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Results for anthro1ic
Check for portfolio Record Description Date of Photo Holdings Image Number
Full Record: x-22097/22097

Part of the terrain in which the hunt for fossils and archaeological remains is carried out. In the foreground area the brown-sandstone-mantled outcrops of the Lower Memer with the find spot of the hominid skull 1470 being searched and sieved. In the background is the Farari escarpment, formed by the more rapidly eroding Upper Member deposits (Area 131).

1975

35mm slide: 16058

22097

Full Record: x-22098/22098

The terrain in area 105 where the most important Lower Member archaeological sites have been found.

1975

35mm slide: 16059

22098

Full Record: x-22099/22099

Site HAS (Fx Jj3)- volcanic ash (tuff) has filled in delta distributary channels which can be traced winding amongst floodplain deposits which were laid down just inland of the former lakeshore. Eroding out of the uppermost deposits of the channel are the bones of a single hippopotamus carcass. The volcanic ash is the KBS tuff.

1975

35mm slide: 16060

22099

Full Record: x-221/221

"Human Family Trees: Two-pronged and Three-pronged models"

35mm slide: 18085

221

Full Record: x-2210/2210

Cylindrical tripods and shell ornament.

35mm slide: 855

2210

Full Record: x-22100/22100

Site HAS: The bones of the hippo as collected and reassembled.

1975

35mm slide: 16061

22100

Full Record: x-22101/22101

Site HAS: sharp stone flakes that had eroded out amongst the bones suggested a possible connection between hominids and the carcass.

1975

35mm slide: 16062

22101

Full Record: x-22102/22102

Site HAS: a grid was measured out and the bones and artifacts picked up, then a test trench dug.

1975

35mm slide: 16063

22102

Full Record: x-22103/22103

Site HAS: an old land surface was identified in the test trench and stone and bone specimens excavated from it. A larger cutting was then opened at this horizon.

1975

35mm slide: 16064

22103

Full Record: x-22104/22104

Site HAS: the eroded surface of the ground to be excavated being swept and cleaned.

1975

35mm slide: 16065

22104

Full Record: x-22105/22105

Site HAS: excavation in progress controlled by a grid of half-meter squares. H. W. K. Harris, who was one of the site supervisors at work.

1975

35mm slide: 16066

22105

Full Record: x-22106/22106

Site HAS: digging had to be done by the careful tapping of a small chisel. J. C. Onyango-Abuje, archaeologist at the National Museum of Kenya, is seen excavating.

1975

35mm slide: 16067

22106

Full Record: x-22107/22107

Site HAS: a sharp flake in place on the old ground surface.

1975

35mm slide: 16068

22107

Full Record: x-22108/22108

Site HAS: the same flake from slide #16068 but lifted from its impression in the ground.

1975

35mm slide: 16069

22108

Full Record: x-22109/22109

Site HAS: a hammerstone shows that stone was flaked at this site- presumably to generate sharp-edged flakes for use in cutting up the hippo.

1975

35mm slide: 16070

22109

Full Record: x-2211/2211

Temple of Warriors, Chichén Itzá, Yucatan, 1947.

1947

35mm slide: 880

2211

Full Record: x-22110/22110

Site HAS: a representative series from the 119 artifacts recovered from the excavation. The categories are marked: angular fragments, flake fragments, whole flakes, chopper/cores plus the hammerstone.

1975

35mm slide: 16071

22110

Full Record: x-22111/22111

Site HAS: a small core-chopper emerging in the excavation.

1975

35mm slide: 16072

22111

Full Record: x-22112/22112

Site HAS- plans and sections of the findings. Left: a plot of the location of bone specimens including the hippo bones on the surface. Right: a plot of the location of stone artifacts. Center: two slices through the site showing how the material forms a horizon representing an old ground surface.

1975

35mm slide: 16073

22112

Full Record: x-22113/22113

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): (Fx Jj1)- View of the site from the adjacent gully. The beds in the foreground are deposits laid down in lagoons and swamps at the lake margin. The pale outcrop above is the KBS tuff which here fills an ancient distributary channel system that was established over the swamps as the lake retreated. The early prehistoric occupants of the site camped on the sandy substratum provided by the tuff filled channel.

1975

35mm slide: 16074

22113

Full Record: x-22114/22114

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): In 1969 Dr. A. K. Behrensmeyer found these stone artifacts eroding out of the tuff. This was the first discovery of in stiu artifacts from the Koobi Fora Formation.

1975

35mm slide: 16075

22114

Full Record: x-22115/22115

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): General view of the site looking up the axis of the former channel.

1975

35mm slide: 16076

22115

Full Record: x-22116/22116

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): Excavation in progress. The consolidated fine, grey tuff dust that fills the swale left by the abandoned channel is being gently chipped away to uncover the top of the sandy streambed.

1975

35mm slide: 16077

22116

Full Record: x-22117/22117

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): The consolidated deposits are dug in 5 cm increments by tapping a small chisel. The lumps and crumbs of tuff are broken on a board with a rubber mallet and then sent for screening. Almost all material is found while still in place as excavation proceeds. Excavator, Mr. J. Kimengech of the Kenya National Museum.

1975

35mm slide: 16078

22117

Full Record: x-22118/22118

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): Shows the base of the pale grey tuff dust layer being "peeled" off the tuff sand layer to expose the archaeological horizon at the interface. Excavators, Mr. J. Barthelme, University of California and Mr. Msau of the National Museum.

1975

35mm slide: 16079

22118

Full Record: x-22119/22119

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): A polyhedron (core/chopper) has just been uncovered on the floor. Excavator, Mr. J. Kimengech. Goggles are worn because of the high dusty winds that prevail.

1975

35mm slide: 16080

22119

Full Record: x-2212/2212

Zacaleu Ruins, Guatemala, 1947.

1947

35mm slide: 881

2212

Full Record: x-22120/22120

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): a slender, sharp-edged portion of a bladelike flake as found on the archaeological horizon.

1975

35mm slide: 16081

22120

Full Record: x-22121/22121

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): A core/chopper being lifted from its place where it was partly embedded in the sand under the archaeological horizon.

1975

35mm slide: 16082

22121

Full Record: x-22122/22122

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): Among the scatter of discarded artifacts are broken-up animal bones. Glynn Isaac works at disengaging a fragment of antelope pelvis. Presumably this is food refuse.

1975

35mm slide: 16083

22122

Full Record: x-22123/22123

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): A representative series of the 129 artifacts which have been recovered from this site. Top row, angular fragments (= broken flakes without a talon). Second row, split and snapped flakes. Third and fourth rows, whole flakes. Bottom row, core-choppers, polyhedrons, discoids, etc.

1975

35mm slide: 16084

22123

Full Record: x-22124/22124

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): Part of the tooth row of a medium-sized antelope (a Waterbuck).

1975

35mm slide: 16085

22124

Full Record: x-22125/22125

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): A chopper from KBS.

1975

35mm slide: 16086

22125

Full Record: x-22126/22126

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): A plan of the location of in situ finds at KBS. The excavation has revealed part of a patch of discarded material some 12 - 15 inches in diameter. The left-hand portion was destroyed by erosion before discovery of the site. Part has deliberately been left unexcavated so as to be available for future research.

1975

35mm slide: 16087

22126

Full Record: x-22127/22127

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): In the silts covering the archaeological site numerous leaf casts were found. The species has not been identified but they may belong to the genus Ficus. Very probably groves of trees grew along the sandy channel and their shade may have been among the attractions leading to hominid occupation of this spot.

1975

35mm slide: 16088

22127

Full Record: x-22128/22128

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): A contour plan showing the form of the outcrop and the layout of the excavation (see Human Origins, Isaac et al. 1975, W. A. Benjamin, Inc., for details).

1975

35mm slide: 16089

22128

Full Record: x-22129/22129

Site KBS (Kay Behrensmeyer Site): A schematic reconstruction of the paleogeographic setting of the sites KBS and HAS in a delta floodplain just inland of a swampy lakeshore with lagoon (this reconstruction is subject to some revision as a result of more recent geological work).

1975

35mm slide: 16090

22129

Full Record: x-2213/2213

Zacaleu Site, Guatemala, 1947.

1947

35mm slide: 882

2213

Full Record: x-22130/22130

The eastern shores of Lake Turkana (Rudolf) are inhabited by mobile groups of fishers, the Gal-dies, who are a segment of the mainly pastoral and agricultural Dassanetch. A fisherman in a dugout canoe.

1975

35mm slide: 16091

22130

Full Record: x-22131/22131

Close-up of a canoe and gear. The staves are harpoon shafts each with an iron point, an oryx-horn sleeve and a stranded bark-fiber line.

1975

35mm slide: 16092

22131

Full Record: x-22132/22132

A fisherman undertaking repairs to his gear.

1975

35mm slide: 16093

22132

Full Record: x-22133/22133

Archaeological ethnography- Recording the characteristics of a Gal-dies camp after it had been abandoned. At work Mr. Mudoga, Mr. Kimemgech, Dr. Hill and Mr. Bartheme.

1975

35mm slide: 16094

22133

Full Record: x-22134/22134

Excavating a Gal-dies camp that had been buried by sand a short while after occupation had ended. The fishing group had chosen this spot because the ephemeral water course provided comfortable sand to sit on. The small stream then flooded, burying the discarded flood refuse and the hearth. The situation involves many parallels with the KBS site. Ms. Diane Gifford (left rear) conducted the study and will publish detailed reports.

1975

35mm slide: 16095

22134

Full Record: x-22135/22135

Detail of site showing sand covering firewood heap and some food refuse.

1975

35mm slide: 16096

22135

Full Record: x-22136/22136

A topee carcass left by lions, only partly eaten.

1975

35mm slide: 16097

22136

Full Record: x-22137/22137

A Shankilla youth, finding himself at a fresh topee carcass without a knife knocked some small flakes off a stone cobble and used these to slit the skin of the topee leg.

1975

35mm slide: 16098

22137

Full Record: x-22138/22138

Detail of the small flake from slide #16098 in use.

1975

35mm slide: 16099

22138

Full Record: x-22139/22139

Tunacunnhee site, Cross section of mound E.

Jul. 1977

35mm slide: 15940

22139

Full Record: x-2214/2214

Zacaleu Site, Guatemala, 1947.

1947

35mm slide: 883

2214

Full Record: x-22140/22140

The objects involved in this ingenious modern instance of stone tool use: block from which flakes were detached, small flakes used, bone broken to extract marrow after being skinned.

1975

35mm slide: 16100

22140