ï~~Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 46 (2009) 81-96 Antinoite Citizenship under Hadrian and Antoninus Pius A Prosopographical Study of the First Thirty Years of Antinoopolis Myrto Malouta University of Oxford Abstract Prosopography of Antinoite citizens attested in 130-161 with comments about the composition of the citizen body. This paper is a prosopographical study of the first thirtyyears in the history of Antinoopolis and aims to identify the key issues associated with Antinoite citizenship under Hadrian and Antoninus Pius.' Antinoopolis was founded by Hadrian in AD 130, during his extensive travels through the empire. The city was named after Hadrian's favourite, Antinoos, a Greek boy from Bithynia, who had recently drowned in the Nile. The new foundation was much more than just a memorial to Antinoos, and the value attached to it by the emperor himself enhanced the political significance of the city. Its importance persisted in the centuries that followed, and Antinoopolis even became the administrative capital of the province of the Thebaid in the Byzantine period. What was special about Antinoopolis in comparison with other Roman foundations3 was that it was designed to be a Greek polis. Apart from AlexI wish to thank Roger Bagnall for the invitation to participate in the Inaugural Sather Conference in Berkeley, where an earlier version of this paper was given. 2 For his new foundation Hadrian himself chose the site in Middle Egypt, opposite Hermopolis, where, according to Dio Cassius 69.11.3, Antinoos had drowned. 3 E. Kilhn, Antinoopolis. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Hellenismus im romischen Agypten (G6ttingen 1913) 85, reports that W. Weber, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des Kaisers Hadrianus (Leipzig 1907) claimed that the Roman colony Aelia Capitolina was also founded in 130 and colonised with Greeks (on the basis of Dio Cassius 69.12.2 and Zonaras, Epit.Hist. 11.23; might it be that the latter actually confused this with Antinoopolis?).
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