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Results for anthro1ic
Check for portfolio Record Description Date of Photo Holdings Image Number
Full Record: x-23339/23339

Haddenham Causeway Camp, East Anglia, England. Floatation device.


35mm slide: 17425


Full Record: x-2334/2334

Lamar Plain bowl, Lamar Bold Incised jar, Bibb County, Georgia. Lamar.

35mm slide: 1096


Full Record: x-23340/23340

Haddenham Camp, East Anglia, England. Grain pitted neolithic pit, alternate quarter.


35mm slide: 17426


Full Record: x-23341/23341

Cranbourn Chase.


35mm slide: 17427


Full Record: x-23342/23342

Oakley Down, Roman roads and barrows.


35mm slide: 17428


Full Record: x-23343/23343

South Lodge Camp, Cleaning barrows excavated by Pitt-Rivers.


35mm slide: 17429


Full Record: x-23344/23344

Chunky Player Spiro style effigy pipe, height ca. 8" (now in St. Louis Art Museum)

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17430


Full Record: x-23345/23345

Spiro Site, Craig Mound, Pipe.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17431


Full Record: x-23346/23346

Florida, Key Marco, Painted sculpted deer head.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17432


Full Record: x-23347/23347

Florida, Key Marco, wolf (?) head sculpture.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17433


Full Record: x-23348/23348

Illinois, Cahokia, Artist's drawing of central Cahokia - stirling phase.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17434


Full Record: x-23349/23349

North Carolina, Town Creek- Central Area.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17435


Full Record: x-2335/2335

Lamar Complicated Stamp jar, Bibb County, Georgia. Lamar.

35mm slide: 1097


Full Record: x-23350/23350

Louisiana, Chitimacha cane basket.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17436


Full Record: x-23351/23351

Plains Prairie Chicken Dance (interpretation)

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17437


Full Record: x-23352/23352

Sioux Hayoka Dance with Long Nose.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17438


Full Record: x-23353/23353

Zuni Rain Dance (Uroman 1900).

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17439


Full Record: x-23354/23354

Florida, Key Marco, Panther sculpture.

Sept. 1982

35mm slide: 17440


Full Record: x-23356/23356

Arizona, Black Mesa, Navajo Big Mountain trading post.


35mm slide: 17441


Full Record: x-23357/23357

Arizona, Black Mesa, Navajo Big Mountain trading post.


35mm slide: 17442


Full Record: x-23358/23358

Arizona, Black Mesa, Navajo Big Mountain trading post oven.


35mm slide: 17443


Full Record: x-23359/23359

Arizona, Black Mesa, Navajo, Fry Bread Making (ethnography).


35mm slide: 17444


Full Record: x-2336/2336

Lamar Bold Incised Plate, Bibb County, Georgia. Lamar.

35mm slide: 1098


Full Record: x-23360/23360

Arizona, Black Mesa, Navajo, D:11:2023, BMIII, P1. Surface forms - slab lined.


35mm slide: 17445


Full Record: x-23361/23361

Marksville site map. The Marksville site is located on the eastern edge of the Marksville Prarie overlooking Old River and the adjacent floodplain approximately 12 meters below. Other early Marksville sites, such as Helena Crossing and Grand Gulf, are situated on similar high ground with commanding positions above the Mississippi Valley. The Marksville site was mapped and its features named by Gerard Fowke in 1926. (Fowke, 1928)


35mm slide: 17446


Full Record: x-23362/23362

Marksville site, aerial view. Many of the main features of the Marksville site can be seen in the aerial photograph taken by Thomas Ryan in 1971. The main portion of the site is defined by a semicircular embankment about 1,100 meters long which now ranges from 1 to 2 meters in height. Within the enclosure are three conical mounds (Mounds 3, 4, and 5) and two larger truncated pyramidal mounds (Mounds 2 and 6). There is a small circular enclosure so


35mm slide: 17447


Full Record: x-23363/23363

Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. Early excavations at Marksville produced ceramics that showed affinity with northern Hopewell. A finely made slender pot found by Fowke in Mound 8 has three repetitions of the raptorial bird motif. The background of the clay tempered vessel is roughen by dentate rocker stamping, another Hopewellian parallel. An almost identical vessel was found in Mound 4 (Toth 1974: Fig. c, d). Height 12.8 cm, diameter


35mm slide: 17448


Full Record: x-23364/23364

Marksville crosshatched rim. A small plain vessel from the Crooks site (Ford Willey 1940) has a finely incised cross-hatched rim typical of those found at Marksville and most other early Marksville sites. The diagnostic rim treatment and the hemiconical punctate underneath, provide strong Hopewellian parallels. Vessel is Baytown Plain, var. Marksville. Height 5.6 cm, diameter 5.9 cm, capacity 90 ml. LSU No. 2278, Museum of Geoscience.

35mm slide: 17449


Full Record: x-23365/23365

Reconstructed Marksville Mound 4. The most famous Marksville conical mound was excavated by Fowke in 1926, explored by John R. Swanton in 1930, and further excavated by Frank Setzler and James A. Ford in 1933 (see Toth 1974 for details). The mound, approximately 33 meters in diameter and 7 meters in height, into which a burial vault had been sunk. Somewhere between 35 and 60 burials were located in Mound 4, most of them in the burial vault and on t


35mm slide: 17450


Full Record: x-23366/23366

Marksville earthworks. Originally, the main earthworks at the Marksville site were 2.5 to 4 meters high and had a ditch, or borrow area, along the outside edge (Toth 1974: 15). The earthworks define a broad "ceremonial" area which can be entered through three openings. The Marksville embankment never has been excavated, and thus it is unwise to assign such constructions to the early Marksville period - no matter how strong the parallels to northern


35mm slide: 17451


Full Record: x-23367/23367

Mound City earthworks, Ross County, Ohio. Having worked at Ohio Hopewell sites, Setzler (1934) made the obvious, but superficial, connection between Marksville and Ohio Hopewell sites. In terms of their configuration and the burial mounds within, the Marksville earthworks do resemble the pattern at Mound City and other Hopewell sites in Ohio. Until tested, however, the parallel is just an unproved hypothesis.


35mm slide: 17452


Full Record: x-23368/23368

Serpent Mound, Adams County, Ohio. Another famous example of Hopewellian earthwork construction, over 400 meters in length, is the Serpent Mound which also is associated with a conical burial mound. There are no Marksville earthworks of this pattern, although in cross section the earthworks should be somewhat similar.

35mm slide: 17453


Full Record: x-23369/23369

Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. John R. Swanton was given a small beaker from Fowke's unfinished trench in Marksville Mound 4 that provided a good example of zoned dentate rocker stamping. The roughened background is used to achieve a dual motif which may represent the talons of a bird of prey. Height 7.6 cm, diameter 8.8 cm, capacity 330 ml. Smithsonian No. 364275, U.S. National Museum.


35mm slide: 17454


Full Record: x-2337/2337

Lamar Complicated Stamp, Bull Creek, Bibb County, Georgia. Lamar.

35mm slide: 1099


Full Record: x-23370/23370

Marksville Stamped, var. Old River vessel. Another beaker, built around three lobes, utilizes non-dentate rocker stamping to emphasize halves of a motif resembling a corner notched projectile point. Both dentate and non-dentate rocker stamping have northern Hopewell parallels. The dash-dot rim treatment on this vessel excavated by Fowke in Marksville Mound 4 is an early Marksville diagnostic with no identified comparisons from outside the Lower Mis


35mm slide: 17455


Full Record: x-23371/23371

Marksville Incised, var. Marksville vessel. Wide, U-shaped incised lines are used in both Marksville and Hopewellian ceramic decoration. The Marksville variety, however, has few northern parallels. The width of the incised lines is about the same as the space between lines. Although found in the southern Yazoo and Tensas Basins, var. Marksville is most closely associated with the Marksville phase. This vessel has two diagnostic early Marksville r


35mm slide: 17456


Full Record: x-23372/23372

Marksville Incised, var. Sunflower vessel. Widely spaced incised lines, as used in this simple meander pattern of parallel lines, is a more standard usage in the northern Yazoo Basin and in northern Hopewell. The small beaker was found by Fowke in Marksville Mound 4. Height 6.1 cm, diameter 7.4 cm, capacity 150 ml. Smithsonian No. 331708, U.S. National Museum.


35mm slide: 17457


Full Record: x-23373/23373

Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. Fowke excavated another vessel in Marksville Mound 4 which exemplifies broad U-shaped lines used to create bands that are alternately roughened by dentate rocker stamping. The vessel combines a tubby pot vessel mode with a tapered pedestal base. The same combination was used on another vessel found in the Pharr Mound in northeaster Mississippi. The Pharr vessel is roughly contemporary and, in fact, may b


35mm slide: 17458


Full Record: x-23374/23374

Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel. A well executed scroll motif is emphasized by zoned dentate rocker stamping on a tubby pot recovered from Marksville Mound 4 by Ford and Setzler. The deeply notched front edge of the lip is another typical early Marksville rim treatment. Height 7.4 cm, diameter 10.9 cm, capacity 400 ml. Smithsonian No. 369003, U.S. National Museum.


35mm slide: 17459


Full Record: x-23375/23375

Baytown Plain, var. Marksville vessel. Plain vessels from early Marksville mortuary contexts are usually small (cup- or pint-sized). A vessel found by Ford and Setzler in Marksville Mound 4 has a characteristic notched lip. The jar was found on top of the burial platform in association with the badly crushed skull of an animal presumed to be a dog. Height 11.8 cm, diameter 10.6 cm, capacity 650 ml. Smithsonian No. 369006, U.S. National Museum.


35mm slide: 17460


Full Record: x-23376/23376

Marksville Mound 6. Conical burial mounds, Hopewell style ceramics, and possibly earthworks are easy enough to identify as Hopewellian horizon markers. Mounds 2 and 6 at Marksville, however, are more of an enigma. Mound 6 is a flat-topped pyramidal structure not normally associated with either Marksville or Hopewell. The mound is about 100 meters in diameter and 4 meters high. The handful of pottery from Mound 6 is associated with the Marksville


35mm slide: 17461


Full Record: x-23377/23377

Effigy Raven platform pipe (length 12.2cm), Rutherford Mound, Hardin County, Illinois. Many diagnostic Hopewellian artifacts have yet to turn up at an early Marksville site. Stone platform pipes, such as the exquisite raven effigy from Rutherford, is one example. Although platform pipes are found at Marksville sites in modest numbers, they are normally crude ceramic copies of the northern originals. Illinois State Museum.


35mm slide: 17462


Full Record: x-23378/23378

Snyders points, Mackinaw cache, Tazewell County, Illinois. Finely chipped Hopewellian corner-notched projectile points are another artifact class missing at Marksville sites. The closest examples, identified as Gibson or Norton forms (Griffin 1979: 270), are from Mound B at the Bynum site in the northeastern Mississippi which is associated to some degree - by Marksville ceramics - with Mississippi Valley. Lithic technology capable of producing Synd


35mm slide: 17463


Full Record: x-23379/23379

Copper panpipe, Tunacunnhee site, Dade county, Georgia. Many of the most diagnostic markers in the Hopewellian status-related artifact set are poorly represented in the Lower Mississippi Valley. Copper panpipes, such as those found at Tunacunnhee, are known only from the Helena Crossing site (Ford 1963). Two mounds outside the Lower Mississippi Valley, but with assumed relationships with Marksville societies, also yielded panpipes: the McCarter Mou


35mm slide: 17464


Full Record: x-2338/2338

Lamar Complicated Stamp, Stubbs Mound, Bibb County, Georgia. Lamar.

35mm slide: 1100


Full Record: x-23380/23380

Copper earspools, Bynum site, northeastern Mississippi. Another Hopewellian status-related artifact, the copper earspool, is known only from Helena Crossing and Crooks but can be expected to turn up in a few other Marksville mortuary contexts. Like the Bynum earspools, the Marksville specimens date approximately A.D. 150 to 300 and originated in northern Hopewellian centers, particularly the Ohio Valley. National Park Service Visitor Center, Tupelo


35mm slide: 17465


Full Record: x-23381/23381

Sheet copper cylinder, Helena Crossing, Phillips County, Arkansas. An unusual imported copper artifact was found in an early Marksville context on the floor of Tomb E in Helena Mound C. The sheet copper cylinder, which has a cut-out design, is thought to have been a ferrule for a wooden staff (Ford 1963). Bits of wood adhered to the inside of the cylinder. There is a hole at one end through which a pin may have secured the metal sleeve to the staf

35mm slide: 17466


Full Record: x-23382/23382

Village midden, Panther Lake site, northeastern Louisiana. Many Marksville village sites are multicomponent. Favorable locations were reoccupied repeatedly, and Marksville material shows up as a level in what is often a homogeneous midden deposit laid down over many centuries. The Panther Lake site is known primarily as a Tchefuncte site in the Tensas Basin., but early Marksville, Point Lake phase ceramics were found at the site. Photo courtesy of


35mm slide: 17467


Full Record: x-23383/23383

Weeks Island site, coastal Louisiana. Along the Gulf Coast, shell middens constitute the most common type of site. At Weeks Island excavations uncovered a deep deposit which spans many centuries and cultural systems. A strong early Marksville component is present at Weeks Island. Photo courtesy of Robert Neuman, Museum of Geoscience (Museum of Natural Science), Louisiana State University.


35mm slide: 17468


Full Record: x-23384/23384

Marksville Stamped, var. Marksville vessel cast. The Moncla site on Red River north of Marksville once had a mound in which Edward Neild salvaged some copper beads and a fine Marksville beaker (Toth 1977a). The vessel has an alternately roughened loop motif that is emphasized by detate rocker stamping and punctates. The front edge of the rim is notched, an expected occurrence on a diagnostic early Marksville vessel. Height 10.5 cm, diameter 11.5 c


35mm slide: 17469