State expansion: conquest glyph. Note that the lower portion is the same, the hill glyph with diagonal lines; this indicates "place of"; the upper part is different in each cast, indicating the name of the particular place. (Original teaching slide code: RL-7)
State expansion: conquest glyph; no longer are they advertising defeat of particular individuals, now they are advertising territorial conquests. The bird at the top is the place name; some have been linked to known sites outside the valley of Oaxaca. (Original teaching slide code: RL-6)
State expansion: change in warfare as state becomes expansionistic. No more danzantes; now Conquest Glyphs on the strangely shaped Building 1 (center); there are 40 conquest glyphs. (Original teaching slide code: RL-5)
State expansion: danzante. Another dead warrior; note awkward position of hand and castration; note also that they are often named (glyphs on chest); in all there are 320 of these. (Original teaching slide code: RL-4)
Gold ring bearing headdressed "falling eagle" (symbol for the setting sun) or Cuautemoc. He bears in his beak the glyph meaning jade; from this are suspended a row of little bells; front view. Mixtec, Tomb 7, Monte Alban, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Reconstruction drawing of patio 4 from southwest. Indications are that this group of pyramids & temples is closely related to those of Monte Alban, although they are still almost unexplored. Yagul, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Reconstruction drawing of patio 1 from southeast corner. Building on left is of same dimensions and construction as the small ones of Mitla; building on right is of same dimensions & plan as Hall of Columns & the other large hall of Mitla. Yagul, Oaxaca
Collar, formed of strands in turn of turquoise, coral, jade & gold beads, terminating in a row of gold beads alternating with bells; gold bracelet right foreground; 2 rings left foreground. Mixtec Tomb 7. Monte Alban V, Mixtec.
Monte Alban V, Mixtec. Brooch of gold, Falling Eagle (Cuautemoc). In beak he carries a butterfly. From this dangle 2 rows of tassels, followed by a row of bells. Mixtec Tomb 7 -Cuautemoc is symbol for the setting sun. In his beak he carries a butterfly, symbol of fire.
3 inch high gold mask of Xipe Totec -god of vegetation and corn, also the god of the workers in mosaics of turquoise and of the goldsmiths and silversmiths; Likely a belt buckle. Xipe Totec is the Flayed God. Monte Alban V, Mixtec.
Gold ring bearing headdressed "falling eagle" or Cuauhtémoc. He bears in his beak the glyph meaning jade; from this are suspended a row of little bells; front view. Tomb 7 Cuauhtémoc is the symbol for the setting sun. Monte Alban V, Mixtec.