Human Rights Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.) records: 1970-1979 (bulk 1971-1975)
Summary Information
Title: Human Rights Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.) records
Creator: Human Rights Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
Inclusive dates: 1970-1979
Bulk dates: 1971-1975
Extent: 3 linear feet
Extent: 1 oversize folder
Abstract:
The Human Rights Party (HRP) of Ann Arbor was a radical socialist third party that influenced local politics in the period 1971 to 1975. The record group contains organizational and campaign documents of several parties including predecessor and successor parties to HRP. Campaign materials, platforms, position statements and numerous newspaper clippings along with committee and meeting minutes form the bulk of the records of this activist organization.
Call number: 0586 Bt 2; Bt Outsize
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Mary Kenney, June 2005

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The record group was received from Philip Carroll in June, 2005. (Donor no. 9602)

Access Restrictions:

The record group is open to research.

Copyright:

Copyright is held by the Regents of the University of Michigan.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Human Rights Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.) Records, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


History

During the winter of 1970, a series of open conventions were held in Ann Arbor resulting in the formation of Radical Independent Party (RIP) by local activists. In April 1971, RIP ran a write-in campaign with Doug Cornell and Jerry DeGrieck, as candidates for Mayor and Second Ward Councilman. In June, RIP member, Bob Hefner, ran in the non-partisan School Board election, gathering 11% of the city-wide vote. Needing stronger recognition, RIP decided to affiliate with the Human Rights Party of Michigan, a statewide third party formed by dissident radical Democrats. Legislation had just been passed allowing eighteen-year olds to vote and permitting college students to vote where they attend school. The Human Rights Party of Ann Arbor was formed with the intent to influence local politics. HRP made all decisions at open meetings. Day-to-day functions were coordinated by a Steering Committee whose decisions were reviewed by the membership at open meetings.

HRP first appeared on a ballot in Ann Arbor in April, 1972, in a City Council election in which Jerry DeGrieck and Nancy Wechsler won two of the five contested seats Because of the Council make-up, neither Republicans nor Democrats could successfully function without HRP support. Through cooperation with Democratic council members, the HRP radical legislative agenda was passed including a $5 pot law, a ban on non-returnable bottles, a shift of $600,000 of revenue-sharing funds to child and health care, and a strong human rights ordinance against sexual discrimination. HRP supported local strikes: Buhr Tool, Commission on Professional Hospital Activities (CPHA), and Mackinac Jack's.

In the 1973 City Council election, the Republicans gained a 7-2-2 majority, enabling the Council to repeal most of the HRP program. Benita Kaimowitz was unsuccessful with her bid for mayor. Frank Shoichet and Andrei Joseph lost in the 2nd and 3rd wards respectively. The Rainbow People's Party left the HRP after a disagreement over David Sinclair's candidacy, further weakening it

In 1974, Kathy Kozachenko won the 2nd ward council seat, while Beth Brunton lost the 1st ward. All three HRP City Council officials were openly gay, another revolutionary issue at the time. The $5 marijuana fine was reinstated. The focal issue of rent control was defeated by the voters. HRP successfully placed preferential voting for Mayor on the November ballot. For the first time HRP of Michigan ran a full slate of candidates, with Zoltan Ferency leading the ticket with his bid for Governor.

By 1975, HRP in Ann Arbor was in the decline. HRP renamed itself as the Socialist Human Rights Party but met no success thereafter. In 1977 the remnants of HRP organizers identified with the People's Party and Socialist Party of Michigan.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The records of HRP consist mainly of campaign activities, campaign issues, platforms, and clippings. The record group is divided into six series: Radical Independent Party, 1970-1971, Human Rights Party Organization, 1972-1975, HRP Campaigns, Socialist Human Rights Party, 1975-1977, Human Rights Party of Michigan, 1971-1976, and the People's Party, 1972-1979. In this collection, focal political issues are filed under the Steering Committee, if not separately foldered. Clippings are a major source of information and researchers should consult them for details.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Ann Arbor (Mich.) -- Politics and government.
  • Elections -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Radicalism -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Demonstrations -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Political elections -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Photographs.
  • Human Rights Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
  • Ann Arbor (Mich.). Common Council.
  • Radical Independent Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
  • Socialist Human Rights Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
  • Human Rights Party (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
  • Ann Arbor Tenants Union.
  • Carroll, Phil.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Radical Independent Party 1970-1971 [series]

The Radical Independent Party, 1970-1971 series includes documents, information on campaign activities, and clippings.

Box   1  
Background Information 1969
 
Platform Convention 1971
Box   1  
History
Box   1  
City Democratic Platform, Mayor Harris 1969-1970
Box   1  
Draft Documents
 
Campaigns 1971
Box   1  
Steering Committee
Box   1  
City Charter Amendment
Box   1  
City Council and Mayor, Doug Cornell, Jerry DeGrieck
Box   1  
School Board, Bob Hefner
Box   1  
Clippings
Box   1  
Support for Strikers
 
Human Rights Party of Ann Arbor Organization 1972-1975 [series]

Human Rights Party Organization, 1972-1975 series encompasses official documents, platforms, photos, fliers, and correspondence. Audio tapes of commercial spots are also included.

Box   1  
Merger with RIP 1971-1972
Box   1  
History
Box   1  
Constitution
 
Platform Convention 1972
Box   1  
Agendas and Minutes
Box   1  
Platform and Platform in Brief
Box   1  
Audio tapes, short commercial spots undated

(also public hearing on police 2/15/1973)

Box   1  
Correspondence 1974-1975
Box   1  
Fliers undated
 
Photographs
Box   1  
Candidates 1972-1974
Box   1  
Phil Carroll 1973-1974
Box   1  
Tenants Union, Rent Control demonstrations
Box   1  
Reunion "Big Chill II" 1992 (DVD)
 
HRP Campaigns [series]

HRP Campaigns series covers the local political activities in Ann Arbor, substantiated by clippings from the Ann Arbor News and The Michigan Daily. Many clippings were not dated or identified as to publication. In general the Michigan Daily offered more detailed coverage of HRP.

Box   1  
Campaign Posters

(oversize folder Bt)

 
1972
 
City Council: Jerry DeGrieck, Nancy Wechsler

(includes Steering Committee minutes)

Box   1  
Election April 3, 1972
Box   1  
Anti-war Ordinance April, 1972
 
School Board: Curtis Holt, Gretchen Wilson, Sonia Yaco
Box   1  
Conference for Educational Change April 28, 1972
Box   1  
Educational Issue, Phil Carroll
Box   1  
Minutes, Fliers
Box   1  
Steering Committee
 
County Convention August 1972
Box   1  
Constitution of Human Rights Party of Washtenaw County
Box   1  
November Election Results
Box   1  
Roster
 
City Council Issues
Box   1  
Miscellaneous position papers
Box   1  
Police Chief Walter Krasny
Box   1  
Revenue Sharing
Box   1  
Strikebreakers Ordinance
Box   1  
Clippings (3 folders)
 
1973
 
City Council and Mayor: Benita Kaimowitz, Andrei Joseph, Frank Shoichet, Phil Carroll, John Minock
Box   2  
City Report
Box   2  
Candidates

(includes promotional materials)

Box   2  
Primary
Box   2  
Election
Box   2  
Steering Committee Minutes, Issues
Box   2  
School Board: Leonard Sklar, Sonia Yaco, Diana Autin
Box   2  
Fall Campaign Issues
Box   2  
HRP Positions
Box   2  
Clippings (2 folders)
 
1974
 
City Council and Mayor: Carol Ernst, Beth Brunton, Kathy Kozachenko, Harry Kervorkian, Phil Carroll, Jesse Hall
Box   2  
Candidates
Box   2  
Clippings
Box   2  
Election
 
Issues
Box   2  
Marijuana
Box   2  
Miscellaneous issues
Box   2  
Preferential Voting
Box   2  
Rent Control
Box   2  
Steering Committee
 
School Board: Astrid Beck, Larry Mann
Box   2  
Candidates
Box   2  
Clippings
 
County Convention
Box   2  
Agenda, Issues
Box   2  
County Commission: Diane Hall, Marty Wegbreit:
 
Fall Campaign
Box   2  
Issues, Press releases
Box   2  
Phil Carroll for US Representative (3 folders)
Box   2  
Clippings (2 folders)
 
1975
 
Scrapbooks
Box   2  
December 1974-April 1975
Box   2  
City Council Election 1975
Box   2  
April 1975-November 1975

(includes some minutes)

Box   3  
Minutes January-March, 1975
Box   3  
Clippings
Box   3  
Council Campaign Spring 1975 (3 folders)
 
Socialist Human Rights Party 1975-1977 [series]

Socialist Human Rights Party, 1975-1977 series includes: minutes, campaign information, city council issues and clippings covering the brief existence of this party.

Box   3  
City Council Issues, Kozachenko 1975-1976
 
Campaigns
Box   3  
Council Campaign Spring 1976
Box   3  
Fall Campaign 1976
Box   3  
Council Campaign Spring 1977
Box   3  
Clippings 1976-1977
 
Human Rights Party of Michigan 1971-1976 [series]

Human Rights Party of Michigan, 1971-1976 series covers the beginning of this third party to the defection of Zoltan Ferency in 1976. Platforms, clippings, issues, and a four-year newsletter run are included.

Box   3  
Minutes 1971-1976
Box   3  
State HRP Constitution and Platform August 1972
Box   3  
Washtenaw County Human Rights Party 1972-1973
Box   3  
Newsletter 1972-1976
 
Campaigns
Box   3  
State Campaign 1972
 
1973
Box   3  
Kalamazoo
Box   3  
Ypsilanti
 
State Campaign 1974
Box   3  
Candidates
Box   3  
Clippings
Box   3  
Platform
 
Issues 1976-1979
Box   3  
Defections 1976
Box   3  
Independent Candidate for U.S. President 1976
Box   3  
Minor Party Status 1976-1977
Box   3  
Red Squad 1977
 
The People's Party 1972-1979 [series]

The series, The People's Party, 1972-1979 includes information about HRP members, Kathy Kozachenko, Eric Jackson, Phil Carroll, and Nancy Wechsler, who were involved in the PP. Like the HRP, the PP faced demise in 1977 and considered merger with the Socialist Party. Phil Carroll, who ran for National Committee in 1977, has correspondence in this series.

Box   3  
Communications, Correspondence 1972-1975 (2 folders)
Box   3  
Fliers undated
Box   3  
Grass Roots, People's Party National Publication June 1972-August/September 1975
 
National Conventions
Box   3  
St. Louis July 27-30, 1972
Box   3  
Denver June 30-July 4, 1973
Box   3  
Indianapolis July 4-6, 1974
Box   3  
St. Louis August 25-31, 1975
Box   3  
San Francisco August 1976
Box   3  
New York City November 25-27, 1977
Box   3  
Publications, Correspondence 1977-1979
Additional Descriptive Data
Related Material

The John and Leni Sinclair collection contains HRP records, particularly dealing with the campaign of David Sinclair and Frank Shoichet in the Second Ward Primary in 1974. Other related collections include: the papers of Robert Alexander and of William McNitt, and the Contemporary History Project oral interviews.