ï~~ Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 48 (2011) 163-216 Greek Amulets and Formularies from Egypt Containing Christian Elements: A Checklist of Papyri, Parchments, Ostraka, and Tablets1 Theodore S. de Bruyn and Jitse H.F. Dijkstra University of Ottawa Abstract In this article we present an up-to-date list of Greek (and Latin) amu lets and formularies from Egypt that contain Christian elements. We first discuss the criteria whereby an item is identified as an amulet or formulary and as containing Christian elements; these criteria are used to classify items as having been certainly, probably, or possibly produced or used as an amulet. We then describe some of the main patterns observed in the corpus: the geographical and chronological distribution of the items, the language in which they were written (Greek versus Latin), the materials on which they were written, the purposes for which they were applied, and the dynamics of continuity and change as Christian forms and elements were introduced into the genre. We conclude with an appendix listing all the items included in the corpus and tabulating a basic set of characteristics for each item. 1 This article originated in a project of Theodore de Bruyn funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada to document the emergence of Christian formulae in Greek amulets and formularies in Late Antiquity. His investigations happily coincided with the arrival of Jitse Dijkstra at the University of Ottawa, who was able to bring his expertise in papyrology and religious transformation in Late Antique Egypt to bear on the project. De Bruyn wishes to acknowledge the assistance of Steven Scott and Stephen Quinlan in the project. He also thanks Robert Daniel (Papyrussammlung der Universitat zu K6ln), the late Traianos Gagos (University of Michigan Papyrus Collection), Fabian Reiter (Agyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung), and Cornelia R6mer (formerly Papyrussammlung der Osterreichischen Nationalbibliothek) for their gracious permission to view materials in their respective collections. While de Bruyn is responsible for the collection, analysis, and presentation of the data discussed in this article, the text was prepared jointly by both authors. They are grateful to Peter van Minnen and the anonymous reader for their helpful comments.
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