University Unions Graphic Design Office (University of Michigan) Student Work   1984-2004
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Contents List

   Container / Location    Title
 
Office of Admissions [series]:

Office of Admissions series (0.1 linear feet, 1966-1967) covers the testing and improvement of the new computer system AC-PAA (Admissions Computer-Profile Analysis Assist), used to process applications, which was implemented while Thomas Butts was the Assistant Director of Admissions. There are also examples of form letters for acceptance, wait-list for acceptance, and rejection letters.

Box   1  
Resumes of Thomas Butts (includes later cvs)
Box   1  
How to Process Applications Workflow,  1966-1967
Box   1  
AC-PAA (Admissions Computer-Profile Analysis Assist) Computer System, Types of Data Collected,  1966
Box   1  
AC-PAA Computer System, Evaluating and Modifying the System,  1966-1967
Box   1  
Form Acceptance and Rejection Letters,  1967
 
Office of Orientation [series]:

Office of Orientation series (0.5 linear feet, 1968-1975 and 2000) is mostly composed of papers on the professional organizations that Thomas Butts was a member of, or participated in conferences, during his time as the Director of Student Orientation and after. He was a presenter at many conferences (including ACPA, HEEA, MCPA, MPGA, New Directions, and AACRAO). The 1971 AACRAO speech is on audio cassette. Thomas Butts also served on the ACPA Commission II School-College Relations, Admissions and Orientation from 1970 to 1973. Also of note are evaluations of the program by participants and student leaders in 1968 and 1969, and two publications by Thomas Butts: "Freshman Placement" and "What is Orientation?" from 1969. Thomas Butts stayed in contact with the orientation community even after he left the position, and attended the AACRAO annual meeting in 2000.

Box   1  
Survey of Orientation Programs,  undated
Box   1  
Program Evaluation by Transfer Students,  1968
Box   1  
Program Evaluation by Orientation Leaders,  1968-1969 (2 folders)
Box   1  
Publications by Thomas Butts: "Freshman Placement" and "What is Orientation?"  1969
 
Conferences
Box   1  
National Orientation Director's Conference "New Directions in Orientation,"  1970
Box   1  
Higher Education Executive Associates (HEEA) "College Orientation Programs in the 1970s"  1970
Box   1  
American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admission Officers (AACRAO) Annual Meeting,  1970-1971,  2000
Box   1  
AACRAO, Thomas Butts' Speeches,  1971     (2 audio cassette tapes) 
Box   1  
ACT/CSS,  1972     (5 audio cassette tapes) 
 
Membership
Box   1  
American College Personnel Association (ACPA),  1969-1972
Box   1  
ACPA Commission II: School-College Relations, Admissions, and Orientation,  1969-1975
Box   1  
American Professional Development Associates (APDA),  1971
Box   1  
American Personnel and Guidance Association (APGA),  1970-1971
Box   1  
Michigan College Personnel Association (MCPA),  1967-1971
Box   1  
Michigan Personnel and Guidance Association (MPGA),  1966-1971
Box   1  
Camp Michigania, Alumni Association Camp,  1965-1970
 
Office of Financial Aid [series]:

Office of Financial Aid (OFA) series (3.4 linear feet, 1971-1978 and 1999-2001) documents the development of his interest in student financial aid and loan issues, and his increased involvement with the financial aid community. The series is divided into six subseries. The first three cover the activities of the University of Michigan financial aid office. The last three cover Thomas Butts' participation in the wider financial aid community.

 
Student Loan Programs [subseries]:

"Student Loan Programs" (0.5 linear feet) are Thomas Butts' papers as the Director of Financial Aid. The original order and labeling of the folders have been maintained. They cover the major issues facing the office, including programs, privacy, and minority enrollment. A sociology honors thesis includes an interview with Thomas Butts and his notes on the final product.

Box   1  
Applying for Financial Aid,  1972
Box   1  
Sociology Honors Thesis "The Inhibition of Motivation and Achievement in Black Opportunity Program Students,"  1974     (includes Thomas Butts interview and annotations) 
Box   1  
Internal Policy Committee,  1974
Box   1  
Establishing Agreements with Private Lenders,  1972-1973
Box   1  
Minority Projections since BAM (Black Action Movement),  1972-1973
Box   1  
National Merit Program,  1973
Box   1  
Federal Financial Aid,  1973-1974
Box   1  
Audit Reports on Student Loans,  1971-1973
Box   1  
Release of Student Information,  1970-1972
Box   1  
State Financial Aid Budget Request,  1971-1973
Box   1  
Work Study Program,  1972-1973
Box   1  
State Financial Aid,  1973-1974
Box   1  
Total Student Aid Expenditures,  1972-1974
Box   2  
Guaranteed Bank Loan and Federally Insured Loan,  1971-1974
Box   2  
FISAP Workshop,  1980
 
Correspondence [subseries]:

"Correspondence" (0.3 linear feet) includes alphabetical files of communications between the OFA and parents, which document the daily routine of the OFA, and the University of Michigan response to the budget cuts of 1982. Thomas Butts stayed active in the financial aid community after leaving the position, so there is also a file of correspondence between university financial aid officers from 1999.

Box   2  
Alphabetical,  1966-1979 (7 folders)
Box   2  
Letters of Appreciation for Thomas Butts,  1965-1966
Box   2  
Thomas Butts presents at the Indiana First Regional Campus Orientation Workshop,  1973
Box   2  
University of Michigan's Reaction to Federal Budget Cuts,  1982
Box   2  
Between Universities,  1999
 
Publications [subseries]:

"Publications" (0.3 linear feet) contains printed materials from loan providers and evaluations and research on loan programs. Of special note is the report by MSFAA on the Needs Analysis program tested at the University of Michigan in 1973. This section also includes newspaper clippings regarding the University of Michigan's inability to meet minority enrollment standards and a financial aid controversy surrounding the refusal of a scholarship to a 14-year-old genius because he did not demonstrate financial need (1973). Publications by Thomas Butts focus on student services and counseling students.

Box   2  
Financial Aid Programs: "Overview of Current Efforts" and "Institutional Guide for Financial Aid Self-Evaluation,"  1977
Box   2  
Loan Information for Financial Aid Administrators,  1961-1977,  1998
Box   2  
Loan Information for Students,  1971,  1999
Box   2  
Midwest Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (MASFAA) Newsletter,  1971
Box   2  
Michigan Student Financial Aid Association (MSFAA) Report of the Ad Hoc Committee to Review State of Michigan Financial Aid Programs,  1973
Box   2  
MSFAA Evaluation of the American College Testing Program and the College Scholarship Service Need Analysis Systems,  1973-1974
Box   2  
National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs (NCHELP), Lender Services Guide and Membership List,  1986
Box   2  
NCHELP Research Papers,  1985,  2000
Box   2  
Newspaper Clippings on Black Enrollment, the Middle Income Crunch, and Declaring Independence at Age 18,  1973
Box   2  
Newspaper Clippings on Greg Wellman, a 14-year-old Genius denied a scholarship at the University of Michigan,  1973
Box   2  
Student Services and Student Counseling, by Thomas Butts,  1970-1971
 
MHEAA/MSFAA Survey Data [subseries]:

"MHEAA/MSFAA Survey Data" (0.3 linear feet) is the survey forms filled out by Michigan universities regarding their financial aid programs. There were two surveys: one of vocational schools in 1977, and one of undergraduate programs at degree granting institutions in 1979. The forms for each survey are arranged alphabetically. The undergraduate survey includes data from University of Michigan Dearborn and Flint, but not Ann Arbor.

Box   2  
Vocational School Student Financial Aid Survey,  1977 (2 folders)
Box   2  
Undergraduate Student Aid for Michigan Degree Granting Colleges and Universities,  1978 (4 folders)
Box   3  
MASFAA Annual Conference,  1977
 
National Task Force on Student Aid Problems [subseries]:

"National Task Force on Student Aid Problems" (0.5 linear feet, 1974-1976) includes records of meetings of the entire task force, including the notes of Thomas Butts, and records from meetings of different working committees. Most of the papers are from the "Working Committee on Common Form," which was involved in creating a prototype financial aid application that could be used for all institutions. Thomas Butts was chairman of the committee from 1974-1975.

Box   3  
Organizing the Task Force,  1974
Box   3  
Correspondence,  1974-1975     (coordinating and justifying the task force) 
Box   3  
Chicano Group 1975     (explaining their position to the task force) 
Box   3  
College Entrance Exam Board (CEEB),  1974-1975
Box   3  
Thomas Butt's notes on Meetings and Calls,  1974-1975
Box   3  
General Task Force Meeting Agendas and Minutes,  1974-1975
 
Working Committee on Common Form
Box   3  
Correspondence,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Meeting Minutes,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Statements and Reports,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Common Form Prototypes,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Financial Aid Application Forms in use,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Budget and Negotiations with Field Testers,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Working Committee on Coordination and Management,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Working Committee on Needs Analysis,  1974-1975
Box   3  
Keppel Task Force Follow Through Committee,  1975-1976
Box   3  
Final Report,  1975 (6 folders)
 
National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA) [subseries]:

"NASFAA" (1.0 linear feet, 1976-1977 and 2000-2001) includes the meetings and recommendations of various committees, records on defining what an independent student is, and the guidebook for president-elect, Thomas Butts, from 1977. There are also records on the structure, meetings, and recommendations of the National Council. He was a member of the organization throughout his career, and attended the annual meetings in 2000 and 2001.

Box   3  
National Council Guidebook for President-Elect, Thomas Butts,  1977
Box   3  
Correspondence,  1977 (2 folders)
Box   3  
Newsletters,  1971,  1979,  1986
Box   3  
Executive Committee Meeting Minutes,  1977
Box   3  
Establishing Committee on New Legislation,  1977
Box   3  
Finance Committee,  1977
Box   3  
Commission on Minority Affairs,  1977
Box   3  
Defining "Independent Student,"  1976-1977 (2 folders)
Box   3  
Financial Aid Consulting Service,  1977
Box   3  
National Council Meeting,  1977
Box   3  
Loan to Parents Program,  1978
Box   4  
Annual Conference,  2000-2001 (2 folders)
 
National Council
Box   4  
Structure and Membership,  1976-1977
Box   4  
Coordinating Council Activities,  1976-1977
Box   4  
Meeting Minutes,  1976-1977
Box   4  
Reports and Recommendations,  1976
 
U.S. Department of Education [series]:

U.S. Department of Education series (1.0 linear feet, 1977-1987) covers the time when Thomas Butts worked for the federal government, as part of the U.S. Department of Education. He was most involved in the Office of Student Financial Assistance, where he was acting deputy commissioner for a time. Records include correspondence and reports of activities. The bulk of the records are correspondence files from 1978 and 1979, which reveal the daily routine of the U.S. Department of Education and involve many organizations and individuals voicing their opinions, as well as the response of the U.S. Department of Education. Most of the correspondence is of Ernest Boyer, U.S. Commissioner of Education, and Leo Kornfeld, Deputy Commissioner for Student Financial Assistance, then forwarded to Thomas Butts.

Box   4  
Structure of Department,  1981
Box   4  
Executive Operations Staff Meeting Notes,  1980
Box   4  
"Operation Common Sense," Rewriting Regulations into Plain English,  1977
Box   4  
Lending Institution Regional Training Effort,  1977-1978
Box   4  
Monthly Correspondence,  1978 (13 folders)
Box   4  
Monthly Correspondence,  1979 (6 folders)
 
Office of Student Financial Assistance
Box   4  
Department Goals and Budgets,  1982
Box   4  
Reports of Activities,  1977-1980
Box   4  
Publications,  1979-1980,  1999
Box   4  
Correspondence,  1977-1981
Box   4  
Correspondence Congratulating Thomas Butts for New Appointments,  1979-1980
Box   4  
National Appeal Panel,  1981
Box   4  
Thomas Butts Resignation,  1981
 
Washington D.C. Office (University of Michigan) [series]:

Washington D.C. Office ( 0.75 linear feet, 1982-2001). During this time, Thomas Butts was again working directly for the University of Michigan, in Washington D.C. as the Vice President for Government Relations. It is divided into 7 sections.

"Office" includes records on the mission, staff, and budget of the Washington D.C. office. It also includes a list of University of Michigan alumni at Washington D.C. for 1985 to 1986.

"National Student Aid Coalition" (0.25 linear feet, 1981-1987). It is a descendent of the National Task Force. Records from the coalition as a whole include meeting minutes, reports, and correspondence. Also included are records from the Committee on Need Assessment and Delivery, of which Thomas Butts was chair from 1975 to 1977, that include meeting minutes, and a report on uniform methodology from 1987.

"Committees" (0.4 linear feet, 1993-2001) includes the Ad Hoc Tax Committee, the Coalition of Statue University Aid Administrators (COSUAA), and the Lobbying Disclosure Act Task Force, of which Thomas Butts was chair in 1996. The majority of the records pertain to the Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, which was an independent committee created by Congress to advise on student aid policy. These include reports advising Congress on financial aid matters and a controversy involving conflicts of interest with the members of the committee that lead to the resignation of Thomas Butts.

"HACE Seminar" covers an annual seminar taught by Thomas Butts for the Higher and Continuing Education program of the University of Michigan. They were held from 1990 to 1994, taking place half in Ann Arbor and half at Washington D.C., and covering current issues in financial aid. These included the reauthorization of the higher education act and funding education under the Clinton Administration. The records include course descriptions and lists of the individuals visited at Washington D.C. by the class. There are also a few letters of praise from students in the correspondence file.

"Conferences" includes papers from three conferences that Thomas Butts was involved in. He gave a presentation to the Ohio Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators on politics in 1982, participated in a Roundtable on Distance Learning in 1998, and lectured on lobbying techniques at the Michigan Student Financial Aid Association (MSFAA) in 2001.

"Correspondence with UM Ann Arbor" consists of Thomas Butts communicating with the University of Michigan to explain issues from Washington D.C. These include both the implications of new bills and budgets, and the actions of specific senators. It also includes Ann Arbor administrators expressing their concerns to Washington D.C., and Thomas Butts providing assistance in searching for a professor from Turkey to come to the Ann Arbor campus.

"Thomas Butts' Activities" are records of Thomas Butts participating in the financial aid community. These include being a guest speaker, reviewing papers and financial aid programs for other universities, and receiving an award.

Box   5  
Mission and Staff,  1989-1998
Box   5  
Office Budget,  1993-1995
Box   5  
University of Michigan Alumni at Washington D.C.,  1985-1986
Box   5  
American Council on Education (ACE) Report "The Impact of Significant Federal Student Loan Policy Changes and the Role of States in Student Credit,"  1993
 
National Student Aid Coalition
Box   5  
Mission and History,  1984-1987
Box   5  
Internal Communication,  1981
Box   5  
Correspondence,  1984
Box   5  
Reports,  1982-1985
Box   5  
Meeting Minutes,  1984-1985
Box   5  
Committee on Need Assessment and Delivery, Meeting Minutes,  1981-1987 (4 folders)
Box   5  
Committee on Need Assessment and Delivery, Report on Uniform Methodology,  1987
Box   5  
Ad Hoc Tax Committee
 
Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance (ACSFA)
Box   5  
Meetings and Reports,  1991,  2000-2001
Box   5  
Advising Congress,  1994-1995
Box   5  
Conflict of Interest Within the Committee,  1994-1995
Box   5  
Developing a Member Code of Conduct,  1994-1995
Box   5  
Coalition of State University Aid Administrators (COSUAA),  1999-2001
Box   5  
Lobbying Disclosure Act Task Force,  1996     (Thomas Butts, chair) 
Box   5  
Higher and Continuing Education (HACE) Seminar on Washington Postsecondary Education Policy,  1990-1993 (5 folders)     (taught by Thomas Butts) 
 
Conferences
Box   5  
Ohio Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (OASFAA) Spring Conference,  1982     (Thomas Butts presents on politics) 
Box   5  
Roundtable on Distance Learning,  1998
Box   5  
Michigan Student Financial Aid Association (MSFAA),  2001     (Thomas Butts lectures on lobbying techniques) 
 
Thomas Butts Correspondence with University of Michigan
Box   5  
Employee Educational Assistance Act H.R.  2568,  1984
Box   5  
Congressman Wolpe and the National Science Foundation,  1991
Box   5  
Federal Budget Situation,  1995-1996
Box   5  
Search for Turkish Professor for the University of Michigan,  1996
 
Thomas Butts' Activities
Box   6  
Guest Lecturer for a University of Michigan Public Policy Class,  1988
Box   6  
Reviewing the University of Wisconsin's Financial Aid Program,  1989
Box   6  
Speaker at the Colorado Student Leadership Symposium: Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act,  1991
Box   6  
Reviewing a Paper for Ramapo College of New Jersey,  1999
Box   6  
Awards and Thank You Notes,  1999-2000
 
Loans [series]:

Loans series (3.25 linear feet, 1968-2003) is the only series not tied to where Thomas Butts was working at the time. It covers issues pertaining to loan programs over time, and provides a look at how laws and programs are created and evolve at the federal level. The most significant student loan legislation is the Higher Education Act (HEA), which was established in 1965, and reauthorized in 1972, 1980, 1986, 1992, and 1998. The two other main student loan programs in this collection, the Guaranteed Student Loan and the Direct Student Loan programs, are both part of the Higher Education Act. Thomas Butts was particularly involved with advocating the Direct Loan Program. It was created in 1993, and began operation in the 1994/1995 academic year, to be studied in a 5 year program. Loans is divided into 7 subseries.

 
Overview [subseries]:

"Overview" subseries (0.2 linear feet and 2 VHS tapes) provides summary information about a wide range of loan programs. These include program descriptions, interest rates, and articles. The two videos are of Congressman Wolpe on Nightline, 1992, and the Future of Financial Aid, 1995.

Box   6  
Characteristics of Loan Programs,  1977,  1999
Box   6  
Cost of Loan Programs,  1979,  1999
Box   6  
Published Information for Students and Institutions,  1976-1980
Box   6  
Articles on Loan Programs,  1994-1999
Box   6  
Student Interest Rates,  1998-2003
Box   6  
"Congressman Wolpe on Nightline,"  1992 and "The Future of Student Financial Aid,"  1995     (VHS Tapes) 
 
Papers [subseries]:

"Papers" subseries (0.5 linear feet, 1977-1986, and 1993-2000) are analyses of student loan issues or programs. Several of the papers evaluate the entire federal financial aid system or the campus based funding system, and offer recommendations for new ones. Also of note is a paper covering the history of student aid programs, from the 1970s through the 1990s.

Box   6  
Author Assignments for Student Aid Issue Papers,  1978
Box   6  
Basic Education Opportunity Grant (BEOG) Legislation,  1977
Box   6  
Campus Based Funding Process, Background and Evaluation,  1978
Box   6  
Campus Based Funding Process, Questions and Comments from Nation-wide Hearings,  1978
Box   6  
Campus Based Funding Process, Testimony on the Revised Funding Process,  1980
Box   6  
Critique of the Roth Amendment and Alternatives to it,  1977
Box   6  
Designing a New Funding Process, Meetings and Recommendations of the Panel of Experts,  1978
Box   6  
Designing a New Funding Process, Final Report of the Panel of Experts,  1979
Box   6  
Enrollment Trends for Michigan Higher Education,  1964-1978
Box   6  
Evaluating the Federal Loan System,  1978-1979
Box   6  
Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP),  1999
Box   6  
Federal Government Loan Policy in the  1990s,  1999-2000
Box   6  
History of Student Aid Programs from the  1970s to the  1990s,  1986,  2000
Box   6  
Loan Consolidation,  1981-1983,  1998
Box   6  
Middle Income Squeeze and the Tuition Tax Credit Solution,  1977
Box   6  
Recommendations for Improved Management of the Federal Student Aid Programs by the Student Financial Assistance Study Group,  1977
Box   6  
The Characteristics of Stafford Student Loan Borrowers in Repayment and the Impact of Educational Debt on Personal and Economic Life Decisions,  1993
Box   6  
Supplementary Education Opportunity Grant (SEOG),  1985
Box   6  
The Voyager Loan Program,  2000
 
Memos [subseries]:

"Memos" subseries (0.25 linear feet, 1980-1981, 1999) are discussions of issues related to specific student loan programs. They were originally housed in a binder together by Thomas Butts, and the original order has been maintained.

Box   6  
Education Amendments of  1980 How to Implement the Changes, Effects on the Guaranteed Student Loan Program,  1980
Box   6  
Federal Insured Student Loan Program (FISLP), Lender Contract and Default Claims,  1980-1981
Box   6  
Guaranteed Student Loan Program, Refund Regulations, Deferment Regulations, and Need Analysis Formula,  1980
Box   6  
Pell Grant Program, FY  1979-1981
Box   6  
Higher Education Act, General Provisions, Title IV,  1980
Box   6  
State Student Incentive Grant Program (SSIG) Regulations,  1980
Box   6  
Work Incentives Improvement Act: Federal Subsidies,  1999
 
Statistics [subseries]:

"Statistics" subseries (0.25 linear feet, 1978-1984) provides tables of information on the allocation of funding and default rates by state, institution type, and sometimes by institution. The programs include campus based programs generally, the national direct student loan program, and the Student Education Opportunity Grant (SEOG).

Box   6  
Allocation of Funding to Loan Programs,  1978-1980
Box   6  
Default Rates, Demographics, and Enrollment of BEOG and SEOG Programs, by State,  1978
Box   6  
National Direct Student Loan Default Rate,  1979-1980
Box   6  
Comparison of Allocations for Campus Based Programs by State,  1979-1981
Box   7  
SEOG Allocation as a Percent of Total Allocation,  1980
Box   7  
Change in SEOG Allocation,  1984
 
Higher Education Act [subseries]:

"Higher Education Act" subseries (1.5 linear feet, 1972-2000) is divided into three sections. "Budget" (0.5 linear feet) covers negotiating and allocating the budget for financial aid programs from 1972 to 1988 and 2000. "Title IV" (0.25 linear feet) is from 1976 to 1977 and 2000. The 1976-1977 materials are hand-written notes covering forming ideas, drafting, and revising, and amending the law. The 2000 material is from negotiated rulemaking sessions on loan issues and program and flexibility issues. "Reauthorization" (0.75 linear feet) covers the reauthorization process for 1980, 1986, and 1992. These mostly consist of testimony before Congressional subcommittees regarding various aspects of the proposed reauthorization. They also include reports and studies on loan options, and correspondence from members of the financial aid community voicing their opinions and concerns. 1986 Reauthorization Correspondence to Congressmen includes many letters to William D. Ford, who would later sponsor the Direct Loan Program. The 1992 Reauthorization, NASULGC meeting includes statements by Congressmen Ford and Anderson.

 
Budget
Box   7  
 1972 Budget and Amendments,  1972
Box   7  
Budget Request,  1979-1981 (3 folders)
Box   7  
Appropriation Hearings,  1981 (2 folders)
Box   7  
Press Releases,  1981
Box   7  
President's Budget Reform Plan, Congressional Testimony,  1981
Box   7  
Budget Reports and Statistics,  1980-1981
Box   7  
Budget Request,  1982
Box   7  
 1987 and  1988 Budget Needs,  1986-1987
Box   7  
Budget Request,  2000
 
Title IV, Federal Code of Regulations
Box   7  
Ideas for Regulations,  1976-1977 (2 folders)
Box   7  
Drafting Regulations,  1976-1977 (5 folders)
Box   7  
Regulation Package, Subpart D,  1977
Box   7  
Suggested Technical Amendments to the  1976 Law,  1977
Box   7  
Deferment Regulations,  1977
Box   7  
Amendment to Title IV to Decrease Fraud,  1978
Box   7  
Title IV Negotiated Rulemaking Sessions: Loan Issues,  2000
Box   7  
Title IV Negotiated Rulemaking Sessions: Program and Flexibility Issues,  2000
 
 1980 Reauthorization
Box   7  
Major Elements of the Reauthorization Proposal,  1979
Box   7  
Ford Technical Amendments,  1979
Box   8  
Bureau of Student Financial Assistance Position on the Reauthorization Proposals,  1978-1979
Box   8  
Review and Analysis,  1979-1980
 
Congressional Testimony
Box   8  
American Bankers Association,  1979
Box   8  
William Bowen, President of Princeton University,  1978
Box   8  
Secretary Joseph A. Califano, Jr.,  1978-1979
Box   8  
Members of Congress,  1978-1979
Box   8  
Marshall Smith and Tom Butts, Office of Education,  1979
Box   8  
United States Student Association and National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs,  1979
Box   8  
Several Testimonies from  August 1, 1979
 
 1986 Reauthorization
Box   8  
Legislation and Issue Papers,  1986
Box   8  
Correspondence,  1986
Box   8  
Correspondence with Congressmen,  1985-1987
 
Congressional Testimony
Box   8  
People to Testify,  1985
Box   8  
Associations for Individual States,  1985
Box   8  
Associations for Student Interests,  1985
Box   8  
Associations for Universities,  1985
Box   8  
Jean Frohlicher, National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs, Inc.,  1985
Box   8  
Loan Associations,  1985
Box   8  
National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities,  1985
Box   8  
National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA),  1985
Box   8  
National Student Aid Coalition,  1985
Box   8  
Non-Profit Student Loan Organizations,  1985
Box   8  
Reviews of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program,  1985
 
 1992 Reauthorization
Box   8  
Congressman Andrews Direct Student Loan Proposal,  1991-1993
Box   8  
NASULGC Student Aid Meeting,  1992
Box   8  
Congressional Testimony, Lamar Alexander, U.S. Secretary of Education,  1991
Box   8  
American Council of Education, Evaluation of the Loan Programs,  1992
 
Guaranteed Student Loans [subseries]:

"Guaranteed Student Loans" subseries (0.5 linear feet, 1968-1979 and 1990) is topical files, arranged alphabetically. Of particular note are correspondence from 1978 in which different colleges explain their efforts to ensure access to financial aid for all students, which were sent to Thomas Butts as part of his U.S. Department of Education work, and discussions on how to cope with the problems of the middle income students from 1977 and 1978, called the "Middle Income Squeeze." The other files provide information and statistics on how the program functions, and discussions of other issues pertaining to the program.

Direct Loan Program" (0.5 linear feet, 1991-2001). Thomas Butts was a strong advocate for the Direct Loan Program. It includes 4 sections. "Memos" (0.2 linear feet) are of different universities and the U.S. Department of Education discussing the Direct Loan Program. "National Direct Student Loan Coalition" includes meeting agendas and records of the executive committee, articles, and Thomas Butts' statement before the Government Reform Subcommittee in 1999. It is a nonprofit corporation founded in 1999. "Program Evaluations" are three analyses of the Direct Loan Program: one of cost, one of the market mechanism, and also a statement of support from University of Michigan President Duderstadt. "Publications" includes two articles, a paper, and a letter to the Washington Post by Thomas Butts, as well as an evaluation of the program by the U.S. Department of Education. The rest of the materials are reports on how the program works and school roster and default rates from 1998.

Box   8  
Applying to be a Lender,  1969
Box   8  
Assuring Access: Lenders of Last Resort,  1978
 
Correspondence
Box   8  
Assurance of Loan Access,  1978 (3 folders)
Box   8  
Office of Guaranteed Student Loans,  1977-1978
Box   8  
Opinions on the Program,  1978-1979
Box   8  
Defaulting on Loans Problem,  1978,  1988
Box   8  
Evaluating a Guarantee Agency,  1980
Box   8  
Evaluating the Program,  1973-1979
Box   8  
Evaluating the Program, Responses to the Fountain Committee,  1978
Box   9  
HEAF, the Largest Guarantor of Guaranteed Student Loans, in Financial Trouble,  1990
Box   9  
Meeting Notes,  1978 (2 folders)
Box   9  
Middle Income Strategy,  1977-1978
Box   9  
Middle Income Student Assistance Act,  1978
Box   9  
Program Overview,  1977
Box   9  
Program Information and Statistics,  1968-1990
Box   9  
Proposals for Changes,  1977-1978 (2 folders)
Box   9  
Regulations,  1978
Box   9  
Statistical Representation of the activities of Guarantee Agencies,  1980-1992