
    Box   7  
    Torsional and Somersaulting Movements from Vestibular Cortex Mediated through the Insula, Richard C. Schneider, Elizabeth C. Crosby, Hazel D. Calhoun (U-Matic, 5 min., 40 sec.)
    Box   7  
    Crosby, Vestibular Otology,  5/14/80 (5 U-Matic tapes)
     
    Crosby, Vestibular Otology,  5/15/80 (3 U-Matic tapes)